Frontispiece Portrait of Dr. John Collins Warren.

    Title page The decoration is taken from an anatomical lectures attendance certificate engraved by Paul Revere in 1780. See illustration 9 for the full engraving.

    1. Portrait of Dr. John Clark.

    2. Map of Massachusetts, 1800.

    3. Articles of Indenture, 1736.

    4. Letter from Dr. Cotton Tufts to Dr. Joseph Warren, 1774.

    5. Portrait of Dr. Cotton Tufts.

    6. Dr. John Perkins’s clinical notes, 1750.

    7. Portrait of Dr. James Lloyd.

    8. Portrait of Dr. John Warren.

    9. Anatomical lectures attendance certificate, 1780.

    10. Newspaper article on establishment of Harvard Medical School, 1783.

    11. Holden Chapel, Harvard College, in about 1800.

    12. Holden Chapel, Harvard College, today.

    13. Massachusetts Medical College.

    14. Map showing distribution of Boston physicians in 1789.

    15. Title page of Richard Mead’s Poisons.

    16. Inscriptions in Richard Mead’s Poisons given to Harvard College, 1748.

    17. Invoice for English medical books, 1755.

    18. Certificate of hospital and lecture attendance in London, 1752.

    19. Certificate of course attendance in London, 1752.

    20. Judge Samuel Sewall’s account with Dr. Zabdiel Boylston, 1718.

    21. Thomas Finch’s account with Dr. Zabdiel Boylston, 1719.

    22. Medical fees in 1806.

    23. Letter from Dr. Cotton Tufts to his son, 1776.

    24. Title page of Dr. Benjamin Church’s Boston Massacre Oration, 1773.

    25. A Warm Place—Hell, engraving by Paul Revere.

    26. Recommendation for admission to Boston Dispensary.

    27. Certificate of attendance at Pennsylvania Hospital, 1812.

    28. The General Hospital, Boston.

    29. Portrait of Dr. George Cheyne Shattuck.

    30. George Cheyne Shattuck’s notes on Benjamin Smith Barton’s lectures at Philadelphia.

    31. Portrait of Dr. Benjamin Smith Barton.

    32. Portrait of Dr. Benjamin Waterhouse.

    33. Datura stramonium in the hortus siccus of Dr. Benjamin Waterhouse.

    34. Portrait of Dr. James Jackson.

    35. Portrait of Dr. John Gorham.

    36. The medical leech in Dr. John Collins Warren’s Comparative View, 1822.

    37. “American Flathead” Indian in Dr. John Collins Warren’s Comparative View, 1822.

    38. Portrait of Dr. Jacob Bigelow.

    39. Portraits of Dr. Edward Augustus Holyoke.

    40. List of admissions to Salem Workhouse and Almshouse, 1784–1785.

    41. Ledger of Dr. Edward Augustus Holyoke.

    42. Ledger of Dr. Nehemiah Cleaveland.

    43. Ledger of Dr. Amos Spofford.

    44. Tooth extractor.

    45. “A Fractur’d Skull,” 1757.

    46. Surgical notes of Dr. John Perkins, 1746.

    47. Surgical instruments.

    48. Surgeon’s kit.

    49. Tourniquet.

    50. Catheters.

    51. Aneurysm of humeral artery.

    52. Finger and toe amputations.

    53. Leg amputation. 241

    54. Treatment of clubbed foot.

    55. Herniorrhaphy.

    56. Removal of nasal polyp.

    57. Portrait of the Reverend Isaac Backus.

    58. Portrait of the Reverend Ezra Stiles.

    59. Bill of mortality for Dover, New Hampshire.

    60. Scorpionlike herbs, from Porta’s Phytognomonica, 1650.

    61. Foxglove, from Dodoens’s Herbal, 1578.

    62. Dr. Edward Stafford’s medical directions for Governor John Winthrop, 1643.

    63. Jewelweed and skunk cabbage from Josselyn’s New-Englands Rarities, 1672.

    64. Account book of apothecary Bartholomew Browne.

    65. Surgeon Will Locke’s request for drugs, 1676.

    66. Title page of Nicholas Culpeper’s English Physician, Boston, 1708.

    67. Title page of Nicholas Culpeper’s Pharmacopoeia Londinensis, London, 1720.

    68. Inscriptions in Rachel Martin’s copy of Culpeper’s Pharmacopoeia Londinensis, 1720.

    69. First page of the Reverend Manasseh Cutler’s Account of the Vegetable Productions, 1785.

    70. Skunk cabbage in Bigelow’s American Medical Botany, 1818.

    71. Ledger of Dr. Benjamin Rowe, Jr.

    72. Ledger of Dr. William Aspinwall.

    73. Portrait of Dr. Josiah Bartlett.

    74. Dr. Bartlett’s surgical needles.

    75. Dr. Bartlett’s scales and weights.

    76. Dr. Bartlett’s drug chest.

    77. European drug chest, seventeenth century.

    78. Home medicine chest, London, about 1790.

    79. Lancets and lancet case.

    80. Fleam.

    81. Porcelain bleeding bowl, Chinese export.

    82. Pewter bleeding bowl, English, about 1790.

    83. Pewter glyster, eighteenth century.

    Tailpieces The skeletons of men and animals, by Gerard Vandergucht, are from the Osteographia, or the Anatomy of the Bones (London, 1733) of Dr. William Cheselden (1688–1752), the influential surgeon of St. Thomas’ Hospital in London whose works were widely read by colonial American physicians. The three skeletons on page 19 are a tribute to the Fabrica of Andreas Vesalius (1543). Courtesy Boston Medical Library.