The Governor Continues the Debate

    1073. To James Gambier, 19 February 1773

    1074. To Israel Mauduit, 20 February 1773

    1075. To William Tryon, 20 February 1773

    1076. To Lord Dartmouth, 22 February 1773

    1077. To Sir Francis Bernard, 23 February 1773

    1078. To Richard Jackson, 23 February 1773

    1079. To Alexander Mackay, 23 February 1773

    1080. To Thomas Pownall, 23 February 1773

    1081. To John Pownall, 24 February 1773

    1082. To [Sir Francis Bernard], 25 February 1773

    1083. To William Palmer, 25 February 1773

    1084. From Lord Dartmouth, 3 March 1773

    Hutchinson must have realized that both House and Council would not back away from the points they had made, but he was deeply shocked by the House’s explicit denial of the authority of Parliament. His answer on 16 February largely ignored the arguments presented by the Council in order to respond in greater depth to the assertions of the House. Hutchinson particularly focused his attack on the historical precedents John Adams had used to claim Massachusetts was not part of the realm of England and therefore not subject to Parliament. In his correspondence, Hutchinson claimed he was reluctant to continue the debate, but a number of friends of government urged him not to wait until the end of the session to respond. If he did so while the House and Council could issue their own rejoinders, then no one could later claim the debate was cut off before the controversy was fully aired. See also TH History, 3:272.

    1073. To James Gambier

    Boston 19 Feb 1773

    Dear Sir, I am involved in spite of my self in a fresh Controversy with my two Houses. I have always avoided the point of the Supremacy of Parl. only as I have taken it for granted & that it was not to be disputed. The grand Incendiary having tried every measure besides to bring the Province into an open declaration of Independency at length projected a plan first to bring the Town of B. into it & then into a Vote to send their Resolves to every other Town & District in the Province with a desire to adopt them and to appoint Comittees to correspond with a Comittee of the Town of Boston & to concert measures for maintaining their principles.1 The several Towns having made their Resolves there would be but little difficulty in bringing their Representatives to agree to them in the House and this being done the other Assemblies throughout the Continent were to be desired by a circular letter to join with the House of Massa Bay.

    Upon the invitation of Bost the Towns of Plimouth Charlest Cambr Marblehead Newbury and I suppose an hundred more of the Towns met & passed the same Resolves.

    I could no longer dispence with bearing the most open testimony against such extravagances and at the next meeting of the assembly I endeavourd to shew them what their constitution was & called upon them to join with me in supporting it or to shew me wherein I was erroneous.

    I send you my Speech their answers & my reply which may be some little amusement to you though I have need to apologize for labouring to prove points so evident.2 The prejudices people were under made it necessary. Can you believe that all those cloudy inconclusive expressions in the Councils answer came from B [space in MS]3 They certainly did and the contempt with which I have treated them enrages him but he has compelled me to it.

    By employing them in this way they have been kept hitherto from perfecting their plan and about one half the Towns in the Province have hitherto refrained from complying with Boston but every thing is uncertain & nothing more is in my power than to stand my ground against a constant opposition and now & then to throw something before them to catch at & divert them from their main object tearing the Constitution to pieces.

    Your friends live much as they did when you was here. My attention is necessarily more employed in the Affairs of Government than it was then & I have no time even for that exercise which is necessary for my health much less for amusements.

    My compliments to Mrs. Gambier. I am glad to hear of the great progress of my little daughter & I wish to hear that your eldest has perfectly recovered.4 I was in hopes to have remained obscure but I see they abuse me in your papers & that Mr. T. is supposed to be the man who furnishes materials.5 I cant help it & I am too far off to defend my self. I am Dear Sir Your faithful & most obedient Servant,

    AC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 27:448–49).

    1074. To Israel Mauduit

    Boston 20 Feb 1773


    Dear Sir, You know so much of America that I think the constitution of the Towns of this Province cannot have escaped you, they being, all alike, by one Act or Law made a Corporation as democratick as possible.

    Our principal Incendiary has a great deal of low art and cunning and laid his plan first to bring the Town of Boston into a declaration of Independency upon any Legislative Authority without the Province & then into a Vote to invite every other Town to join in the same declaration & to appoint a Committee to correspond with a Boston Committee to concert measures for maintaining the Independence. The Assembly was to follow the Example of the Towns & to invite every other Assembly upon the Continent to make the same declaration &ca. So many principal Towns had followed the example of Boston that I could no longer avoid calling upon the Assembly to join with me in measures to discountenance such irregularities. To do this without explaining their constitution & shewing that they were departing from it would have produced some sudden rash resolves of the H of Rep. & encouraged the Towns to go on with greater rapidity. By putting them upon examining their Constitution I think I shall expose the absurdity of these principles & I certainly have put a stop for the present to the progress of the Towns & Districts which are in number about 240 more than 1/3d of which had called their meetings before they had seen my Speech to the Assembly and I hear of scarce any which have done it since whereas if they had been suffered to go on without notice I have no doubt that nine Towns in ten would have been drawn into the association & I am not sure that any one Town would have had courage to stand out after so great a proportion had engaged.

    I think besides it was high time the principles of the Leaders here should be known in England. I say the Leaders because I suppose of about 100 in the H of R who voted unanimously the Answer to my Speech not ten could give any account of what they had done.

    In some way or other we must be convinced that Parl at all events will maintain its Supremacy & will provide for the [six words in code] I think if the people could be brought to believe that the Parl was resolved upon it peace & tranquility would be restored.

    I send you the Answers of the Council & H of R & my reply to them the Speech I directed to you before under a blank Cover.1 I am with great esteem Sir Your faithful & most obedient Servant,

    AC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 27:450–51); at foot of letter, “Israel Mauduit Eq.”

    1075. To William Tryon

    Boston 20. Feby 1773

    Sir, A petition has been presented to the General Court of this Province by one Gill Belcher late an Inhabitant of the County of Berkshire in Massachusets Bay and now a prisoner in the County of Albany in the Province of New York setting forth that he has been indicted tried and found guilty of an offence committed in the Town of Sheffield in the said County of Berkshire, which if it had been committed in the Province of New York would have been Felony, but if committed in this Province would be Trespass only; and that for this offence he is under sentence of death. The Council and House of Representatives having taken this Petition into consideration, have passed a Vote which I shall transmit under this cover.1

    I have been informed that by an Act of the General Assembly of New York the County of Albany has been extended to Connecticut River.2

    The Authority of this Province have never countenanced any exercise of jurisdiction West of the Line reported by the Lords of Trade since that Report was made, but have had actual jurisdiction in all parts East of that line as far as Connecticut River, and they supposed the Government of New York would not attempt to exercise jurisdiction East of the line.3

    An Act extending the bounds of a County, your Excellency will agree, cannot give jurisdiction if the Province itself had not jurisdiction when the Act was passed.

    Unless there was legal evidence that the offence for which this Gill Belcher or any other persons under the like circumstance are sentenced to suffer the pains of death was committed West of the line aforesaid I am bound not only in compliance with the desire of my Council and House of Representatives, but by the principles of natural justice to intercede with your Excellency that such Sentences may not be carried into execution.

    I find that many of our Inhabitants who live West of Connecticut River are much disturbed by an apprehension that those sentences will be executed, and I have reason to fear that any attempts of the Government of New York to exercise jurisdiction East of the temporary line aforesaid will be attended with very disagreeable consequences which I know your Excellency wishes to avoid and which I shall always think my self bound to prevent as far as lies in my power. I have the honour to be Your Excellency’s most humble & most obedient Servant,

    RC (Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Simon Gratz Collection); at foot of letter, “His Excellency Governor Tryon.” AC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 27:449–50); at foot of letter, “His Excely Gov Tryon.” SC (National Archives UK, CO 5/762, ff. 296–97); at foot of letter, “His Excellency Governor Tryon.”

    1076. To Lord Dartmouth

    Boston 22d Feby 1773

    (No 13)

    My Lord, I have received your Lordship’s Letter No 4 of the 9th. of December.

    Under cover with this Letter I shall transmit to your Lordship attested copies of my Speech to the two Houses and of their separate Answers and of my Reply. The necessity of this proceeding now appears by the event, for the Towns had gone on with such rapidity in their meetings that it is judged fourscore at least, out of about 250, had declared against the Supremacy of Parliament, by adopting the Resolves of Boston or by express Resolves of their own, and I can’t learn that more than one or two have called a Meeting of their Inhabitants since my Speech appeared in print, but there is no doubt, if they had not been diverted in this way, that before this time most of the rest, if not every one, would have made the same declaration.

    I intended to have given the two Houses of Assembly no Room for further altercation, but the friends of Government were of opinion that, it would be of great service, by opening people’s eyes, and that it would have a lasting effect further to expose the absurdity of the strange principles in Government which the greater part of all orders of men seem to have embraced, through an unaccountable infatuation, for if they could be indulged in Independency they would presently become the most distressed and miserable people upon earth.

    The opposition to the Salaries of the Judges springs from the same principles. I shall cover also the Messages and Answers upon that Subject. A Committee of the House of Representatives who were appointed to consider this Affair inquired of the Judges, the Court being now held at Boston, whether they would accept Salaries from the King. The Judges avoided a direct answer and acquainted the Committee that they had not sufficient knowledge of the tenor of the Grants made by His Majesty, nor had they received any Warrants, and one or more added that it was possible the Governor might not have it in his power to consent to any Salaries from the Assembly.1

    I was apprehensive that I should be put to some difficulty to secure the payment of the Salaries to the Judges for that part of the last year which preceded the date of their Warrants, seeing the Grants of the Assembly are made for an intire year, and I did not think it proper to shew my approbation of their receiving any Salaries from the Province after their Salaries from the Crown commenced; but a Message from the House gave me an opportunity of declaring my intention, and although I have consented to the Grants for the whole year I have taken a precaution from each of the Judges that they will claim no farther Salary from the Province than for such time as shall be exclusive of the time for which they may receive Salaries from the King.2

    After the House saw that I signed the Grants with that precaution, they made other Grants of the like Sums for the year to come. This having never been done before, was so evidently designed to counteract His Majesty’s intention that I refused my Assent to them.3 In both these Grants they have advanced the Salaries of the Chief Justice & the other Judges from 160£ lawful money per annum the first to £300, the others to £250.4

    What other steps they will take is uncertain but I fear they will be very unwarrantable.

    I acquainted many of the Members with that part of your Lordships Letter of the 2d of Septr. which relates to the Province House and then I sent them a Message recommending the repairs of it but after a debate there was but about 1/3d of the House in favour of it.5 It is not only in such a condition as to make it a dishonour to His Majesty for the Governor to dwell in it, but it is in so ruinous a state that it will scarcely be habitable another winter. I am very respectfully My Lord Your Lordship’s most humble and most obedient Servant,

    RC (National Archives UK, CO 5/762, ff. 54–55); at foot of letter, “Rt Honble. the Earl of Dartmouth”; docketed, “Boston 22d. Febry. 1773 Governor Hutchinson (No. 13) Rx. 7 April.” DupRC (National Archives UK, CO 5/895, ff. 48–49); at head of letter, “Duplicate”; at foot of letter, “Rt Honb the Earl of Dartmouth”; docketed, “Massachusets. Duplicate of a Letter No. 13 from Govr. Hutchinson to the Earl of Dartmouth, dated Febry 22, 1773, relative to the proceedings of the Towns with regard to their votes against the Supremacy of Parliament;—the salaries of the Judges;—and the ruinous state of the Province House. P.p. 19. Read Decr: 20. 1773.” AC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 27:451–52); at head of letter, “Hatch”; primarily in EH’s hand. SC (National Archives UK, CO 5/768, ff. 292–96); docketed, “Govr. Hutchinson, Boston 22d. Febry 1773 (No. 13) Rx 7th April”; at end of letter, “Inclosure 1. Message from the House of Representatives of the 3d. of Febry 1773 & the Governor’s Answer. 2. Message from the House of Representatives of the 12th. of Febry 1773. 3. Message from the House of Representatives of the 16th of Febry 1773 & the Governor’s Answer. 4. Message from the Govr to the House of Representatives of the 19th Febry 1773, on the ruinous State of the Province House. 5. Message from the Govr; to Do. upon the salaries allowed to the Judges. 6. Speech of the Govr. to the Assembly of the 6th Janary 1773. & Answers thereto with another speech of the Govr. all on the Subject of the Charter Rights, & attested by the Secretary.” SC (Houghton Library, Sparks 10, 4:32); docketed, “Hutchinson To Dartmouth”; at end of letter, “[P.p.19. Read Decr. 20. 1773.]” (brackets in original). SC (Houghton Library, Sparks 43, 1:159); docketed, “Thos: Hutchinson to Lord Dartmouth”; excerpt of the first three paragraphs only. Enclosures to RC: Massachusetts House of Representatives to TH, 3 February 1773 (National Archives UK, CO 5/762, f. 56); TH to the House of Representatives, 4 February 1773 (ff. 56–57); House of Representatives to TH, 12 February 1773 (ff. 58–59); House of Representatives to TH, 16 February 1773 (f. 60); TH to the House of Representatives, 16 February 1773 (ff. 60–61); TH to the House of Representatives, 19 February 1773 (ff. 62–63); TH to the Massachusetts General Court, 23 February 1773 (ff. 64–65); TH’s speech to the General Court, 6 January 1773 (ff. 66–73); Massachusetts Council to TH, 25 January 1773 (ff. 74–83); House of Representatives to TH, n.d. (ff. 84–95); TH to the General Court, February 1773 (ff. 96–107).

    1077. To Sir Francis Bernard

    Boston 23 Feb 1773


    Dear Sir, I have never received one line from you nor concerning you since your letter of the 5 of Augt.1 I cannot refrain writing to you. The papers I inclose will shew what we are about. Adams brought above 80 Towns to declare openly against the authority of Parlt. & I question whether ten Towns in the Province would have stood out if I had not called upon the two Houses just as I did. You will think they have made miserable work of it & yet you have the utmost effort of Bowdoins Genius in one House & Hawleys & Adamss in the other. What will Parliament say to this?

    I hope the January Packet will bring me something from you. I am Dear Sir Your faithful humble Servant,

    AC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 27:456); at foot of letter, “Sir F Bernard Esq.”

    1078. To Richard Jackson

    Boston 23 February 1773


    Dear Sir, You know very well the Constitution of Towns in the N England Governments that they are perfect democracies and altho the Law limits their power to matters of Publick concernment to the respective Towns yet they have been long used to pass Votes which concern the affairs of the Province especially the Town of Boston. The Livery of London I suppose have a check but there is none here & they assemble when and for what purposes they please.1 So many Towns had met & adopted the principles of Boston that I was obliged to call upon the Assembly to join with me in discountenancing such irregularities. You will discover from the paper which I inclose to you the Principles which by far the greater part of the people have for some years past avowed & which have influenced all the Proceedings of the Council & H of R.

    I am told this discussion will have a good effect.

    Be the event what it may I should have been justly reprehensible if I had not interposed. I am Sir Your faithful & most obedient humble Servant,

    AC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 27:455); at foot of letter, “Mr Jackson.”

    1079. To Alexander Mackay

    Boston 23 Feb 1773


    Dear Sir, Since I last did my self the honour of writing to you we have been tolerably quiet. Government it must be owned has had little force & has been obliged to submit to affronts menaces &ca for which in regular times the Authors would have been severely punished. The restless Incendiary laid a new Scheme to promote his professed Independance. By a Law made soon after one Charles & unfortunately allowed by the Crown every Town is a distinct Corporation1 & altho their powers are limited to matters of publick concernment to the Town yet when the Inhabitants are once assembled they take upon them all matters of Government & they are sure that their Representatives in the General Assembly will never consent to any Act to controul or restrain them. It seemed then to be no difficult matter to bring the several Towns into seprate Votes & Resolves against the Supremacy of Parl. Boston came easily & unanimously into it for the men of Estate & Understanding would not attend & 2 or 300 generally of the lowest Order carried all before them. Boston sent circular Letter[s] to every Town & District with Town privilege in number about 250 to invite them to join & to appoint Comittees of Correspondence to concert measures for maintaining the principles. Most of the principal Towns soon followed the Example & more than 1/3d of the whole number had joined in the Confederacy before my Assembly met. It was not possible for me to avoid bringing this proceeding before them & it could be to no purpose unless by shewing them the true principles of their Constitution I made it to appear that they were acting directly contrary to them.

    I will take the Liberty to cover the Papers which have passed between us. I have stopped the Progress of the Towns for the present & I think have stopped the Prosecution of another part of the Scheme which was for this Assembly to invite every other Assembly upon the Continent to assert the same Principles. This part has been acknowledged to me by the Speaker who is in all these measures. I am told that this discussion will have a general good effect in the Colonies. It must convince you in England of our real intentions. Be the event what it may I could not avoid it without very great unfaithfulness to the Trust reposed in me.

    I beg that no publick mention may be made of my communicating my Sentiments to you. Mr T—— tho a Crown Officer as well as some others in London are continually furnishing their Correspondents here with intelligence of every thing they can collect of my Letters publick or private in order to distress Government & to prejudice the minds of the people against me in particular.2 I am with great esteem & respect Sir Your most obedient humble Servant,

    AC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 27:454–55); at end of letter, “Gen Mackay.”

    1080. To Thomas Pownall

    Boston 23 Feb 1773


    Dear Sir, From the papers inclosed you will know as much of our Affairs as I am able to tell you. I ask some of the Council & of the House how it was possible for them to vote such absurdities they answer we had a mind to have everything said that could be said in favour of the cause but suspended our determination until we received your Reply.1 Whether they are finally convinced or not I tell them Parlt will by some means or other maintain its Supremacy. I am Sir Your faithful & most obedient Servant,

    AC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 27:456); at foot of letter, “Gov Pownall.”

    1081. To John Pownall

    Boston 24 Feb 1773


    Dear Sir, Our Incendiaries had inflamd the minds of the people to that degree upon the subject of the Salaries that I have not been without apprehensions of new tumults & outrages & have had no small difficulty to maintain my ground in such manner as to avoid them.

    Hearing of some rash speeches of a popular man such as these If this wont do something else must. If the Judges will not refuse the Salaries from the King they must take the consequence and the like. I sent for him & altho he was loth to own them I told him he might depend upon it that as he was at the head of what they affect to call the Commons & as he signed all the extraordinary votes which had passed upon the subject of the Salaries some of which were inflammatory he might be assured that if any outrages were committed, as some had threatned, sooner or later they would be revenged on him for altho’ they had gone such a length as they had without animadversions there were bounds which the nation would not suffer to be exceeded & when once rouzed there would be no withstanding.1 He seemed alarmed & altho he acknowledged or conceded that some of the other Leaders wished to see a Mob yet there was nothing he dreaded more. Upon this occasion he confessed to me the Plan of the Party to have sent their circular Letters to every Assembly upon the Continent to join with them in denying the Supremacy of Parliament but pretended he was not let into it until the Assembly met which I could not easily believe.

    This part of their Plan is I think diverted for after my Speech appeared in print scarce any Town Meeting was called & altho’ some foolish things may be yet done at some of their annual meetings next month yet they will fall much short of what was intended. In some way or other Towns must be restrained from such eccentrick Proceedings or the Government will never be orderly. The Authority here will do nothing towards it nor do I see any prospect of their taking any other step towards order whilst this point of the Supremacy of Parliament is suffered to be denied or called in question.

    I required the Attorny General to prepare a Bill to be laid before the Grand Jury charging an infamous Printer with publishing a treasonable Libel upon the King.2 He assured me that it would prove a fruitless attempt & added that it always will be so until the people are convinced that Parliament will support its authority & he added further that he knew so well the state of the different parts of the Province that he was sure nothing more was wanting than the appearance of resolution in Parliament at all events to compell a submission and that the prevailing opinion is that if they will but speak out & boldly assert their Rights Parlt will be afraid to meddle with them which opinion they are confirmed in by observing that the most audacious defiance of this authority by so many Towns as well as by the Weekly Libellers Passes with impunity.

    Give me leave to inclose to you copy of a Letter I received a few days since from one W. S & having been recommended to My Lord H by Sir F. B brought a Letter to me from his Lordship desiring me to give him some place if it should be in my power.3 I am sure I should have given S. the preference to one of my own Sons to have complied with his Lordships desire but S’s character renders him unfit for any place of Trust & it could not be so well known to Sir Francis as it is to me who had seen much of his management in the Probate Office as a Sollicitor in settling the Estates of persons deceased. About two months ago the Register of the Probate Court in the County of Essex died. The place is fairly worth about 100 or at most 120£ sterling a year but there is scarce any place where there is more opportunity of squeezing poor Widows & Orphans & I told Story upon application to me that he would be disagreeable to the County for upon a rumor that he was a Candidate some of the principal Gentlemen took exception.

    When he went to Engd he made a composition with most of his Creditors here but not all & upon his return great part of the goods which he took up there were seized by such Creditors as did not compound and the rest he got rid of as he could and I had reason to think that in a short time he would be called to account for them. The appointment of such a person would have dishonored Government. He suffered from Reports raised against him as a Deputy Register in the Court of Admiralty, the truth or falshood of which I do not know & not as a friend to Government for he never was and his connections both then & since were and are with the opposers of Government. There is no doubt his loss by the Mob was fully made up by the Gen. Court.4

    Upon my declining to appoint him he sent me the Letter of which the inclosed is copy, the original I keep that if ever he raises any false reports of what I have wrote to England I may shew his motives to it.5 I trouble you with this Narrative that if ever he should make any complaints to Lord D or Lord H you may be able to acquaint their Lordships with the reason of my conduct. If he should not I have no other prejudice against him than what I have against every bad man with whose character I am not peculiarly obligd to concern my self. If his Character had stood well before this Letter alone is sufficient to blast it & the same hand would be capable of framing an incendiary Letter. I am with very great regard & esteem Sir Your obliged & most obedient,

    AC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 27:457–58); at head of letter, “Mr Jno Pownall.” Contemporary printing: Boston Gazette, 14 April 1777 (fifth through seventh paragraphs only).

    1082. To [Sir Francis Bernard]1

    Boston 25 Feb. 1773


    Dear Sir, Mr Story whose principles in Government I always knew if he had any to be different from yours and mine & whose connexions are & always were with the disturbers of Government has sent me one of the most insolent incendiary Letters that ever I received. I send you a copy of it as I have done to Mr Pownall lest he should write any thing to my prejudice. If I could have given him any place which was suitable for him I would have done it but a place of trust in which he could have been hard to say the least upon the people in his demands would have made me obnoxious & I could not have justified it. The Register of Probates place in Essex fell by the death of Rogers.2 He applied for it but some of the principal persons in the County were greatly alarmed & intreated me not to appoint him.

    I told him the reason of my refusal which caused him to send the Letter. Now I know from long experience I had as Judge of that Court how much it is in the power of the Register to oppress the people & have been often forced to interpose when there was no other intention than the natural bias of men to make the most they lawfully may for their own interest.3

    Besides his general character he is in the most distressed circumstances great part of the goods he took up in London having been seized by his former creditors and the rest are reported sold at vendue or in some way different from that of other Importers so that I should have hurt Government by appointing such a person.

    I know he has represented things differently to you & that you thought more favorably of him than I did but he gave you false accounts & I think the baseness of his menace in his letter to me is enough alone to settle his character & the same heart would have demanded a sum of money on pain of having my house set on fire if it could have been done with impunity. I wish to have you think favorably of every thing I do or I would not have given you the trouble of this letter. I am Dear Sir Your faithful humble,

    AC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 27:459).

    1083. To William Palmer

    Boston 25 Feb. 1773.


    Sir, I have two or three lines from you by Jarvis referring to what you wrote my sons.1 I am so pressed with publick business that I am unable to afford much time for private, and if I could afford time enough I am not capable of judging of the probability or improbability of the market in England at a distant day. In my letter of the 11th of Sept I wrote you as particularly as I then could & I left much to you discretion.

    In your calculations of the profits on Dutch Tea 12 per cent is too much to deduct for the risk on illicit trade. I know one Chest in 500 has not been seized in this Province for two or three years past & the Custom house Officers seem unwilling to run any risk to make a seizure. At New York I am told its carted about at noon day. There is some expence here in landing &ca. which I believe the Importers would give 5 per cent to be freed from. I must leave the purchase to your discretion as far as our moneys will admit. Do by me as you do by yourself. I think it will not do to send a Vessel. One or more of the Mast Ships has been advertised here as taking freight at 1/2 price. 40 or 50 Chest in one of them & the like in another if there be two might be well & 15 or 20 Chests in the trading Vessels each of them that are good Vessels will bring whatever you may have bought as fast as we can find vent here & will be better than to have a large quantity together to make a great noise as 2 or 300 Chests will do.

    Can you speculate upon purchasing Hemp upon easy terms below what it is commonly shipd, I mean only in case the discouragement on Tea should continue. I am Sir Your most humble Servant,

    AC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 27:460); at foot of letter, “Mr Palmer.”

    1084. From Lord Dartmouth

    Whitehall 3rd: March 1773.

    Sir, I have received Your letters of the 30th. of December and 7th. of January Ns 9 & 10. and have laid them before The King.

    You will have seen from what I have said in my last Dispatch, that I was of opinion that the very extraordinary proceedings and Resolutions of the Town Meetings of Boston, Salem, Plymouth, & Roxbury, had made it necessary that you should call upon the Council and House of Representatives to be explicit with regard to their Sentiments of those Proceedings and of the Doctrines they adopt; and I am also clear in my opinion that the intelligence you had received of the views and designs of those who openly oppose The King’s Measures, made it incumbent upon you to speak out upon the occasion; but how far it was or was not expedient, to enter so fully in your Speech, into an exposition of your own opinion, in respect to the Principles of the Constitution of the Colony, I am not able to judge; but whatever the effect of that speech may be, it was certainly justified in the intention;1 and I hope it will have the consequence to remove those prejudices which the artifices of faction had endeavoured to fix on the minds of the Country Members. I am &ca.,


    SC (National Archives UK, CO 5/762, ff. 43–44); docketed, “(No. 7.) Governor Hutchinson.” SC (National Archives UK, CO 5/765, ff. 254–55); docketed, “Govr. Hutchinson (No. 7.).” SC (Houghton Library, Sparks 43, 1:160); docketed, “Lord Dartmouth to Govr: Hutchinson”; excerpt of second paragraph only.