The 9[th] Chapter

Of their voyage, & how they passed the sea;

and of their safe arrival at

Cape Cod • 〜 •  〜 •  〜 .

These troubles being blown over, and now all being compact together in oneSeptember 6. ship, they put to sea again with a prosperous wind, which continued diverse days together, which was some Encouragement unto them, yet according to the usual manner many were afflicted with seasickness. And I may not omit here a special work of God’s providence; there was a proud & very profane young man, one of the seamen, of ^a^ lusty able body, which made him the more haughty; he would alway be contemning the poor people in their sickness, & cursing them daily with grievous execrations; and did not let to tell them, that he hoped to help to cast half of them overboard before they came to their Journey’s end, and to make merry with what they had; and if he were by any gently reproved, he would curse and swear most bitterly. But it pleased God before they came half seas over, to smite this young man with a grievous disease, of which he died in a desperate manner; and ^so^ was himself the first that was thrown overboard; thus his curses light on his own head; and it was an astonishment to all his fellows, for they noted it to be the Just hand of God upon him.

After they had Enjoyed fair winds, and weather for a season, they were encountered many times with cross winds, and met with many fierce storms, with which the ship was so shroudly1 shaken, and her upper works made very leaky; and one of the main beams in the midships was bowed & cracked, which put them in some fear, that the ship could not be able to perform the voyage. So some of the chief of the company (perceiving the mariners to fear the sufficiency of the ship, as appeared by their mutterings) they entered into serious consultation with the master, & other officers of the ship, to consider in time of the danger; and rather to return, than to cast themselves into a desperate, & inevitable peril. And truly there was great distraction, & difference of opinion amongst the mariners themselves; fain would they do what could be done for their wages’ sake (being now near half ^the^2 seas over), and on the other hand they were loath to hazard their lives too desperately. But in examining of all opinions, the master & others affirmed they knew the ship to be strong, & firm underwater, and for the buckling of the main beam, there was a great Iron screw the passengers brought out of Holland, which would raise the beam into his place; the which being done, the carpenter, & master affirmed that with a post put under it, set firm in the lower deck, & other ways bound he would make it sufficient.3 And as for the decks & upper works they would caulk them as well as they could, and though with the working of the ship they [46] would not long keep stanch,4 yet there would otherwise be no great danger, if they did not overpress her with sails; so they committed themselves to the will of God, & resolved to proceed. In sundry of these storms the winds were so fierce, and the seas so high, as they could not bear a knot of sail, but were forced to Hull,5 for diverse days together; And in one of them as they thus lay at Hull in ^a^ mighty storm, a lusty young man (called John Howland)6 coming upon some occasion above the gratings, was with a seele7 of the ship thrown into sea; but it pleased God, that he caught hold of the topsail halyards, which hung overboard, & ran out at length; yet he held his hold (though he was sundry fadoms8 under water) till he was haled9 up by the same rope to the brim of the water; and then with a boathook, & other means got into the ship again & his life saved, and though he was something ill with it, yet he lived many years after, and became a profitable member, both in church & commonwealth. In all this voyage there died but one of the passengers, which was (William Butten,10 a youth, servant to Samuel Fuller),11 when they drew near the coast. But to omit other things (that I may be brief), after long beating at sea, they fell with that land which is called Cape Cod; the which being made, & certainly known to be it they were not a little Joyful. After some deliberation had amongst themselves, & with the master of the ship; they tacked about, and resolved to stand for the southward (the wind & weather being fair) to find some place, about Hudson’s River for their habitation.12 But after they had sailed that course about half the day, they fell amongst dangerous shoals,13 and ^roaring^ breakers, and they were so far Entangled therewith, as they conceived themselves in great danger, & the wind shrinking upon them withal, they resolved to bear up again for the Cape; and thought themselves happy to get out of those dangers, before night overtook them, as by God’s good providence they did; And the next day they got into the Cape harbor where they rid in safety. A word or two by the way of this cape; It was thus first named by x Because they took much of that fish there.Captain Gosnold, & his company,x Anno 1602.14 And after by Captain Smith was called Cape James,15 but it retains the former name amongst seamen. Also that point which first shewed those dangerous shoals unto them, they called Point Care, & Tucker’s Terrour; but the French, & Dutch to this day call it Malabar, by reason of those perilous shoals, and the losses they have suffered there.

Being thus arrived in a good harbor, and brought safe to land, they fell upon their knees & blessed the God of heaven,16 who had brought them over the vast, & furious ocean, and delivered them from all the perils, & miseries thereof; again to set their feet on the firm and stable earth, their proper Element. And no marvel if they were thus Joyful, seeing wise Seneca was so Epistle 53.affected with sailing a few miles on the coast of his own Italy; as he affirmed, that he had rather remain twenty years on his way by land, than pass by sea to any place in a short time; so tedious, & dreadful was the same unto him.17

But here I cannot but stay, and make a pause, and stand half amazed at this poor people’s present condition; and so I think will the reader too, when he well [47] Considers the same. Being thus passed the vast ocean, and a sea of troubles before in their preparation (as may be remembered by that which went before) they had now no friends to welcome them, nor Inns to entertain, or refresh their weatherbeaten bodies, no houses, or much less towns to repair to, to seek for succour; It is recorded in Scripture as a mercyActs 28[:2]. to the apostle & his shipwrecked company, that the barbarians shewed them no small kindness in refreshing them,18 but these savage barbarians, when they met with them (as after will appear) were readier to fill their sides full of arrows than otherwise. And for the season it was winter, and they that know the winters of that country, know them to be sharp & violent, & subject to cruel & fierce storms, dangerous to travel to known places, much more to search an unknown coast. Besides what could they see, but a hideous & desolate wilderness, full of wild beasts, & wild men, and what multitudes there might ^be^ of them they knew not; neither could they (as it were) go up to the top of Pisgah,19 to view from this wilderness, a more goodly country to feed their hopes; for which way soever they turned their eyes (save upward to the heavens) they could have little solace or content, in respect of any outward objects, for summer being done, all things stand upon them with a weatherbeaten face; and the whole country (full of woods & thickets) represented a wild & savage hue; If they looked behind them, there was the mighty Ocean which they had passed, and was now as a main bar, & gulf, to separate them from all the Civil parts of the world. If it be said they had a ship to succour them, it is true; but what heard they daily from the master & company? but that with speed they should look out a place (with their shallop) where they would be, at some near distance; for the season was such, as he would not stir from thence, till a safe harbor was discovered by them, where they would be, and he might go without danger; and that victuals consumed apace, but he must & would keep sufficient for themselves, & their return; yea it was muttered by some, that if they got not a place in time, they would turn them, & their goods ashore, & leave them. Let it be also considered what weak hopes of supply, & succour, they left behind them; that might bear up their minds in this sad condition, and trials they were under; and they could not but be very small; It is true indeed, the affections ^& love^20 of their Brethren at Leiden was cordial & entire towards them, but they had little power to help them, or themselves; and how the case stood between them, & the merchants, at their coming away hath already been declared. What could now sustain them, but the spirit of God & his grace? May not, Deut. 26:5, 7.& ought ^not^ the children of these fathers rightly say, “Our fathers were Englishmen which came over this great ocean, and were ready to perish in this wilderness, but they cried unto the Lord, and he heard their voice, ‘and 107[th] Psalm, vv. 1, 2, 4, 5, 8.looked on their adversity,’ &c. Let them therefore ‘praise the Lord, because he is good; & his mercies endure forever.’ Yea, ‘let them which have been redeemed of the Lord, shew how he hath delivered them from the hand of the oppressour, when they wandered in the desert wilderness out of the way, and found no city to dwell in; both hungry, & thirsty, their soul was overwhelmed in them. Let them confess before the Lord his loving kindness, and his wonderful works before the sons of men.’”