A Stated Meeting of the Society was held at the house of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 28 Newbury Street, Boston, on Thursday, 19 December, 1918, at three o’clock in the afternoon, the President, Fred Norris Robinson, Ph.D., in the chair.

    The Records of the Annual Meeting were read and approved.

    The Corresponding Secretary reported that a letter accepting Resident Membership had been received from Mr. James Parker Parmenter.

    On behalf of Mr. William C. Endicott were communicated (1) a will of Governor John Endicott, in which the date had been crossed out; (2) a deposition of Jeremiah Howchin, taken in 1665; and (3) a memorandum of Howchin’s conversation with Governor Endicott concerning the disposal of his estate, dated 29 January, 1665. Howchin’s daughter Elizabeth married John Endicott, the eldest son of Governor Endicott. Governor Endicott died on 15 March, 1665, and when his will, dated 2 May, 1659,618 was offered for probate, it was not accepted and a long controversy ensued.


    The last will & testament of John Endecott Sennor late of Salem now of Boston made the ffowerth day of the619 as followeth

    I John Endecott being (through the grace & mercie of God) at this prsent in health and of sound memorie do make this my last will & testamt as followeth

    Imprmis I giue to my deare & loving wiefe Elizabeth Endecott all that my ffarme at Orchard together wth the dwelling house out howses, barnes stable Cowhowses & all other building & appurtenences therevnto belonging, and all the orchards, nurseries of fruite trees gardens fences, meadow & salt marsh therevnto appertayning And all the feeding grounds & arrable & planting grounds there, both that wch is broken vp & that wch is yet to break vp as also all the tymber trees & other trees for wood, together wth all the swampes therevnto belonging or apptayninge during her naturall liefe.

    Itm I giue vnto her my said wiefe all my moueable goods wch are at Boston in the howse I now dwell in, viz all my beds bedsteeds bolsters pillowes coverletts blankets ruggs curtaynes & vallence & all furniture belonging to them of one kinde or another as also my carpetts cuseons &c As also I giue vnto her my said wiefe all my table boards table linning cubbards cubbard clothes chaires, stooles trunks, chests, or any other goods now in my possession as pewter brasse plate, Anlrons spitts spoones of one kinde & another & all my linnen of what sort soeur

    Itm I giue vnto her all my ruther cattle of one kinde or another as also all my sheepe as also all my wearing Clothes wch she may bestow on my children as she shall see good

    Itm I giue vnto my said loving wiefe all my books but such as she shall see meet to make vse of her selfe or to bestow on my children for their vse & the rest to be sold to helpe pay my debts

    Also I giue vnto her my said wief my howses at Salem & the ground belonging vnto them. & all the goods there wch are myne: leaving to my wief full power to dispose of them as she shall see good.

    Itm I giue vnto my said wief all such debts as are due vnto me from the Conntrie or from any pson inhabiting either in England or in this Countrie or else where & I giue vnto her Catta Iland neere Salem wch the Conntry gaue me.

    Itm I giue vnto John Endecott my Eldest sonne the farme wch I bought of Henry Chickerin of dedham wch I formerly bestowed on him & all howses & land whither meadow or pasture or land for tillage as it is conveyed to mee in an Indenture dated the   wch Indenture is to be deliuered vnto him. & this land wth the Apurtenncēs to be to him & his heires for euer.

    Itm I giue vnto him & to my younger sonne Zerobabel the farme called orchard to be ᵱted indefferentlie betwene them after the decease of my said wiefe Moreouer I giue vnto Zerobabel a farme out of the farm lying vpon Ipswch riuer contayninge 200 acres whereof fortie acres of meadow wch lyeth before it lying in the playne by the riuer side next to Zacheus Goulds land wch lyeth by the brooke side that runneth into the riuer at the farthest end of the playne.

    Itm I giue vnto my said Loving wiefe my eldest mare wch shee was wont to ride one & her foale & one younge mare, the older of the two young ones.

    Itm I make my wiefe sole & onely executrix of this my last & will & testament And do desire Elder Pen & Elder Coleborne to be the overseers of this my last will. & if either of them should be called out of the world: that the longest liuer of them hath hereby libertie wth my wiefes consent to choose another overseere vnto him.

    And whereas the generall Court hauing granted me the ffourth pte of block Island, I doe hereby bequeath it vnto my said wiefe to helpe pay debts wthall if I dispose not otherwise of it before I dye.

    Itm I giue vnto my said twoe sonnes John & Zerobabel the twoe farmes I bought the one of Capt Hawthorne the other of Captaine Trask lying vpon Ipswch riuer next adioyning to my farme vpon the said riuer.

    Itm I giue all the rest of the Land belonging to my farme vpon the said Ipswch riuer wch is not disposed of, to my twoe sonnes John & Zerobabel my eldest sonne to haue a double portion.

    Itm I giue vnto John Endecott & Zerobable all that Land wch was giuen me by the twoe Sachmes lying neere vnto Quinebaug to be equaly Devided between them.

    Itm I giue to my grand child John Endecott.620 Tenne pownds wch hee is to receiue when he is xxj yeares of age. And that Land I haue bequeathed vnto my twoe sonnes in one place or another my will is that the longest liuer of them shall enioy the whole, except the Lord send them children to enheritt it after them.

    Itm I giue vnto mr Norrice Teacher of Salem xls to Mr Wilson pastor of Boston xls & to Mr Norton teacher of that Church xls.

    Itm I giue to the poore of Boston 4lb to be disposed of by the deacons of the Church.

    Jo. Endecott621


    John Endictes

    paper 1665


    Thee testimony of Jeremy Howchin agead about forty nine yeers testifieth and and sayth: that when John Endicott Eldest Sōn to thee late Gouernour Mr John Endecott Esquire desired to make sute vnto this deponants daughter thee sayd mr Endicott then Gouernour did promise that if this deponant would giue Consent vnto thee matching of his daughter with his So͞n thee sayd Mr Endicott then Gouernour did promise to beestow vppon this So͞n thee lands formerly Chickrols farmee prsently and to make thee house in good reepayre and to build him A barne and finish it of Thirty foott long: and to leane to it on on side or both ends and sufficiently fence in thee sayd farme to bee setled vppon his So͞n his heires and assignes foreuer and promised to put vppon thee farme on horse and four good Oxen and Six good milch Cowes and Ten sheepe and beestow theem vppon his So͞n: and ffirther thee then Gouernour Endecott did faythfully promise that his sayd So͞n his heires and assignes should posses and Inioy all thee farme Called thee Orchard farme immediatly after thee sayd Gouernours decease only excepting his wife should out liue him: his wife to inioy on halfe of it for time of her naturall life and after heer decease to goe vnto his So͞n John: wheer vppon this deponant gaue his daughter to wife vnto his Son and without that thee match had neeuer been Consented vnto: by this deponant: and this deponant did not in thee least doubt but John Endicott So͞n to thee Gouernour should accordingly Inioy thee Orchard farme:

    firther this deponant sayth that about the 29 January last past vppon some speech with thee then Gouernour hee tould this deponont that hee had made noe will that hee aproued of neyther had hee finnished nor diliuered any thing as, A will all though great indeavours by his wife had ben̄ that way neyther am I Capable to make A will to please my self it must bee my wiues and not my owne sayd hee: what I haue done is no thing in law: I must leaue my estate to bee settled by thee Court: Brother sayd hee I profess vnto you I haue made noe will but doe renounce and revoake what euer shall or may bee brought forth as a will to bee vtterly voyd and of none efeckt: and within A very short space after within less than half quorter of an hour: hee thee then Gou͞r spoak to this deponont and disered mee to bee faythfull vnto him in deliuering A Messuage vnto thee Court declareing his minde and then when hee had manifested his desire and minde: this deponont did take A peece of paper and did wright it downe: and after that it was writt it was read vnto him and hee sayd it was his minde I had writt rightly and thanked this deponant: which wrighting is now in Court and nothing but thee truth in it it bearr date thee 29 Jenua 1664.622


    Brother Howchin I pray diliuer this messuage vnto thee Court wher as they Com to settle my estate after my decease out of this world and bee you faithfull in it if God giue you life for I am not like to Continue long in this world: Tell the Magestrates that I am not Capaple to make my will my self for Reasons best knownn to my selfe I would willingly hue that little time I haue to live in peac which is not like to bee long I haue made noe will that I aproue of neyther haue I deliuered any in on respeckt or another as my will to this day and doe declare all that bee prtended to be my will I say I doe renounce and disowne and to be of none effect: I desire matters may bee setled according to the worde of God and this Court heer established: I loue my deer wife shee haue taken paynes with mee not a little I desire respect may bee vnto heer I desire shee may haue my orchard farme which is fiue hundred acres for time of heer life only eight acres of sault meadow to bee taken from it and layd to my sōn̄ John for she my wife making noe spoyle or waste and I would haue my wife haue all my Cattle househould goods and monies and debts shee paying my debts only what goods weer brought by my daughter into thee house is my daughter to Inioy and take away and Two. horses I would haue my Two Sons haue I haue giuen my So͞n John on meere this winter and I would haue him take his Choyse of on more and my So͞n Zerubbabell Another and I doe Charge that my So͞n John may haue a double portion of all my estate Confirmed vppon him his heires and assignes foreuer Chickerols farme to bee aprezsed and 8 acres of medoe and Zerubobels land to be aprised and that at Salim and what my sōn̄ Johns went by estimation to bee as much more in vallue as that I haue giuen to Zerubbobell to bee made good to John and his heires and assigns foreuer hee is the son of my strent[?] and haue taken paynes with mee and after my wifes decease my Two: So͞n s to haue the orchard farme my So͞n John Two thirds and Zerubbabell on third to be diuided and 2 thirds to John and his heires and assigns foreuer and on third to Zerrubbobell his heires and assigns foreuer this aboue written was the Desire and words of John Endicott Esquir and Gouher and written in his prsence and read vnto him and hee answered I thanke you good bro: it is my desire you haue writt rightly my minde this taken this 29 January 1664. wittnes and my Son John to haue what books that hee desireth for Phissick and Chirurgery

    Jer Howchin623

    Mr. Stephen W. Phillips gave an account of Governor Endicott’s real estate holdings in Essex County, including the Orchard Farm of three hundred acres in the present town of Danvers, where the Governor lived for many years, and the River Farm of five hundred acres along the Ipswich River, mostly in the town of Topsfield. Mr. Phillips commented on the interest the Governor took in fruit trees, and stated that the Governor’s early residence in Salem was in a house in the present Washington Street that probably belonged to the Colony or to the Massachusetts Bay Company.

    Mr. Samuel C. Clough exhibited a map showing Cotton Hill and adjacent estates from 1650 to 1750,624 and made the following remarks:

    I have prepared a small map of the section of the town of Boston which included the home of Governor Endicott. This map is of no particular date, and represents a period of about one hundred years, beginning with 1650; it might be called a composite map, as the properties are shown on general lines and are not consistent as to any specific time. It comprises that part of Boston formerly known as Cotton Hill and Sudbury Street, which at the present time are called, respectively, Pemberton Square and Tremont Row.

    Cotton Hill was one of the three peaks of Trimountain (Beacon Hill), which embraced the area between West Cedar, Beacon, Tremont, Court and Cambridge Streets, and has some bearing on the home of Governor Endicott.

    In settling Boston, the Winthrop colony established the town centre at the head of what is now State Street, around which were grouped not only such buildings as were required for the conduct of town affairs, but the shops and homes of the leading merchants. As the town increased in business and population, this neighborhood was called upon to meet the new conditions and as a result, not only were these estates divided and subdivided, but shops and more dwellings appeared along such thoroughfares as had heretofore been bordered only by large estates.

    engraved for the colonial society of massachusetts

    Within one block of the Town House we find a section of the town comprising about ninety acres, which remained unchanged for a period of nearly one hundred and fifty years after the date of settlement. This was Beacon Hill. No street passed entirely through this area until the latter part of the eighteenth century, and not over twenty houses were within its boundaries at any one time. The size and height of the hill which covered this area offered too great an obstacle to the further development of that section of Boston, and it remained for the nineteenth century to lay it out as we know it to-day. Thus, with few exceptions, the estates covering the Hill were not only large, but long retained their original boundaries. It is therefore not surprising that these estates were held or soon acquired by wealthy people and prosperous merchants, who could afford to build such luxurious homes and establishments as the times permitted.

    Governor Endicott was a tenant and not the proprietor of the house in which he lived during his residence in Boston. He was, therefore, free to choose his place of abode in a neighborhood which was in keeping with the dignity of his office. Its location includes the property which to-day is numbered 14 to 19 Tremont Row, being a part of one of the Woolworth Stores, between Howard Street and Pemberton Square, and was originally Edward Bendall’s lot No. 2 in the Book of Possessions, — “a house and garden together with two acres of land.” This was an L shaped lot of land having a frontage of 103 feet on Tremont Row, extending westerly, up the hill, 614 feet, thence northerly to Court Street, on which it bounded 170 feet. Bendall came with Winthrop in 1630 and established himself at the head of the Town Cove on the site of the present Johnson Fish Market at the corner of Faneuil Hall Square. He was one of the first enterprising men of Boston, and prior to 1636 had built his wharf, crane, and warehouse at the head of the Cove which for many years bore his name. The promiscuous manner in which he mortgaged his holdings, however, led his creditors to call him to account and probably resulted in his being obliged to dispose of his property on Cotton Hill. This was sold to David Yale, merchant of Boston, in 1645.625 Yale placed his affairs in the hands of his attorneys, Thomas Clarke, Thomas Lake, and others, who conveyed the estate to Hezekiah Usher in 1653 “for the use of Captain John Walle of London, marriner.”626 Neither Yale nor Walle was what might be considered a resident inhabitant of the town, and it was during their ownership that Endicott held the offices of Governor and Deputy-Governor, and became tenant of the Bendall property.

    It is unfortunate that prior to 1700 so few descriptions are to be found of the homes of prominent citizens of Boston, but we may safely assume that Endicott’s establishment was suitably furnished as befitted a Governor of the Colony. Its location not only commanded a fine view of town and harbor, but was central enough to enable the Governor conveniently to discharge the duties of his office.

    In 1678 Walle’s heirs (his widow and son) conveyed the estate to Edward Shippen, “late in the tenure or occupation of his tenants or assignees,”627 which clearly shows that the premises had been leased to other parties. Edward Shippen was one of the most enterprising merchants of Boston, but being a Quaker removed to Philadelphia, where he might more peacefully enjoy his faith. He was one of the proprietors of the Quaker Meeting House in Brattle Square, and besides his house on Cotton Hill he owned a home on the south side of State Street, a large wharf below Merchants Row, a house on the westerly side of Washington Street, and another in North Street. Shippen disposed of nearly all his property in Boston prior to 1702. Two lots, each 48 feet wide, fronting on Court Street, were sold out of the Cotton Hill estate to Benjamin Fitch and Andrew Mariner, and in 1702 the remainder of this lot was sold to Cyprian Southack.628

    In 1704 Captain Cyprian Southack served in an expedition against the French and Indians, and in 1717 managed the affairs of Governor Shute in connection with the wreck of the pirate fleet at Eastham.He contributed part of his land for the extension of the present Howard Street, which was first known as Southack’s Court. In 1725 Southack sold the front part of the estate on Tremont Row to John Jekyll, one of the early Port Collectors of Boston,629 whose heirs conveyed it to Dr. James Lloyd in 1768.630 In 1798 Dr. Lloyd is listed with quite a large mansion for the times, it being valued at $12,000.

    The northerly neighbor of Bendall was Robert Mears, who died in 1667, devising his land ‘“as adjoining to the late Governor Endicott.” Part of this lot was sold to John Staniford, who conveyed it to the Rev. Henry Harris of King’s Chapel, who sold it to James Pemberton, who gave his name to Pemberton Square and to Pemberton Hill. The portion of the estate fronting on Tremont Row was in the possession of Dr. Samuel Danforth in 1798, and was valued at $8,000.

    The two lots originally making the corner of Court Street were held by Robert Howen and Anne Hunne. In 1662 and 1663631 the sons John and Israel Howen conveyed to Simon Lynde with a reference to Governor Endicott as a next door neighbor but, in reality, a neighbor one lot removed.

    Lynde also acquired the Hunne lot from Thomas Boyden in 1662,632 a corner lot known as the “Spring House.” Lynde’s heirs laid out the present Howard Street, twenty feet wide, and re-adjusted the lines of the estate, part of which fell to his daughter Elizabeth, wife of George Pordage. Their daughter Hannah married James Bowdoin, father of Governor Bowdoin. The portion of this estate south of Howard Street came into the hands of Theodore Lyman, and was valued at $13,500 in 1798.

    The southerly neighbor of Bendall was the Rev. John Cotton with “a house and garden about l½ acres.” Cotton by will, in 1653, left to his son Seaborn a portion of the estate and “the house which Henry Vane built whilst he sojourned with me.” This was confirmed to Seaborn by the other heirs in 1664,633 and by him sold to John Hull, mint-master. Nicholas Paige purchased the residue in 1677,634 bounded north in part on Simon Lynde “and in part on the house and land where Governor Endicott last dwelt.” This was also purchased by John Hull in 1682,635 thus bringing the Cotton estate together. Hull died in 1683, and the estate fell to Hannah, wife of Chief-Justice Samuel Sewall. A frequent and natural mistake has been made in referring to the Cotton Hill house as the home of Judge Sewall, in an attempt to explain various references made in his Diary. Had these references been thoroughly investigated, it would have taken no stretch of the imagination to locate definitely Judge Sewall in the former mansion of John Hull on what is now Washington Street, on the site of the Jordan Marsh store. On this lot he built his new mansion in which he died in 1730.

    The house on Cotton Hill fell to Judith Cooper as her share, and by her heirs it was conveyed to William Vassall in 1758.636 In 1790 it was the property of Patrick Jeffrey, listed in 1798 as “a wooden house, kitchen, barn and green house” valued at $22,500.

    The small lot south of Cotton was originally owned by Daniel Maude, schoolmaster. Robert Howard, notary public, whose name appears on many deeds, occupied it during the latter part of the seventeenth century. It was owned by James Bowdoin in 1798, and valued at $5,000. It is now covered by the Suffolk Savings Bank for Seamen and Others.

    The next two lots originally belonged to Governor Richard Bellingham, whose home lot637 is now traversed by the present Cornhill. The smaller one was sold to the Rev. John Davenport, minister of the First Church, whose heirs conveyed it to the Deacons of the First Church of Christ in Boston in 1693.638 It remained the property of the Church until 1787, when it was purchased by Sampson Read and in 1798 was valued at $5,000.

    The remaining Bellingham lot was sold to Humphrey Davy in 1663.639 It was purchased by Andrew Faneuil in 1710,640 and on his death in 1737 it came into the hands of his nephew Peter Faneuil. At the time of his death, in 1742, the estate was appraised at £12,375. William Phillips purchased this estate in 1791 when, according to the Tax List of 1798, it was valued at $18,000.

    The southerly neighbor of Bellingham was John Coggan. This estate was the home of the Rev. John Oxenbridge, another minister of the First Church, from 1671 until his death in 1673, and in 1683 it became the property of the Rev. Peter Thacher of Milton.641 In 1707 it was conveyed to the Rev. Samuel Myles,642 whose executors sold it to George Cradock in 1728.643 In 1733 it was bought by John Jeffries and is listed in 1798 as valued at $4,000.

    The lot on the corner of Beacon Street, opposite King’s Chapel, was originally owned by Elder James Penn of the First Church, who devised it to his nephew Colonel Penn Townsend. After passing through the hands of various parties it became the property of the eminent merchant Samuel Eliot, and was valued at $8,000 in 1798.

    This brings us to the end of old Tremont Row, and it is needless to add that Governor Endicott’s neighbors are sufficiently well known to establish the character of the locality.

    Mr. Julius H. Tuttle exhibited a copy of The Whole Booke of Psalmes, published at London in 1621, bearing on the title-page the autograph signature of “Jo: Endecott his booke.”644

    On behalf of Mr. Clarence S. Brigham was communicated a copy of a letter, dated 20 October, 1663, now in the possession of the American Antiquarian Society, signed by Governor Endicott “in the name and by the appointment of the General Court,” to the Rev. Dr. John Owen, “to second the Invitation and Call” of the First Church in Boston “unto your Self to come over and help us.”645

    Mr. William C. Lane exhibited two tracts relating to Governor Endicott’s time now in the Harvard College Library: “The Humble Petition and Address of the General Court to Charles II, in 1660,” and Edward Burrough’s “A Declaration of the Sad and Great Persecution and Martyrdom of the People of God, called Quakers, in New England for the Worshiping of God,” London, 1660.

    Mr. Tuttle also made the following communication:

    Judge Sewall wrote on Sabbath Day, December 19, 1686, “Tho Baker told me Sir Edmund was below,” and on the next day noted that “Governour Andros comes up in a Pin̄ ace, touches at the Castle, Lands at Govr Leveret’s wharf646 aboute 2 P. M.” Andros soon appeared at the Town House in “a Scarlet Coat Laced,” read his commission, and gave oaths to the Councillors. Four days later a novel sight met the people’s gaze when “About 60 Red-Coats are brought to Town;” and the next day the “Governour goes to the Town-House to Service Forenoon and Afternoon, a Red-Coat going on his right hand and Capt. George on his left.”647

    Andros, as Governor of the Territory and Dominion of New England, held a Commission, issued June 3, 1686, which included Massachusetts Bay, New Plymouth, Maine, New Hampshire, and the Narragansett Country. While the people suffered the continuance of the Andros régime in silence, Sewall’s entry of January 7, 1687, in his Diary, in the light of the suppressed popular feeling, is rather interesting. He wrote, “I went to Capt. Winthrop’s upon business, and the Governour happen’d to be there, Capt. Winthrop648 had me up to him, so I thankfully acknowledged the protection and peace we enjoyed under his Excellence’s Government.”649 Did the judge mean what he said? Nearly a year of events passed, which often called for new sacrifices on the part of individuals and institutions before Andros began to exercise his further powers. Sewall wrote on —

    Wednesday, Oct. 26. [1687] His Excellency with sundry of the Council, Justices and other Gentlemen, four Blew-Coats, two Trumpeters, Sam.Bligh one, 15 or 20 Red Coats with small Guns and short Lances in the Tops of them, set forth for Woodcocks, in order to goe to Connecticut to assume the Government of that place.650

    At the Council meeting the day before, an order was passed “That the Treasurer [John Usher] doe take care to defray the expence and charge of his Excellencyes journey to Connecticut.”651 The following papers are copied from manuscripts in the possession of Mr. William A. Jeffries, who kindly allows their publication. The second paper is not signed, and was probably kept at the time for Mr. Usher.

    An Acc° of the Charge for mounting fiveteen Grenadiers with Cloaks; Boots; Bridles Saddles and huseing &ca Detached the 26th of October 1687 from the Two foot Companyes (in his Maties Pay) for to make a Guard to Attend his Excellency to Connetticott

    3 “Curper” is an obsolete form of crupper.

    Allowance is humbley craved for this Acc° amounting to Seventy Two pounds Two Shillings and Two pence being disbursed for his Maties Service According to Order by

    Florance Kane

    Boston 28 Decembr 168⅞

    Received these of John Usher Esqr Treasurer and receiver Genll of his Maties Revenue in New England the sume of Seventy two pounds Two shillings and two pence in full of the within mentioned Bill I say re͞cd by me

    Florence Kane


    Boston in New:England

    the 24th of December 168⅞

    The Charge of mounting 25

    Granadiers with Cloaks, Boots,

    Bridles Saddles & huseing

    is   72:2:2



    Expences652 in bateing at Dedham

    £2 6

    drink at Medfeild


    a guid Medfeild


    George Monck to buy ꝓvisions

    1 10


    2 2653

    Guid for ye Baggage


    35 qts 1 pint wine [at Woodcock’s]


    33 gals Syder

    1: 2:4


    13 4


    1: 4:

    Wine 12 bottles



    1: 2:

    Victuas for 42 men & horses

    3: 5:

    Wine brandy & Syder




    Trucking cloath & bareskins


    15 Souldiers Supers




    Syder & Breakfast hay &c

    1: 4:2

    18 9 1


    guid to providence


    expences at Providence



    1: 0:0654

    Guid to Naragansett


    2. 3.6




    Smiths & bills



    Victualls &c Sider for man & horse at




    1: 0:0657

    Stonton’s Bill


    3 guids

    1: 4:

    8. 9


    1 guid from Stoningtown to Norwich


    post to Col Winthrop659


    4 bls Syder

    3: 5:



    1 C Beife


    60660 porke



    1: 7:


    1: 0:0661

    dressing &c


    Keeping ye horses


    Wine & Rum

    1: 7:

    Smith for nailes


    breakfast & maid


    Constable for horses


    post from Stonington


    guid from Norwich


    22. 7.0


    2 Foot Compas at Hartford








    Hinchmans expeces to Narragansett




    Mr Fowl


    George Monk to buy ꝑ visions

    4: 2:

    3 guids from Norwich

    2: 4:



    Fetching ye acts from Springfeild


    Messenger to Capt Winthrop



    2: 0:663

    Smiths bill

    1: 1:9

    Mr Masons west & fowls Horses




    post to C L


    Richenson for his horse

    1: 3:664

    Wm Hodson


    for horse shoes


    Nichols & Billigs Horses & Smith

    3: 4:

    mending sadles


    Mr Davy


    Souldiers Lodging


    Gilberts bill & Servats

    29: 5:

    Deputys diner


    78. 8.3

    129 1610

    Treasurer & 14 more at coming home

    9: 4

    pd ꝑ Capt Davis Dirn

    at Serjat Rockfords


    at walling ford 40 men and Horses


    Expenses at N Haven



    1: 0:0

    Gilford Compa


    Strattford Ferrey 46 Horses


    2 days & 2 nights at Fairfield




    3 posts to woodberry & Stanford


    Major Gold for Indean


    Marshall at Fairfield


    Ferrige at Fairfield


    at Milford

    1: 9:

    New Haven for horse




    Compa N. Haven


    Strawbridge. post Grenwieh


    Ferige at N. haven

    1: 3:

    Expenes at Branford


    Gilford ordinary


    Gilford Compa


    Compa at Killingsworth


    Guner Seabrook


    Seabrook ordinary & 3 other places



    1: 0:667

    3 men for carying horses to Seabrook ferry


    at Seabrook Ferry for 41 horses


    at lime Ferry


    Marshall Graves


    Capt Syls at lime


    N London Compa


    Serjat Capman & Robt Lord attendance from Seabrook




    1: 0:01

    Jn° Plumb N. London 30 horses & entertainment


    ye Smith at N. London


    For Ferrige

    1: 3:

    On this Side N. London


    Mistick Ferry


    at Stantons


    Richensons of Stoning town




    at Daniel Stantons


    Expence Colo bulls


    pilott from Narragansett to Stoneton


    Rhoad Island Compa


    Capt Pain Road Island


    Mays accot at Rhoad Island


    Smiths bill



    2: 0:0669

    portsmo Compa


    Coll Stanford 4 sloops from Boston Neck to Roed Island


    Capt Pellham for horses


    Rhoad Island Ferry

    1: 5:

    Indean Queen


    Bristoll Compa


    Jabez Holland Bristoll



    1: 0:670

    Mr Williams


    Seaconck Compa


    2: 8:

    Att Red bull


    for Mr Harris


    Woodcocks bill


    John Perry for post & attendance

    5 —:

    Constat of Cambridge for 3 horses


    Saml Bligh Trumpeter & expenes


    Nathanl Dyer for bringing horses to Boston & hire 3 horses


    Rd Peacock attendance & disbursemts

    2: 4:

    John Perry for Ferrige of Sundry horses


    Jeremy Bumsted his horse


    Hawkins for Foxcrofts horse & keeping


    pd Arnold for post to Col Winthrop


    pd Allford ye Smith for horse shoes &c

    1: 3:

    pd Chevers for his horse & ferrige


    pd Natt Dyer for keeping Stevens mare and bringing down


    pd Mr Stoughtons bill to Stanton &c


    pd Constal Lyn for 3 horses


    pd Major Henchman for Pilott to Mr Tyng


    pd Joshua Attwater for 2 horses


    pd Woodmancy for his mare


    pd Tho: Child & Jn° Blake for 2 horses


    pd Natt Dyer for Luscombs mans horse


    pd James Lowden & Gilbert Cole for 2 horses


    pd Aron Boarman shoeing Cambridg horses


    pd Natt Huttchenson & Tho: Foskett 2 horses


    pd Joshua Broadbent for his mare


    pd for 72671 of suger at 7d

    2: 2

    pd Tho. Hall of Cambridg his horse killed


    Expences at Dedham


    Stephen Richensons bill


    Edward Dor Consta1 Roxbery 7 horses


    Edward Gouge for his horse


    Wm Hudson his horse killed


    Tho Yardly his horse


    George Monck


    Seth Perry for his horse


    Jn° Bennett keeping horses

    14: 1:2

    Cash Brandy to Major Smith


    Smith Winnesiett for ferige horses to Salem


    Jn° West Esqr his bill of disbursemts on ye Journey


    Jn° Woodcock for hire of his horse


    Keeping bringing down & Fowls mare


    The entry above “Fetching the Acts from Springfeild,” is probably explained by the following paper from the same source. John West, Randolph’s Deputy Secretary, apparently was on his way to the Governor with the necessary public papers, and had reached Hartford at about the same time.

    An Account of Charges & Expences on my Journey to Connecticott & Severall disbursmts there by his Excells Ordr

    1687 vizt

    Octobr 26

    To Jos. Carroll for Hyer of a Horse Expenses on ye Road & att Marleburow

    £ :16: 4:


    for a horse & Guide from Marleburow to Worcester


    Expenses att Worcester


    Att Squabague



    for a horse & Guide from Worcester to Springfield


    Expenses & Ferriage


    for a horse & Guide from Springfield to Hartford,


    To Mr Bridgham who brought my Portmantle to Hartford


    Nov. [ ]

    To ye Messenger sent from New Haven to Greenwich


    To ye Compa att Stratford

    1: 8:


    To Marshall Morris for Goeing to fairfield . . .


    To 2 Indians



    John West

    The Andros party, of sixty or more, returned to Boston on November 16; but before leaving Hartford Andros and his Council met on November 1, swore in Governor Robert Treat and Secretary John Allyn, as members, and went to Fairfield to swear in the military officers of each county, and the customs officers of the various seaports. The route to Hartford had been from Boston to Dedham, then through Medfield to Wrentham, to Woodcocks four miles beyond, to Providence, to Narragansett, to Stonington, Norwich,and Hartford: and the return by New Haven, Seabrook, New London, Stonington, and so on through Dedham to Boston.

    Mr. Horace E. Ware communicated the following —


    Inasmuch as I became informed of considerable of the historical material in my communications “A Forgotten Prime Meridian”672 and “Supplement to ‘A Forgotten Prime Meridian’”673 after my communication “Winthrop’s Course Across the Atlantic,”674 I wish to submit a change in the sketch of the voyage accompanying the last named paper.

    On the sketch there is a direct line from the position of the ships on April 24th to that on April 30th (in the year 1630). This was because I found it difficult to locate the positions on the days between. But in view of the importance of the fact that the ships probably passed the meridian of St. Michael’s, then regarded by most English navigators as the Prime Meridian, during this interval, I have gone over Winthrop’s statements with some care and submit a revised sketch which I think cannot vary to any great extent from the course sailed. I have laid on the sketch now submitted the meridian of the island of St. Michael’s.

    Owing to southwesterly followed by northwesterly winds the course of the ships was generally northwesterly the 25th, 26th, and 27th of April and southwesterly thereafter until the 30th. These southwesterly winds would temporarily prevent the ships from continuing in the southwesterly course to a point near the intersection of the parallel of 43° 15′ with the meridian of St. Michael’s; but owing, apparently, to the northwesterly winds the latitude of 44° was reached on the 30th.