20. From [Jeffery Amherst], 14 June 1759

    21. To [Israel Williams], 4 March 1760

    22. To Jeffery Amherst, May 1760

    23. To Jeffery Amherst, 3 June 1760

    24. To Jeffery Amherst, 7 June 1760

    25. To Jeffery Amherst, 21 June 1760

    26. To Jeffery Amherst, 7 July 1760

    Thomas Hutchinson assumed command of the province during Thomas Pownall’s absence on an expedition to the Penobscot region of Maine during April and May 1759. The expedition was intended both to secure the area for Britain and assert Massachusetts’ claims to the region against those of Nova Scotia. Although the relationship between Hutchinson and Pownall had always been uneasy, the governor took particular umbrage at decisions made by Hutchinson during his absence, believing Hutchinson overstepped his authority as lieutenant governor. Jeffery Amherst, who succeeded James Abercromby as North American commander-in-chief, was no admirer of Pownall, and reports of the general’s suspicions about Pownall’s conduct may well have prompted authorities in England to replace him.

    The small selection included here of a much larger correspondence in the War Office Papers illustrates the cordial working relationship that developed between Hutchinson and Amherst. Throughout the war, Hutchinson, in his capacity as lieutenant governor, assisted in raising troops, marshalling supplies, and securing deserters. His dispatch of the myriad details necessary to sustain the war effort won Amherst’s increasing respect.

    When Hutchinson became acting governor during the brief interval between Pownall’s departure for England on 3 June and Francis Bernard’s arrival on 2 August 1760, he was no longer subject to Pownall’s interference, and the cooperation between Hutchinson and Amherst became ever more effective in the closing months of the war in North America.

    20. From [Jeffery Amherst]1

    Camp at Fort Edward 14th. June 1759

    Sir, I have already had the pleasure of thanking you, for the Zeal with which you contributed to the publick Service, during your Short administration; and I am now to Acknowledge, the further part you have been so good as to take upon you, in disbursing your own Money, towards the payment of the billetting, of the remainder of the Detachment of Louisburg, & the 300 of the New Levies which, at my desire, you sent to join Major General Wolfe,2 which it would not be just that you should lay out of and therefore, I enclose you a Warrant for the Amount thereof, being £153.13 which you will please to present to Mr. Wheelwright, & lest, as the Military Chest is very low, he Should delay paying the Same, I here join a Letter to him, with directions to acquit it immediately.3

    By the list of the Several Companies of the additional Levies, ^[illegible]^ of the Same Enlistment Embarked for Louisburg, I See with concern, that you are near two hundred deficient of the last 1500, but as the Govr. is returned, I write to him on that Subject by this occasion.4 I am &ca.

    AC (National Archives UK, WO 34/27, f. 158); at foot of letter, “Lt Governor Hutchinson.” Enclosures not found.

    21. To [Israel Williams]

    Boston 4 March 1760

    Dear Sir, Mr Bernard has wrote Mr Pownall that he thought he could not well be here until the middle of next month, but an Answer went immediately back to acquaint Mr Bernard it was necessary he should come away without any delay.1 As to the source or spring of these changes, I have no doubt they were ^designed^ for the advancement of all the persons concerned. S. Carolina being supposed to be worth double this Government, and this is supposed better than the Jersies, and Jamaica better than either. The Governor is going to England & talks as if he had a good chance for remaining there.2

    Lieutenant General Jeffery Amherst, 1758. Amherst succeeded Lord Loudoun as commander-in-chief during the final phases of the French and Indian War. Amherst’s suspicions of Thomas Pownall may have led to the appointment of a replacement as governor of Massachusetts. By Joseph Blackburn. Courtesy of Mead Art Museum, Amherst College. Gift of Mrs. Richard K. Webel.

    The People of this Town design to make an Attempt at Town Meeting to instruct their Representatives to forward the choice of an Agent a Petition being preferred for that purpose. I find its what every body does not approve of.

    I am very sure General Amherst must know the reason I have never wrote to him since the Governor returned from Penobscot.3 Notwithstanding all my caution I have had hints of endeavours to make a difference between those two persons which if I had ever wrote to him would not have been hints but a direct charge. Its certainly best to continue this caution while this Gentleman stays and until the other is acquainted with our Affairs & can judge of Men and Things by his own Experience and any Impressions he may receive from his Predecessor are worn out. People that know Mr. Bernard say he is not a Man of Intrigue, that he loves to be quiet himself & is willing other People should be so too. Tell Colo. Partridge the Court will sit the 18.4 I hope he will be down. I am Sir Your very Humble Servant,     Tho Hutchinson

    RC (Massachusetts Historical Society, Israel Williams Papers); unaddressed.

    22. To Jeffery Amherst

    Boston May 1760

    Sir, I have never taken the liberty of writing to your Excellency upon any Subject except what relates to the Service under your direction and this at a time when the Governor has been absent and, as I thought, the Duty of my Place required it of me.1 I beg leave now, in a few words, to acquaint you that I am so unfortunate as to have intirely lost Mr Pownall’s Friendship, & I think without any fault on my part, I am sure very much against my Inclination. All Confidence in me has been at an end for some months past, and he has uttered some menaces which may affect me not only here, but also on the other side the Water. Soon after his return from Penobscot he expressed his sense of some Acts of Government, not as being exceptionable in themselves, but unwarrantable because done by me while he was within the Limits of the Province, and has spoke of my desert for them, in coarser language than was decent.2 I am very sure the Service must have suffered if I had done less than I did, and I acted with all possible caution to avoid giving him any Offence.

    I am not very anxious about my Post, for the sake of any Profit that does or is even like to attend it, but I am concerned for my Reputation and am loth to be disgraced, and yet if his Influence in England be equal to what he apprehends I must be in danger of it, my connexions there being very small.

    If I have any pretence Sir to ask any favour from you it can be only this, that if my Conduct was approved by you, I know I did my Endeavour it might be, you would be so good as to make some light mention of it, if it may be done with propriety. I do not desire to detract from Mr Pownall nor to lessen him in your Esteem.

    I must again apologize for this freedom & pray that you will be pleased to impute it to a regard to my Character which I am sure is injured. I have the honor to be with very great Respect Sir Your most Humble & most Obedient Servant,

    Tho Hutchinson

    RC (National Archives UK, WO 34/26, f. 65); at foot of letter, “His Excellency Major General Amherst.”

    23. To Jeffery Amherst

    Boston 3d. June 1760

    Sir, The Governor embarked this day about noon.1 While the Administration remains with me I will have a very peculiar Regard to those Affairs which respect the Service under your command, have already began to enquire into them for I have been but little acquainted with them for some time past & have had scarce any part of the Correspondence between your Excellency & the Governor communicated to me until three or four of the last Letters nor do I find that any of the Letters are left in the Province. The Provision made by the Court for compleating the Levies I fear is insufficient.2 I hope to prevail on them to do something more effectual and if I had your sense of the Importance of it & the dishonour that a failure will Reflect upon them, that I may communicate it to them, it certainly will have great weight.

    I am in pain for the Fort at St. Johns River where only about 50 men remain. I despair of their continuing until any men can go from hence to Halifax & thence to St. Johns. I believe ordinarily the passage from Halifax to St. Johns is longer than from hence thither. If by this delay, the Garrison should be guilty of so bad an Action as to quit the Fort, & it should be taken possession of by the French it may occasion a great deal of Trouble. You will pardon my proposing to you the sending 50 at least of the 500 men to St. Johns direct instead of their going to Halifax first. My concern on this Head is indeed the principal Reason of my sending this Express. I have not heard that any thing has ever passed to or from Governor Lawrence upon this Subject.3 It is possible Colo. Arbuthnot may have wrote to him but he has taken no notice of his having done it in his Letters sent hither.4

    Major Christie shall have all the Assistance in my power to give him.5 I knew nothing of the extraordinary demand of the Merchants until a day or two after it was agreed to.6 I think it a dishonour to them. But I fancy had it not been complied with their Service would have been retarded.

    I see with grief the unusual backwardness & dilatoriness of our people. You will be pleased Sir to suggest to me every failure & the proper remedy. I have the honour to be Sir Your most Humble & most Obedient Servant,     Tho Hutchinson

    RC (National Archives UK, WO 34/26, f. 67); at foot of letter, “His Excellency General Amherst.”

    24. To Jeffery Amherst

    Boston 7. June 1760

    Sir, As any thing occurrs Relative to the Forces of this Province under your Excellency’s Command I communicate it; and send under this Cover copy of a Letter just received from the Commanding Officer at Annapolis Royal and the last Return of the Garrison there.

    For a fortnight past the enlistment of the new Levies has in a manner ceased. It begins to go on again and I flatter my self that by some means or other I shall compleat the 5000 men. About twenty odd of the 500 to go Eastward were ready to embark when the Governor sailed.1 I expect 300 for whom I have since given Commissions to be in Town by Tuesday next who shall go to Louisburgh and the remainder of the 500 I will cause to be raised with all the dispatch possible.2

    I would have afforded every assistance possible to Major Christie but he has applied himself with so much vigor & diligence that he has stood in need of no aid from me nor any one else. I am with very great Respect Sir Your most humble & most obedient Servant,

    Tho Hutchinson

    RC (National Archives UK, WO 34/26, f. 68); at foot of letter, “His Excellency General Amherst.” Enclosure: Jonathan Hoar to Thomas Pownall, 31 May 1760 (National Archives UK, WO 34/26, ff. 69–70).

    25. To Jeffery Amherst

    Boston 21. June 1760

    Sir, The General Assembly having made provision for a Courier from hence to Albany & back once a fortnight I send him two or three days sooner than I intended that he may carry the pacquets which Mr Hancock Received yesterday from Louisburgh which I doubt not contain all the Intelligence we have by the Vessel arrived from that place.1 She had nine days passage & they had Receivd no advices from Quebec when she came away.

    In consequence of the Letter you was pleased to write me by Wyer2 I have now 50 Men at the Castle waiting for a Vessel bound to the Bay of Fundy & which I am assured will be Ready by Monday or Tuesday.3 Mr Hancock has agreed for their passage to St. Johns River at two Dollars per man. It was not possible for me to get ready more than 116 privates before the last Transport sailed. That number went in the Squirrel Turner. I had determined the Remainder of the 300 for Louisburgh should go in the Province Ship King George that the charge of their Transportation might be saved but I have not been able to compleat the number. I have about 100 at the Castle and if I can’t make up the number in a day or two will send the Ship with them.

    I shall transmit Copy of a Message to me from the House of Representatives to show that they are in a better temper than they have been. I also send my Answer.4

    While I am writing a Vessel arrives from Quebec with the most agreeable Accounts we could hope to have received.5 I send Copy of my Letter from Mr. Murray.6 The Vessel is not got up to the Town & I cannot send your Pacquets but immediately after she gets up will either forward them or assist the Officer in making the utmost dispatch himself, so that I hope you will be but a few hours without them. I am with very great Respect Your Excellency’s most humble & most Obedient Servant,     Tho Hutchinson

    The Vessel was stop’d at the Castle in consequence of an Order given by Gov. Pownall for stopping all vessels from Quebec which I knew nothing of.

    RC (National Archives UK, WO 34/26, f. 71); at foot of letter, “His Excellency General Amherst.”

    26. To Jeffery Amherst

    Boston 7 July 1760

    Sir, I have two Letters from Governor Lawrence in both of which he expresses his apprehensions of the danger both of Fort Frederic and Fort Cumberland, and presses me to send 100 Men to each without delay.1 I have wrote him in answer that by consenting to the Mens being put under the Command of the General of His Majestys Forces the Governor of this Province had deprived himself of the right of destining them, that if I should send 100 to each of those Forts those for Louisburgh would be too much lessened; however I advised with the Council here and they were of opinion that Fort Cumberland would be in danger of falling into the Enemy’s hands if the Garrison was not strengthened; I ventured therefore to send 50 Men directly thither as well as 50 to Fort Frederic both which embarked the 29. June & sailed that night or the next morning as did also at the same time 70 Men on board the King George for Louisburgh. I hope you will not disapprove of this measure though the whole 300 for Louisburgh ^be not compleat.^ I have 18 Men more for Louisburgh at the Castle2 & may perhaps pick up 20 or 30 more who have inlisted but do not yet appear. It was not possible for me to raise a man more McNutt on whom I depended much having raised but little more than a hundred men.

    By the Returns made to me & the Commissions given out I find about 800 Men more raised to go Westward since Mr. Pownall sailed. They are beginning to march & I expect will all have marched in a few days.

    The latest news we have from Europe is in the inclosed Newspaper. I have the honor to be Your Excellencys most humble & most obedient Servant,

    Tho Hutchinson

    RC (National Archives UK, WO 34/26, f. 76); at foot of letter, “His Excellency Major General Amherst.” Enclosure not found.