Lyman Butterfield’s brief essay in A Pride of Quincys (Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society, 1969) is a good introduction to the Quincy clan. Butterfield begins with the first Edmund Quincy to arrive in Massachusetts and touches on the lives of family members descended through Josiah Junior’s line, into the twentieth century. Josiah Junior’s life is recounted in Josiah Quincy, Memoir of the Life of Josiah Quincy Jun. of Massachusetts (Boston: Cummings, Hilliard, & Company, 1825), which Eliza Susan Quincy revised and edited as Josiah Quincy, Memoir of the Life of Josiah Quincy, Junior, of Massachusetts: 1744–1775 (Boston: John Wilson and Son, 1874), with a third edition—by Little, Brown and Company—appearing in 1875. Eliza Susan Quincy’s name finally appeared on the title page of this last printing, and as editor, not author. The only notable modern essays on Josiah Junior, in descending order of importance, are: George H. Nash III, “From Radicalism to Revolution: The Political Career of Josiah Quincy, Jr.,” American Antiquarian Society. Proceedings 79 (1969):253–290; Peter Shaw’s chapter on Quincy as a “Conscience Whig” in American Patriots and the Rituals of Revolution (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1981), pp. 153–174; a very warm, sympathetic appraisal in Philip McFarland, The Brave Bostonians (Boulder, Colo.: West-view Press, 1998); the sketch in Clifford Shipton, Sibley’s Harvard Graduates, vol. 15 (Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society, 1970), pp. 479–491; James Truslow Adams’s little piece in Allen Johnson and Dumas Malone, eds., Dictionary of American Biography, 10 vols. (New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1927–1936), 8:307–308; a new essay by Richard D. Brown in the updated version of that collection, edited by John A. Garraty and Mark C. Carnes as American National Biography, 24 vols. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999), 18:36–37; and a life-and-times overview by Dennis O’Toole and Lisa W. Strick in their “In the Minds and Hearts of the People” (Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, 1974), pp. 59–74, 77–78, written to accompany an exhibit in the National Portrait Gallery. Like the Butterfield pamphlet noted above, it included a black and white copy of Gilbert Stuart’s Quincy portrait. So did Lillian Miller, In the Minds and Hearts of the People (Greenwich, Conn.: New York Graphic Society, 1974), which also drew from the National Portrait Gallery as well other sources. Sadly, none of the reproductions did the original justice. Julie Marie Flavell, “Americans of Patriot Sympathies in London and the Colonial Strategy for Opposition, 1774–1775” (Ph.D. thesis, University of London, 1988) has a great deal on Quincy’s trip abroad (drawn essentially from the published Memoir), and put it into a larger context.

Josiah the Mayor has had two primary biographers: his son Edmund Quincy, in the Life of Josiah Quincy (Boston: Ticknor and Fields, 1867); and Robert A. McCaughey, Josiah Quincy, 1772–1864: The Last Federalist (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1974). Also see Matthew H. Crocker, The Magic of the Many: Josiah Quincy and the Rise of Mass Politics in Boston, 1800–1830 (Amherst, Mass.: University of Massachusetts Press, 1999), which has little on the mayor’s personal life and more on Quincy playing the role of patrician as demagogue. Eliza Susan Quincy edited the Memoir of the Life of Eliza S. M. Quincy (Boston: John Wilson, 1861)—the autobiography of her mother, Josiah the Mayor’s wife.

Marc Friedlaender and Robert V. Sparks compiled a guide and index to the microfilmed Papers relating to the Quincy, Wendell, Holmes, and Upham Families at the Massachusetts Historical Society together with the Quincy, Wendell, Holmes and Upham Family Papers in the Collection of Hugh Upham Clark, of Arlington, Virginia (Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society, 1977). Virtually all of Josiah Junior’s papers are housed at the Massachusetts Historical Society, among the Quincy Family Papers, as follows (with reel numbers for the microfilm copy in parentheses): nos. 45–46 (reel 6), in Eliza Susan Quincy’s manuscript family history; no. 51 (reel 29), Josiah Junior’s letters, ordered chronologically; no. 55 (reel 4), law reports, 1762–1763; no. 56 (reel 4), the 1763 legal commonplace book; no. 57 (reel 4), law reports, 1764–1767; no. 58 (reel 4), law reports, 1765–1769 and the “Legis Miscellenea”; no. 54 (reel 4), law reports, 1771–1772; no. 59 (reel 4) the 1770–1774 commonplace book; no. 61 (reel 3), journal of the 1773 southern trip, a copy of the 1774–1775 English trip journal, and various epitaphs written in Josiah Junior’s honor; no. 60 (reel 4), Quincy’s copies of Edward Rutledge’s South Carolina law reports; no. 62 (reel 3), the original of the 1774–1775 English trip journal; no. 63 (reel 5), a manuscript draft of the 1774 Observations; no. 53 (reel 4), the posthumous catalog of Josiah Junior’s library; and on reels 27–30, letters to and from Josiah Junior, which are listed in Friedlaender and Sparks’s guide.

Mark Antony DeWolfe Howe, who had married into the Quincy family (Fanny Huntington Quincy, Josiah Junior’s great-great-granddaughter and daughter of Samuel Miller Quincy), edited Josiah Junior’s southern trip account as the “Journal of Josiah Quincy, Junior. 1773,” Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society 49 (1916):424–481; and the “Journal of Josiah Quincy, Jun., During His Voyage and Residence in England, from September 28th, 1774, to March 3d, 1775,” ibid. 50 (1917):433–471. The latter issue also included some letters to Josiah Junior (pp. 471–496). After offering very brief comments, Walter H. Conser Jr., et al., eds., Resistance, Politics, and The American Struggle for Independence, 1765–1775 (Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner, 1986), included, as an appendix (pp. 554–567), excerpts from some of Quincy’s 1774–1775 letters and journal entries. John Davis quoted directly from and paraphrased much of the original edition of the Memoir for his essay in the North American Review 22 (January 1826):176–208. Samuel Miller Quincy gathered together the law reports as Reports of Cases argued and adjudged in the Superior Court of Judicature of the Province of Massachusetts Bay, between 1761 and 1772 (Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1865). The commonplace book of 1770–1774 has remained unpublished until now; Dan Coquillette is completing an enlarged edition of the law reports for Volumes Three and Four of this series.

Observations on the Act of Parliament Commonly Called the Boston Port Bill; With Thoughts on Civil Society and Standing Armies (Boston: Edes and Gill, 1774) was Josiah Quincy Junior’s only published pamphlet. Twenty-nine newspaper essays written under eleven different pen names and attributed to Quincy are listed in n. 14 of the Introduction. I suspect, although I cannot prove, that Quincy also wrote the “Centinel” series for the Massachusetts Spy. For that issue see my “Tag-Team Polemics: The ‘Centinel’ and His Allies in the Massachusetts Spy,” Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society 107 (1995):85–114.