A Stated Meeting of the Society was held at the house of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, No. 28 Newbury Street, Boston, on Thursday, 23 December, 1920, at three o’clock in the afternoon, the President, Fred Norris Robinson, Ph.D., in the chair.

    The Records of the Annual Meeting were read and approved.

    The Corresponding Secretary reported that a letter accepting Resident Membership had been received from Mr. Alfred Lawrence Aiken.

    The President announced his appointment of Messrs. Edward Channing and Archibald Cary Coolidge as delegates from this Society to the annual Conference of Historical Societies to be held in Washington this month in connection with the meeting of the American Historical Association.

    The President also announced that Mr. Morris Gray was unable to accept his election by the Society at its annual meeting as a member of the Council for three years, and that the Council had filled the vacancy by the choice of Mr. Allan Forbes.

    Mr. Percival Merritt read a sketch of the Rev. Stephen Christopher Lewis, rector of Christ Church, Boston, from August, 1778, to October, 1784.

    Mr. Albert Matthews made the following communication:


    The first volume of the Plymouth Church Records contains a bibliography of the writings of the settled pastors and associate pastors of the church from 1620 to 1859.226 Dr. Briggs227 was associate pastor from January 3, 1838, to the end of 1852.228 The list of his writings included in that bibliography229 necessarily ended with the year 1859. Inasmuch, however, as various books, pamphlets, and articles published during the years 1835–1859 have been brought to my notice since that list was printed last summer, and inasmuch as Dr. Briggs published much during the years 1860–1891, it seems advisable to print in our Transactions a complete list of his writings. In the preparation of the present list I am under the deepest obligations to his daughter, Mrs. George G. Barker of Bournedale, but for whose assistance the list could not have been made.

    In addition to sending me two pamphlets (nos. 7 and 81 in the list) of which the libraries here contain no copies, Mrs. Barker also sent me four volumes, as follows:

    (A) A small memorandum book in Dr. Briggs’s own hand labelled on the cover “Account of Sermons &c. printed,” the first page being headed “List of Printed Sermons.” This contains sixty-six titles. Some of these have been difficult to run down; but all have now been identified except two,230 in regard to which even Mrs. Barker is unable to render help. Dr. Briggs’s list is by no means complete, and to the 64 identified titles given in (A) have been added 19 others, making 83 in all.

    (B) A leather bound blank book with the word “Records” printed on the back, containing a list (wholly in Dr. Briggs’s hand) of sermons preached during the years 1853–1867 when he was settled at Salem. On a fly-leaf is written “Catalogue of Sermons, Jan. 1853.” Each sermon is numbered and the time and place of preaching it entered. Thus no. 1 was preached at Salem on January 9, 1853, and at New Salem on April 18, 1855, and had been preached at Plymouth on December 26, 1852; and no. 474 (the last one in the book) was preached at Salem on December 23, 1866. If a sermon was printed, the fact is stated, the place where printed is given, and the entry is crossed out. Whether Dr. Briggs kept similar records during his pastorates at Fall River and Cambridge has not been ascertained, but he certainly did while at Plymouth, for no. 1 in (B) is labelled “Plymouth, No. 577.” Hence while there he must have preached 577 sermons. It does not follow that during the years 1838–1867 Dr. Briggs wrote 1051 sermons, for many of those entered in (B) had been previously preached at Plymouth.231

    (C) A scrap-book bound in half leather with the word “Miscellanies” printed on the back. In it are pasted several of Dr. Briggs’s pamphlets, which have of course been cut up for the purpose, but chiefly newspaper clippings extending from 1825 to 1870. Some of these clippings contain addresses and articles by Dr. Briggs which have not been found elsewhere; but as the name of the paper and the date are not always given, several have been difficult to run down.232

    (D) A volume bound in half calf with the label “Miscellanies G. W. Briggs” printed on the back, and a list of the contents in Dr. Briggs’s hand on fly-leaves at the beginning. The volume contains twenty-nine pamphlets and articles printed during the years 1835–1871, though sometimes a pamphlet is not complete.233

    George Ware Briggs was born at Little Compton, Rhode Island, April 8, 1810; in 1821 at the age of eleven entered Brown University, graduating in 1825;234 graduated from the Harvard Divinity School in 1834; was ordained pastor of the Unitarian Society at Fall River September 24, 1834;235 was installed associate pastor of the First Church in Plymouth January 3, 1838;236 was installed pastor of the First Church in Salem January 6, 1853;237 received the honorary degree of D.D. from Harvard University in 1855; was installed minister of the Cambridgeport Parish (later the Third Congregational Society) April 3, 1867;238 and died at Plymouth September 10, 1895.239 Of him his son Professor LeBaron R. Briggs has written:

    He was naturally diffident, especially in his own home, and so fearful of taking a place too large for him that he refused several calls to more important pulpits and to higher salaries. His strength showed itself when people were in trouble, and quite as much in what he did not say as in what he said. . . . As a preacher, he was earnest and at times eloquent; but his greatest strength in and out of the pulpit was in seeming less a minister than a man. His every-day intercourse with his parishioners was altogether free from professional affectation. It was also devotedly faithful. . . . Though of small conversational skill and of unyielding principle, he made friends everywhere, and kept them always. He was not a learned man, and was still less a pedantic one. He read much, but showed few of the ordinary effects of wide reading, whether good or bad. What he read sank into him somehow, and rarely came out again. For theology he had little regard; and when a reporter asked him whether he was radical or conservative, he answered, “Both.” His habit of life was simple; and his heart — in some ways like that of a little child — could yet feel intensely without expressing what it felt in words. . . . He was a strong, loyal, single-hearted man.240

    Though Dr. Briggs’s writings are chiefly concerned, as one might expect, with the various aspects of his profession, their character being generally sufficiently indicated by their titles, yet this is not always the case, and in a few instances the titles convey no adequate idea of the contents. Hence it has seemed advisable to quote extracts now and then. These will abundantly show Dr. Briggs’s detestation of slavery, his hatred of war, his earnest advocacy of peace, and his ardent approval of total abstinence. On the outbreak of the Civil War Dr. Briggs espoused with enthusiasm the cause of the North, though not failing to see the discrepancy between that attitude and his former diatribes against war. At a war meeting held at Danvers Plains on October 23, 1863, he alluded to this discrepancy in words thus reported:

    The duty of responding to the maintenance of the country and the honor of its flag is just as imperative to-day as at the time of the first great uprising at the opening of the rebellion. Before the opening of this war, he should have thought this the last place where he would have been. He thought he was a peace man, and had never supposed there was as much barbarism in the world as that which has attacked the existence of this government. When the question came whether we maintain the principles at stake in the opening contest, there was but one response. The cause is just as sacred to-day as it was at first. If we do not feel the same enthusiasm it is not because there is less interest in the cause, but because it has gone down deeper into the heart. There is a determination to carry this contest through to the end whatever sacrifice it may cost. . . . If, in pursuing this work, that systern gets rooted out which has almost made men forget that the government was founded upon liberty, and has caused one section to try to build up one based on human servitude — if, out of the war this gets abolished — then we accomplish one of the greatest works men ever accomplished.241

    In the bibliography which follows it is understood, unless otherwise stated, that Dr. Briggs’s name is given as that of the author. The authority for attributing to him books or articles published anonymously is found in (A), (B), or (C). The opportunity has been taken to correct in this list a few errors or misprints that crept into the previous partial list.242




    A Sermon, preached at the Dedication of the Unitarian Church, in Fall River, Mass. January 28, 1835. . . . Published by request. Fall River: . . . 1835.

    This was published together with the sermon preached by Mr. Farley at Dr. Briggs’s ordination, with continuous pagination but with separate half-titles and title-pages. The cover reads: “Mr. Farley’s Ordination Sermon, and Mr. Briggs’s Dedication Sermon.” The first half-title reads: “Mr. Farley’s Sermon.” The second half-title (p. [23]) reads: “Mr. Briggs’s Sermon.” The title to Mr. Farley’s sermon reads:

    A Sermon, preached at the Ordination of the Rev. George W. Briggs, as Minister of the Unitarian Society, Fall River, Mass. September 24, 1834. By Frederick A. Farley, Minister of Westminster Church, Providence, R. I. Published by request. Fall River: . . . 1835.

    Half-title, 1 leaf; Title, 1 p.; Imprint, 1 p.; Sermon [by Mr. Farley], pp. [3]–22; Half-title, p. [23]; Title, p. [25]; Sermon [by Mr. Briggs], pp. [27]–49.

    The following note is printed at the end of Mr. Farley’s sermon:

    “The delay in publishing Mr. Farley’s Sermon was owing to unavoidable circumstances. The Society, from the first, intended to publish the services of the Ordination and Dedication together; expecting the church would be dedicated within a few weeks after the ordination. In this expectation they were disappointed; causes not anticipated, delayed the completion of the building, and the dedication was of necessity deferred for several months” (p. 22).


    ‘Obey God rather than Man.’ In The Liberator, December 2, 1842, xii. 192.

    The sermon is preceded by this note:

    “The following is the able Discourse of brother Briggs, of Plymouth, delivered on the occasion of the last annual fast. In the note which accompanied it he far underrates its value, in saying— ‘Those of the congregation who approved its sentiment, requested its publication then. I declined to comply with their wish, because I did not think it worthy of publication. But the case in Boston244 now moving all our sympathies, and pressing the same doctrine I stated then upon our attention, gave me a desire to make my protest again. I send it as it was preached, excepting a few verbal alterations.’”

    The sermon was preached, presumably at Plymouth, on April 7, 1842. The concluding paragraph reads:

    “Four years ago, my brethren, I gave you my convictions on this question of slavery. In another particular, with a persuasion only the deeper for that lapse of time, I do the same thing to-day. I cannot dream that my convictions are also yours. But you would justly scorn me did I stoop to be your echo. I could no longer honor you if I thought you could even wish it. I only ask that the spirit of wisdom and love may guide you and myself alike, in the way of eternal righteousness.”


    An Address delivered before the Total Abstinence Societies in Plymouth, July Fourth, 1842, . . . Plymouth. 1842.

    Title, 1 p.; Note, 1 p.; Address, pp. [3]–16.

    The note on the verso of the title-page reads:

    The following hasty Address is published, not in accordance with the writer’s judgment, but in compliance with the request that has been made. So great a change would have been required to make it a discussion or an appeal appearing to his mind to have any permanent value, that it is printed as originally delivered, and his only hope is, that it may serve in some slight degree to keep alive in this community the interest in a reform whose progress he regards with the deepest sympathy.”


    An Address delivered at the Funeral of Deacon William P. Ripley, In the First Church, at Plymouth, Sunday Afternoon, Nov. 13, 1842. . . . Plymouth: . . . 1842.

    Title, 1 p.; Note, 1 p.; Address, pp. [3]–16.

    The note on the verso of the title-page reads:

    William Putnam Ripley was bom in Plymouth, Feb. 4th, 1776. He joined the First Church, Jan. 1st, 1809. He was chosen its Deacon, March 9th, 1818. After a long and painful illness, he departed in peace, Thursday Evening, Nov. 10th, 1842, in the 67th year of his age.”


    The Inward Appeal of Christianity. A Sermon. In The Monthly Religious Magazine, June, 1844, i. 191–199.


    Timely Thoughts. In The Christian World, December 28, 1844.

    An introductory note, signed “G. W. B.,” explaining the occasion of the Timely Thoughts, reads in part as follows:

    “The town clerk at Ephesus in dismissing the angry multitude, gathered in tumult on account of the Apostles’ preaching, declared the law to be open, for all matters to be determined in a lawful assembly. One would have rejoiced to find the sovereign authorities of South Carolina, manifesting an equal reverence for the supreme tribunals of the land, in their legitimate authority, with the mob at Ephesus. The unparalleled outrage committed against the Agent of Massachusetts,245 who went thither in due reverence for the law, peacefully to institute a process to test the legality of certain enactments infringing upon the constitutional rights of one class of our citizens, demands some expression of the feeling of the State befitting its ancient name, and the memories of other days. When the Legislature of South Carolina votes to expel from the State, an Agent so happily selected by our own Executive, — a man so venerable in years and character, — clad in the dignity pertaining to his own person, and to the State he represented, for the offence of appealing to Constitutional courts in a Constitutional way, silence seems criminal.”


    The application of the principles of Religious Freedom to the practical problems of the passing time. A Sermon preached In the First Church, in Plymouth, Sunday, March 9, 1845. . . . Printed: not Published. Plymouth: . . . 1845.

    Title, 1 p.; Note, 1 p.; Sermon, pp. [3]–16.

    The note on the verso of the title-page, signed “G. W. B.,” reads:

    “Peculiar circumstances, which none but the members of my own Congregation may fully understand, made it proper to allude to the various topics to which this discourse refers. It is not printed for its merit, but to enable those to whom it was addressed, to understand precisely what it affirms; and of course, I have therefore made only a few, merely verbal corrections.”


    The Real Duty of a Christian Society to its Minister. In The Monthly Religious Magazine, September, 1845, ii. 303–309.

    Signed “G. W. B.” (p. 309). A footnote on p. 303 reads: “This address, kindly furnished by the author for our pages, was delivered at a recent Ordination. Ed.” The address begins “Brethren of this Society,” but no hint is given as to when or where or at whose ordination the address was delivered. In (A), however, Dr. Briggs gives the place as Fall River.246


    Jesus our Master. In The Monthly Religious Magazine, October, 1845, ii. 325–332.

    Signed “G. W. B.” (p. 332).


    Hymns for Public Worship. “Praise God in his sanctuary: praise him according to his excellent greatness. Let every thing that hath breath praise the Lord. Praise ye the Lord.” — Psalm cl. 1, 2, 6. Boston: . . . 1845.

    Title 1 p.; Copyright and Imprint, 1 p.; Preface, pp. [iii]–vi; General Arrangement, p. [vii]; Index of First Lines, pp. [ix]–xxiv; Index of Subjects, pp. [xxv]–xxviii; Hymns, 388 pp. There is no regular pagination, the numbers of the hymns serving for page-numbers. Thus, the second page has “3, 4” at the top because hymns nos. 3 and 4 are printed on that page; the fourth page has “7, 8” at the top because hymns nos. 7 and 8 are printed on that page; the sixth page has “11” at the top because hymn no. 11 is printed on that page, etc. The hymns are numbered from 1 to 601.

    Dr. Briggs’s name does not appear on the title-page, but the Preface is signed “George W. Briggs” and is dated “Plymouth, Mass., Oct., 1845.” The book was reviewed in the Christian Register of November 15, 1845, xxiv. 182–183, and in The Christian Examiner and Religious Miscellany for January, 1846, xl. 29, 41–42.247


    The Bow in the Cloud: Fifteen Discourses. . . . “Behold the rainbow’s form, Hung on the brow of heaven! The glory of the passing storm, The pledge of mercy given.” Boston: . . . 1846.

    The above title is conjectural, since no copy of this (the original) edition has been located, and is based on an advertisement in the Christian Register of December 27, 1845, xxiv. 207, and on the title as given in The Christian Examiner and Religious Miscellany for March, 1846, xl. 233 note. The book was advertised in the Christian Register of December 20, 27, 1845, and January 3, 1846, xxiv. 203, 207, xxv. 3. It was reviewed in the Christian Register of December 27, 1845, xxiv. 206, and in The Christian Examiner and Religious Miscellany for March, 1846 xl. 233–247. The latter review is signed “C. R.” — presumably the Rev. Chandler Robbins of Boston. See nos. 12 and 30.


    The Bow in the Cloud: Fifteen Discourses. . . . Second Edition. Boston: . . . 1846.

    Title, 1 p.; Copyright, 1 p.; Dedication, p. [iii]; Preface, pp. [v]–vi; Contents, pp. [vii]–viii; The Bow in the Cloud, pp. [9]–216.

    The Preface is dated “Plymouth, Mass., December, 1845;” the book was copyrighted in 1845; and the Dedication is to Dr. James Kendall. See nos. 11 and 30.


    Response to Peace Address, February 26, 1846. In The Advocate of Peace and Universal Brotherhood, for the Year 1846. Edited by Elihu Burritt. Worcester: . . . March, 1846, i. 78–79.

    The heading is supplied by me. Under the heading “Universal Brotherhood. Great Social Movement,” Burritt printed in the March number (pp. 69–80) documents relating to the Oregon dispute. “An Appeal to the Merchants of the Realm” had been issued in England, and the Cambria, which arrived at Boston on February 18, brought addresses from individuals and from public bodies; among others an address to the “Esteemed Citizens of Boston, in New England” from “the inhabitants of Boston, in Old England” (p. 75), and from “the inhabitants of Plymouth, Great Britain, to the Citizens of the United States of America, for the purpose of averting War between the two Countries” (p. 77). “As a ready response to these Friendly Addresses seemed desirable,” wrote Burritt, “as an evidence of the cordiality with which they were received in this country, we wrote to several persons in Boston and other places, particularly addressed in these friendly communications from abroad, suggesting an effort to send back a response, if possible, by the same steamer. Among others, we addressed a letter on this subject to the Rev. Geo. W. Briggs, of Plymouth, Mass. His letter in reply is so apposite to the history of this social movement, and so replete with warm sentiments of universal brotherhood, that we cannot refrain from giving it to the public.” Dr. Briggs’s reply, dated February 25th, is in part as follows:

    “Yours of the 23rd was received last night. We were moving in the special matter you propose, before your letter came. Monday evening, the 23rd, we had a large Peace Meeting, when different gentlemen discussed the general subject. The Chairman,248 who had just seen these Addresses, — I had not seen them then, — communicated them to the Meeting. And a Committee was raised to respond to the Plymouth Address, consisting of myself, Rev. R. Tomlinson, and J. Russell, Esq. . . . We shall report a brief reply to-morrow evening, to send it back by the same packet as you suggest. I agree with you, that nothing is more beautiful and hopeful than this peculiar movement. When Men send over lands and waters the song of Peace, once sounded through the sky by the Angels, we may well thank God and take courage. I will send you a paper containing an account of our Meeting” (p. 77).

    Burritt then reprints, from the Old Colony Memorial, an account of the meetings held February 23 and 26, and also “A Response To the friendly appeal from the inhabitants of Plymouth, Great Britain, to the citizens of the United States of America, for the purpose of averting war between the two countries, by the inhabitants of Plymouth, Massachusetts” (pp. 78–79).


    Report of the School Committee of the Town of Plymouth. Read in Town Meeting, April 5, 1847. Plymouth: . . . 1847.

    Title, 1 leaf; Report, pp. [3]–23.

    The only copy of this I have seen is the one pasted into (C), which has been cut up for that purpose: hence the number of pages is conjectural. The School Committee consisted of “Geo. W. Briggs, R. Tomlinson, W. Warren, C. S. Porter.”


    Obituary, Rev. Zephaniah Willis.249 In The Christian Examiner and Religious Miscellany, May, 1847, xlii. 466–467.

    The heading is supplied by me. It is not mentioned in (A), (B), or (C), but is signed “B.” (p. 467) and is attributed to Dr. Briggs by William Cushing in his Index to the Christian Examiner (1879), p. 129.


    Two Sermons preached in the First Church in Plymouth, Mass. Sunday, July 4, 1847. . . . Published by request. Plymouth. . . .

    Half-title, 1 leaf; Title, 1 leaf; Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself, pp. [5]–17; The patient waiting for Christ, pp. [19]–31. The half-title reads: “Two Sermons, preached in Plymouth, Mass. July 4, 1847, by George W. Briggs.”

    These sermons were preached during the Mexican War. The extracts are from the first and the second sermon respectively:

    “Who will defend the action of this day? We stand in a Christian temple now, and try our cause by the Christian law. We must not dissemble, or cloak our transgressions, before the face of Almighty God, or the judgment-seat of his Son. My Country is dear to me, as to those who boast of her dominion and outward greatness, but are silent over her sin. But I will not defend her call to her unholy battle-fields, though Liberty be written on her banner, while, as I judge, every blow is struck for Slavery. I will not fail to condemn her wars, or to try her oppressions by the spirit of that Christ in whom she claims to trust” (p. 14).

    “A lamentation is heard because the spirit of Peace makes so little progress. How small its influence upon the spirit of War! Not only are the base and lawless ready for the battle. The conscientious also call it glorious, and go out to its murders. No lofty Statesmanship, no power of Intellect or Genius, can receive one tithe of the honor instantly given to the victorious warrior. We dwell in an almost Heathen darkness, in respect to this vital principle of the spirit of Jesus. The reformation is too great to be accomplished yet. I do not expect the reign of Peace between the nations, until the individuals that compose them ascend more nearly to a Christian love. Individual hearts must subdue their contentious spirit, by gazing upon the Cross, and the home must have no bitter strifes around its hearth-stone, and societies must hush their bickerings, and the Life of the forgiving prayer of Jesus must win many victories, before Governments will disband their armaments” (pp. 23–24).


    First of August. In The Monthly Religious Magazine, September, 1847, iv. 412–420.

    Thirteen years have passed since this day was made memorable by the commencement of emancipation in the English West India Islands. Nine years ago that work was finished and the day was consecrated forever by the complete liberation of 800,000 slaves” (p. 412).


    A Discourse delivered before the Autumnal Unitarian Convention, held at Salem, Mass., Wednesday Evening, October 20, 1847. . . . Boston: . . . 1847.

    Title, 1 p.; Imprint, 1 p.; Note, p. [3]; Discourse, pp. [5]–31.

    The note is dated “Plymouth, Mass., Octo. 23, 1847.”


    Bushnell on Christian Nurture. In The Christian Examiner and Religious Miscellany, November, 1847, xliii. 435–451.

    Signed “G. W. B.” (p. 451). A review of Horace Bushnell’s “An Argument for ‘Discourses on Christian Nurture,’ addressed to the Publishing Committee of the Massachusetts Sabbath School Society” (1847).


    Faith the Child of Life. In Sermons on Christian Communion, designed to promote the growth of the religious affections, by living Ministers. . . . Edited by T. R. Sullivan. Boston: . . . 1848.

    Dr. Briggs’s contribution is “Sermon VIII,” and fills pp. [85]–96. The Preface is not dated, but the work was copyrighted in 1847.


    Address to the Society. In The Modern Pulpit. A Sermon preached at the Ordination of Samuel Longfellow, at Fall River, Mass., February 16th, 1848. By John Weiss, Minister of the Unitarian Church, New-Bedford. With the Right Hand of Fellowship, and Address to the Society. Fall River: . . . 1848.

    Title, 1 leaf; Sermon, pp. [3]–20; Right Hand of Fellowship, by John F. W. Ware, pp. [21]–24; Address to the Society, by George W. Briggs, pp. [25]–33; Appendix, pp. [35]–36.


    Report of the School Committee of the Town of Plymouth. Read in Town Meeting, April 3, 1848.

    The above is the heading on p. [1] of the Report, taken from a copy pasted into (C). Presumably there was a title-page, but if so it was not preserved by Dr. Briggs. The pamphlet probably filled 16 pages. The School Committee consisted of “Geo. W. Briggs, R. Tomlinson, C. S. Porter, A. Harvey.”250


    Sermon, May 28, 1848. In Christian Register, June 3, 1848, xxvii. 90.

    The heading is supplied by me. The column is headed “Anniversary Week in Boston. Book and Pamphlet Society,” and begins: “The public exercises in which Unitarian Christians are more particularly interested, on Anniversary Week, were opened with a sermon by Rev. J. W. Briggs, of Plymouth, before the Book and Pamphlet Society, at Federal st. Church, on Sunday evening May 28. Mr. Briggs took for his text, 2 Cor. iv. 13 — ‘We believe, and therefore speak.’” Then follows a report of the sermon filling nearly an entire column, after which are the words: “Mr. B. then concluded his very eloquent sermon, of which his rapid utterance enabled us to take only the above partial and imperfect sketch, and a collection was taken up in aid of the funds of the Society.”251


    Lessons upon Religious Duties and Christian Morals. Boston: . . . New York: . . . 1852.

    Title, 1 p.; Copyright, 1 p.; General Directions, pp. [iii]-vi; Preface, pp. [vii]–viii; Contents, pp. [ix]–x; Lessons upon Religious Duties, etc., pp. [11]–175.

    This was one in a series of eight Sunday School books, all published anonymously. In the General Directions (pp. iii, v–vi) it is stated:

    In this course of Christian instruction, there are eight text-books, bearing the following titles: — Early Religious Lessons; Palestine and the Hebrew People; Lessons on the Old Testament; Life of Christ; Books and Characters of the New Testament; Religious Duties and Christian Morals; Doctrines of Scripture; Scenes from Christian History. . . . The names of the writers, arranged alphabetically, and not according to the order of the books in the course, are as follows: —

    • Rev. Geo. W. Briggs,
    • “S. G. Bulfinch,
    • “Rufus Ellis,
    • “Edward E. Hale,
    • “F. D. Huntington,
    • “John H. Morison,
    • “Ephraim Peabody.

    1st Series. No. 283. Experimental Religion. Printed for the American Unitarian Association. Boston: . . . In Tracts of the American Unitarian Association. First Series. Vol. XXV. . . . Boston: . . . 1852.

    Title, p. [1], [83]; Imprint, p. [2], [84]; Experimental Religion, pp. [3]–11, [85]–93.

    This was published anonymously. There is a double pagination.


    1st Series. No. 284. Method of Christian Salvation. . . . Printed for the American Unitarian Association. Boston: . . . In Tracts of the American Unitarian Association. First Series. Vol. XXV. . . . Boston: . . . 1852.

    Title, p. [1], [95]; Imprint, p. [2], [96]; Method of Christian Salvation, pp. [3]–22, [97]–116. There is a double pagination.


    A Legend and its Lesson. In The Unitarian Congregational Register for the Year 1853, pp. 66–68.

    This is anonymous.


    Homage to Christ. A Sermon. In The Monthly Religious Magazine, July, 1853, x. 310–318.


    Address to the Middlesex Sunday-School Society. Delivered at East Cambridge, Oct. 12, 1853. . . . Reprinted from the Monthly Religious Magazine. Boston: . . . 1853.

    Title, 1 leaf; Address, pp. [3]–14.252


    The Bow in the Cloud: Discourses . . . New Edition Enlarged. Boston and Cambridge. . . . M DCCC LIV.

    Title, 1 p.; Copyright and Imprint, 1 p.; Dedication (to Dr. James Kendall), p. [iii]; Preface, pp. [v]–vi; Contents, pp. [vii]–viii; Sermons, pp. [1]–280.

    The Preface is dated “Salem, (Mass.,) December, 1853;” and the book was copyrighted in 1853. The Preface states that “The fifteen Discourses which were published in the first edition of this work, have been revised for re-publication. Those which bear the following titles, . . . are now printed for the first time.” The volume contains twenty-four Discourses. See nos. 11 and 12.


    Character of Rev. Dr. Flint. . . . Extracts from a Sermon preached at the First Church in Salem, Mass., March 11, 1855, on the Sunday after the death of Rev. James Flint, D.D.253 In The Monthly Religious Magazine, April 1855, xiii. 213–218.


    The Living Ministry: its Preparation and its Work. An Address Delivered before the Graduating Class in the Theological School at Cambridge, Sunday Evening, July 15, 1855 . . . Cambridge: . . . 1855.

    Title, 1 p.; Imprint, 1 p.; Correspondence, p. [3]; Address, pp. [5]–24.


    The Unchanging Christian Message. A Sermon preached at the Ordination of Rev. Alfred Porter Putnam, as Minister of the Mt. Pleasant Church in Roxbury, December 19, 1855. . . . Boston: . . . 1856.

    Title, 1 p.; Note and Copyright, 1 p.; Sermon, pp. [3]–23; Right Hand of Fellowship, by Rev. J. H. Phipps, pp. [25]–28; Order of Exercises, pp. 29–31.


    Remarks, May 31, 1856. In Salem Gazette, June 3, 1856, p. 2.254

    The heading is supplied by me. The remarks were made at a meeting in Salem called to protest against the attack by Preston Smith Brooks of South Carolina on Charles Sumner, May 22, 1856. A passage reads:

    “We are to look far beyond personal or narrow considerations when we consider this atrocity. I do not simply see my friend Mr. Sumner, bleeding and almost murdered, upon the floor of the Senate chamber — for I am proud to call him my friend; I do not merely see the rights of Massachusetts beaten down in the person of her Senator; I do not merely see the letter of the Constitution broken; but I see the right of free speech in legislative halls, one of the most sacred rights of man, — a right which has been gained as the result of long ages of struggle amidst sacrifice and blood, — profaned, and trampled in the dust. And so, too, I look beyond the individual who was the instrument to commit this outrage. I do not merely see a coward stealing upon a defenceless man, sitting by the very Altar of Liberty, but I behold a conspirator against the dearest rights of the race. I see the spirit of that institution which would not permit you or me to say, above a whisper, in South Carolina, that slavery is a sin, — which seeks to crush all opposition in Kanzas by fire and sword, — stalking in upon the Senate floor to wield its bludgeon upon the head of one who arraigns its usurpations, and becomes the champion of Freedom.”


    The Christian Law of Self-Culture. In The Monthly Religious Magazine and Independent Journal, December, 1856, xvi. 368–376.

    Signed “G. W. B.” (p. 376).


    Civilization not Regeneration. In The Monthly Religious Magazine and Independent Journal, May, 1857, xvii. 297–307.

    Signed “G. W. B.” (p. 307).


    Protest in Piedmont. In The Christian Examiner, November, 1857, lxiii. 411–430.

    The article under this title extends from p. 404 to p. 431, but not all of it was by Dr. Briggs. It is no. 217 in (B), where Dr. Briggs has written: “The Waldenses. Lecture. Boston, Chauncy St., Jan. 4, 1857. Salem, Feb. 8, 1857. Young Men’s Ch. Union. Plymouth, July 26, 1857. Printed. Ch. Examiner, Nov. 1857. Embodied in the Article ‘Protest in Piedmont,’ begin, p. 411, line 18, ‘The ancient Waldensian &c.,’ ending p. 430, line 21.” The other portion of the article was apparently written by Edward Everett Hale.255


    Providence touching our Eyes. — The Central America. In The Monthly Religious Magazine and Independent Journal, November, 1857, xviii. 301–308.

    Signed “G. W. B.” (p. 308).

    A report in the Boston Daily Advertiser of September 18, 1857, reads in part: “The very sad intelligence was received last evening, of the loss of the steamship Central America, (formerly the George Law,) with about four hundred and fifty passengers independent of her crew. The steamship foundered at sea on the 12th inst., four days out from Havana” (p. 1/4).256


    Scepticism and Superstition. In Christian Register, March 6, 1858, xxxvii. 38.

    This is an unsigned editorial.


    Christ’s Doctrine of Repentance. In Christian Register, April 10, 1858, xxxvii. 58.

    This is an unsigned editorial.


    Religious Revival. Part of a Sermon preached in the First Church, in Salem, April 11th, 1858. In Salem Gazette, April 27, 1858, pp. 1–2.


    Practical Nature of Christian Penitence. In Christian Register, May 8, 1858, xxxvii. 74.

    This is an unsigned editorial. It is no. 112 in (B), where the date is wrongly given as May 9, 1858.


    Jewish and Christian Ideals. In The Monthly Religious Magazine and Independent Journal, January, 1859, xxi. 9–17.

    This has neither name nor initials attached to it, but it is no. 21 in (B).


    A Sermon delivered at Plymouth, at the Funeral of Rev. James Kendall, D.D., Senior Minister of the First Church, in Plymouth, Sunday Afternoon, March 20, 1859. . . . Published by request of the Society. Boston: . . . 1859.

    Title, 1 leaf; Note, p. [3]; Sermon, pp. [5]–31; Appendix, pp. [33]–38.


    Obituary. Rev. James Kendall, D.D. In The Monthly Religious Magazine and Independent Journal, May, 1859, xxi. 342–346.

    Signed “G. W. B.” (p. 346).


    The Conditions of Ministerial Power: An Address delivered before the Graduating Class in the Theological Seminary at Meadville, Penn., Wednesday Evening, June 29, 1859. . . . Published by Request of the Class. Boston: . . . 1859.

    Title, 1 p.; Imprint, 1 p.; Address, pp. [3]–24.


    A Sermon . . . At the ordination of Mr. Wm. B. Smith, as pastor of the Unitarian Society in Fall River, Thursday evening, Jan. 12th, In Christian Register, February 11, 1860. xxxix. 21.

    Reprinted from “Fall River News.” It is no. 62 in (B), where it is stated to have been printed in the Fall River News of January 31, 1860.


    The Calamity at Lawrence. In The Monthly Religious Magazine and Independent Journal, February, 1860, xxiii. 83–93.

    “Delivered in Salem, January 15th” (p. 83 note). It was occasioned by the fall of the Pemberton Mill on January 10, 1860.257


    Faith like a Grain of Mustard-Seed. In The Monthly Religious Magazine, April, 1861, xxv. 217–225.

    Signed “G. W. B.” (p. 225).


    Address, April 2, 1861. In Salem Gazette, April 4, 1861, p. 2.

    The heading is supplied by me. The address was delivered at the funeral of Judge White. See no. 63.


    Address, November 27, 1861. In Salem Gazette, November 29, p. 2.

    The heading is supplied by me. Report of an address delivered at the dedication of the Home for Aged and Indigent Women, in Derby Street, Salem.


    An Address delivered before the City Authorities in Salem, at the celebration of the Birth-Day of Washington, February 22, 1862. . . . Published by request of the City Council. Salem: . . . 1862.

    Title, 1 leaf; Address, pp. [3]–24.


    Address, March 8, 1862. In Salem Register, March 10, 1862, p. 2.258

    The heading is supplied by me. The address was delivered at the funeral of Brigadier-General Frederic W. Lander.259


    Address to the People. In Services at the Ordination of Mr. James De Normandie, in Portsmouth, N. H., October 1, 1862. Sermon by Rev. Ezra S. Gannett, Pastor of Arlington-Street Church, Boston. With Charge, Right Hand, and Address to the People. Boston: . . . Portsmouth: . . . 1862.

    Title, 1 p.; Imprint, 1 p.; Introductory Note, pp. [3]–4; Sermon, pp. [5]–29; Charge, by Rev. E. E. Hale, pp. 30–36; Right Hand of Fellowship, by Rev. C. Y. De Normandie, pp. 36–40; Address to the People, by Rev. George W. Briggs, D.D., pp. 41–48; Order of Exercises, pp. 49–52.


    Lessons from the Lives of the Apostles. In The Monthly Religious Magazine, October, 1862, xxviii. 252–261.

    Signed “G. W. B.” (p. 261).


    Address, February 23, 1863. In Salem Register, February 26, 1863, p. 2/2.

    The heading is supplied by me. Report of an address delivered on Washington’s birthday.


    Address, March 10, 1863. In Salem Gazette, March 13, 1863, p. 2/1.

    The heading is supplied by me. Report of an address delivered at a meeting held to organize the Salem Union League.260


    Address, March 19, 1863. In Salem Register, March 23, 1863, p. 2.

    The heading is supplied by me. The address was delivered at the inauguration of the Salem Union League.


    Despondency a Sin. In The Monthly Religious Magazine, April, 1863, xxix. 199–206.

    Signed “G. W. B.” (p. 206).


    Experience opens the Book of Life. A Sermon delivered in Salem, June 21, 1863. In Memorial of Pickering Dodge Allen.261 By his Father. Boston: . . . 1867.

    Title, 1 leaf; Poem (by Emerson), p. [iii]; Memorial, pp. [5]–157; Half-title, p. [159]; Sermon, pp. [161]–174.


    Review. In Salem Register, October 5, 1863, p. 2/4.

    The heading is supplied by me. A review of Warren Burton’s Helps to Education.


    Address, October 23, 1863. In Salem Gazette, October 27, 1863, p. 2/2.

    The heading is supplied by me. Report of an address delivered at a war meeting held at Danvers Plains.


    Memoir of Daniel Appleton White, . . . Prepared by request of the Essex Institute, and read at the meeting of January 11, 1864. (From the Historical Collections of the Essex Institute.) Salem: . . . 1864.262

    Title, 1 leaf; Memoir, pp. [1]–47.

    See no. 50.


    Sermon by Rev. George W. Briggs, D.D., Salem, Mass.

    This is the title of an eight page leaflet owned by the Massachusetts Historical Society, the text being printed on the recto of each leaf. The second line reads: “Daniel V. 27. ‘Weighed in the balances, and found wanting.’” It is no. 384 in (B) and was first preached at Salem on May 18, 1862, and for the thirteenth time at Marblehead on January 24, 1864, and is marked “Printed” and crossed out. An entry in (A) explains the peculiar leaflet: “1865 Weighed in the balance. Printed by the Type Co. as a Specimen.” Finally, a complete copy of the leaflet is among the pamphlets in (D). It consists of six leaves, the verso of each leaf and the recto of the last leaf being blank. On the recto of the first leaf is printed the following:

    Dear Sir:

    The subscriber has taken a contract with the Type Setting and Justifying Machine Company, and will furnish TEN COPIES, like the enclosed, of any sermon of ordinary length, for THREE DOLLARS.

    The work will be done in the School of Instruction, and, therefore, copy difficult to decipher, will not be objectionable.

    ☞ By a recent provision of the Post Office laws, printer’s copy may be sent at newspaper rates.


    Salem, Massachusetts.

    P.S. The printed copies will be found very useful in preventing the necessity of loaning manuscripts.


    Remarks on Reconstruction, May 4, 1865. In Salem Gazette, May 9, 1865, p. 2/2–4.

    The heading is supplied by me.


    Eulogy on Abraham Lincoln, . . . June 1, 1865. [Seal of Salem] With the proceedings of the City Council on the death of the President. Salem, Mass. 1865.

    Title, 1 p.; Imprint, 1 p.; City of Salem, pp. [3]–7; Correspondence with G. W. Briggs, p. [8]; Address, pp. [9]–45; Correspondence from Washington, p. 46; Order of Exercises, pp. 47–48.


    Words of Welcome . . . addressed to the returned Soldiers and Sailors of Salem, July 4, 1865. In Salem Register, July 13, p. 2/5.


    Report, Salem Freedmen’s Aid Society, November 6, 1865. In Salem Register, November 9, 1865, p. 2.

    The report of the Executive Committee is signed by Dr. Briggs.


    The Lessons of the Pilgrims. A Sermon preached at the Boston Theatre, Sunday Evening (Forefathers’ Day), Dec. 22, 1867. In The Christian Register, December 28, 1867, p. 4/1–3.


    Address to the Congregation. In Faith and Freedom in America. Sermon at the Consecration of the Church of the Messiah, Park Avenue and Forty-Fourth Street, April 2, 1868. By Rev. Samuel Osgood, D.D., Pastor. With the Address to the People, By Rev. George W. Briggs, D.D. New York: . . . 1868.

    Title, 1 leaf; Sermon, pp. [3]–35; Address to the Congregation, pp. [36]–45; Appendix, pp. [46]–57.


    Address, April 23, 1870. In A Memorial of Anson Burlingame, late Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary from the Chinese Empire to the Treaty Powers. [Seal of Boston] Printed by order of the Committee of Arrangements of the City Council of Boston.

    Title, 1 leaf; Proceedings of the City Government, pp. [3]–23.

    The heading is supplied by me. Dr. Briggs’s Address is printed on pp. 8-21, being preceded by these words: “Reverend George W. Briggs, D.D., of Cambridge, Pastor of the Church which Mr. Burlingame formerly attended, then delivered the following address.”


    Address, May 30, 1870. In Salem Register, June 2, 1870, p. 2/2–3.

    The heading is supplied by me. The account is headed “Memorial Day in Salem,” and begins: “For the third time the day sacred to the memories of the soldiers and sailors who died in defence of their country and liberty has been observed.” (p. 2/1.)


    A Sermon Preached to the Cambridgeport Parish, May 28, 1871, On the First Sunday after the Ratification of the Treaty with England, by the Senate of the United States. . . . Published by request. 1871.

    Title, 1 p.; Note, 1 p.; Sermon, pp. [3]–18.


    True Faith in Jesus. A Sermon preached to the Cambridgeport Parish, Jan. 28, 1872. . . . [Printed by Request.]263 In The Christian Register, February 10, 1872, p. 1.


    Death a Revealer of Life. A Sermon. In The Unitarian Review and Religious Magazine, December, 1875, iv. 602–610.

    “Preached at Dorchester on the Sunday after the Funeral of Rev. Nathaniel Hall” (p. 602 note). See no. 76.


    Sermon. In A Memorial of the Rev. Nathaniel Hall, late Pastor of the First Church, in Dorchester, Mass. Boston: . . . 1876.

    The Rev. Nathaniel Hall died October 21, 1875, and Dr. Briggs’s Sermon, which is printed on pp. 33–48, was preached the following Sunday, October 24. See no. 75.264


    Right Hand of Fellowship. In Services at Installation of Rev. Edward Augustus Horton as Associate Pastor with Rev. Calvin Lincoln, of the First Parish in Hingham, April 25, 1877. Hingham: . . . 1877.

    Title, 1 p.; Prefatory Note, 1 p.; List of churches and persons invited, p. [3]; Delegates present, etc., p. 4; Order of Services, pp. [5]–9; First Parish in Hingham, Names of its Pastors, p. [10]; Sermon, by the Rev. Edward Everett Hale, pp. [11]–26; Charge to the Pastor by Rev. Henry A. Miles, D.D., pp. [27]–30; Right Hand of Fellowship, by the Rev. George W. Briggs, D.D., pp. [31]–33; Address to the People, by Rev. George L. Chaney, pp. [34]–37; Hymn, by James H. Wilder, p. 38.

    In the Order of Services (p. 7) the Right Hand of Fellowship is assigned to the Rev. William Ladd Chaffin, but the following note is printed on p. 4: “In the absence of Rev. William L. Chaffin, who was to have given the right hand of fellowship, the Council chose the Rev. George W. Briggs, d.d., of Cambridge, to extend the fellowship of the churches.”


    Man. In Unitarian Affirmations: Seven Discourses given in Washington, D. C. By Unitarian Ministers. Boston: . . . 1879.

    Title, 1 p.; Copyright, 1 p.; Preface, p. [iii]; Contents, p. [v]; Unitarian Affirmations, pp. [1]–175.

    The Preface is dated “Boston, May 1, 1879.” Dr. Briggs’s Discourse fills pp. [107]–126.


    None other Name. In The Unitarian Review and Religious Magazine, December, 1884, xxii. 548–555.

    Signed “G. W. B.” (p. 555).


    Sermon. In Third Congregational Society in Cambridge. Exercises in commemoration of the Twentieth Anniversary of the Settlement of Rev. George W. Briggs, D.D., Wednesday, April 6, 1887. Cambridge, Mass.: . . .

    Title, 1 leaf; Sermon, pp. [3]–11; Hymn, written for the occasion by Miss C. F. Orne, p. 12; First Church in Cambridgeport [cut, with description], p. [13]; Reminiscences of the Cambridgeport Parish, An address delivered by a member of the Society, April 6th, 1887, on the twentieth anniversary of the settlement of their Pastor, Rev. George W. Briggs, D.D., pp. [15]–32.


    A Centennial Sermon preached the Sunday before the celebration in New York, April 28, 1889.265 . . . Boston: . . . 1889.

    Title, 1 p.; Note, 1 p.; Sermon, pp. [3]–16.

    The note on the verso of the title-page reads: “This sermon is especially inscribed to the children and youth of the congregation, with the hope that the lessons of this Centennial celebration may be an inspiration throughout their lives.” The opening sentences show the occasion of the sermon:

    The time prescribes our theme. Next Tuesday the nation, by the presence of its official representatives, with a great military display and imposing ceremonies of every sort, will commemorate the inauguration of this Government in New York, where Washington took the oath of office as the first President just a century ago. It is the latest, and, as I regard it, the most important of our great centennial celebrations; the one most worthy of recognition by religious observances as well as by processions and songs, and all the usual demonstrations of joy.”


    Channing. In Unitarianism: its Origin and History. A Course of Sixteen Lectures delivered in Channing Hall, Boston, 1888–89. Boston: . . . 1890.

    Title, 1 p.; Copyright, 1 p.; Preface, p. [iii]; Introduction, pp. [iv]–ix; Contents, p. [xi]–xxviii; Half-title, 1 leaf; Origin and History of Unitarianism, pp. [1]–373; Index, pp. [375]–394.

    The book was copyrighted in 1889. Dr. Briggs’s lecture is printed on pp. 178–195. The subject is of course William Ellery Channing (1780–1842).


    Sermon delivered by Rev. George W. Briggs, D.D. Senior Minister of the Third Congregational Society, Cambridge, (Austin Street Unitarian), Sunday, October 4, 1891, on his return to his pulpit after a prolonged illness. Cambridge: . . . 1891.

    Text, pp. [1]–8. There is no title-page and the above words are printed on the paper cover.


    • 3 Address, July 4, 1842
    • 4 Address, Nov. 13, 1842
    • 21 Address, Feb. 16, 1848
    • 29 Address, Oct. 12, 1853
    • 50 Address, April 2, 1861
    • 51 Address, Nov. 27, 1861
    • 52 Address, Feb. 22, 1862
    • 53 Address, March 8, 1862
    • 54 Address, Oct. 1, 1862
    • 56 Address, Feb. 23, 1863
    • 57 Address, March 10, 1863
    • 58 Address, March 19, 1863
    • 62 Address, Oct. 23, 1863
    • 70 Address, April 2, 1868
    • 71 Address, April 23, 1870
    • 72 Address, May 30, 1870
      • 7 Application of the Principles of Religious Freedom, March 9, 1845
    • 11 Bow in the Cloud, 1846
    • 12 Bow in the Cloud, 2nd edition, 1846
    • 30 Bow in the Cloud, new and enlarged edition, 1854
    • 19 Bushnell on Christian Nurture, Nov., 1847
    • 48 Calamity at Lawrence, Jan. 15, 1860
    • 81 Centennial Sermon, April 28, 1889
    • 82 Channing, 1889
    • 31 Character of Rev. Dr. Flint, March 11, 1855
    • 40 Christ’s Doctrine of Repentance, April 10, 1858
    • 35 Christian Law of Self-Culture, Dec., 1856
    • 36 Civilization not Regeneration, May, 1857
    • 46 Conditions of Ministerial Power, June 29, 1859
    • 75 Death a Revealer of Life, Oct. 24, 1875
    • 59 Despondency a Sin, April, 1863
    • 18 Discourse, Oct. 20, 1847
    • 66 Eulogy on Abraham Lincoln, June 1, 1865
    • 60 Experience opens the Book of Life, June 21, 1863
    • 25 Experimental Religion, 1852
    • 49 Faith like a Grain of Mustard Seed, April, 1861
    • 20 Faith the Child of Life, 1848
    • 17 First of August, Sept., 1847
    • 28 Homage to Christ, July, 1853
    • 10 Hymns for Public Worship, 1845
      • 5 Inward Appeal of Christianity, June, 1844
      • 9 Jesus our Master, Oct., 1845
    • 43 Jewish and Christian Ideals, Jan., 1859
    • 27 Legend, A, and its Lesson, 1853
    • 55 Lessons from the Lives of the Apostles, Oct., 1862
    • 69 Lessons of the Pilgrims, Dec. 22, 1867
    • 24 Lessons upon Religious Duties and Christian Morals, 1852
    • 32 Living Ministry, July 15, 1855
    • 78 Man, 1879
    • 63 Memoir of Daniel Appleton White, 1864
    • 26 Method of Christian Salvation, 1852
    • 79 None other Name, Dec., 1884
      • 2 ‘Obey God rather than Man,’ April 7, 1842
    • 45 Obituary, James Kendall, May, 1859
    • 15 Obituary, Zephaniah Willis, May, 1847
    • 42 Practical Nature of Christian Penitence, May 8, 1858
    • 37 Protest in Piedmont, Nov., 1857
    • 38 Providence touching our Eyes, Nov., 1857
      • 8 Real Duty of a Christian Society to its Minister, Sept., 1845
    • 41 Religious Revival, April 11, 1858
    • 34 Remarks, May 31, 1856
    • 65 Remarks on Reconstruction, May 4, 1865
    • 68 Report, Salem Freedmen’s Aid Society, Nov. 6, 1865
    • 14 Report of the School Committee, Plymouth, 1847
    • 22 Report of the School Committee, Plymouth, 1848
    • 13 Response to Peace Address, Feb. 26, 1846
    • 61 Review, Oct. 5, 1863
    • 77 Right Hand of Fellowship, April 25, 1877
    • 39 Scepticism and Superstition, March 6, 1858
      • 1 Sermon, Jan. 28, 1835
    • 23 Sermon, May 28, 1848
    • 44 Sermon, March 20, 1859
    • 47 Sermon, Jan. 12, 1860
    • 64 Sermon, 1865
    • 73 Sermon, May 28, 1871
    • 76 Sermon, Oct. 24, 1875
    • 80 Sermon, April 6, 1887
    • 83 Sermon, Oct. 4, 1891
      • 6 Timely Thoughts, Dec. 28, 1844
    • 74 True Faith in Jesus, Jan. 28, 1872
    • 16 Two Sermons, July 4, 1847
    • 33 Unchanging Christian Message, Dec. 19, 1855
    • 67 Words of Welcome, July 4, 1865

    The Rev. Dr. George F. Moore spoke as follows:

    In a paper read before the Massachusetts Historical Society in May, 1919,267 I gave some reasons for believing that Judah Monis, the first instructor in Hebrew in Harvard College, came of a Portuguese Marano family that had established itself in Venice, where the name had been found in epitaphs dated 1642 and 1644. Professor Alexander Marx, of the Jewish Theological Seminary of America, in New York, in a recent letter informs me that he has had in his hands a legal document drawn in Venice in 1739 in which four brothers of the name Monis appear. The probability that our Judah was a member of this Monis family is thus increased.

    A few weeks ago, in looking for another book in the Andover Harvard Theological Library, I came upon a volume bearing on its title-page in his own hand the name of John Martyn and the date 1764. Martyn was Monis’s brother-in-law, in whose home in Northborough he lived after resigning the instructorship in the College, and where he died in 1764, leaving all his books to Martyn. The book is a cabalistic work of 375 folio pages in Hebrew, and it was safe to infer that it had belonged to Monis, whose predilection for the Cabala is well known. The assumption was immediately verified by the discovery, on the margin at the top of one of the first pages, of an inscription in Hebrew as follows: “This book is a present to the learned Rabbi Judah Monis, the Sephardi,268 from me, the insignificant Solomon Ithiel Halevi, for letting me copy all the manuscripts that belong to him.”

    I have not been able to ascertain anything about the donor. The inscription is written in Hebrew cursive of the German variety, widely different from that which Monis himself wrote, or that in which the manuscripts in the College Library formerly belonging to him are written. This would suggest that the book was presented to Monis by a German or Dutch Jew, perhaps during his residence in Amsterdam. It may further be surmised that the manuscripts in the possession of Monis which the giver wanted to copy were cabalistic writings such as are contained in the Harvard College collection.

    The volume is entitled Eshel Abraham (in allusion to Gen. 21:33), and was printed at Fürth in 1701. The author, Mordechai ben Judah Loeb Ashkenazi, who lived in Amsterdam in the early seventeenth century, embodied in it the teaching of his master, Abraham (ben Raphael) Rovigo,269 under whose name the work is commonly cited.

    On the margins are a few corrections of misprints in the same hand with the dedication, but there is nothing else of any interest. The volume came into the possession of the College Library, as is noted upon the book-plate, through “the gift of the Rev. John Martyn of Northborough, 1764–67.”

    Mr. William C. Lane stated that a chair which had belonged to Judah Monis is now in the College Library, having been recently given by the widow of Professor Crawford H. Toy.

    Mr. Matthews also communicated the following note:

    In the list of the settled pastors and associate pastors of the First Church in Plymouth, prefixed to the first volume of the Plymouth Church Records,270 appears the name of George S. Ball. At the time the list was printed, his full name had not been ascertained; but as this has now been run down, a brief sketch will not be out of place. George Sumner Ball, a son of Micah Ross and Rachel (Lincoln) Ball, was born at Leominster May 22, 1822; graduated from the Meadville Theological School in 1847; was ordained pastor of the First Unitarian Church at Ware October 13, 1847, remaining there for two years; married Hannah Barnard Nourse at Bolton June 18, 1848; was called to the First Unitarian Society at Upton on September 22, 1849, and installed February 9, 1850, remaining there until March 3, 1855; from April, 1855, to April, 1857, was associate pastor of the First Church in Plymouth; from April 8, 1857, to April 12, 1892, was again pastor of the First Unitarian Society at Upton; was chaplain of the Twenty-First Regiment Massachusetts Volunteers from November 11, 1861, to December 3, 1862; served in the State Legislature, both in the House and in the Senate; and died at West Upton September 6, 1902.271

    Mr. Henry H. Edes made the following communication:

    Mr. Appleton P. C. Griffin has sent from Washington photostats of a document in the Library of Congress containing a list of the freemen of Plymouth Colony for the year 1675. The document consists of six long narrow leaves, the second and twelfth pages being blank, in the handwriting of Nathaniel Morton. The manuscript is torn in a few places, the missing letters where possible being conjecturally supplied within square brackets. The pagination of the original is indicated within square brackets.

    [1] The List of the Names of the freemen of the Jurisdiction of New Plymouth Anno Dom̄ 1675

    [3] Yarmouth

    • Thomas ffalland
    • Joseph howes
    • Emanvell White
    • John Thacher
    • James Matthews
    • henery vincent
    • Mr Edmond hawes
    • Judah Thacher
    • Mr John Vincent
    • Leift Thomas howes
    • Jeremiah howes
    • John hawes
    • Edward Sturgis senir
    • Kanelme Winslow
    • Richard Seares
    • Sergeant Joseph Ryder272
    • Yelverton Crow
    • Samuell hall
    • John Miller


    • Mr Thomas hinckley
    • mr Thomas dextersenir273 deceased
    • Mr Thomas Walley
    • henery Bourne
    • Mr Thomas Allin
    • James hamblen senir
    • Mr Wilƚam Serjeant
    • John ffinney senir
    • Elder henery Cobb
    • Wilƚam Crocker
    • Elder John Chipman
    • mr John Gorvm274 deceased
    • John Cooper
    • Roger Goodspeed
    • Mr Isacke Robinson
    • Thomas huckens
    • Capt: Mathew ffuller
    • Abraham Blush
    • Leift: Joseph Laythorpe
    • Austine Beirse
    • Ensigne Barnard Lumbard
    • John Jenkens
    • Robert Shelley
    • John ffiney Junir
    • John Scudder
    • Jabez Lumbert
    • Thomas Laythorpe
    • John huckens
    • Gorge Lewis
    • Nathaniel Bacon
    • John howland
    • Joshua Lumbert
    • Wilƚam dexter
    • Edward Lewis
    • James Cobb
    • mr Barnabas Laytho[rpe]
    • James hamblen Junr
    • Samuell Allin
    • Tho Lewis
    • Mellatiah Laythor[pe]
    • James Lewis
    • Samuell hinckley
    • Job Crocker
    • John hinckley

    [4] Marshfeild

    • Josiah275 Winslow Esqr
    • John Caruer
    • mr Samuell Arnold
    • Wilƚam ffoard Junir
    • mr Thomas Beskeith276 deceased
    • Jonathan Winslow
    • Leift: Perregrine White
    • mr Nathaniel: Thomas
    • Elisha Besbey
    • John Rogers
    • John dingley
    • Samuell Sprague
    • Robert Caruer
    • Arther howland Junir
    • Anthony Snow
    • John ffoster
    • John Bourne
    • Nathaniel: Winslow
    • mr Anthony Eames
    • Jacob dingley
    • Wilƚam ffoard senir
    • Micaell ffoard
    • Mr Resolued White
    • ffrancis Crooker
    • Timothy Williamson
    • Ephraim Little
    • John Rouse
    • hopestill Besbey
    • Morrise Trewant
    • Josiah Crooker
    • Wilƚam holmes
    • Iacke Little


    • mr Noah Newman
    • Daniel Smith
    • mr Steven Paine
    • Nicholas Pecke
    • mr Thomas Cooper
    • Phillip Walker
    • Leiftenant Peter hunt
    • Nathaniel Paine
    • Ensigne henery Smith
    • John Read
    • Nicholas Iyde277
    • Wilƚam Carpenter
    • Wilƚam Sabine
    • Gilbert Brookes
    • Samuell Sabi[ne]
    • Steven Paine Junir
    • Enoch hunt
    • Jonathan Bosworth senir
    • Mr Thomas Cooper
    • Preserved Abell
    • [5] John Pecke
    • John Read Junir278
    • Anthony Peirey
    • John Perram
    • John Woodcocke279
    • Thomas Wilmote
    • Samuell Newman
    • Jonas Palmer
    • Samuell Carpenter280
    • Joseph Carpenter281
    • Samuell Pecke
    • Israeli Pecke
    • John Titus
    • Peter hunt Junir
    • Jonathan Blisse
    • Jonathan ffuller
    • Robert ffuller
    • Wilƚam hall282
    • Gorge Kenricke
    • Nathaniel Cooper


    • mr John ffreeman
    • Gorge Crispe
    • mr John done
    • Jonathan Banges
    • Edward Banges
    • John Banges
    • Nicholas Snow
    • Thomas Rogers
    • Leift: Joseph Rogers
    • Joseph harding
    • Job Cole
    • Jonathan higgens
    • Daniel Cole
    • Benjamin higgens
    • Robert Vixon
    • Steuen Snow
    • Steuen Wood
    • John ffreeman
    • Ensigne Wilƚam Merrick
    • Thomas ffreeman
    • henery Atkins
    • John Mayo
    • Marke Snow
    • Joshua Bang[s]
    • Wilƚam Walker
    • Steuen hopk[ins]
    • Samuell ffreeman
    • Josia Cooke
    • Thomas Paine
    • John done Junir
    • daniell done
    • Jonathan Sparrow
    • John Rogers

    [6] [Bridgewat]er

    • mr James Keith
    • mr Nathaniel Willis
    • mr Wilƚam Brett
    • mr Nicholas Byram
    • Thomas haward senir
    • Ensigne John haward
    • John Willis
    • Samuell Packer senir
    • Samuell Tompkins
    • John Eames
    • John Carrey
    • Samuell Allin
    • Joseph Aldin
    • John Washburne Junir
    • Leift: Thomas haward
    • mr Samell Edson


    • John Cooke
    • Wilƚam Spooner
    • John Russell
    • Daniell hickes
    • serjeant James Shaw284 deceased
    • Wilƚam Palmer285 deceased


    • mr James Browne
    • Samuell Luther
    • John Allin
    • Mr John Myles Junir
    • mr Nicholas Tanner
    • Leift John Browne
    • Nathaniel Pecke
    • Gedion Allin
    • hugh Cole
    • Thomas Easterbrook
    • Zacheriah Eedey
    • mr James Willett


    • Jonathan dunham
    • John Nelson
    • ffrancis Combe
    • Samell Wood
    • John Tompson
    • Wilƚam Nelson Junir
    • John dunham Junir
    • Gershom Cobb286 deceased

    [7] [Josi]ah Winslow Esqr Gour Anno dom [     ] A list of the names of all the ffreemen of the Collonie of New Plymouth Transcribed out of t[he] Records of the Court for the Jurisdiction of Plym[outh] aforsaid; by Nathaniel Morton Secretary


    • Capt. Wilƚam Bradford
    • Gyles Rickard senir
    • mr John Cotton
    • Richard Wright
    • mr Thomas Cushman
    • John dunham
    • mr Thomas Clarke
    • Andrew Ringe
    • Gorge Watson
    • Robert ffinney
    • Robert Bartlett287
    • Leift: Ephraim Morton
    • Samuell Eedey
    • Ensigne Joseph Bradford
    • James Cole senir
    • John Wood288 deceased
    • Wilƚam hoskins
    • Jacob Cooke289 deceased
    • Nathaniel: Morton
    • Samuell dunham
    • Samuell ffuller
    • James Cole Junir
    • serje Wilƚam harlow
    • Serjeant Ephraim Tinkham
    • Thomas Lettice
    • mr Edward Gray
    • Gyles Rickard Junir
    • Jonathan Pratt
    • Benajah Pratt
    • daniell dunham
    • Thomas Morton
    • Gorge Morton
    • John Rickard
    • Ephraim Tilson
    • Steven Bryant
    • Jabez howland
    • William Clarke
    • Thomas Cushman
    • James Clarke
    • John dotey
    • Gorge Bonum
    • John Waterman290
    • Joseph howland
    • John Jourdaine
    • Joseph dunham
    • Joseph Bartlett
    • Jonathan Shaw
    • Mr Ammy Corlett291
    • Wilƚam Crow
    • Mr ffrancis Billington
    • Samuell Ryder
    • Nathaniel Southworth
    • Abraham Jackson
    • mr Ammy Corlett

    [8] [D]uxburrow

    • mr John Alden
    • ffrancis West
    • mr Constant Southworth
    • Benjamine Bartlett
    • mr John Holmes292 deceased
    • John Tracye
    • mr Christopher Wadsworth
    • Ensigne Jonathan Aldin
    • Leift Samuell Nash
    • Joseph Wadsworth
    • Experience Michell
    • Benjamine Church
    • Phillip delano
    • John Rogers Junir
    • Moses Symonson
    • Samuell West
    • henery Sampson
    • Rodulphus Thacher
    • John Rogers senir
    • Samuell hunt
    • Wilƚam Tubbs
    • John Sprague293 deceased
    • Gorge Partrich
    • ffrancis Barker
    • Gorge Soule senir
    • mr Samuell Saberry
    • John Washburne senir294 deceased
    • John Wadsworth
    • mr Alexander Standish
    • Edward Southworth
    • mr Josias Standish
    • Nathaniel: Brewster
    • mr John Aldin Junir
    • dauid Aldin
    • Wilƚam Payboddy
    • John Symons
    • Edmond Weston
    • Josiah holmes
    • Wilƚam Clarke
    • Samuell Sampson;295 deceased
    • Robert Barker
    • Wilƚam Brewster
    • Abraham Sampson

    [9] Scittvate

    • Capt: James Cudworth
    • Wilƚam Brookes
    • mr Wilƚam Witherell
    • Richard Curtice
    • mr Nicholas Bak[er]
    • Walter hatch
    • mr Thomas Kinge
    • Mathew Gannett
    • Leift Isacke Bucke
    • mr Micaell Peirse296 deceased
    • Cornett Robert Studson
    • Samuell Witherell
    • Joseph [ ]297
    • John Cushen
    • Edward Jenkins
    • Peter Collimore
    • Walter Woodworth
    • John hanmore298
    • Thomas Clapp
    • John Bryant Junir
    • Wilƚam Wills
    • John daman299
    • Samuell Jackson
    • Moses Symons300
    • Ensigne John Williams
    • Joseph Barstow
    • Gorge Russell
    • Joseph Silvester
    • serjeant John Bryant
    • Thomas Roes
    • henery Ewell
    • Joseph Woodworth
    • John Turner senir
    • Theophilus Witherill
    • John Turner Junir
    • John Witherill
    • Thomas Pencen
    • Thomas Kinge Junir
    • Steven Vinall
    • Thomas Wade
    • John Vinall
    • John Burke
    • Jeremiah hatch
    • Ensigne John Allin
    • Rodulphus Elmes
    • James Torey
    • Walter Briggs
    • Wilƚam Torrey
    • John hollett301 deceased
    • Willam hatch

    [10] Sandwich

    • mr Edmond ffreeman senir
    • Thomas Tupper Junir
    • mr Richard Bourne
    • Steven skiffe
    • Thomas Tupper senir
    • Joseph Burge
    • James Skiffe senir
    • Wilƚam Swift
    • Thomas Burge senir
    • John Blackwell
    • mr Edmond ffreeman Junr


    mr Gorge Shoue

    James Walker

    Walter deane

    John Tisdall senir302 deceased

    Richard Williams

    Wilƚam harvey

    Leift Gorge Macey

    Wilƚam hailston

    Wilƚam Witherill

    James Phillipps303

    John hathwey

    John Cobb

    Thomas Linkolne

    Jonah Austine304

    Peter Pitts

    Nathaniell Williams

    ffrancis Smith

    mr John Poole

    Samuell Smith

    Joseph Williams

    Ensigne Thomas Leanard

    Encrease Robinson

    Samuell Williams

    John Richmond

    John Tisdall Junir

    William hall

    Israell dean

    James Tisdall

    Edward Babbitt305

    Thomas deane

    John Bryant

    [11] these stande P[ropounded]306

    • daniell Re[ad]
    • Jeremiah S[abin]
    • Abraham Pe[rrin]
    • Richard Whittacar
    • John Wilmouth
    • Eliezer Churchill
    • Thomas ffaunce