THE year 1777 was an expensive one for Bowen, both for his purse and for his peace of mind. Several times drafted to serve in the Continental Army, he somehow either managed to pay the alternative fine or to provide a substitute to go in his place. How he was able to accomplish either feat we do not know.
His spiritual panacea, St. Michael’s Church, was closed early in the year. It would remain idle for three years, and then, until 1786, it was open only for lay readings. St. Michael’s had barely weathered the effects of the Revolution up to 1777; in mid-1776 when news of the Declaration of Independence reached Marblehead a frenzied mob entered the building, tore the Royal Coat of Arms from its place on the wall over the chancel and rang the bell until it cracked. Feelings against the Anglican church ran high in many communities throughout the Colonies, so much so that Bowen feared every manifestation of its creed would be destroyed. Lest every existing copy of the Book of Common Prayer be confiscated and burned, he set about to copy the entire volume by hand. The present whereabouts of his devotional labor is unknown, but many years ago the great Marblehead historian, Samuel Roads, Jr., saw it in the possession of a descendant.
Bowen’s journal for 1777 is incomplete. The continuation has still to be found.
1 This morning three cannon was fired at the Fort and a flag of thirteen stripes were hoisted at the Fort. The wind SE. Rain. A thaw.
2 This day moderate. Sailed Nick Gordon for Bilbao in a small schooner of Azor Orne’s.
3 This day cold. I dined at the farm. Saw my father’s last will.
4 This day cold. What news there is going [about] is not to be depended of as the troops are to the south of New York.
Monday, 6 This day cold. I went to farm. Handbills about taking the Hessians &c.222 Died suddenly Mr. Stone at farm
7 This day cold. Thomas Stephens [?] hubbub about fines.223
8 This day smart cold. My Sister Wight went home to Andover. Came in to Salem Captain John Widger.
9 This day close weather. We could not see the eclipse plain.224 This afternoon anchored here a prize brig, John Hooper, prize master, and the Soul Catcher for the fines of twenty-five of them that would not soldier.
10 This day smart cold. This evening I came from farm. Came up John Martin with wood.
11 This day smart cold. Many of the soldiers came home. The Soul Catcher in town &c.
12 The last night St. Michael[’s] bell tolled as Mr. John Thrash died.
Monday, 13 This day cold. I dined at the farm. Bloody news from the southward and came up two wood sloops &c. Wood at 32/-.
14 This day smart cold. Our gentry we are a-making a brig of sloop Peggy. The remains of Mr. John Thrash buried.
15 This day raw cold. Anchored here a sloop from Surinam belonging to Providence. Sailed Captain Samuel Gale in Captain Thomas Pedrick’s schooner. Another handbill out &c. Plenty of pork in at 6d [per] pound.
16 This day some snow. I dined at the farm. Received 36 of pork. Arrived Joseph Proctor from West Indies.
17 This day some snow. Sailed the Providence sloop for Boston and sailed a wood sloop for Boston.
18 Extreme cold. Captain James Mugford gone to gaol &c. Captains Tittle and Rapell came in passengers to Salem and some of their people.
19 This day cold weather. I have the pleasure to have arrived to my 49th year of my age. Preaching at all the houses of public worship.
Monday, 20 This day cold. Some snow. This evening came to town Colonel John Glover and some of his regiment.225 Passed a cruiser, Smith.
21 This day moderate. Calm for the most part of the day.
22 This day smart cold. I dined at the farm.
23 This day cold. Wind at NNE. Passed a ship for Boston. Sad doings at Boston a-killing folks. A negro killed. A house pulled down &c.
24 This day much rain. Wind at SSE. Came from Boston Captain Will Sinclair in a brig bound for Bilbao. This night much wind and rain.
25 This day fine and moderate. Came from Boston two brigs, Williamson and Nicholas Bartlett, the commanders, bound for Spain. No news to be depended on but the wag-a-bones Jews saith much.
26 This day moderate. Fair. Preaching at all the public houses. The adventurer in the True Blue cruiser a-telling of his hearer about their tattling.
Monday, 27 This day cold. Moderate. Lay here three states men’s brigs outward bound.
28 This day moderate. I dined at the farm and Brother Edward with us. This afternoon the remains of Captain Humphrey Devereux was buried.
29 This day a Fast. Prayers and a sermon in forenoon and prayers in the afternoon and Treadwell at Salt Peter’s house; Story at his house. Small winds, variable.
30 This day a storm of snow. Wind E-southerly. Tis said Fort Washington is in the hands of the Americans but to their lost of men.
31 This day fair and pleasant. I went to Salem and saw Squire Mansfield. This afternoon came to town [Nathan] Brown and [Michael] Farley and took many of the delinquent payer men. A hubbub.
1 This day sailed Nicholas Bartlett [in] a brig for Europe. Fine and pleasant.
2 This day cold. Preaching at all the houses of worship. We hear that Edward Bowen is dead in the road.226
Monday, 3 This day cloudy. Wind at NNW. Sailed W[illiam] Sinclair in a brig for France. Received a half cord of wood of Mr. John Merritt &c.
4 This day sailed Williamson in a brig for Europe. Wind at west. Captain John Prince and Mr. Peter Jack and Captain Thomas Proctor are gone to Ipswich to prove his father Bowen’s said last will. No news from the westward but news from Portsmouth &c.
5 This day much rain. Came to town Captain Clouston and enlisted as many men and boys as he would have.
6 This day smart cold. Wind NW. I got some potatoes from the farm.
7 This day cold. Came from Boston a ship, Captain W. Andrews.
8 This day much rain. Wind southerly. Tis said that there hath lately been terrible times in [New] Jersey but no handbills out. I dined at Captain Prince’s farm.
9 This day fair weather, but the streets are very slippery. The New Laws hath shut up St. Michael’s Church.227 The Will of God be done, but I hope it will be opened again before this year is out. St. Michael’s Church shut up by the laws of the land. So much for Fort Washington being taken by the Britons! Marblehead February 1777―Parson Weeks a prisoner at home &c.
Monday, 10 This morning I went to Mill, and as I returned I met Leftenant John Hooper and Jonathan Proctor, Master, and near one hundred men and boys, all bound for Boston for the Province brig, Clouston, commander.228 I saw Commodore [John] Manley and Colonel Glover go out of town. Tis said the Rover hath taken a schooner English prize. Poor Abijah!
12 This day fair and pleasant. The Lord of the NE hath made our fortifications look like stone and lime, but the sun will soon alter the looks of them. Snow fell, nearly 9 inch.
13 This day fine and pleasant. Sun shining. Wind northerly.
14 This day wind easterly. Passed two brigs for Salem, and this afternoon anchored here a prize ship from London, taken by the Revenge cruiser, and passed a ship and sloop for Boston. A muster day. Read a State’s Proclamation about raising men.
15 This day cold but fair. Wind at NW. At noon sailed ship, William Andrews, master, for Europe. The prize ship on Boden’s Rock bound for Salem. Sailed Captain John Devereux Dennis.
16 Fair and pleasant, but no flags out at Fort nor preaching at St. Michael’s. Oh Lord have Mercy on us miserable creatures; the worst is to come!
Monday, 17 This day fine and pleasant. A muster in town &c. News of son Ashley being at Boston.
18 Some snow. Cold. The finest sledding as may be.
19 This day smart cold. I went in pursuit of A[shle]y. Hear of him &c. Dined at farm with Mr. Joseph Prince. A Town Meeting.229
20 This day cold. Mr. Moses Porter brought three yoke of oxen to Mr. Wait this evening. Came to town my son Ashley.
21 This day close weather. Some snow. Anchored here a schooner with a fore-topsail and a brig, Richard James, master, from Boston. Wind easterly.
22 This day some snow.
23 This day moderate and fair. Wind NNE. Sailed for Boston Captain James Mugford in his schooner Hope, and St. Michael’s Church stands on a Rock yet preaching at both meetings.
Monday, 24 This day stormy. Wind at the eastward. Anchored here a Foulston [sic] cutter from Halifax with fourteen Yankee prisoners, one Samuel Courtis and John LeGrow. My son Ashley rode to Boston on Captain Mugford horse. Mrs. Quinier bury at St. Michael’s Churchyard. Parson and Clark attended the funeral.
26 This day fine, moderate. At eight o’clock I sat out for Mill, and as I passed I had much to do. I find snow 15 feet deep in drifts and some bare ground. I suppose a horse could not get a mile ahead in a day, and I expect worse tomorrow. Arrived Will Stewart in a brig.
27 This day moderate. Anchored here a prize brig of the sloop Satisfaction’s. Sailed the cutter for Salem. Passed a ship from Plymouth for Salem. Anchored the brig Freedom, M. Clouston, from Boston. I suppose the going worse tomorrow as the wind is southerly today.
28 Smart cold. Wind at NNW. Sailed John Roundey in a brig for Baltimore.
1 or St. David Day. This day smart cold. Sailed a brig, Ben Tucker, for Bilbao and a brig, Thomas Dolliber, for Boston. Lay here brig Liberty, cruiser.230
2 This day smart cold. Sailed some wood sloops for Boston. John Carnes preached at St. Peter’s. Our Church stands on a Rock, and Story at New Meeting House &c.
Monday, 3 This day cold. Fair weather. Sailed brig Liberty for her cruise with 110 of Marblehead men on board, 144 the whole complement.
4 This day much rain. Wind southerly.
5 This day cold. I sat out for Boston. Arrived at sunset. Cold. Note: I met my friend B M Esq. on the road.
6 This day close weather. A thaw. I saw son Ashley, but his Captain is gone to Providence. A woman drownded.
7 This day at Boston. Cold. Do nothing.
8 This day at Boston. Wait to come down with Thomas Martin. Wind easterly.
9 At Boston. As Captain Oney [Olney?]231 is not come from Providence I sat out for home but lodged at Will Wait’s. Bad going.
Monday, 10 I got home at long-last, but as bad going as may be.
11 This day came from Boston the brig Tyrannicide.
13 This day close weather. Passed a sloop cruiser to Salem.
14 This day fair. Sailed His Majesty’s King George’s cutter as a flag of truce from Salem for Halifax. The Massachusetts and Tyrannicide passed.232 Came from Boston the brig Cabot. Passed for Salem the brig called the Horse brig, lumber.
15 This day the Cabot sailed for Salem. Fine and moderate. Tis said Mr. S[amuel] White’s wife is ill at Boston. Mr. Hooper and sons gone to Boston. White at Casco Bay.
16 This day moderate. Came from Boston schooner Lee, John Skimmer, commander.
Monday, 17 This day Partrach [Patriot] Day. Tis said that Mol Salter hath the smallpox. A ship off a-turning in.
18 This day somewhat cold. Anchored a prize ship from Dublin in Ireland, taken by the Rover, Abijah Boden. Sailed schooner Hope, Rapell, for West Indies. Sailed several square rigged vessels from Boston, and passed two ships for Boston, one said to be the Zachary [Zachariah] Bayley, and Boston, a cruiser, Captain Brown.233
19 This day sailed the prize ship for Salem. Son Ashley gone to Boston.
20 This day sailed schooner Lee, Skimmer, on a cruise. Came in here sloop Satisfaction cruiser from sea. Much rain.
21 Some rain.
22 This day fair and pleasant. Wind west. Tis said a fleet of ships are in our Bay, supposed Frenchmen. Many people have the smallPOX in town. I saw Captain Olney of the Cabot.
23 This day sailed the brigs Massachusetts, Tyrannicide, and Cabot234, and sailed schooner of Thomas Pedrick’s, R. Dixey.
Monday, 24 This day rainy.
25 This day somewhat cold. Hauled the brig ashore at Nick’s Cove.
26 This day cold. Attend brig.
28 This day is, according to the canons of the Church of England, called Good Friday, but the Church of St. Michael’s being in bondage by the men of Liberty we had no prayers nor preaching.
29 This day smart cold. Some snow.
30 This day moderate. Easter Sunday. No preaching at Church but at both meetings &c.
Monday, 31 This day close weather. Sailed Sam Green in schooner Frank. This afternoon I attended a meeting for the Middle Division &c. Received a half cord of wood from R[obert] H[ooper] Junior.
1 This day raw cold. Anchored here a large topsail sloop.
2 This day much wind at SE. Came in a brig, Thomas Collyer, master. At work for Captain Pote from 12 o’clock. My son Nathan and daughter Hannah are gone in the country.
3 Much rain. Wind variable.
4 Smart cold. Wind at NW. Sailed a ship from Salem for sea. This afternoon anchored here the Rover cruiser, Abijah Boden, commander, from the West Indies and Sam Russell Trevett from Nova Scotia.
5 This day smart cold. At 10 o’clock the house of the aged Mrs. Lee took fire and was timely discovered, and this afternoon anchored here the Hancock frigate, John Manley, Esq., from Cape Ann. He gave seven guns. Our Fort returned five. All is well. Tis said that His Majesty’s Ship Milford hath chased the brig Cabot on shore at Cape Sables and is lost &c.235
6 This day moderate. Lay here the Hancock frigate.
Monday, 7 Moderate. The Hancock beating up for men. Got two.
8 Moderate. Lay here the Hancock frigate. This morning many cannon fired at Boston.
10 This day close weather. The smallpox quite brief in town. Anchored here a prize brig from Newfoundland.
11 This day sailed Thomas Collyer in a brig. Much smallpox in town.
12 This day the prize brig sailed for Boston. At noon anchored here the brig Nancy, [Thomas] Power, from Bilbao, and this afternoon anchored Ambrose James in brig [ ] from Bilbao. Gave 3 gun.
13 This day close weather. Wind southerly. Many of our town’s folk are moved with smallpox. Old Mrs. Clune died at pox house. Most of the disorder layeth at the lower end of the town, and they are moved to Pitman’s house &c.
Monday, 14 This day much wind at NW. A Town Meeting about smallpox.236 Chose a Committee of Safety.
15 This morning cold. Much wind at WNW. Sundry persons broke out with smallpox. Came to town 50 bus[hels] of Indian meal as a donation for poor poor. Sailed Grush for West Indies.
16 This day fair weather. I dined at Captain Prince farm. Tis said more troops are coming from England [and] West Indies. Sall Johnson.
17 This day close weather. Wind easterly. The smallpox seems to be abated. Many of our town folk are gone to Sewell’s Point to be pokalated. Sall Johnson went yesterday. Elizabeth Hudson died of smallpox.
18 This day close weather. Arrived William Boyles from West Indies. Our smallpox seems to abate.
19 This day [ ]
Monday, 21 This day foggy. Moderate. A Town Meeting and are to inoculate. A committee chose for to get doctors.
22 This day fine and pleasant. We hear Captain Nicholas Gordon is arrive at Portsmouth. I dined at the farm. Three people are dead at Major Pedrick house. Came to town <Doctor Hall Jackson>.
23 This day some fog. Tis said that two of King George’s ships are a-cruising off Cape Ann and St. George’s Bay. Employed at the farm. Tabitha Bartol, widow, removed from Mr. H[enry] Sanders. They die fast with smallpox at the Pesthouse.
24 This day a Town Meeting about smallpox. Tis said the two cruisers are His Majesty King George’s frigates the Diamond and Greyhound, and then came up many wood vessels and Captain Nick Gordon from Bilbao.
25 This day much rain and fog. Passed a ship for Boston.
26 This day moderate.
27 This day [ ].
Monday, 28 This morning anchored here John Hodges from Bilbao in schooner [ ]. Sailed for Boston Nicholas Gordon in schooner [ ]. This morning the bell man went about town to inform inhabitants that inoculation will take place on Wednesday next through this town.
29 This day moderate. Cold. This afternoon the lower part of this town began to inoculate.
30 This day our inoculation gentry have inoc[ulat]ed as far up as Captain Gerry’s. Died Isaac Martin at Sewell Point with smallpox and John Lyon’s wife in town. Pox hath entered the town. Tis said the British troops have landed.
1 This day much rain. A mock Fast Day with the Yankees. No preaching nor prayer. This evening Captain James Mugford’s family was inoculated. Our Sister Stiles was inoculated with Captain Mugford family.
2 This day fair and pleasant. At ten o’clock my four children were inoculated, viz. son Ashley, daughters Hannah, Molly, and Sarah Ashley. At eleven o’clock Captain Edward Bowen’s family were inoculated. Phil [Le]Craw wife died. Sailed Bartholemew Jackson.
4 This morning I went to attend the lines at Elish [a] Gathell’s.237 Passed into town William Lee, Esq. At noon this afternoon passed into town Major Sprague’s wife and two children to be inoculated. Sailed for Bilbao John Harris in schooner.
Monday, 5 This day much rain. I attended the smokehouse till night. Much rain. Came in Richard Dixey from Baltimore with flour. Captain Prince’s three children were inoculated at town, viz. Nancy, Joseph, and Hannah. Came to town Captain Foster [who] brought his nigger and child to be inoculated.
6 This day moderate. Sally Johnson and Nathan Martin came from Sewell’s Point. A Town Meeting &c.238 At noon died Mrs. Orne, the wife of Joshua Orne, merchant, and this night died Mrs. Homan, wife of Mr. Edward Homan, cooper. Pox.
7 This night wind SE. Some rain. Mrs. Orne and Homan was buried. No bells tolled for either death. The bells are not to toll during inoculation.
8 This day close weather. Some rain. The True Blue and Bellona bent their sails this afternoon.239 The remains of Mr. Nathaniel Homan was buried.
9 This morning wind easterly. We find a brig ashore on Tinker’s Island and a ship at anchor without the Pig Rocks. Much rain.
10 This day close weather. Passed two sloops from sea for Salem and passed three brigs from Salem for Boston. Mr. Benjamin Boden, Town Clerk, was brought into town with smallpox. Our inoculated folk are all in good spirits. Great talk of a fleet of ships coming from England.
11 This day wind easterly. Mr. Samuel Chapman came in with smallpox. Our children in a good way.
Monday, 12 This day moderate. Wind SE. John Martin went to Tinker’s Island and brought the Frenchman’s goods that was saved from the wreck &c. Came to town upward of 100 people from all quarter to be inoculated. Heavenly Times Brother Dick!
13 This day cold for the times. Many coasting vessels off and about Cape Ann. Died Mrs. Charity Phillips, widow &c. Our streets are as full of strange faces as when the port of honest Boston was first shut up in the first of June 1774. TEA and toast. Note: we have some of the noble clergy of many towns round about and in town.
14 This day moderate. The last night I watched with Mr. B[enjamin] Boden. Many guns fired at Boston. We hear the Tyrannicide hath a prize into Portsmouth. Sailed a small schooner for a spy, John Hines, master.
15 This day pleasant for the times. A pock a-times of it &c.
16 This day some rain.
17 This day fine and moderate wind at NW. At noon died Mrs. Ashton and Samuel Ashton, the schoolmaster’s wife. Passed a topsail schooner for Boston. Came to town the Honorable Robert Hooper and is inoculated. All well.
18 This day moderate wind S-easterly. Anchored here the ship American Tartar, Captain Jo[hn] Grimes, from Boston.240
Monday, 19 Close weather. Some rain. Passed a brig and topsail sloop from Boston. Died Mrs. Bond, smallpox. Town Meeting for Representative &c.241 Died Charles Dunn’s wife. Died 2 white, 1 black children.
20 This day moderate. Died Mrs. Nicholas Bartlett and Mrs. Ashton, widow. Died Molly Stone.
21 This day pleasant. At 2 o’clock sailed John Manley Esq.242 and two ships and 9 other vessels more from Nantasket for sea. Wind SSW; hauled off EbS. And at 4 o’clock sailed from here the ship [American] Tartar for Cape Ann. We hear two frigates are off belonging to King George &c.
22 This morning at eight o’clock passed a fleet of shipping, viz. three ships and eight brigs and schooner. Note: Admiral Mathews led the van and Admiral Lestock kept the rear and they lay off and on all day.243 At noon the [American] Tartar joined the fleet. The last night died Captain John Reed, an old sea commander, and Joseph Mecoloathey [sic]. Died the wife of William Nick Junior.
23 This day moderate and warm. No ships off. The last night I watched with Mr. [Benjamin] Boden. Four grown people buried, viz. Captain Reed, Mrs. Ashton, Mrs. Nick, a woman belonging to Salem. Our fishermen heard many cannon off in the Bay. Died a lad, Collins.
24 This day fine and warm. Employed on Colonel Jonathan Glover’s shrouds. This night died Mr. Nath[aniel] Holder, the wife of Mr. Benjamin Homan, cooper, P[eter] Bonner Jayne, and died Mrs. Jane Bridges. Altered a pendent for Captain John Selman.
25 This day fine and warm but rather hot for the pox. Mame Bowen not so well as was expected. Both our spies are out &c. This afternoon three funerals. Tis said John Hooper is dead—Johnny Hooper.
Monday, 26 This day wind east. Anchored here Captain John Dev[ereux?] Dennis[?]. This night many of the inhabitants broke out afresh with smallpox. Died Simpson Boden and old Mrs. Lewis. Died John Bubier of a consumption and Mr. Samuel Brimblecome by inoculation.
27 This day much wind easterly. Some rain. Parson Weeks’s house took fire but timely discovered and put out. John Bubier and Glover’s Jack buried. Many persons are taking the smallpox the natural way, some after they have been twice inoculated. Fine times &c.!
28 This day an old fashioned election, but dull dull times. Pock-a-pock times. Our Representatives are Jonathan Glover, Azor Orne, Joshua Orne, and Richard Stacey Esq. Two addressers and two non.244 Passed a topsail schooner for Boston, I suppose to be Captain Skimmer. Tis said there will be hot works at Beverly. This afternoon Mrs. LeCraw buried.
30 This day fine and pleasant but dull. Anchored here a cruiser, Morony, commander,245 who left Mathews and his fleet on Wednesday last on George’s Bank. Died Sam Selman. Many cannon fired at Boston.
31 This day fair. Sailed the cruiser, Morony. This afternoon many cannon fired. Some at Boston and some at Cape Ann. No news is often good news. Employed at the small schooner rigging for Lewis [or Lovis] &c. Mr. Sam Selman buried.
1 This day fair. This afternoon sailed a transport ship, the Polly’s prize, for Falmouth, Casco Bay.
Monday, 2 This day fair and pleasant. A Town Meeting and chose seven Representatives, viz. the Reverend Mr. Weeks, the Honorable Robert Hooper, [Woodward] Abr[ahams, Michael] Coombs, [Richard] Coombs, [John] Wormstead [Sr.], E[dward] Bowen, 7 wise men.246 Anchored here Captain Rapell.
3 This day some rain, thunder, and lightning.
4 This day a fresh breeze at NW. The True Blue and Bellona set out for a race and the Bellona carried away her fore-topmasts &c. Came from Newbury Captain John Lee. Delivered four pair of shrouds and jibstay and two pendents to schooner, S[amuel] Trevett. The Splitt whind [sic] went out and beat the [True] Blue. Died old Mr. Cook, Thomas Porter wife father.
5 This day fair. I was employed on board the Nancy 11 hours. The Bellona took both her lower masts out. Talks of there having been a battle in the Jerseys but the Lord knows how.
6 This day fair and warm. Employed on board the Nancy a day. The Bellona got her lower masts in. Anchored here a schooner, James Dennis. Died Cornelius Phillips. Passed a snow for Salem.
7 This day fair and pleasant. Passed a ship and brig from sea for Boston. Employed on board the brig Nancy a day. The Bellona fullrigged again.
As for opinions, I confess
I never upon them laid stress
Sometimes a Whig, sometimes a
Tory But seldom steadfast in one story.
The reason is, I’m not yet fixed
So my religion is but mixed.
Yet, most of all, I do incline
The Old Episcopalian line;
Yet not so fixed on this head,
But I can turn my coat for bread,
Yet don’t mistake my meaning, as
If from the truth I meant to pass;
The essential parts of my opinion
Is not in any sect’s dominion
Nor will I e’er be tied to think
That in one spring I ought to drink
In Christendom we all affect:
The Christian name in some respect:
Yet to our shame and our derision
We’re full of schisms and divisions
Some are Papists, some are Prelates
Some are Quakers and some Zealots
Some Anabaptists, some Aquarians
Some Antinomians, and some Arians:
Some are Free Willers and some Ranters:
Some Presbyterian covenanters;
Some Erskinites to gain probation:
Some Glasites, some for presentation
Though these all aim at heaven at last,
Their diff’rence puts me in a gast;
To follow which I cannot tell,
Therefore I bid them all farewell;
Because I knew, that faith and love
The sphere is wherein I should move
For sure without true Charity
None can enjoy Felicity
But Charity, now at this day,
She is obliged to fly away,
Instead of which envy and hate
Contempt, resentment, and debate,
Is most in each society,
Tis not in word as I do read
But Christians, must be so in-deed;
So Madam, this is all my creed,
Marblehead August the I 1776
A Provincial Fast Day &c &c
We have more Thursday Fasts than God
Monday, 9 This day close weather. Wind easterly. Some rain and fog. Died Mr. Benjamin Boden, formerly the Town Clerk. Made an ensign for schooner Dolphin.
10 This day close weather and some rain. This afternoon the remains of Mr. B. Boden was buried in the burying place of our family in Meeting House Yard.
11 This day fair. Sailed Captain John Lee in brig Fancy cruiser for Cape Ann.247 I went to Salem &c.
12 This day rain. Wind easterly. This evening died Mr. Benjamin Darling.
13 This day some rain. Wind easterly. Tis said the King’s troops are a-quitting New York bound for [ ].
14 This day fair and moderate. Mr. Darling buried. Came from Boston schooner Bucken [sic], and at ½ past eight o’clock at evening anchored here the ship Le Mars [sic] from Boston, and the ship gave five guns.248 No notice taken by the Fort.
15 This day small winds easterly. Came from Salem the brig Oliver Cromwell, Captain [William] Coles,249 which gave five guns as she passed our Fort. This evening three ships and a brig and sloop appeared off Cape Ann, said to be King George’s fleet. Lay here one ship, two brigs, and three schooner, all private prop[erty?] cruisers.
Monday, 16 This day moderate first part. Afternoon much rain, thunder, and lightning. A Town Meeting chose a County Treasurer, Mr. Pynchon.
17 This morning I delivered a single shroud to Colonel [Jonathan] Glover, for schooner, John Hines. At noon some rain [and] thunder. This evening the remains of the wife of Mr. Cornelius Phillips was buried.
18 This day at noon sailed the brig Oliver Cromwell and brig Bellona. The latter gave 13 guns; the former gave five. The [...] gave 3 for the former. A brig and some sloops off this afternoon. Stephens went into Cape Ann harbor and the other brig that was off went in likewise, but the Oliver Cromwell stood off for Cape Cod, and at 4 o’clock I saw a large ship off which hauled to the southward as I suppose to thwart the [Oliver] Cromwell &c.
19 This morning sailed from Cape Ann the brig Bellona, Thomas Stephens, commander. Tis said Nicholas Bartlett is taken. Died Mary Ingalls, widow.
20 This day fair weather. Passed a topsail schooner for Boston.
21 This day cloudy. Wind easterly. Sailed ship Mars for Cape Ann. Passed a topsail schooner for Boston. This evening our bells tolled for a funeral again. The remains of the Widow Ingalls was buried.
22 This day moderate. Wind SE. I assisted Mr. Twisden and hauled his schooner off but no wind to go to the Eastward.
Monday, 23 This morning I sailed for the Eastward with Mr. John Twisden. Arrived at Piscataqua. Wind easterly. Foggy.
24 Lay at Pepperell Cove. At noon the wind came in to the NW. Lay as per last. A smart squall. Would not go out.
25 This morning at dawning we came to sail and run along shore. At noon spoke John Vickery, and we both anchored at Booth Bay and lay all night. We hear Captain Thomas Stephens sailed yesterday.
26 This morning came off Captain David Reed and he offered to load us immediately, and Mr. Twisden agreed to tarry here and take our load &c. Vickery sailed for the Eastward.
27 This morning we went on board Captain Nicks Bartlett’s brig for the gundaload, but Bartlett was not done.
28 This morning we got the gundaload and took a load of wood off.
29 This day Captain Reed came off, and we moved to the chops of Pig to Gut. This morning sailed brig Penet, Nicholas Bartlett, for Boston.250 Small wind southerly.
1 This day we got one gundaload off and stowed all away.
2 This day we got all off from the outside landing, said to be sixteen cord.
3 This day we moved again and took off one gundaload. We could not get off on the flood till late.
4 This day we took one gundaload off and stowed it away. Complete our hold. Passed two topsail schooners from the westward.
5 This day I assisted Captain Reed in new heading a mainsail for a sloop, Andrew Reed, master. Reed sent a man in my room to work on board schooner. At noon the schooner came round to this harbor. This night a northerly wind. Sailed four sloops and a schooner for the westward.
6 This day lay in Townsend Harbor. We filled a cask of water. This evening anchored here schooner Dolphin cruiser, Edward Fettyplace, commander.251
Monday, 7 Took one gundaload of wood off. All hands dined on board Fettyplace. Small wind southerly.
8 This morning sailed schooner Dolphin on her cruise. Much wind S-westerly. We completed all our lading.
9 This day lay at Townsend wind bound in company with Captain Mulligan of Anunn River for Newbury. Much rain.
10 This morning at 5 o’clock we came to sail, and as we came off we saw a large ship off and hauled for Seguin and had like to have overtook us &c. At evening we anchored at Casco at Simonton’s Cove.252
12 This morning at 9 we came to sail and sailed along shore. At dark we were off Portsmouth, and we hauled off all night. Wind easterly.
13 This morning at dawning we saw Cape Ann and saw a sail I took for a ship bound for Newbury. At nine we anchored at Marblehead. Finis. Passed a brig for Salem this afternoon. We moved our schooner to the head of the harbor.
Monday, 14 This day wind easterly. Shifted our schooner toward New Wharf.
15 This day fair and hot. Discharged 21 cord of our wood. Came in two schooner cruisers from B[osto]n. Two ships off, said to be Britons.
16 This day fair and we completed unloading our schooner. Anchored here a sloop cruiser &c. Received two cord and five feet of wood from Mr. Twisden. Ships are off &c.
18 This day fair and pleasant. Sailed Skimmer. Came from Cape Ann a ship for Boston.
19 This day I sailed for the Eastward. At sea all night. John Twisden, master.
20 This day sailed as far as Owl’s Head in Penobscot [Bay] and lay all night.
Monday, 21 This day we came to off Penobscot Fort and agreed for a load of wood of Mr. Will Buder.
23 This day employed loading with wood.
24 This day finished our hold full and hauled the schooner off again.
25 This day much wind at SW. Could not boat off.
26 This day boating of wood off &c.
27 This day fair weather.
Monday, 28 This day employed boating wood off and rafting some.
29 This day we finished loading 29 cord and a cord of bark.
30 This day we sailed from Bagaduce. Lay out all night.
31 Lay at Owl’s Head wind bound.
1 This day sailed from Owl’s Head and came out to the eastward of Two Bush and to the south of George’s Island near Monhegan. Small wind all night. Fair weather.
2 This morning off Monhegan. Saw a ship in the offing. We stood for Townsend and anchor there at noon where I find brig Freedom’s prize brig laden with wine, brig Cromel [Cromwell?], R. Dick, Captain Paul Reed in Sam White’s small brig. Anchored here Captain William Andrews in a ship from Spain and a number of woodmen.
3 Lay at Townsend wind bound.
Monday, 4 Sailed from Townsend and came to Falmouth where I find the ship Boston, Captain [Hector] McNeill,255 and some prizes belonging to some other vessels.
5 Lay at Casco Bay wind bound in company with Captain McNeill, Captain Andrews a prize ship B. Batchelder brig prize John Patten brig Freedom’s wine brig. A new ship fitting out as a pirate. Two brig merchantmen and some woodmen &c.
6 This day lay at Falmouth wind bound. Fog.
7 This day lay at Falmouth wind bound.
9 Lay here as per last wind bound.
10 Sailed from Falmouth in company with 20 sail of vessels bound to the westward and got as far as Newbury.
Monday, 11 Much wind to the south. Turned all day and got as far as Eastern Point. Batchelder and Darcy got to Salem. We left McNeill, Andrew, and wine brig at Falmouth. Patten at Portsmouth.
12 This day wind easterly. Came to Marblehead safe and sound. Tracy’s ship sailed for Boston &c.256
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Memorandum of what I have received from Captain James Mugford, Agent for my son Ashley.
- September the 22, 1777 To cash 12 dollars £3.12.0
- October the 1 Received a barrel of flour
- Ditto the 4 Received a firkin of butter
- Ditto the 7 Cash received by son Ashley 140 £4.4.0
- Ditto the 15 Received 23¾ of loafsugar and two bottles of wine and three bottle of porter
- Ditto the 16 Received ¾ pound Bohea tea
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Memorandum of what clothes I have received from my father’s