Description of the Records and Textual Introduction
The account of the ninety-year-long colonial experience of Kings Chapel is based on two extensive and significant primary manuscript sources: the minutes of its wardens and vestry and its parish registers. Volume One, as published here, the minutes of the vestry, is an amalgam of several, chronologically-overlapping, bound notebooks (specifically Boxes I.1, folders 1, 3-6, 13-15 of the Kings Chapel Records on deposit with the Massachusetts Historical Society). These materials are of historical interest on two counts. First, they offer a detailed account of the extension, founding, and subsequent growth of the first congregation of the Church of England established in Boston and the New England region. Second, they recount the procedures and obstacles that were encountered both within the congregation and from the town in the sustained effort to rebuild the Chapel, as well as the challenges faced securing prospective donors both locally and in England. The Chapel’s collections, deposited under the watchful custodianship of the Massachusetts Historical Society, also include the separate registers that recorded during the passing decades the baptisms, marriages and burials that were performed by the ministers.
The congregation’s appearance marks and represents a new era in the administration of the royal government of the Bay Colony from London and in the province and illuminates the evolving and changing religious and social character of Boston as the strongest example of Anglican imperialism in the thirteen American colonies. The records do not yield a profile of the social origins of the members of the Kings Chapel’s congregation over the decades of the colonial period. It would be interesting to know the number and proportion of the body that were English-born, or natives of Boston, the Massachusetts Bay Colony or one of the other New England provinces. The diversity of occupations noted in the Burial Registers suggests that the congregation represented a cross-section of the Boston population of the period. Yet it must be noted that throughout the colonial era the governance of the congregation was in the hands of the few and not of the many. Notably, after 1694 and the installation of pews in the Chapel, it became the sole prerogative of the proprietors of pews to elect the leadership of the congregation, the Church Wardens and Vestrymen, and the records recount their official meetings, correspondence and efforts to manage and maintain the Chapel’s property. The vestry members were the owners and managers of all church property and only pew owners were allowed to stand as a candidate and vote for the election of church officers. Interestingly, it was not noted in the records that the persons elected as Wardens of the congregation were not required to be communicants of the body until 1747, a requirement not stated but perhaps expected by persons elected as vestrymen. The records are few of the ownership of pews between 1694 and 1728 but become more extensive after that date and more so after 1754 and the opening of the rebuilt Chapel. Usually all transactions of sales and purchases of pews are reported in detail in the regular meetings of the vestry. The annual sums levied and required to be paid by pew-owners was the primary source of income to maintain the Chapel’s property and the ministers. The extensive accounts of the meetings of the vestry of Kings Chapel reflect the constant attention of officials after the late 1720s to meet financial obligations and the maintenance of church property and pursue pew holders who were delinquent to meet their annual financial obligations. Absent from the minutes of meetings and recorded correspondence with individuals is any note of conflict and controversy between parties of the vestry, congregations or the public. In addition to the records describing the governance and management of the Chapel further knowledge regarding its experience are supplemented by the registers of persons baptised, married and buried under the supervision and services of successive ministers.
The experience of Kings Chapel during the colonial years reflects and represents too an enduring theme and aspect of the American experience throughout its history. The search by individuals and institutions for popular acceptance of their identity, a search for Kings Chapel largely within the limits of the town of Boston but that resonated among countless persons in New England, the other colonies and in the new nation after the War for Independence. A search for identity that was marked and underscored by the exile of the last colonial minister and a band of members who were identified as loyalists to the English crown, a theme that has been revisited and recited at large by successive generations of new persons, groups and institutions in the new nation.
As noted earlier, the edited document is a compilation of several chronologically-overlapping sets of records. Any repetition has been silently eliminated, as well as receipts for expenditures that are occasionally written in the back of the vestry minute books. The transcription does not attempt to reproduce that actual appearance of the original manuscripts; although line lengths generally approximate the original, page breaks and catch words have been eliminated. Original spelling and capitalization have been preserved, as well as abbreviations, except in those instances where they would be puzzling to the modern reader. Superscripts are retained, but insertions have been brought down to the line.
1 Michael G. Hall, The Last American Puritan: The Life of Increase Mather, 1639-1723 (Middletown, 1988), 212-54.
2 Robert Radcliff (Ratcliff), minister of Kings Chapel 1686-89; born 1657, son of Richard Radcliff of Broad-Clyst, East Devon, England; Exeter College, Oxford, B. A., 1677; M.A., 1680; B.D., 1691; Fellow, 1679-92; returned to England 1689; died 15 Feb. 1708.
3 James B. Bell, The Imperial Origins of the King’s Church in Early America, 1607-1783 (Basingstoke, 2004): 26-40.
4 Henry Caner, born 1700, Long Ashton, Somerset, England, son of Henry and Abigail (Flagg) Caner; family removed to Boston ca. 1710; Yale College, Yale Degree A.B., 1724; ordained deacon, 20 Aug. 1727, by John Waugh Bishop of Carlisle; priest, 24 Aug. 1727, by Edmund Gibson, Bishop of London, Fulham Palace; licensed to serve in Connecticut, 1727-1746; minister at Fairfield, Conn., 1727-1746; at Kings Chapel, Boston, 1747-1776; married Anne, daughter of Dougal and Sarah McKenzie of Fairfield, Conn.; she died and was buried in Boston, 18 March 1752, age forty-six.
5 Isaac Boyle, Historical Memoir of the Boston Charitable Society (Boston, 1840), 10.
6 Sir Edmund Andros, born 6 Dec. 1637 London; governor of the Dominion of New England 20 Dec. 1686-18 April 1689; Dominion dissolved; died London 24 Feb. 1714 age seventy-six.
7 Roger Price, born 1696, Whitefield, Northamptonshire, England, son of Rev. William and Elizabeth (Izard) Price; Balliol College, Oxford University, B.A., 1718; ordained priest, 18 Dec. 1710, Edmund Gibson, Bishop of Lincoln; chaplain, African Company, Guinea coast; chaplain of the second Duke of Portland, William Cavendish-Bentinck; rector of St. Ann’s Church, Jamaica, 1722-24; rector, Leigh on Sea, 1726-1762; Commissary of the Bishop of London Edmund Gibson, New England, minister of Kings Chapel, 1729-1746; minister, Hopkinton, 1746-1748; returned to England; died 15 Dec. 1762; married Elizabeth, the daughter of Jonathan Bull of Boston at Christ Church, 14 April 1735.
8 Joseph Dudley, Warden (1741, 1745); Vestryman (1735-42, 1749-53, 1755-57); born 1647 Roxbury, son of Thomas Dudley and Katherine (Deighton) Dudley; Harvard College, A.B., 1665; Freeman 1672; Artillery Company 1677; to London; commissioned President of the Council of New England Oct. 1685; returned to Boston, 1686; arrested 1689 during revolt against Edmund Andros. Sibley’s Harvard Graduates. II.
9 William Shirley, Warden (1740-42); Vestryman (1735-42, 1749-53, 1755-57); born England 2 Dec. 1694, son of William and Elizabeth (Goodman) Shirley, Preston Manor, East Sussex; married at London (1) Frances Barker four sons and one daug., Elizabeth, who married Eliakim Hutchinson; gov. Massachusetts Bay Colony (1741-49, 1753-56); lived at one time in King Street; built a mansion in Roxbury; died 24 March 1771 Boston; state funeral Kings Chapel 1 April 1771, buried in the Chapel.
10 The governors who were members of the SPG were Joseph Dudley, Samuel Shute, William Shirley, Francis Bernard and Thomas Pownall. Bell, Imperial Origins of the King’s Church, 210.
11 Henry Wilder Foote, Annals of Kings Chapel: From the Puritan Age of New England to the Present Day (Boston, 1882), Frontispiece.
12 Edward Randolph, born 1632 County Kent, son of physician; at age eighteen entered Gray’s Inn, stayed less than a year; entered Queen’s College, Cambridge, no degree; colonial administrator in Boston, 1676-; first Colletor of Customs, 1677-; jailed with Governor Andros and others in April 1689 revolt; died April 1703.
13 The Publications of the Prince Society, Edward Randolph, Including His Letters and Official Papers from the New England, Middle, and Southern Colonies in America, with other Documents Relating Chiefly to the Vacating of the Royal Charter of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay, Robert Noxon Tappon, Editor (Boston, 1899). I: 47.
14 Bernard Bailyn, New England Merchants in the Seventeenth Century (New York, 1964), 154-59. William Stevens Perry, Historical Collections Relating to the American Colonial Church (Hartford, 1873, 1969 edition), III: 1-24.
15 Edward Randolph, I: 47.
16 Exeter College, Oxford, founded in 1314 by the Bishop of Exeter.
17 Robert Noxon Toppan, Editor, Edward Randolph, 27 Sept. 1685, Order given, I: 266. Joseph Foster, Alumni Oxonienses, 1500-1714 (Oxford, 1891), III: 1228.
18 Foote, Annals of Kings Chapel, I: 41-2.
19 John Dunton, born 14 May 1659, son of Rev. John and Lydia (Carter) Dunton, of Graffam, Huntingtonshire; married Elizabeth, daug. of Dr. Samuel Annesley distinguished non-conformist minister 3 Aug. 1682 Parish Church of All-Hallows-by-the Tower, London; died 1733 age seventy-four. ODNB.
20 John Dunton, “John Dunton’s Letters from New England” (Boston, 1867), 137-38.
21 Foote, Annals of Kings Chapel, I: 44.
22 Dr. Benjamin Bullivant, a founder of Kings Chapel; Warden (1686-87); came to Boston ca. 1685 from London; apothecary, medical lawyer and physician; made attorney general 26 July 1686; 9 Nov. 1686 Council appointed first Clerk of Superior Court; jailed during April 1689 revolution in Massachusetts with Edmund Andros, Edward Randolph, Francis Foxcroft and others.
23 Harry Clarke, Warden (1691).
24 Lieut. Col. Charles Lydgett (Lidgett); attended the founding service of the congregation; born 29 March 1650, son of Peter Lydgett who died 25 April 1676; married (1) Bethia Shrimpton; (2) Mary, daug. of William Hester, London; served as an Assistant Justice of the Superior Court with Joseph Dudley as Chief Justice; mast merchant; a partner of John Hull who calls him “an accomplished merchant;” Artillery Company 1678; called colonel 1689; died London 13 July 1698.
25 Thaddeus Maccartie (Maccarty, Mackarty), of Roxbury; attended first service of the congregation and its organizational meeting 4 July 1686; Warden (1694-96); Vestryman (1699-1703, 1705); member of committee to collect funds for construction of first church building; in 1691 pays for the continuing repair of windows broken by unknown persons; Artillery Company 1681; died Boston 18 June 1705.
26 Capt. William White, a founder of Kings Chapel; one of three commissioners designated to receive contributions for construction of first church building 1688; a well-to-do Boston taxpayer in the company of other founders of Kings Chapel including Benjamin Bullivant, Charles Lydgett, Thomas Luscomb and Thaddeus Maccarty.
27 Sidney and Beatrice Webb, English Local Government from the Revolution to the Municipal Corporation Act: The Parish and the County (London, 1906). Vol. I. Bell, Imperial Origins of the King’s Church, 125-41.
28 Samuel Sewall, born 28 March 1652 Bishopstoke, Hampshire; Chief Justice of Massachusetts Superior Court of Judicature; a judge at the Salem witch tirals; businessman; printer and diarist.
29 The Oxford English Dictionary defines a bodies-maker as a tailor of the upper part of a woman’s dress, such as a tightfitting outer vest, waistcoat or inner vest.
30 M. Halsey Thomas, ed., The Diary of Samuel Sewall (New York, 1973), I: 119.
31 Toppan, Edward Randolph, Edward Randolph to Archbishop of Canterbury William Sancroft 2 Aug. 1685. IV, 105-106.
32 Samuel Willard, born 31 Jan. 1640; Harvard College, A.B., 1659; Congregational minister, served the Third Church, 1678-1707; died 12 Sept. 1707.
33 Foote, Annals of Kings Chapel, I: 69-71. Peter Benes, Meetinghouses of Early New England (Amherst, 2012), 118.
34 Foote, Annals of Kings Chapel, I: 69-70, 89-94.
35 Capt. Sir Francis Nicholson, contributed to the construction of the first Kings Chapel building in 1687, 1695, 1699 and 1704; his coat of arms painted on the wall of Kings Chapel; Lieut. Gov. of New York while Edmund Andros was gov. in New England; Gov. of Virginia (1690-92; 1698-1705); of Maryland (1694-98); of Nova Scotia (1712-15); of South Carolina (1720-25); supported plea in 1713 to Queen Anne for a bishop in America; returned to England, 1725; died London March 1728. ODNB.
36 Foote, Annals of Kings Chapel, I: 90.
37 Ibid, 89-90.
38 Ibid. 81-2. For architectural details of the church, see Benes, Meetinghouses of Early New England: 118.
39 Increase Mather, born 21 June 1639 Dorchester, son of Richard and Katherine (Holt) Mather; Harvard College, A.B., 1656; President of Harvard College (1685-1711); minister of the Second Church Boston; author; died Boston 23 Aug. 1723. Sibley’s Harvard Graduates, I.
40 Hall, The Last American Puritan, 212-54.
41 James B. Bell, A War of Religion; Dissenters, Anglicans and the American Revolution (Basingstoke, 2008).
42 Thomas James Holmes, Increase Mather: A Bibliography of His Work (Cleveland, 1931), II: 568-9.
43 Shipton and Mooney, Early American Imprints, No. 445.
44 For Richard Pierce the printer see Benjamin Franklin V, Boston Printers, Publishers, and Booksellers, 1640-1800 (Boston, 1980): 412-4; and Isaiah Thomas, The History of Printing in America with a Biography of Printers & an Account of Newspapers, ed., Marcus McCorison (New York, 1970), 84-5.
45 Cotton Mather, born Boston 12 Feb. 1662/3, son of Increase and Maria (Cotton) Mather; Harvard College, A.B., 1678; minister Second Church in Boston; author; Fellow of the Royal Society 1717; died 13 Feb. 1727/8. Sibley’s Harvard Graduates, III.
46 John Nelson, Warden (1705-06); contributed to the building of a gallery 1718; married Elizabeth Tailer, a sister of Lieut. Gov. William Tailer, Jr.; Artillery Company 1680; led the militia to intercept Gov. Andros in 1689 and compelled him to surrender; died 15 Nov. 1734 N. H.
47 Calendar of State Papers, Colonial Series, 1689-1692 (London, 1901), 109; 164-65; 253; 263-65.
48 Foote, Annals of Kings Chapel, I: 37, 39-40, 54-7.
49 New England Historical and Genealogical Register (Boston, 1874), Vol. 34, 80.
50 Samuel Myles, minister Kings Chapel 1689-1728; born ca. 1664, son of the Rev. John and Ann (Humphrey) Myles; his father a Baptist minister; Harvard College, A.B., 1684; schoolmaster in Charlestown, 1684-87; ordained by Bishop of London Henry Compton 11 June 1693; died Boston, 4 March 1727/8; buried at Kings Chapel. Sibley’s Harvard Graduates, III.
51 Edmund S. Morgan, The Puritan Family: Religion and Domestic Relations in the Seventeenth Century (New York, 1966): 134-135.
52 Clifford K. Shipton, Sibley’s Harvard Graduates, XI (Boston, 1960): 455-460. Jonathan Mayhew, Observation on the Charter and Conduct of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts Against an Anonymous Pamphlet Falsely Intitled A Candid Examination of Dr. Mayhew’s Observations &c., and also Against the Letter to a Friend Annexed Thereto, said to Contain a Short Vindication of Said Society. By One of its Members (Boston, 1763).
53 Thomas Secker, An Answer to Dr. Mayhew’s Observation on the Charter and Conduct of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts (London, 1764): 22-28; 32-37; 54-59; 63, 66. Charles Chauncy, The Appeal to the Public Answered In Behalf of the Non-Episcopal Churches in America (Boston, 1768): 82-91.
54 Benes, Meetinghouses of Early New England, 68-74.
55 Foote, Annals of Kings Chapel, II: 321-29; 585-601.
56 James B. Bell, Anglicans, Dissenters and Radical Change in Early New England, 1686-1786 (Basingstoke, 2017), 244, 248.
57 Henry Caner, master carpenter and architect; built the first building for Yale College in New Haven.
58 Timothy Cutler, born 31 May 1684 Charlestown, son of Major John and Martha (Wiswall) Cutler; Harvard College, A.B., 1701; Congregational minister, Stratford, Conn. (1709-23); Rector, Yale College (1719-22); ordained by Bishop of Norwich Thomas Green, 31 March 1723; died Boston 7 Aug. 1765 age eighty-one. Sibley’s Harvard Graduates, V.
59 Thomas Bray, born 1656 or 1658; All Souls College, Oxford, B.A., 1678; English clergyman; author; died 15 Feb. 1730.
60 Thomas Tenison (1636-1715), Archbishop of Canterbury (1695-1715); President of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts (1701-15); member of the Privy Council. ODNB.
61 Foote, Annals of Kings Chapel, I: 95-99.
62 K. G. Davies, “The Revolutions in America”, in Robert Beddard, ed., The Revolutions of 1688 (Oxford, 1991), 256-60.
63 David S. Lovejoy, The Glorious Revolution in America (New York, 1972), 340-48.
64 “Episcopal Ministers Address”, Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society. Third Series (Boston, 1838), VII: 192-95.
65 Cal. S. P. Col. Ser., 1689-1692, 213 [25 Jan. 1690/91].
66 Ibid., 366.
67 Ibid. 368-69.
68 Clergy of the Church of England Database at www.theclergydatabase.org.uk and James B. Bell, “Anglican Clergy in Colonial America Ordained by Bishops of London,” Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society, 83 Part 1: 141.
69 George Keith, A Journal of Travels from New Hampshire to Caratuck, On the Continent of North America. By George Keith, A.M., Late Missionary from the Society (London, 1706).
70 George Keith, M.A., The Doctrine of the Holy Apostles & Prophets the Foundation of the Church of Christ, as it was Delivered in a Sermon At Her Majesties Chappel, at Boston in New England, the 14th of June 1702 (Boston, 1702); Keith, Journal, 2.
71 Keith, Journal, 2.
72 Bell, A War of Religion: 28-9.
73 Robert Radcliff, none; Samuel Myles and Roger Price published one sermon each; and Henry Caner nine works.
74 Balliol College, Oxford, founded in 1263.
75 Foote, Annals of Kings Chapel, I: 387-88.
76 Salsman, Mary Plummer, and Walter H. Stowe, “The Reverend Roger Price (1696-1762) Commissary to New England (1730-1748),” Historical Magazine of the Protestant Episcopal Church (1945), 14: 193-229. Foote, Annals of Kings Chapel, I: 390-92.
77 Foote, Annals of Kings Chapel, I: 387-88.
78 John Jekyll, Warden (1713-15); Vestryman (1709, 1711-13); born 11 Sept. 1674 Rowde, Wiltshire, son of Thomas Jekyll, D.D. and nephew of Sir Joseph Jekyll, Master of the Rolls; lawyer; Collector of the Boston port (1707-33); friend of the Faneuils; married, (1) Hannah, daug. of Thomas Clarke of New York, she died in her thirty-seventh year; (2) the widow of Archibald Cummings, Esq.; served as an agent for the Perquisites of Admiralty in New England; a founder and Treasurer of the Episcopal Charitable Society 1724; died 30 Dec. 1732 age fifty-nine years.
79 George Whitefield, born 16 Dec. 1714; Pembroke College, Oxford, A.B., 1736; English minister and evangelist; died 30 Sept. 1770.
80 Foote, Annals of Kings Chapel, I: 502-08.
81 Ibid. 515-23.
82 MSS, S.P.G., B-11: 1, Boston, 5 May 1743, Commissary Roger Price to Secretary of the S.P.G., Deed of gift.
83 John Smibert, born Scotland; painter; owned and occupied property between Brattle and Cornhill in 1745.
84 Peter Pelham, born ca. 1695 London; American limner and mezzotint engraver; married (1) Martha, died in Boston; (2) 15 Oct. 1734 Margaret Lowery, died; (3) 22 May 1748 Mary (Singleton) Copley, widow of Richard Copley; kept a writing and arithmetic school in 1748 and was one of the earliest teachers of dancing in Boston; 27 Feb. 1729/30 became a proprietor of a pew; died Dec. 1751.
85 Bell, Anglicans, Dissenters and Radical Change, Chapter 3.
86 Kenneth Walter Cameron, ed., Letter-Book of The Rev. Henry Caner, S.P.G. Missionary in Colonial Connecticut and Massachusetts Until the Revolution. A Review of his Correspondence from 1728-1788 (Hartford, 1972).
87 Jonathan Mayhew, born 8 Oct. 1720; Harvard College, A.B., 1744; minister of the West Church in Boston; essayist; opposed to English bishops, the purpose of the S.P.G. and the Stamp Act. Sibley’s Harvard Graduates, XI.
88 Thomas Secker (1693-1768); Bishop of Oxford (1737-50); Dean of St. Paul’s Cathedral (1750-58); Archbishop of Canterbury (1758-68); member of the Privy Council.
89 Bell, A War of Religion, 211-21.
90 Bell, The Imperial Origins of the King’s Church, 21.
91 Massachusetts Historical Society, MSS Kings Chapel Financial Records. For a list of the 1741 Subscribers and amounts see Foote, Annals of Kings Chapel, II: 42-3.
92 Charles Apthorp, Warden (1731-32); Vestryman (1729-59); born 18 Dec. 1697, son of East and Susan (Ward) Apthorp; baptised 28 Mar. 1697 St. Botolph Bishopsgate, London; educated Eton College; married Grisel, daug. of John and Griselda (Lloyd) Eastwick; eighteen children; merchant Merchants Row; referred to as the richest man in Boston at the time; died in 1758 age sixty.
93 At the Anniversary Meeting of the Proprietors of Kings Chapel, on Easter Monday April 4. 1768. at XI o’Clock in the Forenoon. (Boston, 1768). Foote, Annals of Kings Chapel, II: 321-29.
94 Massachusetts Historical Society, Kings Chapel, MSS. Register of Baptisms.
95 Massachusetts Historical Society, Kings Chapel, MSS. Register of Marriages.
96 Massachusetts Historical Society, Kings Chapel, MSS. Register of Burials.
97 The Kings Chapel Baptism Register records the number of baptisms for military families during the following years: 1769, 1; 1770, 21; 1771, 2; 1772, 1; 1773, none; 1774, 1, and in 1775, 4.
98 Kings Chapel Marriage Register.
99 Andrew Oliver and James Bishop Peabody, eds., The Records of Trinity Church, Boston, 1728-1830 (Boston, 1982), 559, 560, 561, 567, 568, 569, 730, 731, 733, 734, 781 and 788.
100 Ibid. 331.
101 Foote, Annals of Kings Chapel, II: 305.
102 Charles Paxton, Warden (1760-68); Vestryman (1735-36, 1737-44, 1745-52, 1753-76); contributed funds for the 1756 organ.
103 Thomas Brinley, Vestryman (1770-76); born Boston 26 Oct. 1726, eldest son of Col. Francis Thomas and Deborah (Lyde) Brinley; Harvard College, A.B., 1744; married cousin 25 Jan. 1749 Elizabeth, daug. of George and Mary (Lyde) Craddock of Boston; merchant and distiller; at the Evacuation embarked for Halifax; 12 May 1776 sailed for England; proscribed by Massachussetts authorities, property seized; died London 7 Oct. 1784.
104 Gilbert Deblois, (1725-91), Warden (1769-75); Vestryman (1763-76); born in New York, son of Stephen and Ann Deblois; married Ann, daughter of William and Ann Holmes Coffin; Boston resident and merchant; served local residents, British Army and Naval officers for sundry goods, linen, fabric, clothing; proscribed at the Revolution; banished and estate confiscated; loyalist; fled to Halifax; returned to Boston after the war; signed the protest against the ordination of James Freeman; died England 1791 age sixty-three.
105 Lewis Deblois, Vestryman (1763-76); merchant; loyalist; fled to England; died 1779 age seventy-one.
106 Francis Johonnot, Vestryman (1783-85); merchant; died 21 Oct. 1815 age sixty-one.
107 William Vassall, Vestryman (1758-63, 1767-76); born Jamaica 23 Nov. 1715, son of Leonard and Ruth (Gale) Vassall; Harvard College, A.B., 1733; married (1) Ann Davis, by whom he had eleven children, she died 21 Jan. 1760; (2) Margaret, daug. of Judge Nathaniel Hubbard; died in England 8 May 1800 age eighty-five. Sibley’s Harvard Graduates, IX.
108 John Haskins. Vestryman (1771-76). Foote, Annals of Kings Chapel, II: 311-16. T. A. Milford, The Gardiners of Massachusetts: Provincial Ambition and the British-American Career (Hanover, 2005), 15-41.
109 At an unknown date and for unknown reasons, Caner adopted Sarah Foster Gore, daughter of Thomas Foster (died 14 April 1789), a long-time deacon of Boston’s First Church. She married, 3 Feb. 1768, John Gore, Jr. The Records of the First Church in Boston, 1630-1868, Richard D. Pierce, editor, (Boston, 1961). Letter-Book of The Rev. Henry Caner, S.P.G. Missionary in Colonial Connecticut and Massachusetts Until the Revolution; A Review of His Corresponednce From 1728 Through 1778. Edited by Kenneth Walter Cameron (Hartford, 1972): 167.
110 Sibley’s Harvard Graduates, X: 155.
111 Ibid. 168.
112 Foote, Annals of Kings Chapel, II: 345-46.
113 Caner had bought the land for the construction of his house for £50, on the north side of the burying ground on Common Street, today’s Tremont Street and constructed the house entirely at his expense.
114 The name of Caner’s long-time housekeeper has not been identified.
115 Letter-Book of the Rev. Henry Caner, 126.
116 Ibid. 168.
117 Bell, A War of Religion: Dissenters, 209-20.
118 Letter-Book, 168.
119 Ibid. 169.
120 Ibid. 169.
121 Ibid. 169-70.
122 Ibid. 172.
123 Ibid. 172-73.
124 Ibid. 175.
125 Ibid. 174.
126 Ibid. 175.
127 Ibid. 175,
129 Ibid. 176.
130 Ibid. 176.
132 Ibid., 176, 177, 179.
133 Ibid. 177-78.
134 Ibid., 180.
135 Sibley’s Harvard Graduates, X: 501-04.
136 The Royal Commission on the Losses and Services of American Loyalists, 1783-1785, edited by Hugh Edward Egerton (New York, 1969): 222-26.
137 Gregory Palmer, Biographical Sketches of Loyalists of the American Revolution (Westport, 1984): 137.
138 Capt. Samuel Ravenscroft, Warden (1689); born England; arrived Boston ca. 1679; owned a sloop, traded to Va.; Capt. Artillery Company 1679; attended organizational meetings of Kings Chapel 15 June and 4 July 1686; married Dionysia, daug. of Maj. Thomas Savage; friend of Gov. Edmund Andros; jailed with Andros at revolution in April 1689; removed to Va. 1692 at time of Andros’s appointment as gov.; died 1695 Va.
139 Capt. George Turfrey (Turphrey), Warden (1693, 1698); Vestryman (1700-02, 1713-15); prominent in Boston and militia; the representative in Assembly 1685; burial 20 Oct. 1714.
140 Mr. Procter (Proctour); attended organizational meeting of the congregation 4 July 1786.
141 Thomas Luscombe (Liscomb); at opening services 1686; rich Boston taxpayer in 1686.
142 Harry Clarke, Warden (1691).
143 Stephen Wisendunk (Wesendunck), wine cooper; in 1693 he identified himself as a London merchant; as an agent for Kings Chapel; where he remained until at least 1698; a resident in Boston as late as 1707.
144 Dr. Richard Bankes, Warden (1686-87).
145 Thomas Mallet, attended organizational meeting of the congregation, 4 July 1686; contributed funds to the construction of first church building 1689; on the tax lists for Boston, 1687-91.
146 Gilbert Bant, sea-captain; carried to England as a prisoner in the Mehitable, Feb. 1689/90.
147 Thomas Harris, son of Henry and Sarah Harris; buried 7 Sept. 1724.
148 Richard Crispe, permitted to teach fencing in Boston 1686; married Sarah, youngest daug. of Rev. John Wheelwright.
149 Thomas Gold (Gould), of Boston; a founder of Kings Chapel and subscriber for building the first church; married 10 Sept. 1656 Frances Robinson.
150 Maj. Anthony Hayward, came to Boston in 1665 from Plymouth, Devon; served in King Philip’s War 1675; a military officer 1686/7; Capt. and Col. Artillery Company 1693; a churchman; married niece of Gov. Joseph Dudley; died 1717.
151 Savil (possibly also called Samuel), Simpson (Sympson), Warden (1691, 1697, 1706-07); Vestryman (1699-1703); resided in Boston as late as 1708.
152 Col. Francis Foxcroft, born ca. 3 Nov. 1657; Warden (1689); Vestryman (1699-1702, 1705-12, 1713-19); merchant; lawyer; married 3 Oct. 1682 Elizabeth (Danforth), daug. of Gov. Thomas Danforth (1623-99); a judge at Salem witch trials; Artillery Company 1679; imprisoned as an adherent of Gov. Andros 1689; judge of Court of Common Pleas 1689-1719; died Cambridge 31 Dec. 1727.
153 Benjamin Alford, merchant, probably son of William, merchant in Salem; married Mary, daug. of James Richards, Esq., of Hartford; died 1710.
154 John Baker, paid for the Church bell.
155 Edward Hill, Clerk, later Sexton, 25 April 1698.
156 Ralph Dordant, on the Boston tax list of 1687.
157 Capt. John George, Commander of the Rose, frigate that brought Joseph Dudley and Robert Radcliff to Boston in 1686.
158 Andrew Dolbury, Mariner; in Boston by 1677.
159 John Parmetor, of Boston; housewright.
160 George Hollard, in Boston 1664; mariner; died 12 April 1714, in his ninetieth year.
161 Col. Francis Brinley (Brindley), Warden (1723); Vestryman (1720-22, 1723-27, 1728, 1730-36, 1737-40, 1741-47); born England 1690, son of Thomas Brinley and educated at Eton; he came to New England in 1710, by invitation of his grandfather Francis Brinley of Newport who made him heir to his large possessions; settled in Boston; a founder of Kings Chapel; married Deborah Lyde, daug. of Edwin (1670-1722) and Deborah (Byfield) Lyde (1679-1708); granddaughter of Nathaniel Byfield; in 1719 he inherited a substantial tract of land in Roxbury upon which he built the elaborate Datchet House residence; portrait by John Smibert; died 30 Nov. 1765 age seventy-two.
162 James Lloyd (Loyd); merchant.
163 William Gilbert, born 1636 Sherborn, Dorset; cordwainer; merchant; died Jan. 1693.
164 Roger Kiltup, Boston Freeman, 1690; died 1 Oct. 1702 age fifty-two.
165 Isaac Jones, of Dorchester, son of Thomas, probably born in England, married (1) Hannah Heath, (2) Mary Bass; died before 6 Dec. 1699.
166 Daniel Allen, probably the physician of Boston, died 7 Nov. 1693.
167 Stephen Minot of Boston, born 10 Aug. 1662; married 1 Dec. 1686 Mary, daug. of Christopher Clark, and had twelve children; a founder of the Brattle Square Church; died 1732.
168 William Hobby, Warden (1693, 1699-1700); born Boston ca. 1634; merchant; died 24 Aug. 1713.
169 Jarvas Ballard of Boston 1670; a merchant.
170 James Sherlock of Portsmouth; appointed Councillor, 1684; Gov. Andros named him Sheriff of Suffolk County, 1687; imprisoned during revolt in April 1689; sent to England 1689/90.
171 James Meeres, of Barbados; baptised 31 March 1644; felt-maker, contributed to the construction of the first church in 1689; father of nine children; in 1704 sold land in School Street on which the French church was built.
172 Edward Lilley, in Boston 1670; a cooper.
173 Benjamin Davis, in Boston 1670; son of William, apothecary, a commander of a troop, commissioner, one of the founders of the Third Church; merchant; Maj. Artillery Company. 1673; Freeman 1690; one of the founders of the Brattle Square Church; died 26 Nov. 1704.
174 George Raison, a stepson of Giles Dyer; contributor for building the church 1689; contributor of installation of pews 1694.
175 Giles (Gyles) Dyer, Warden (1690, 1696-98); Vestryman (1699-1703, 1705-13); possibly born at Sheepscot, Maine ca., 1645, painter; Artillery Company 1680; Boston selectman; a large tax-payer; Colonel and Sheriff of the Massachusetts Bay Colony; Council 25 May 1686; 26 Aug. 1686 appointed Deputy Receiver of his Majesty’s Customs; died 21 April 1723.
176 Nathaniel Nudigate (Newgate), Vestryman (1702); 5 June 1688 married Mr. Lynd’s daug. before Mr. Ratcliff.
177 Richard Talley, cordwainer and merchant; died January 1693.
178 Francis Burroughs, merchant from London, in Boston by 1685.
179 Dr. Lancelot Lake, Vestryman (1702); born in Boston 1652; physician; married 6 May 1708 widow Catherine Child; died 17 Sept. 1715.
180 George Portage, merchant; married Elizabeth, daug. of Simon Lynde.
181 Joshua Broadbent, Provost-Marshal and Sheriff of New Hampshire 1681; married Sarah Osborn at Woburn 6 April 1685.
182 Veasy, Lieut., possibly a brother of Rev. William Veasey (Vesey) of New York.
183 Samuel Lynde of Boston, son of Simon, born London, June 1624; in Boston 1650; returned to London after several years in Boston; merchant; Freeman 1690; died Dec. 1697.
184 Nathaniel Baker of Yarmouth, eldest son of Francis of Boston, who came in the Planter 1635.
185 Thomas Stanbury, son of Thomas and Martha Stanbury of Boston; born 15 Oct. 1642; baptized in First Church 30 Nov. 1645.
186 Joseph Dudley, Warden (1691); born 23 September 1647 in Roxbury, son of Thomas and Katherine (Deighton) Dudley; Harvard College, A.B., 1665; gov. of Massachusetts Bay Colony and New Hampshire (1702-15); died 2 April 1720, Roxbury. Sibley’s Harvard Graduates: II.
187 Benjamin Mountfort (Munford, Mumford) from London; Warden (1690, 1696); Vestryman (1699-1703, 1705); subscriber to 1689 building fund, in 1694 for the construction of pews; 4 June 1696 made a contribution toward the Kings Arms, £18; came to Boston ca. 1675 aboard the Dove age 30; Artillery Company 1679; merchant at the Town Dock and at “Mountfort Corner”; married Rebecca Foster daug. of an English lawyer of Dorchester; died 20 Oct. 1714.
188 Robert Gutteridge (Goodrich, Goodrige), of Boston; kept a coffee house on the Main, now Washington St., died 4 Nov. 1717.
189 The Oxford English Dictionary defines “summer” as a main beam in a structure.
190 Ibid. defines “ross” of lumber as to divest the wood of its rough scaly surface by planing; “joice” is the “joist.”
191 Ibid. defines sleeper as “a strong horizontal beam or balk supporting a wall, joist, floor, or other part of a building.”
192 Robert Robinson (Robert, Knight), Vestryman (1724); gave to the church in 1691 hangings and a cushion for the pulpit.
193 Thomas Child identified only as the “painter” of the woodwork and sashes of the new church building.
194 Thomas Newton, a founder of Kings Chapel; Warden (1704-05, 1708-10, 1714-15); Vestryman (1699-1703, 1705-12; 1713-22); contributed funds to the building of the gallery 1718; born England 10 June 1660; lawyer; Mass. Attorney-general during the witchcraft trial; Secretary of the New Hampshire Province; Collector of the Customs; a Judge of the Admiralty Court; died 18 June 1721 sixty-one years.
195 John Cole of Boston; married Mary, daug. of John Gallop who was killed in the decisive battle of King Philip’s War.
196 Thomas Grafford of Portsmouth; married 11 Dec. 1684 Bridget, daug. of Richard Cutts and widow of Thomas Daniel; a member of the Council of the Province 1692; removed to Boston before 1695; died 6 Aug. 1697.
197 Henry Franklyn (Franklin), Marshall, Court of Admiralty.
198 Nicholas Tippet, Warden (1692).
199 Joshua Barnes, contributor to the construction of pews in 1694.
200 John Cutler, “chirurgeon,” served in King Philip’s War; of Dutch descent, removed to Boston about 1694; a large practice, preceptor of Dr. Zabdiel Boylston; died probably in the winter of 1717.
201 Joseph Cowell, cooper; married ca. 1673 Mary, daug. of Richard Carter, widow of William Hunter.
202 John Williams, Inspector General at Customs Office; a mob broke his windows in riots during 1768.
203 Francis Marshall, contributed to the building of pews in 1694.
204 Bishop of London Henry Compton, (1631/2-1713). ODNB.
205 John Indicott (Endicott), Warden (1698-99); Vestryman (1699-1703, 1705-12); carpenter; died 1711 buried Kings Chapel.
206 Joseph Dansey (Dauncey), born Gloucestershire 1657; Magdalen Hall, Oxford, B.A., 1680; ordained by Bishop of Bristol Jonathan Trelawney 4 May 1681; died on voyage to Boston ca. 1696; his wife Ann arrived in Boston Feb. 1697; married Samuel Myles before April 1698.
207 John White, born in Staffordshire 1657; Oriel College, Oxford, B.A., 12 March 1695/6; a Church of England minister appointed to serve as an assistant at Kings Chapel; accompanied Richard Coote, Lord Bellomont, to America in 1698; died at Barbados 1698.
208 Bellomont, Richard Coote, Earl of, born 1636 Ireland, second son of Richard Coote; gov. of New York 1697-1700; died 5 March 1700/01 New York.
209 James Graham at New York.
210 The bracketed are as noted in the minutes of the Chapel Book.
211 The date is not given as the page is torn.
212 Col. Andrew Hamilton, born Scotland; Edinburgh merchant; appointed governor of East and West Jersey (1692-97; 1699-1703); died 20 April 1703.
213 A large number of the titles listed here still survive in the Kings Chapel Collection of the Boston Athenaeum. They are listed (together with further identifying information) in the electronic version of this edition found at www.colonialsociety.org/publications.
214 Christopher Bridge (Bridges), assistant minister at Kings Chapel 1699-1706; born Tillington, Essex, son of Rev. Robert Bridge; St. Johns College, Cambridge, B.A., 1692/3.
215 John Cooke. Vestryman (1698/9).
216 Exchange Tavern, located at the northwest corner of State and Exchange Streets; became the Royal Exchange Tavern ca. 1754.
217 David Johnston kept the Exchange Tavern.
218 Edward Lyde (Lloyd, Loyd), Warden (1701-04); Vestryman (1699, 1701-04, 1706-24); born Boston 1662, son of Edward and Mary Lyde; married (1) 29 Nov. 1694 Susanna, daug. of Capt. George Curwen; (2) 22 Oct. 1696 Deborah, daug. of Hon. Nathaniel Byfield; (3) Catherine Brinley; Judge Court of Common Pleas for Suffolk County 9 Dec. 1715 to 20 Mar. 1722/23; burial 15 May 1724.
219 John Bridger, Vestryman (1701, 1709-15, 1718-20); appointed in 1705 by the Queen’s commission to be Surveyor-General of the Woods in America; signed the 1713 Treaty of Portsmouth; Surveyor-General’s office established at Portsmouth 1705-75; recommended that an Anglican Church be established in Newbury, Mass.
220 Thomas Povey, Vestryman (1705-06); Lieut. Gov., 1702-06; returned to England 1706; his father was an influential London lawyer; a cousin of William Blathwayt, Secretary of the Privy Council’s committee on trade and foreign plantations.
221 Nicholas Roberts, Warden (1704-05); Vestryman (1704-15); contributed to the installation of the organ 1714.
222 Capt. Wentworth Paxton, possibly a New England native, Vestryman (1713-15); royal navy, Capt. of the Newport; died New England, 1736.
223 Capt. Thomas Child, Warden (1736-37); Vestryman (1729-31, 1732-40).
224 Capt. Cyprian Southack (Southacke), Warden (1711-12); Vestryman (1702, 1705-09, 1711-28, 1730-35, 1739); lived on the northerly and easterly slope of Pemberton Hill; he served under Benjamin Church in an expedition against the French and Indians 1704.
225 John Eastwicke, Warden (1728); Vestryman (1728-29, 1730-35); lawyer.
226 John Oulton, Warden (1715-17); Vestryman (1713-23); contributed to installation of the organ 1713.
227 Anthony Blount, Warden (1710-11); son-in-law of Savil Simpson; married Jane Simpson in 1730.
228 William Tayler, Jr., (Tailer, Tailor, Taylor), Warden 1707-09) Vestryman (1701-03, 1705-11, 1714-29, 1730-31); son of William Tailer, a great Boston merchant and Reba, a sister of Lieut. Gov. William Stoughton; he became Lieut. Gov., 1711.
229 Samuel Checkley, Warden (1702-04).
230 Col. John Redknap, Vestryman (1713-15); in 1706 is styled as Her Majesty’s Engineer for the Continent of America; served at siege of Port Royal 1707; subscriber of funds to enlarge the church in 1710 and 1711; lost at sea 1716.
231 Henry Harris, born, Llangamwells, Monmouthshire, Wales ca. 1689; Jesus College, Oxford, B.A., 1707; ordained by Bishop of London Henry Compton 30 Feb. 1707/08; Sir Leoline Jenkins Missionary Fellow (1707-30) and Lecturer Kings Chapel, 1708-29; died Boston 16 Oct. 1729.
232 Oxford English Dictionary defines the word “bate” as “contention, strife, discord.”
233 William Melross, Warden (1712).
234 John Vallantine, Warden (1715-17); Vestryman (1712, 1713-22, 1723).
235 Giles Dyer, Warden (1717-19); Vestryman (1713-22); born 5 Dec. 1685, son of Col. Giles and Hannah Dyer; Harvard College, A.B.; 1706; married Sarah, sister of Thomas Bannister; Harvard College, A.B., 1700; Sibley’s Harvard Graduates: V.
236 Thomas Bannister, Vestryman (1713-16); probably born in Banbury, Oxfordshire, 1684; his parents Thomas and Sarah removed to Boston; the father was styled a “playster” (plasterer) and later rose to shopkeeper and merchant; Harvard College, A.B. 1700; elected Constable in Boston 1707; admitted to Brattle Square Church in 1709; in 1712 became a communicant of Kings Chapel; died at sea in September 1716 on a return trip from England. Sibley’s Harvard Graduates, IV.
237 Honorable Sir Charles Hobby, Warden (1713-15); Vestryman (1702, 1705-16); contributed funds for the enlargement of Kings Chapel 1712; born in Boston 1665, son of William Hobby; Col., knighted at the time of the earthquake in Jamaica 1692; English officer at Port Royal 1710; he had the Queen’s Commission as colonel of one of the five New England regiments in 1710; Francis Nicholson took command of Annapolis Royal, Hobby served as second in command; Lieut. Gov. of Annapolis June-Oct. 1711; deputy governor of Annapolis, Nova Scotia; died London 1715.
238 Joseph Hearne, Vestryman (1713-24); not listed as a communicant.
239 Edward Mills, born 29 June 1665, Braintree, son of John and Elizabeth (Shove) Mills; Harvard College, A.B., 1685; Warden (1717-19); Vestryman (1713-26, 1727-28); contributed funds for installation of organ 1713; married Mehitable, daug. of Stephen Minot, widow of the younger Henry Messenger who died 16 Aug. 1690 age twenty-five; Mills taught school in Dorchester 1687-92; later received S.P.G. funds for teaching pupils in Boston; died 7 Nov. 1732. Sibley’s Harvard Graduates: III.
240 Roger (Rodger) Judd, noted in Samuel Sewall’s Diary, “Sabbath-day Janr 22 [1698/9] Bro Roger Judd is cast out of the Church for his contumacy in refusing to hear the Church, and his contemptuous behaviour against the same, and Mr Willard the Pastor. Refus’d to be there”; Sexton.
241 James Berry, Sexton and appointed to look after boys during Sunday services.
242 Thomas Brattle, born 20 June 1658, son of Thomas and Elizabeth (Tyng) Brattle; Harvard College, A.B., 1676; Boston merchant; Treasurer of Harvard College; distinguished mathematician, Fellow of Royal Society; lived in London, 1682-89; founder of Brattle Street Church, Boston; died 18 May 1713; gave an organ to King’s Chapel; buried in Kings Chapel burying ground. ODNB.
243 Rev. William Brattle, born 22 Nov. 1662, brother of Thomas; died 15 Feb. 1717; minister, of Cambridge Congregationl Church.
244 Capt. Wentworth Patton, Vestryman (1713-15).
245 James Baker, Clerk of the Chapel in 1715; Sexton 1723.
246 Dr. Thomas Crease (Creese), Vestryman (1702, 1705, 1715-20, 1723); owner of Old Corner Bookstore House 1708; burned down in Boston fire of 1711; rebuilt as a residence and apothecary shop.
247 Capt. Daniel Wilbourne (Wyborne), Vestryman (1714-18).
248 William Price, Vestryman (1753-71); temporary organist in 1713; contributed funds for finishing the church, 1752; founder of Price Lectures; emigrated to Boston from England; printseller; died 22 May 1771 age eighty-seven.
249 Henry Newman, born 10 Nov. 1670, son of Rev. Noah of Rehoboth and his wife Joanna (Flint) Newman, daug. of the Rev. Henry Flint of Braintree; Harvard College, A.B., 1687; librarian of the college, went to London early 1707 as an agent for Harvard College and its library; in 1708 became Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of Christian Knowledge in London and served until death in 1743. Sibley’s Harvard Graduates: III.
250 Ebenezer Miller, born in Milton 20 June 1703, son of Samuel and Rebeca (Belcher) Miller; Harvard College, A.B., 1722; ordained by Bishop of London Edmund Gibson 9 July 1727; brother-in-law of John Checkley; minister at Quincy 1727-63; died Quincy 11 Feb. 1763. Sibley’s Harvard Graduates: VII.
251 Robert Hunter, born in Edinburgh, 1664; General British Army; Gov. N.J. and N.Y., 1710-20; author; Fellow Royal Society 1709; died 1734.
252 John Robinson, English diplomat; Bishop of London (1714-23). ODNB.
253 King George I.
254 John Barnes, Treasurer of Kings Chapel; Warden (1724-25); Vestryman (1715-27, 1727-28); one of the founders of the Episcopal Charitable Society 1724; merchant.
255 Capt. William Rouse, Vestryman (1715-21); prominent in charges against Joseph Dudley and Port Royal expedition 1706.
256 Jean-Paul Mascarene (Mascareene), Vestryman (1715-19, 1724, 1726-28, 1752-57); born ca. 1684 or 1685, province of Languedoc in France, probably at Castres, son of Jean Mascarene and Margaret (de Salvy) Mascarene; a French Huguenot émigré; after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes he was raised and educated by relatives in Geneva; to England 1706, entered the army; naturalized; with a military expedition to Nova Scotia 1710; in Aug. 1714, sent to Grand-Pré region of Nova Scotia as a fluent negotiator with the Acadians and Native Indians; divided his time between Boston and Placentia, Newfoundland; by Aug. 1717 Capt. Regiment of Foot when Port Royal, Nova Scotia, surrendered in Oct.; returned to Boston; married Elizabeth, daug. of Michael and Joanna (Mason) Perry at unknown date; contributed to installing organ at Kings Chapel, 1713-14 and to enlarging the church; made Boston his home during years of service in Nova Scotia; to Great Britain, appointed engineer to the Board of Ordnance 1719; returned to Boston to prepare to embark for Annapolis and report on the state of fortifications; became Lieut. Gov., Nova Scotia (1740-49); rose to rank of Lieut. Col., Major Gen, (1758); during absence of the Gov. was commander-in-chief of the province; burial 29 Jan. 1760; the family were loyalists and fled to Nova Scotia when the Revolution began.
257 John Brocas (Brochouse), Vestryman (1715-19).
258 Richard Hall, Vestryman (1715-21).
259 Samuel Bannister, Vestryman (1717-23, 1728, 1735-36); merchant.
260 James Smith, Warden (1722); Vestryman (1717-25, 1726-28, 1731-40, 1745-63); sugar boiler; burial 7 Aug. 1769 age eighty-one.
261 Thomas Hayes, Sexton.
262 Robert Kenton, Clark, 1718-38, dismissed from the office after complaints of his irregular behaviour.
263 George Craddock (Cradock), Warden (1719-21, 1744-45); Vestryman (1718-22; 1723-27; 1728-34; 1737-66); Merchant; died 1 July 1771 age eighty-one.
264 Dr. John Cutler, physician, Warden (1721-22); Vestryman (1719-27, 1732-35, 1740-42, 1748-49); born 6 Aug. 1676 at Hingham; burial Sept. 28, 1761 age eighty-five.
265 John Checkley, born Boston 1680, son of John and Ann (Eyres) Checkley; studied under Ezekiel Cheever; married Rebecca, sister of the Rev. Ebenezer Miller of Braintree, by the Rev. Peter Thatcher of Milton 23 May 1703; ordained priest by Bishop of Exeter Stephen Weston 1738; died Providence, R.I., 15 Feb. 1753/4.
266 Dr. John Gibbons, Warden (1725-26); Vestryman (1720-27, 1728-46, 1747-61); apothecary; burial 26 June 1760; age seventy-two.
267 Dr. George Stewart (Stuart), Warden (1732-33); Vestryman (1721-27, 1728-41).
268 John Gibbs, Vestryman (1721-24).
269 Thomas Lechmere (Letchmere) (1683-1765), Vestryman (1720-22, 1723-27, 1728, 1730-36, 1737-40); born Hanley Castle, England; son of Edmund and Lucy Lechmere; married 17 Nov. 1709 Ann, daug. of Waitstill and Mary Browne Winthrop; Surveyor General of His Majesty’s Customs for the Northern District of America; burial 3 June 1765 age eighty-two years.
270 Thomas Selby, Warden (1726-27); Vestryman (1722-28); contributed funds for the installation of the organ 1713; periwig maker; owned the Crown Coffee House at the head of Long Wharf; burial 21 Sept. 1727.
271 Thomas Phillips, Warden (1727); Vestryman (1724-28, 1730-35).
272 Robert Auchmuty (Auchmooty), Vestryman (1723-25, 1726, 1730-41, 1748-49); born 1687 Fife, Scotland, son of Capt. John and Isabella Auchmuty; married Mary Juliana; settled in Boston; lawyer; appointed to the Court of Admiralty 1733, a barrister during the administration of Govs. Belcher and Shirley; in his later years Judge Advocate of the Court of Admiralty; burial 1 May 1750 age sixty-three; father of the Rev. Samuel Auchmuty of New York.
273 John Overing, Esq.; Vestryman (1726); attorney; burial 29 Nov. 1748 age fifty-four.
274 Thomas Amery (Amory), born in Limerick, Ireland; sent to South Carolina; in Boston ca. 1721; daug. Elizabeth married Stephen Deblois; built a house at Park and Beacon Streets.
275 William Coffin, Warden (1737-38), Vestryman (1736-37, 1737-40).
276 John Powell, Vestryman (1726-28, 1732-34); contributed to finishing the church, 1752; his wife Anne sister of Jeremiah Dummer agent of Massachusetts in England; loyalist.
277 James Gordon, Warden (1739-40, 1746-53); Vestryman (1735-36, 1739-55, 1761-71); merchant; burial 24 May 1770 age seventy-seven.
278 Joshua Wroe, Vestryman (1726-30).
279 James Sterling, Warden (1723-24), Vestryman (1721-27, 1728-41).
280 Capt. William Pearne, Vestryman (1724).
281 Job Lewis, Warden (1730-31); Vestryman (1724, 1726-28, 1730-35, 1736-40); merchant; died 29 May 1735 age seventy-two.
282 William Speakman (Spikeman), Warden (1729-30); Vestryman (1724-40, 1743-47); baker; owner of Blue Anchor 1745; burial 13 April 1748 age seventy-two.
283 William Randle, Warden (1728-29), Vestryman (1724-33).
284 John Read, Warden (1736); Vestryman (1724, 1726-28, 1735-43, 1744-46); born Fairfield, Conn. son of William and Deborah (Baldwin) Read; Harvard College, A.B. 1697; former Congregational minister in Conn.; Queen’s Attorney, 1712; prominent lawyer in Conn. and Boston; known as the “father of American law”; burial 29 Nov. 1748 age sixty-nine. Sibley’s Harvard Graduates: IV.
285 Luke Vardy, kept the Royal Exchange Tavern, located at the southwest corner of Exchange and State Streets and gave the name of Royal Exchange Lane to that thoroughfare.
286 John Cox, Vestryman (1724-27).
287 Edmund Gibson, Bishop of London (1723-48).
288 William Lambert, Vestryman (1726-28; 1731; 1737-41); Comptroller of His Majesty’s Customs; died 30 Nov. 1749 age sixty-seven.
289 George Monk, Vestryman, (1724); vintner at the sign of the Blue Anchor located in Cornhill; married Lucy, daug. of Thomas Gardner and widow of John Turner; tailor, merchant, land owner; at the urging of the Rev. Samuel Myles, to accommodate church members he became a founder and vestryman of Christ Church; he aided too the establishment of the third Church of England congregation in Boston, Trinity Church; buried at Christ Church, 30 Sept. 1740 age fifty-six.
290 John Arbuthnot, Vestryman (1729, 1732-35, 1737).
291 George Shore (Shores), Warden (1733-34); Vestryman (1726-28; 1730; 1734).
292 Samuel Grainger, Vestryman (1729-34); writing school master.
293 Thomas Greaves, born 28 Sept. 1683 Charlestown, son of Thomas and Sarah (Stedman) Greaves; a childhood playmate of Timothy Cutler; Harvard College, A.B. 1703; physician and judge; Christ Church, Church Warden (1724-25). Sibley’s Harvard Graduates: V.
294 Samuel Weeks, Christ Church, Vestryman.
295 Thomas Sanford, London merchant, associate of Charles Apthorp.
296 Thomas Sandford, over several decades a reliable and diligent advocate on behalf of Kings Chapel’s interests in London.
297 John White, of Muddy River and Roxbury; Freeman 1677; lieut.; married Elizabeth, eldest daug. of Elder John and Sarah (Eliot) Bowles.
298 James Ivers, Warden (1782); Vestryman (1781).
299 Rufus (Ruffus) Greene, Vestryman (1732-36).
300 Jonathan Pue (Pew), Vestryman (1729-35, 1746-48).
301 James Stevens, Vestryman (1728-30).
302 The Oxford English Dicitonary defines “China” as “China-crape,” as “a kind of silk crape.”
303 Peter Faneuil, Vestryman (1738-40, 1742-43); born 20 June 1700, New Rochelle, New York; Faneuils were French Huguenots from La Rochelle, France, came to America after the Edict of Nantes was revoked; owned property and a house once held by Gov. Richard Bellingham; merchant and slave trader, philanthropist, one of the wealthiest persons in Boston; burial 10 March 1742/43.
304 Thomas Creese (Crease), Jr., Vestryman (1727, 1729); married niece of Samuel Myles, Ann Myles, 25 Jan. 1722.
305 The editors wish to thank David Ross of Groton School for providing the following translation:
Edmond, by divine providence Bishop of London, sends greetings to our beloved in Christ, Roger Price, cleric.
[We hereby convey and grant license and opportunity] To carry out the office of minister in the province of New England in America, in common prayer and other ecclesiastical duties pertaining to the office of minister, according to the form described in the Book of Common Prayer by the authority of the Parliament of this glorious kingdom of Great Britain, (the form) as published and intended in this action, and (according to) the canons and constitutions legally established and published in this action, not otherwise and in no other manner:
To you, in whose faithfulness, integrity of character, learning, sound doctrine, and discipline we have the utmost confidence, with the articles and oaths all and severally subscribed and sworn to by you in our presence, which were to be subscribed and sworn to in this proceeding, we convey and grant the license and opportunity [to carry out said duties] through this present document, to last so long as is our pleasure.
In testimony of this act we have caused our seal, customary in this proceeding, to be affixed. Given at Westminster in the fourth day of March, in the year of our Lord 1729, in the sixth year of our elevation.
306 Nathaniel Green, born 10 April 1679, son of Thomas Green of Providence; married 27 Feb. 1703 Ann, daug. of Thomas Gold; died 8 Aug. 1714.
307 Peter Luce, Vestryman (1732-38, 1739-40).
308 Martin Brimmer, born 1697, Osten, near Hamburg, son of Herman and Elizabeth (Von Specklson) Brimmer; staymaker; burial 3 June 1760 age sixty-three.
309 John Merrett (Merritt), Vestryman (1734-39); Judge of Admiralty; former member of the Church of Scotland.
310 This memo appears upside down at the bottom of the [recto] page of receipts.
311 Thomas Green, Warden (1734, 1735); Vestryman (1731-40).
312 The Oxford English Dictionary defines “Itn” as an abbreviation for the word “item.”
313 Ibid. defines ‘Holland” as a “linen fabric.”
314 Ibid. defines “Genoa” as “velvet.”
315 Ibid. defines “Diaper” as “a fine kind of linen.”
316 Samuel Shute, born 12 Jan. 1662, England; English military officer; Gov. of Massachusetts and New Hampshire 1716-23; died 15 April 1742.
317 John Boydel, contributed funds for the building of a gallery in 1718.
318 William Patten, Vestryman (1731); vestry meets at his “The Green Dragon,” located in Union Street; owned a malthouse in Beach Street.
319 Addington Davenport, born Boston, 1701, son of Addington and Elizabeth (Wainwright) Davenport; father served as Secretary of the Bay Colony and was one of the founders of the Brattle Street Church; contributed occasionally to Kings Chapel; Harvard College. A.B., 1719; ordained by Bishop of London Edmund Gibson 19 Feb. 1732/33; assistant minister Kings Chapel (1737-40); minister of Trinity Church (1737-46); sailed to England for his health, died in London 8 Sept. 1746. Sibley’s Harvard Graduates. VI.
320 William Bolan (Bollan), lawyer; married Frances, daug. of Gov. William Shirley, later an agent for the Province of Massachusetts in London.
321 Alice Quick, widow, shopkeeper; burial 11 Nov. 1761; her will provided a substantial bequest of property for the Chapel.
322 Jonathan Bernard (Barnard), Vestryman (1732-35); merchant.
323 Edward Tothill, Vestryman (1734-36).
324 Arthur Browne, born 1699, Drogheda, Ireland, son of Rev. Archdeacon John and Mary (Donellan) Browne, “one of the proudest families in Ireland;” Trinity College, Dublin, M.A., 1729; ordained Deacon 7 Sept. and Priest 21 Sept. 1729, both by Bishop of London Edmund Gibson; Licensed to New England 3 Nov. 1729; married Mary Cox; served churches at Providence, R.I. (1730-36) and Portsmouth, N.H. (1736-72); author of several essays in support of episcopacy and the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel; died in Cambridge 10 June 1773; the “Rector” in Henry W. Longfellow’s Tales of the Wayside Inn.
325 Eliakim Hutchinson. Warden (1742-44); Vestryman (1734-75); born in Boston, 5 June 1711, son of William and Elizabeth (Brinley) Hutchinson; Harvard College, A.B., 1702; father a wealthy merchant, died in 1721 of smallpox, leaving all of his real estate to Eliakim as the eldest son, but dividing the personal property equally among the six children; Eliakim, Harvard College, A.B., 1730; married 13 Nov. 1738 Elizabeth, daug. of William and Frances (Baker) Shirley; merchant; like his father avoided holding town offices; like his father an Anglican; a grandson of Thomas Brinley, one of the founders of Kings Chapel; member of the Boston Episcopal Charitable Society; 1741 became judge and, later in 1751, chief justice of the Suffolk Court of Common Pleas for Suffolk County; died of smallpox 22 June 1775. Sibley’s Harvard Graduates. VIII.
326 John Jekyll, Jr.; Vestryman (1735); succeeded his father as Collector of the Customs; married Mrs Margaret Shippee of Philadelphia 20 Oct. 1734; died, 5 Mar. 1740, age twenty-nine.
327 James MacSparran born, Dungiven, County Derry, Ireland; Glasgow College, A.M., 1709; Oxford University, D.D., 1731; Kingstown, Rhode Island (1721-57), and at Bristol, Freetown, Swansea, and Little Compton.
328 Thomas Harwood, born 1700, England; University College, Oxford, B.A., 1721; Licentiate Royal College of Physicians; ordained by Bishop of London Edmund Gibson 30 May 1724; Lecturer, Kings Chapel 1730-36; died Boston 15 April 1736.
329 Major Josiah Martin, Vestryman (1738-39).
330 Powers Marriott (Merrit), Clerk (1738-); Vestryman (1749-52, 1753-65); shopkeeper; burial, 8 Oct. 1768 age sixty-three.
331 Gillam Phillips, sold publications at South side of the Town House in 1732.
332 Samuel Wentworth, Vestryman (1741); brother of Governor Benning Wentworth of New Hampshire.
333 William Ruleau, Sexton, also charged to keep the boys and negroes in good order during worship services; burial 17 Feb. 1770.
334 Stephen Ruleau, son of William Ruleau, assistant to the Sexton; charged to look after unruly boys.
335 Stephen Rowe (Roe) born, Kilford, Tipperary, Ireland, son of Michael Rowe; Presbyterian; Trinity College Dublin, B.A., 1726; ordained priest 1732, Church of Ireland, by Archbishop of Dublin, John Hoadly (1730-42); S.P.G. schoolmaster in Boston, 1741-44; assistant minister at Kings Chapel; suspended from service by Roger Price by 1 Sept. 1744; returned to Ireland.
336 John Box, Warden (1753-55); Vestryman (1741-42, 1746-64, 1765-75); ropemaker, merchant, land owner; burial 3 Nov. 1774 age seventy-five.
337 James Forbes, Warden (1753-55); Vestryman (1742-68); shopkeeper; burial 8 Aug. 1769 age seventy.
338 Edward Procter (Proctor, Proctour), attended organizational meeting of the congregation 4 July 1686.
339 Thomas Hawding (Hawdinge, Hawden, perhaps also James), Warden (1755); Vestryman (1741-43, 1744-47, 1748-56); merchant; burial 27 Mar. 1756.
340 Charles Brockwell, born 1696 Hertfordshire, England; admitted to St. Catharine’s College, Cambridge, M.A., date unknown; ordained priest 21 Dec. 1735 by Bishop of London Edmund Gibson; burial 22 Aug. 1755 age fifty-nine.
341 Col. Henry Vassall, born West Indies 25 Dec. 1721; married Penelope, daug. of Isaac Royall 28 Jan. 1741/42; died Cambridge 17 March 1769.
342 Shrimpton Hutchinson, Warden (1754-67, 1783-93).
343 Sarah Trecothick, of Lord Mayor Barlow Trecothick’s family; contributed funds for the rebuilding of Kings Chapel.
344 Gilbert Deblois, born New York 1725, son of Stephen and Ann Deblois; Warden (1769-75); married Ann, daug. of William and Ann (Holmes) Coffin; merchant; served local residents, British Army and naval officers sundry goods, including linen, fabric, clothing; proscribed at the Revolution; loyalist; fled to Halifax; returned to Boston after war; banished, estate confiscated; died England 1791 age sixty-three.
345 Lewis Deblois, Vestryman (1763-76); merchant; loyalist, fled to England; died 1779 age seventy-one.
346 Isaac Royall, born 1719 Antigua; married 27 March 1738 Elisabeth McIntosh of Mystic, he of Boston; contributed funds for Kings Chapel organ 1756; Brig. Gen.; member Council of Mass.; proscribed and banished to England 1778; died England Oct. 1781.
347 Hugh Hall, lawyer.
348 Henry Caswell, Vestryman (1735-36).
349 Benjamin Faneuil, born Boston 1701; married Mary, daug. of the Rev. Timothy Cutler; died Cambridge in 1785.
350 Henry Liddell (Leddel), Vestryman (1754-56, 1771-76); schoolmaster.
351 Nathaniel Rogers, bapt. 13 Feb. 1736/7 at the Second Church; a nephew of Thomas Hutrchinson his legal guardian; Harvard College, M.A., 1755; merchant; married daug. of Samuel Wentworth a member of Kings Chapel and followed her to the Chapel; denounced at a Boston town meeting 4 Oct. 1769 in the company of seven merchants for refusing to sign the non-importation agreement; died 9 Aug. 1770, age thirty three; burial under Kings Chapel 15 Aug. 1770. Sibley’s Harvard Graduates. XIII.
352 Peter Chardon, Huguenot descendant; built house on corner of Chardon Street.
353 Mark Wentworth, born 1 March 1709, son of John Wentworth, Lieut. Gov. of New Hampshire; died 1781.
354 Frederick of Great Britain, Prince of Wales, born 1 Feb. 1707, eldest son of George II and Caroline of Ansbach; died 31 March 1751.
355 Henry Caner, God The only unfailing Object of Trust: Being a Discourse Upon Psalm cxviii, 8, 9. Preached at Kings Chapel in Boston. May 22d 1751, Upon Occasion of the much lamented Death of His late Royal Highness Frederick Prince of Wales &c. (Boston, 1751).
356 The Oxford English Dictionary defines “Silk ferret” as “a kind of coarse silk, called foret or ferret silke.”
357 James Hawden, not identified as a Vestryman, perhaps an incorrect reference to Thomas Hawding.
358 Jeremiah Gridley, born Boston 10 March 1701/02, son of Capt. Richard Gridley by his third wife, Rebecca; Harvard College, A.B., 1725; schoolmaster, distinguished lawyer; member of House of Representatives; died 10 September 1767 age sixty-five. Sibley’s Harvard Graduates. VII.
359 James Otis, born 5 Feb. 1724/5 Barnstable, son of Col. James and Mary (Alleyne) Otis; Harvard College, A.B., 1743; lawyer, author of Vindication of the Conduct of the House of Representatives (Boston, 1762); The Rights of the British Colonies Asserted and Proved (Boston, 1764); died 23 May 1783 age fifty eight. Sibley’s Harvard Graduates. XI.
360 Dr. Joseph Sewall, born 15 Aug. 1688, son and eighth child of Samuel Sewall, the diarist, by his first wife, Hannah, daug. of mint-master John Hull; Harvard College, A.B., 1707; minister Old South Church (1713-69); died 27 June 1769 age eighty-one. Sibley’s Harvard Graduates. V.
361 William Read, Vestryman (1760-76); born 1710, son of John Read the celebrated lawyer; came to Boston from Conn. with father 1722; lawyer; Judge of Court of Admiralty 1766; of Superior Court 1770; appointed member of Mandamus Council 1775; not married; died 1780.
362 Thomas Hubbard, born Boston 4 Aug. 1702, son of Joseph and Thankful (Brown) Hubbard; Harvard College, A.B., 1721; merchant; treasurer of Harvard College and commissary general of Massachusetts; a deacon of the Old South and sometimes its treasurer; died 14 July 1773. Sibley’s Harvard Graduates, VI.
363 Ezekiel Lewis, born 7 Nov. 1674, son of Capt. William and Mary (Cheever) Lewis of Farmington, Conn.; grandson of Ezekiel Cheever, the famous schoolmaster; Harvard College, A.B., 1695; schoolmaster, merchant, moderator of Boston town meeting; selectman; member of House of Representatives; Councillor; died 14 Aug. 1755. Sibley’s Harvard Graduates, IV.
364 The Oxford English Dictionary defines “Gentlemen Seaters” as “one who apportions the sittings in a meeting-house.”
365 Andrew Croswell, born Charlestown 30 Jan.1708/9, son of Caleb and Abigail (Stimpson) Croswell; Harvard College, A.B., 1728; Congregational Church minister Eleventh Church Boston 1748-85; died 12 April 1785. Sibley’s Harvard Graduates, VIII.
366 Grizzell (Eastwick) Apthorp, born 1709; wife and widow of Charles Apthorp; died 1796.
367 Joanna Brooker, widow, bequeathed substantial real estate in Boston to Kings Chapel June 1759; burial 26 June 1759 age fifty-eight.
368 Sir Francis Bernard (1712-1779; governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony, 2 Aug. 1760-1 Aug.1769; a son and step-son of Church of England ministers; gave their substantial libraries to Harvard College. The Papers of Francis Bernard, Governor of Colonial Massachusetts, 1760-69, edited by Colin Nicholson (Boston, 2012), II: 459-470.
369 Henry Caner, Joyfulness and Consideration, or, the Duties of Prosperity and Adversity. A Sermon Preached at Kings Chapel, in Boston, before His Excellency Francis Bernard, Esq.; Captain-General and Governor in Chief, the Honourable His Majesty’s Council and House of Representatives of the Province of Massachusetts-Bay, in New England, January 1, 1761, Upon occasion of the death of our late most gracious Sovereign King George the Second (Boston, ).
370 James Apthorp, Vestryman (1761-64); born 1731, son of Charles and Grizzel (Eastwick) Apthorp; married Sarah Wentworth.
371 The Oxford English Dictionary defines “Pistareen” as “an American small Spanish silver coin.”
372 Dr. Thomas Bulfinch, Vestryman (1765-76, 1783-1802); Warden (1782-95); born Boston 25 June 1728, son of Dr. Thomas and Judith (Colman) Bulfinch; Harvard College, A.B., 1746; studied medicine London and Edinburgh; returned to Boston; married Susan, daug. of Charles and Grizzel Apthorp 13 Sept. 1759 at Kings Chapel; died 3 March 1802 age seventy-four. Sibley’s Harvard Graduates. XII.
373 Florentius Vassall, born ca. 1709 St. Elizabeth, Jamaica, son of Florentius and Anna Maria (Herring) Vassall; married (1) Ann Beckford; (2) Mary Foster of London; landowner in London, Great Britain, and Jamaica; died 1778 age sixty-nine.
374 Samuel Vassall, born London and baptized at Stepney 5 June 1586, second son of five children of John Vassall (died 1625) mariner and shipowner and his second wife Anna Russell (died 1593) of Ratcliffe. During the seventeenth century acquired extensive interests in trade, shipping and colonial enterprise. With brother William Vassall, a founder of the Massachusetts Bay Company in 1629; merchant, entrepreneur and engaged in development of slave trade with Barbados; elected Member of Parliament for London for the Short and Long Parliaments; died in obscure circumstances 1667 possibly in Massachusetts. ODNB.
375 John Troutbeck, born 1719, Blencoe, Cumberland, England, son of George Troutbeck, landowner; Queen’s College, Oxford, B.A., 10 July 1741; ordained deacon, 21 Sept. 1741; priest, 19 Sept. 1742, both by Richard Reynolds Bishop of Lincoln; appointed with an annual stipend of £50 by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in 1752 to succeed Roger Price as minister of Hopkinton; Licensed to New England, 7 May 1754, by Bishop of London Thomas Sherlock, he was appointed to succeed Charles Brockwell in 1755 as the King’s Lecturer at Kings Chapel; in 1775 he sailed for Halifax, Nova Scotia and England; died of consumption at Blencoe 1779. Little is known about the post or activity of the King’s Lecturer at Kings Chapel. Timothy Cutler, minister of Christ Church, noted 26 Dec. 1748, that the first person appointed to the post in the 1730s, Charles Brockwell, by the scholarly Bishop of London Edmund Gibson, was to deliver monthly a lecture, presumably on the doctrines and practices of the Church of England. It is unknown if any Lectures were ever delivered, if so, none were published.
376 George Erving, Vestryman (1772-76); born Boston 23 Dec. 1738, son of the Honorable John and Abigail (Phillips) Erving; Harvard College, A.B., 1757; married 25 Oct. 1768 Lucy, daug. of Isaac and Lucy (Waldo) Winslow of Roxbury; merchant; proscribed 1778; moved to London; died 17 Jan. 1806. Sibley’s Harvard Graduates. XIV.
377 Charles Miller, Warden (1795-98); Vestryman (1783-1804).
378 Theodore Dehone, Vestryman (1783).