I have listed below the bibliographical information for those sources that Quincy turned to for his commonplace book. Unless otherwise stated these are the editions from which Quincy drew. In the cases of Cicero, Francis Bacon and Jonathan Swift I was unable to find the editions that Quincy used, so I refer readers to accessible modern collections, with volume and page numbers bracketed in the commonplace book text. In five other cases (Barrington, Boswell, Hume’s History, Macaulay’s Observations, and Sachervell) I was able to locate editions contemporaneous with those that Quincy read, but with different pagination. Those too have their volume and page numbers in brackets at the appropriate places in the commonplace book. The pages in the commonplace book where the works listed below were cited are indicated so that readers looking for particular authors can find them quickly. Those titles that ended up in the posthumous Catalogue of Books are likewise noted. On p. 258 in the “Antitheta Rerum” section Quincy referred to King Ahab and a lesson to be learned from his life. Quincy did not note whether he had gone to 1 Kings to review this Old Testament tale, so the Bible is not listed below as a commonplace book source. Quincy also referred himself to Genesis 49 in the margin of p. 7, opposite a reference to a “lionswhelp”—which in verse 9 is used by Jacob in speaking of his son Judah.

Addison, Free-Holder.

[Joseph Addison]. The Free-Holder, or Political Essays. London: D. Midwinter, 1716. Quincy quoted from the 26 March 1716 issue (no. 28). There were fifty-five essays in all, originally published separately from December 1715 into June 1716. Catalogue of Books no. 259; quoted in the commonplace book, p. 213.

Ashby v. White.

Quincy did not list the source but he almost certainly went to William Salkeld’s Reports of Cases Adjudged in the Court of King’s Bench from 1689–1712, published in 3 volumes in London and available in several editions by the 1730s. I used the 1822 Philadelphia reprint of the 1795 sixth London edition. The lines Quincy wrote in the commonplace book on p. 100 are identical to a passage from volume 1, p. 20, in the reprint edition. Quincy quoted from the 1701 dissenting opinion of chief justice Sir John Holt, whom he greatly admired. This case originated in 1700 and was not finally resolved in the House of Lords until 1704, when Lords put the rights of an elector before a “privilege” claimed by the House of Commons. Holt sided with Matthew Ashby, who had been refused the opportunity to vote in a parliamentary election by William White, mayor of the borough of Aylesbury. Holt dissented when King’s Bench overturned the original verdict in a lower court; Lords ultimately agreed with Holt and Ashby won his case. Quincy owned a copy of Salkeld: see the Catalogue of Books, no. 31.

Bacon, Advancement of Learning and Essays.

Commonplace book pp. ii, 6–8, 126, 237–264. Quincy apparently owned Francis Bacon’s Works, 4 vols. (London: A Millar, 1770)—see the Catalogue of Books, no. 42—but he did not use that set for the commonplace book. There he wrote on p. 126 that he used the “old Edit.” of the Advancement. Whatever edition that may have been, it was neither the first (1605) nor the second (1629). According to the entry on p. 6, in that instance he was relying on the 1674 edition, and he may have used that version throughout. The page numbers in brackets are for James Spedding, Robert Leslie, and Douglas Denon Heath, eds., The Works of Francis Bacon, 15 vols. (New York: Hurd and Houghton, 1864).

Barrington, Observations.

[Daines Barrington]. Observations upon the Statutes, Chiefly the More Ancient, from Magna Charta to the Twenty-first of James the First, Ch. xxxvii with an Appendix being a Proposal for new modelling the statutes. 2nd ed. London: W. Bowyer & J. Nichols, 1766. The pagination is different in this edition and the page numbers in brackets in the commonplace book, pp. 300–303 refer to it; listed in the Catalogue of Books, no. 69.

Beccaria, Crimes and Punishment.

[Caesar Bonesana], Marquis Beccaria. An Essay on Crimes and Punishment. London: J. Almon, 1767. Published with a commentary attributed to Voltaire, who had translated the original 1764 Italian text into French. Extracts are in the commonplace book, pp. 51, 66; no. 232 in the Catalogue of Books.

Bielfield, Universal Erudition.

Baron [Jacob Friedrich] Bielfield. The Elements of Universal Erudition. 3 vols. London: G. Scott, for J. Robson and B. Law, 1770. Trans. by W. Hooper. Excerpts are in the commonplace book, pp. i, 28–34; the three volume set is in the Catalogue of Books, no. 222.

Bolingbroke, Study of History.

Henry St. John, Viscount Bolingbroke. Letters on the Study and Use of History. 2 vols. London: A. Millar, 1752, quoted in the commonplace book, pp. 128–129. The Catalogue of Books includes biographies of Bolingbroke (nos. 246, 266, 267) but not the Study.

Boswell, Corsica.

James Boswell. An Account of Corsica; the Journal of a Tour to that Island, and Memoirs of Pascal Paoli. London: Edward and Charles Dilly, 1768. This is no travelogue; Boswell is almost Plutarchian in his moralizing, in his warnings about tyranny and corruption, and in his urging people to guard against governmental repression—with Paoli as the personifcation of the patriot spirit. Boswell did not much care for Catharine Macaulay, nor she for him, but they shared an admiration for Paoli—one instance where supposed Whig and Tory differences could be put aside. In the Catalogue of Books no. 240; extracts in the commonplace book, pp. 178–179, with page numbers in brackets referring to this edition.

Burke, Thoughts.

[Edmund Burke]. Thoughts on the Cause of the Present Discontents. London: J. Dodsley, 1770. Burke blamed colonial problems on government by ministerial cabal. He saw a more representative, more responsive House of Commons as crucial to reforming the system. Extracts in the commonplace book, pp. 180–195. Catharine Macaulay (see her Observations below) scoffed that Burke’s tract did not go nearly far enough in advocating change.

Chesterfield, Letters.

Philip Dormer Stanhope, Lord Chesterfield. Letters to His Son. 2 vols. London: J. Dodsley, 1774. This is probably the edition that Quincy used for the excerpts in the commonplace book, pp. 233–234. Quincy only gave the letter number for the first two entries and did not note the source for the third.

Cicero, “Oration for Sextius.”

Commonplace book, p. 98. The Catalogue of Books includes over a half dozen (nos. 139–144, 256) collections of Cicero’s writings, but it is impossible to tell which—if any—on that list Quincy went to for this particular oration. Some can be eliminated (such as no. 144, a 1756 edition of Select Orations, and no. 256, a 1751 collection of Cicero’s Thoughts), but that still leaves other possibilities, given Quincy’s vague listings under “Tully” (for Marcus Tullius Cicero). A modern rendition of the text, which differs somewhat from the source used by Quincy (or, possibly, Quincy’s own translation) is R. Gardner, trans. and ed., Cicero: The Speeches Pro Sestio and In Vatinium (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1958), pp. 171, 173, for Gardner’s translation, and pp. 170, 172, for the Latin.


The Country Journal; or, The Craftsman. A London newspaper, its format varied over the years. Published from December 1726 into September 1750, it was a two page weekly at the time of the issue cited by Quincy (3 March 1733, no. 348), edited by the pseudonymous “Caleb D’Anvers of Gray’s Inn.” Bolingbroke started the paper and wrote pieces for it, although apparently not the one that Quincy excerpted in the commonplace book, p. 198.

Critical Review.

The Critical Review; or, Annals of Literature. A London monthly magazine which ran from January 1756 to June 1817, with a format similar to that of the older Monthly Review (see below). The title and publisher varied over the years. In the commonplace book, p. 4, Quincy took one sentence from one article (the April 1756 issue, pp. 220–226), a review of the just published Maxims, Characters, and Reflections, critical, satyrical, and moral.

Dagge, Criminal Law.

[Henry Dagge]. Considerations on Criminal Law. London: T. Cadell, 1772. No. 108 in the Catalogue of Books; in the commonplace book, pp. 197, 251. Dagge embraced Locke and spurned Hobbes, and referred approvingly to Beccaria (see above) and Montesquieu (see below). He made frequent classical allusions.

Debates of the British Commons.

The Debates and Proceedings of the British House of Commons. 8 vols. London: J. Almon, 1766–1772. Quincy drew from Volume 1 (1743–1744) and Volume 2 (1744–1746). Excerpts in the commonplace book, pp. 70, 101–125, 252.

De Witt, Political Maxims.

John [Jan] De Witt. Political Maxims of the State of Holland. London: J. Nourse, 1743. Commonplace book entries, pp. 20, 27. Translated from the Dutch original and includes the memoirs of Jan and Cornelius De Witt. The first chapter dealt with “general maxims,” principles that were true of all political societies, with examples taken from Aristotle’s Politics and Roman history to carry De Witt’s arguments.

Dickinson, Essay.

John Dickinson. An Essay on the Constitutional Power of Great-Britain over the Colonies in America. Philadelphia: William and Thomas Bradford, 1774. Dickinson, borrowing from Hume and others, contended that no precedent that unconstitutionally deprived the people of their liberty could be considered binding. Commonplace book, pp. 266, 268, 272 (following p. 234).

Dickinson, Speech.

John Dickinson. A Speech, Delivered in the House of Assembly of the Province of Pennsylvania, May 24, 1764. Philadelphia: William Bradford, 1764, quoted in the commonplace book, pp. 205–207. Was Quincy inspired to read this after he met Dickinson on his 1773 journey? In defending Pennsylvania’s status as a proprietary colony Dickinson proclaimed that “he could not be a silent spectator while the most distant attempt was made upon that constitution, for which our fathers planted a wilderness, and which is directed to us by the FAITH OF CHARTERS, and SANCTITY OF LAWS!” (p. vi)—the sort of stirring rhetoric so appealing to Quincy.

Fortescue, De Laudibus.

Sir John Fortescue. De Laudibus Legum Angliae. Ed. and trans. by Sir John Selden. London: H. Lintot for D. Browne, 1741; commonplace book entries, pp. 66–68. Chief justice of the Court of King’s Bench, Fortescue was one of fifteenth-century England’s greatest jurists. Selden, a barrister and M. P., had done his first edition of Fortescue’s text in 1616 and was long dead by this printing.

Furneaux, Appendix to Blackstone.

[Philip Furneaux]. An Interesting Appendix to Sir William Blackstone’s Commentaries on the Laws of England. Philadelphia: Robert Bell, 1773. Quincy owned Blackstone’s Commentaries (no. 67 in the Catalogue of Books). Furneaux gathered Joseph Priestley’s response to Blackstone; Blackstone’s rebuttal; Priestley’s letters on the Middlesex election controversy; and Furneaux’s own letters to Blackstone. Quincy quoted from the fifth letter. Furneaux was concerned primarily with the rights of Protestant Dissenters. He argued that the Anglo-Scottish union should have guaranteed their rights, and, under the constitution, Parliament was obligated to protect them. Cited in the commonplace book, pp. 199–200.

Gordon, Sallust.

T. Gordon. The Works of Sallust. London: T. Woodward and J. Peele, 1744. Gordon’s nine discourses take up half of the text. Included are Cicero’s four orations against Catiline and what are purportedly Sallust’s two epistles to Julius Caesar. Quincy used this edition for the commonplace book entries, on pp. 160–173, 264; listed in the Catalogue of Books, no. 70.

Gordon, Tacitus.

T. Gordon. Works of Tacitus. 2nd ed. 4 vols. London: T. Woodward and J. Peele, 1737; excerpts in the commonplace book, pp. 17, 51, 68–81, 88–95, and listed in the Catalogue of Books, no. 231. Gordon opened with ten discourses, followed by the Annals (volumes 1 and 2 of Gordon’s collection); his second set of discourses—twelve in all—led into the History (volumes 3 and 4).

Grey, Debates in Commons.

Anchitell Grey, ed. Debates of the House of Commons, From the Year 1667 to the Year 1694. 10 vols. London: D. Henry, R. Cave and J. Emonson, 1763. Taken primarily from Grey’s own notes; Grey sat in Commons for three decades. The printers inserted additional materials from the Commons journals. In the commonplace book, pp. 217–218, 221–223, 260.

Harris, Charles II.

William Harris. An Historical and Critical Account of the Life of Charles the Second, King of Great Britain. 2 vols. London: A. Millar, 1766. Used for the commonplace book entry on p. 216.

Harris, Oliver Cromwell.

William Harris. An Historical and Critical Account of the Life of Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland. London: A. Millar, 1752. Cromwell’s “illegal and tyrannical actions” aside, Harris tried to strike a balance and not cast the Lord Protector in a completely hostile light. Still, Cromwell is seen as having betrayed certain republican principles, sentiments that Catharine Macaulay would share and include in her History—another Quincy favorite. No. 209 in the Catalogue of Books; commonplace book entries on p. 213.

Hume, Essays.

David Hume, Esq. Essays and Treatises on Several Subjects. London: A. Millar, 1758. Hume’s most frequent reference was to Plutarch, followed by Diodorous Siculus, Cicero and Tacitus. No. 220 in the Catalogue of Books; in the commonplace book, pp. ii–iii, 52–64.

Hume, History.

David Hume, Esq. The History of England: From the Invasion of Julius Caesar to the Revolution in 1688. 6 vols. London: A. Millar and T. Cadell, 1767, volumes and page number in brackets, commonplace book pp. ii, 100–101, 177. Quincy used the first edition, which appeared in segments between 1754–1762. The History is not listed in the Catalogue of Books.

Hutchinson, Collection.

[Thomas Hutchinson, ed.]. A Collection of Original Papers Relative to the History of Massachusets-Bay. Boston: Thomas and John Fleet, 1769. Quincy quoted twice from this in the commonplace book, on pp. 5, 203–204.

Hutchinson, History.

Mr. [Thomas] Hutchinson. The History of the Colony of Massachusets-Bay, From the First Settlement Thereof in 1628. Until Its Incorporation with the Colony of Plimouth, Province of Main, &c., By the Charter of King William and Queen Mary, in 1691. Boston: Thomas and John Fleet, 1764. The first of what would eventually be a three-volume history. Quincy only drew from this one, in the commonplace book on p. 177.

Johnson, Dictionary.

Samuel Johnson. A Dictionary of the English Language. 2 vols. London: W. Strahan, 1755. This could be read as the famous lexicographer’s own commonplace book, with Johnson illustrating his definitions with, indeed to some extent even taking his definitions from, writings he admired, including excerpts from Shakespeare, Bacon, Milton, Pope, Addison and Swift. Commonplace book, p. 127.

Jones, Mene Tekel.

Laophilus Misotyrannus [Roger Jones]. Mene Tekel; Or, The Downfal of Tyranny, 1663. The subtitle continued: “A Treatise wherein LIBERTY and EQUALITY are Vindicated, and TYRANNY Condemned, by the Law of God and Right Reason: And the Peoples Power, and Duty, to execute Justice, without, and upon, Wicked Governors Asserted.” The author took his title from a tale in the Old Testament book of Daniel, where Daniel interpreted “mene” and “tekel” as God’s condemnation of a tyrannical king. Quoted in the commonplace book, pp. 209–210.

Langhorne, Plutarch’s Lives.

John Langhorne, D.D., and William Langhorne, M.A., eds. and trans. Plutarch’s Lives. 6 vols. London: Edward and Charles Dilly, 1770. No. 207 in the Catalogue of Books and used for the commonplace book entries, pp. 1, 36–51.

Laugier, Peace at Belgrade.

L’Abbe [Marc Antoine] Laugier. The History of the Negociations for the Peace Concluded at Belgrade, September 18, 1739. London: W. and J. Richardson, 1770, translated from the original French. No. 229 in the Catalogue of Books; brief extracts in the commonplace book, p. 35.

Leighton, Expository Works.

Archbishop Robert Leighton. The Expository Works and Other Remains of Archbishop Leighton. Ed. by P. Doddridge. 2 vols. Edinburgh: David Wilson, 1748. Commonplace book, p. 39, with Quincy drawing from Leighton’s book-length commentary on 1 Peter.


Letters Concerning the Present State of England. London: J. Almon, 1772, “Particularly Respecting the Politics, Arts, Manners, and Literature of the Times.” Cited in the commonplace book, pp. 229–231.

Lords’ Protests.

A Complete Collection of the Lords’ Protests, From the First Upon Record, in the Reign of Henry the Third, To the Present Time; With a Copious Index. 2 vols. London: 1767; reissue with supplement, 1772. The first protest dated from 1242. “An Historical Essay on the Legislative Power of England” was added to the 1772 edition. No. 223 in the Catalogue of Books; Quincy quoted from a protest in May 1735, commonplace book, p. 198.

Macaulay, History of England.

Catharine Macaulay. The History of England From the Accession of James I to the Elevation of the House of Hanover. 3rd ed. 5 vols. London: Edward and Charles Dilly, 1769–1772. Like Jefferson, Quincy preferred Macaulay’s whiggish view to Hume’s toryish inclinations. Macaulay drew much of her information on the English Parliament from Rushworth’s Collections (see below). No. 30 in the Catalogue of Books, excerpts in the commonplace book, pp. 2, 3, 20–25, 45, 58, 96–98.

Macaulay, Observations.

Catharine Macaulay. Observations on a Pamphlet Entitled, Thoughts on the Cause of the Present Discontents. London: Edward and Charles Dilly, 1770. Page numbers in brackets refer to this edition. Quincy used the 5th edition for the commonplace book, pp. 196–197. If Macaulay knew that Burke penned the Thoughts, she did not say. She wrote that the author had “an honest heart” but not “an able head” (p. 5). She was convinced that British politics were rotten to the core.

Marvell, Rehearsal Transpros’d.

Andrew Marvell. The Rehearsal Transpros’d: The Second Part. London: Nathaniel Ponder, 1673, which followed the first part of the previous year. Marvell used Roman history and drew from Plutarch, but his real concern was the high Anglicanism of Samuel Parker. No. 295 in the Catalogue of Books; used for the commonplace book, p. 5.

Milton, Works.

John Milton. Works. 2 vols. London: A Millar, 1753. The Catalogue of Books listed various Milton collections—see nos. 28, 178, 182, 323, although it is not clear if this set was among them. Used in the commonplace book on pp. 213–215. Quincy also used passages from Milton for some of his “Marchmont Nedham” essays in the Boston Gazette between 1772–1774.

Montagu, Antient Republicks.

E[dward] W[ortley] Montagu. Reflections on the Rise and Fall of the Antient Republicks. London: A. Millar, 1759. Extracts are in the commonplace book, pp. 1–4; listed in the Catalogue of Books, no. 233.

Montesquieu, Spirit of the Laws.

M. [Charles] de Secondat, Baron de Montesquieu. The Spirit of the Laws. 2 vols. London: J. Nourse and P. Vaillant, 1752; trans. by. Mr. Nugent. Excerpt in the commonplace book, p. 19. The Catalogue of Books no. 112 shows only one volume, perhaps the second? If so, was the first loaned out and not returned—or lost, or never owned?

Monthly Review.

The Monthly Review. Under various editors, printed by numerous publishers, with some breaks, between May 1749 and December 1844. Quincy only drew from one issue (April 1773, volume 48), a review of The Origin and Progress of Despotism, in the Orient and other Empires of Africa, Europe and America, a new English translation of an anonymously written book first published in French in 1764. Commonplace book, p. 177.

Nedham, Mercurius Politicus.

Marchamont Nedham’s Mercurius Politicus, subtitled “Comprising the Summ of all Intelleigence, with the Affairs and Designs now on foot, in the three Nations of England, Ireland, and Scotland. In defence of the CommonWealth, and for the Information of the People.” A weekly newspaper (but with publication interrupted occasionally), it ran from 13 June 1650 through 12 April 1660. Quincy quoted from the 3 July 1651 issue, no. 56, in the commonplace book, p. 220.

Orrery, Letters.

John Boyle, Earl of Cork and Orrery. Letters From Italy in the Years 1754 and 1755. London: B. White, 1773. Published posthumously and edited by John Duncombe. In the commonplace book, p. 212.

Priestley, Protestant dissenters.

Joseph Priestley. A view of the principles and conditions of the Protestant dissenters, with respect to the civil and ecclesiastical constitution of England. London: J. Johnson and J. Payne, 1769; in the commonplace book, pp. 201–202.

Robertson, Scotland.

William Robertson, D.D. The History of Scotland. 4th ed. 2 vols. London: A. Millar, 1761; first published in 1759, covering from “the Reigns of Queen Mary and of King James VI. Till His Accession to the Crown of England.” Cited in the commonplace book, pp. 9–14.

Robertson, Charles V.

William Robertson, D.D. The History of the Reign of the Emperor Charles V. 3 vols. London: W. and W. Strahan, 1769. “Catalogue of Books,” no. 206; commonplace book, pp. 8–9, 14–18.

Robinson-Morris, Considerations.

[Matthew Robinson-Morris]. Considerations on the Measures Carrying On with Respect to the British Colonies in North-America. 4th ed. Boston: Edes and Gill, 1774. Commonplace book, pp. 232–233.

Rousseau, Social Compact.

J[ean] J[acques] Rousseau. A Treatise on the Social Compact: Or the Principles of Politic Law. London: T. Becket and P. A. De Hondt, 1764. Commonplace book, pp. 174–176.

Rushworth, Collections.

John Rushworth, ed. Historical Collections. 7 vols. London: Richard Chiswell and Thomas Cockerill, et al., 1659–1701. Basically comprised of House of Commons debate excerpts from 1618–1649, featuring some of the longer speeches by John Pym, others. Quincy owned at least two volumes of the set—see the Catalogue of Books no. 35, and the commonplace book, pp. 225–229.

Sachervell, Tryal.

The Tryal of Dr. Henry Sachervell, Before the House of Peers, for High Crimes and Misdemeanors. London: Jacob Tonson, 1710. Quincy quoted from the 28 February 1710 speech of Sir Joseph Jekyll, one of the Whigs in Commons hoping to silence Sachervell, a Tory, and discredit the doctrine of non-resistance. Commonplace book, p. 208. Quincy used another edition; the number in brackets refers to the edition listed above.

Sadler, Rights of the Kingdom.

[John Sadler]. Rights of the Kingdom: Or, Customs of our Ancestors. London: J. Kidgell, 1682, a text “Touching The Duty, Power, Election, or Succession of our Kings and Parliaments, Our True Liberty, due Allegiance, three Estates, their Legislative Power, Original, Judicial, and Executive; with the Militia. Freely discussed through The British, Saxon, Norman Laws and Histories. With An occasional Discourse of Great Changes yet expected in the World.” Sadler argued that government by consent was an English tradition, even in the selection of monarchs, going back at least to the Saxon era. Cited in the commonplace book, pp. 224–225.

Sullivan, Feudal Law.

Francis Stoughton Sullivan. An Historical Treatise on the Feudal Law, and the Constitution and Laws of England. Dublin: Thomas Ewing, 1772; the title continues, “With a Commentary on Magna Charta, And necessary Illustrations of many of the English Statutes, In a Course of Lectures, read in the University of Dublin,” by “the late Francis Stoughton Sullivan, L.L.D. Royal Professor of the Common Law in that University.” There were forty-three lectures in all; Quincy quoted from the thirty-seventh, where Sullivan argued that there had been a Saxon constitution and that it was still relevant, even after the invasion of William the Conqueror. No. 68 in the Catalogue of Book and p. 130 in the commonplace book.

Swift, Works.

Commonplace Book, pp. 99, 133. According to the Catalogue of Books, no. 299, Quincy owned 13 volumes of Swift’s Works. That may refer to the 13-volume edition published in Edinburgh by A. Donaldson in 1768. Even so, that is not the edition Quincy went to for the commonplace book. On p. 99 he referred to a 1751 edition—possibly that published in London by C. Bathurst, in 14 volumes, or the 1752 Edinburgh reprint (in 9 volumes) of the 1751 Dublin edition published by George Faulkner (in 8 volumes). I went to Herbert Davis et al., eds., The Prose Works of Jonathan Swift, 14 vols. (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1957–1968) for the volumes and page numbers in brackets.

Talbot, French Nation.

Sir Robert Talbot [Jean Henri Maubert de Gouvest]. Letters on the French Nation Considered in its Different Departments. 2 vols. London: B. White, 1771. First published in French in 1766; letters dating from 1762. Cited twice in the commonplace book, on pp. 19 and 96.

Temple, “Miscellenea” and Observations.

Sir William Temple. The Works of Sir William Temple. 2 vols. London: A Churchill, T. Goodwin, J. Knapton, R. Smith, B. Tooke, J. Round, J. Tonson, O. Lloyd, W. Meres, T. Woodward, and F. Clay, 1740. The Observations on the collapse of Dutch power had first been published in 1673, but Quincy used the text printed in the Works. Temple served as England’s ambassador to the Hague under Charles II. Commonplace book, pp. 208, 210–212.

Voltaire, Pupil of Nature.

Mons. de Voltaire [François Marie Arouet]. The Pupil of Nature: A True History. London: T. Carvan, 1771. Voltaire’s attempt at tragedy as seen in the fate of the “Huron,” his noble savage. Commonplace book, p. iii.

Ward, Simple Cobbler.

Theodore de la Guard [Nathaniel Ward]. The Simple Cobbler of Aggawam in America. London: John Dever & Robert Ibbitton, 1647. The text went through five editions that first year. Ward was a graduate of Emmanuel College, Cambridge, and served as the minister in Ipswich, Masachusetts, before returning to England in 1646. He was disturbed by the divisions pitting godly against ungodly, the competition between independents and presbyterians, and the rift separating crown from parliament. Commonplace book, pp. 82–87.

Witherspoon, Essays.

John Witherspoon, D. D. Essays on Important Subjects. 2 vols. London: Edward and Charles Dilly, 1765. Quincy quoted in the commonplace book, pp. 26–27, from Witherspoon’s “excellent” 7 September 1758 sermon preached in Paisley, Scotland on “The Charge of Sedition and Faction against good Men, especially faithful Ministers, considered and accounted for.”

Young, Political Essays.

[Arthur Young]. Political Essays Concerning the Present State of the British Empire. London: W. Strahan and T. Cadell, 1772. Young’s pamphlet apparently did not sell well. Young is better known for his writing on progressive farming and his published accounts of tours through England and Wales, Ireland, and France. Catalogue of Books no. 219; commonplace book, pp. 131–159.