The Whately Letters Made Public

    1113. To Unknown, 14 June 1773

    1114. To [Richard Jackson?], 21 June 1773

    1115. To Lord Dartmouth, 26 June 1773

    1116. To William Smith Jr., 28 June 1773

    1117. To Sir Francis Bernard, 29 June [1773]

    1118. To Lord Dartmouth, 2 July 1773

    1119. To Lord Hillsborough, [2 July 1773]

    1120. To John Pownall, 3 July 1773

    On 2 June 1773, Samuel Adams revealed to the House of Representatives that he was in possession of “letters of an extraordinary nature . . . greatly to the prejudice of the Province.” Among them were six written by Hutchinson from 18 June 1768 to 20 October 1769 to Thomas Whately (by then deceased), a member of Parliament and private secretary to George Grenville. Benjamin Franklin, as agent for the province, sent the letters to Thomas Cushing, Speaker of the House, on 2 December 1772, imposing the condition that the originals must be returned and no copies, printed or otherwise, retained. The letters arrived in Massachusetts as early as 22 March 1773, but Samuel Adams and others chose to withhold them until after the meeting of the new legislature. Because the content of the letters was at first secret, rumors circulated that Hutchinson and Peter Oliver sought to undermine the constitution, and pressure built for their publication.

    1113. To Unknown

    Boston the 14 of June 1773

    Dear Sir, Yesterday I received your favour of the 9th of April.1 I thank you for the assurances you give me. You will be convinced that my Request was not improper when I have acquainted you with the management of our Patriots & their Supporters in England. Soon after the Assembly met one of the Boston Members desired leave to inform the House that within 48 hours he should be able to make a discovery to them of some matters of the last importance & which if rightly improved the Province would soon be in as happy a state as it was fourteen or fifteen years ago.2 This alarmed the Town & Country & before his time was expired it was moved the House might be in private the Galleries cleared & no Messages received.

    The Clerk then informed the House that there had been put into his hands a number of Letters wrote by persons of rank in America to Gentlemen in England to be made use of upon certain conditions & if the House would receive them upon those conditions he would read them.3 The House agreed to it & they were read. They were all letters to the late Mr Whately sent by his Correspondents in this & other Governments six from me & four from the Lieutenant Governor wrote about the time of the Comissioners first going to the Castle & within a few months after.4 They have been represented as highly criminal tho there is nothing more than might naturally be expected from a confidential correspondence and it is supposed they are to be printed. My chief design in mentioning this to you is that if possible discovery may be made how they were procured. Some suggest they were obtained from one who had been Mr Whatelys Clerk or from a Clerk in some publick office where they had been left others that they might be lent by the Executor others that they were borrowed in his life time and not returned. The Lieutenant Governor who is much hurt by this villany begs I would cover two letters from him to Mr Tompson & Mr Whatelys brother who he thinks will interest themselves in order to a discovery.5 I wish you would burn what Letters you think may raise any clamor here which I have ever wrote as we are all mortal & know not into whose hands they may fall. The world never had more bad men in it & tho I have never wrote any thing criminal yet I have wrote what ought not to be made publick.

    The House have dishonoured the members exceedingly and will pass some foolish Resolves. In their debates the Clerk who produced them & who does just what he will declared that as a great part of the people were still attached to the Governor all his design was by these Letters to make him odious & whenever that should be the case they were sure of his removal as was the case with Gov. Bernard & would be with all Governors who would not keep on good terms with the people. If this was all they could effect it ought not to distress me if I could be set down where I was taken up for all the additional emoluments to the five or six hundred a year I enjoyed before I came to the Government will not counteract the additional trouble anxiety and distress which I have experienced since.

    It greatly mortifies me when any part of my Administration is not approved of. I had the fullest evidence of a plan to engage the Colonies in a confederacy against the Authority of Parlt.6 The Towns of this Province were to begin the Assembly to confirm these doings & to invite the other Colonies to join. If I had called upon the Assembly to discountenance the Towns they would have justifed them and joined with them. It should be said they would have done it without any Argument. Have their Arguments any tendency to support their cause? The futility of them has rather tended to overthrow it and to hinder the success of their endeavours with the other Colonies in which they have been & still continue to be indefatigable. It had been recommended to me in my letter from the Secretary of State Dec 4. 1771 to endeavour to bring back the Assembly from their Excesses by Argument & Persuasion7 and I had no reason to suppose it would be less expected from me in this case than the other. If I had known it woud not be well received I most certainly should have been silent. My own opinion has ever been that the absurd notions in Government which are now established in America would not have prevailed if they had been set in a proper light when they were first broached. I am with great regard Dear Sir Your obliged & most obedient Servant,

    AC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 27:495–96).

    1114. To [Richard Jackson?]1

    Boston 21 june 1773


    Dear Sir, Your approbation or disapprobation of my Conduct gives me more pleasure or pain than you will readily imagine. I am nevertheless greatly obliged to you for the candour which has always appeard in your Correspondence and I thank you as sincerely for your Sentiments when they are not as when they are agreable to my own.

    When I saw the Town of Boston openly avowing the doctrine of Independancy calling upon all the other Towns to do the like which I had no doubt if let alone they would do, when I had as full evidence as the nature of the thing would admit of that the voice of the Towns would cause the same voice in an Assembly of their Representatives and knew that it was part of their plan to invite every other Assembly to assert the same Principles, it appeared plain to me that I could not justify myself to the King if I should take no Publick notice of such Proceedings as a Governor. I am inops consilii.2 If I had asked the advice of the Council it would have been such as would only have increased my Perplexity and the case often happens that I am forced to act without their advice because I know it would be contrary to my indespensable duty according to my own judgement. I consulted with the most judicious persons who where of opinion that laying before them the undeniable Principles of their Constitution was the most likely way to stop the Progress of the Towns, and would open the eyes of great part of the Province. It could do no harm they all agreed for if I neglected any longer the People would be universally confirmed in the Principles of Independancy and my Silence would be construed as an acknowledgment of their being right or that the contrary could not be made to appear.

    I could not foresee the Sentiments of Administration. I had been formerly instructed to endeavour to bring the assembly from their excesses by argument and Persuasion.3 I never had known a case where stronger arguments could be used against their excesses and I think there never where more futile evasive & Shuffling answers given to any arguments and I am assured this is the opinion of the senssible part of this and the other Colonies. Had the point denied been the expediency of Parliments taxing the Colonies or had they gone no further with respect to the Just authority of Parliment than the resolves of the Congress at N York I could more easily have been excused but when they went so far beyond all before them as to deny all authority whatsoever I was at a loss what excuse to make for my silence.4 You justly observe there are Imperfections in all Human Constitutions but there are fundamental Principals essential to all obvious to every understanding and these I proposed to lay before them.

    After all if I could [have] had your judgment before it was necessary for me to determine it would certainly have had great weight with me in this case, which when I had considered as far as I was capable of I knew would be attended with Inconveniencies take which side I would.

    This has been my misfortune in many Instances before and upon looking over the four years that are past I cannot help wondering that I have gone through them with so little exception as I have done. I can scarce think of a consideration Sufficient to induce me to take the like chance for four years to come.

    I have consulted with several persons interested in the Eastern Country. They generally agree that as you must trust every thing relative to the Settlement of your lands there to an agent or attorney from whom you are at such a distance that he cannot have your advice & direction from time to time and as Tenants are very seldom faithful to their engagements it is most advisable to suffer the land to remain in its natural State and they seem to agree that the Country round it being more and more settled your lands will rise in their value and pay you a reasonable interest and as our laws are very severe against Trespasses a prosecution now and then will prevent any considerable spoil upon the woods at least I would not impower any person to act for me until I knew what the particular Proposal was and then I would express my agreement or disagreement and so from time to time.

    There is nothing in which it is Possible for me to gratify you that I do not wish you would command me in for I am with the most sincere regard & esteem Dear Sir Your faithful & most obedient humble Servant,

    AC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 27:498–99); in MH’s hand.

    1115. To Lord Dartmouth

    Boston 26th June 1773

    (No 22)

    My Lord, The greatest part of the present Session of the General Court has been spent in considering a number of Letters wrote by the Governor & Lieutenant Governor & others to a Gentleman in England so long ago as the years 1767–68 & 69 all of them relating to the then public occurrences. The person’s name to whom they were directed has been erased but they were undoubtedly wrote to Mr. Whately and since his death they have by some evil minded person been sent over here to be used against the persons who wrote them. Every art has been practised to inflame the minds of the people & to cause them to believe the Letters to be highly criminal. I was satisfied that neither the House nor the Council has properly any business with them, nevertheless as I was the principal Subject of the debates founded upon them I thought it advisable to let them take their course for if I had put an end to the Session the construction would have been that I was conscious of my guilt. I know of no misrepresentation in any of the Letters nor of any expressions in either mine or the Lieutenant Governor’s to which any just exception can be taken. They were private & confidential & all but the last wrote at a time when I had no share in the Administration here, the Governor being in the Province, & the Gentleman to whom they were wrote had no share in the Administration in England. Both House & Council, notwithstanding, after putting a very injurious and forced construction upon some parts of them voted that His Majesty be addressed to remove the Governor & Lieutenant Governor from the Government for ever, and the Addresses I suppose are to be sent by this Ship.1

    After four years in which every difficulty has attended me that can well be imagined they complain of no one act of male administration but have recourse to Letters wrote before that time in my private character which are in every part true and in no part unfriendly to the Province.

    The chief Actors, in their debates, which are publick, declared that the principal design of their Resolves was to represent me in an odious light to the People the consequence of which must be my removal. In this way they said, they had succeeded against Governor Bernard and the King would never keep a Governor in place after the people in general should be dissatisfied and wish his removal. It is certain that such a general discontent as they have raised, which they could not have done in any other way, will lessen the prospect of further usefulness.

    The Addresses having no support but the Letters must, I humbly conceive, appear upon the face of them to be groundless & vexatious; and their offering them after the censure upon the proceedings against Sir Francis Bernard renders them more inexcusable.2 I hope therefore both the Lieutenant Governor & myself shall be honorably acquitted without any trouble or being held to answer but I had rather even make a voyage to England at my advanced time of life than my reputation & character should suffer.

    It is not improbable, My Lord, that it may be of advantage to me in my private Affairs to make a Voyage to England in the Fall and it may appear to me to be for His Majestys Service, I therefore humbly beg your Lordship’s favour in obtaining leave from His Majesty for my absence from the Province for six or nine months in case that I shall find it necessary for either of the reasons which I have mentioned. The Lieutenant Governor is in as good health as he has been for several years, and I know no danger of any inconvenience from my absence. I have the honour to be My Lord Your Lordship’s most humble and most obedient Servant,

    RC (National Archives UK, CO 5/895, ff. 80–81); docketed, “P.p. 35. Read Decr. 20. 1773.” DupRC (National Archives UK, CO 5/762, ff. 317–18); at head of letter, “Duplicate”; at foot of letter, “Rt. Honble. the Earl of Dartmouth”; docketed, “Boston. 26th. June 1773. Governor Hutchinson (No. 22.) Rx 4th August. (Dup—origl: not reced.).” AC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 27:500–01); at head of letter, “Hall & Loring saild 29 June.” SC (National Archives UK, CO 5/768, ff. 354–57); docketed, “Boston. 26th. June 1773. Governor Hutchinson. (No. 22) Rx 4th August. (Dup—Origl: not reced.)”; at end of letter, “Inclosures 1. Copies of Letters written by the present Govr. and Lieut Governor. 2. Copy of the Resolutions of the Council concerning those Letters.—25th June 1773 3. Massachusets Gazette of 24 June 1773.—which contains the Resolutions of the House of Representatives on the same Subject.—15th June 1773.” SC (Houghton Library, Sparks 10, 4:40); at end of letter, “P.p. 35. Read 20 Decr. 1773.]”; docketed, “Govr. Hutchinson To Lord Dartmouth 26 June 1773 Letters 1768–9 sent to Boston.” SC (Houghton Library, Sparks 43, 1:167); docketed, “Thos: Hutchinson to Lord Dartmouth”; excerpt of paragraphs one through four only. Enclosures to DupRC: Extract from the journal of the Massachusetts House of Representatives, 2 June 1773 (National Archives UK, CO 5/762, ff. 319–20); Massachusetts Council resolutions, 25 June 1773 (ff. 321–24); House of Representatives resolutions, 16 June 1773 (ff. 325–28); A Copy of Letters Sent to Great-Britain (Boston: Edes & Gill, 1773) (ff. 329–49).

    1116. To William Smith Jr.

    Boston 28 June 1773

    Liverpool Vessel

    Dear Sir, I thank you for your very obliging Letter of the 12th & for the pains you have taken to procure for me the papers inclosed which I intend as soon as I have leisure to consider with attention for altho in our Charter there is an express reserve of Appeals in cases exceeding a certain value yet I dont see but that there is the same reason for supposing Appeals in error to be intended as there is in your case.1

    It seldom happens that a Controversy which has so long subsisted concerning Lines is settled so much to the satisfaction of all concerned. I had some share in bringing the controversy to a close. You attributed too much to me. My Assembly are not willing to allow me enough. They have passed a Vote of thanks to Mr H for his great services & so to the other two & given them 20£ each over & above all their Expences.2 They declined so much as giving me thanks. This is owing to a confederacy between the masters of the puppet shew in the C & H who by their correspondents in England have procured a number of Letters which had been wrote to Mr Whately by me & the present Lieutenant Governor & other persons during Gov. Bernds administration & in the height of the disorders here & after spreading rumours for sevral weeks that something was to come out which would astonish all the World brought out these trifling Letters but made such comments upon them & insinuated so many falshoods as to draw the major part both of C & H to just such votes and resolves as they had prepared for them. If I had not been the subject of their debates I would have put an end to them but I considered that whilst mens minds were in such a state all would have said I was afraid of what was to appear.

    They sometimes own that they have no objection to me except that I stop them in their career & the only chance they have is by worrying me out of the Government. They are such blunderers as to spoil their own plots, for their addressing the King to remove me renders it more difficult for me to remove my self although my inclination leads me to it & has done for some time past for no emoluments of my post can compensate for the brutalities which for ten years past the people here have been used to offer to their Governors.3

    The danger you are apprehensive of from a new claim to the westward I hope is not with sufficient reason. I assure you I set so little by the claims that it should not have hindered my consent if the Comissaries had given it up & it may happen that when the present frenzy is over some equivalent of no great value to you may induce us to relinquish it.4

    My daughter always speaks of Mrs Smiths politeness to her as if she had a very grateful sense of it & now desires me to present her compliments to her & to her daughters.5 I wish you a long enjoyment of your happiness & am Sir Your faithful humble Servant,

    AC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 27:504–05); at end of letter, “Mr Smith.”

    1117. To Sir Francis Bernard

    June 29 [1773]

    Mr Bridhams Vessel to Liverpool

    Dear Sir, The Packet has brought me your letters of May 5th.1 I have none from Mr P as you supposed.2 I wish you had been a little more particular. Indeed I very much [word omitted?] one of your letters of the old sort.

    After every other attempt to distress me they have at last engaged in a conspiracy which has been managed with infinite art and succeeded beyond their own expectations. They have buzzed about for three or four months a story of something that would amaze every body and as soon as the Election was over it was said in the House something would appear in eight & forty hours which if improved aright the Province might be as happy as it was fourteen or fifteen years ago. These things soon spread through all the Towns in the province & every bodys expectations were raised. At length upon a motion the gallery was ordered to be cleared and the doors shut and it was rumored that the Members were sworn to secrecy. This was not true. After most of a day spent it came out that Mr Adams informed the House 17 original Letters had been put into his hands wrote to a Gentleman in England by several persons from New England with an intention to subvert the Constitution. They were delivered him on condition that they should be returned not printed and no copies taken. If the House would receive them on those terms he would read them. They agreed to it. It looks as if the design at first was to form the Resolves and never suffer the letters to appear to be compared with them. The name of the person to whom the Letters were wrote was erased from all of them but they appear to be all Mr Whatelys six from me four from the Lieutenant Governor one from Rogers and one from Auchmuty to me which I had inclosed besides three or four more from Rh. Isld or Conncut.3 They broke through the pretended agreement printed the Resolves & then the Letters. Such effrontery was never known before. The Letters are meer narratives which you will know to be true or are such remarks upon the constitution of the Colonies & such proposals as naturally follow from the principles which I have openly avowed but by evry malversation which the talents of the party in each House could produce they have raised the prejudice of the people against me & it is generally supposed all the writers were concerned in one plan tho I suppose no one of them ever saw or knew the contents of the Letters of any of the other unless by accident. After 3 weeks spent the H resolved to address the King to remove the Governor & Lieutenant Governor. The Council tho their Resolves as you will know for most of the facts about the C. I had from you, are more injurious than those of the House yet conclude that the Governor & Lieutenant Governor have rendered themselves so unpopular that it cannot be for His Majesty’s service they should continue &ca. There were 5 only out of 20 in the Council had firmness eno to withstand the cry & 28 in 111 of the H.4 But the greatest absurdity of all is that the Letters except the last of no consequence were wrote whilst you was in the chair so that all the complaint is of Acts before I was Governor & not of one since. Surely such proceedings must be publickly declared to be most injurious & highly criminal. I dont suppose they designd to support their Resolves. Mr Adams said in the H that what he had in view was to take off such people as are attached to the Governor for the King would never continue a Governor against the general voice of the people & they had got rid of Sir F B in that way and now let me mention to you in confidence of secrecy until it shall be convenient to disclose it that I am almost worn out with 4 years hard service & I doubt whether I should be able to go thro such difficult affairs as what they call the Massacre the Combinations Riots &c if they should again happen. I was therefore meditating a Retreat wishing only to be set down with 5 or 600 a year as I was taken up, for this with my own Estate would have enabled me to have kept up a proper dignity after having been the first Magistrate, but what place such Salary could be annexd to I was at a loss. Deputy Postmaster General would have been agreeable if there had been a vacancy or the Occupant would be better provided for or Surveyor General of the Woods as both of them require travel & are attended with little anxiety which is such a state as my constitution requires. If I had been at liberty I would have gone to Eng this Summer. But this barbarous conspiracy renders my Scheme more difficult at present at least for they would be apt to triumph in my resignation until there should be an honorable acquittal.

    As one instance more of your friendship let me beg your Sentiments upon the practicability of my Scheme & by the first opportunity. Indeed I have such confidence in you that I could leave such an affair important as it is intirely to your discretion if it should not be necessary for me to be present myself. I repeat my desire of secrecy until it shall be a proper time for prosecution.

    In my letter to Ld Dartmouth I have desired leave to come to England in the fall for six or nine months in case I should then find it necessary for my private affairs or for His Majesty’s Service but of my mentioning this to you I think it may be best also to take no notice.5

    You know very well the unwearied Pains of the Party here to carry their Points. Their correspondents in Engd are continually furnishing them with advice and direction. The Party here say they do nothing without directions. They have been told heretofore to be resolute in adhering to their demands & be quiet & they would certainly have every thing they asked for. In their last letter by the May Packet which has been read in House & Council they are told that “if Gov. H intended to recomend himself by reviving the dispute he had greatly missd his aim for Administration was chagrined with his officiousness their intention having been by degrees to suffer matters to return to the old Channel.”6 This I could not possibly divine. I feared I should make myself very obnoxious if I suffered every Town in the Province to make a disavowal of Parliamentary Authority matter of Record without taking any notice of it to the Assembly & shewing them wherein the illegality of it consisted. It had been recomended to me by Ld H to treat them in this way. I am informed by the best men in the other Colonies that the cause of Government was never better stated. It mortifies me to think the propriety of what I have done is questiond. Their declarations would have been as full if I had used no argument with them as they are now. Indeed they declared as much before you left the Province. Could I have known what was expected from me I certainly would have conformed to it.

    If this letter should find you at Aylesbury7 let me nevertheless beg of you to send me a few lines by the first Vessel or by the first mail if no Merchant Vessel before. I am Dear Sir Your faithful & affectionate Servant,

    AC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 27:502–03); at foot of letter, “Sir F B.”; partially in MH’s hand.

    1118. To Lord Dartmouth

    Boston 2d. July 1773

    (No. 23)

    My Lord, On the 29. June I prorogued the General Court to the 15th. of September. The business of effecting the removal of the Governor & Lieutenant Governor took up three fourths of the time of the Session. Just at the close the House renewed the Votes of the last Assembly with some additions relative to the Judges receiving their Salaries from the Crown The Council and House agreed upon a joint letter to your Lordship which is partly upon the Subject of the Salaries. This was done but a few minutes before they were prorogued.1 The insinuations in this Letter that Sir F. Bernard & his Coadjutors laid the plan of an American Revenue I think your Lordship must know to be false. I am sure I have every way that was proper for me represented the inexpediency of such a plan ever since I first knew of it. Nor is the charge against me of endeavouring to frustrate a Petition of a number of the Council less injurious inferred from A private letter to a Gentleman, since deceased, before I was in the chair, in which meerly to prevent innovation in Government I represent the irregularity of the Council, when the General Court is not sitting, assembling and doing any Acts without the Governor’s presence or consent.2 But the charge of throwing out new matter for contention is still more grossly injurious seeing the same persons who have the greatest influence in procuring such a Letter to your Lordship had been the chief movers in bringing the Town of Boston to such Votes as they passed and caused to be communicated to all the other Towns, and with a most evident intention to make the Resolutions of the several Towns the Rule of Conduct for their respective Representatives in General Assembly.

    I have never, My Lord, varied in my principles of Government. I have ever asserted the Supremacy of Parliament over the whole Empire. I have ever wished for as large a share of Legislation to be left to the several Colonies as can consist with the maintenance of this Supremacy, and I have ever endeavoured that the advantages which the Kingdom was intitled to from the Colonies might arise from a well regulated Commerce and not from internal or external Taxation; and, with respect to the Constitution of this Province by Charter, although I have felt the Inconvenience of the dependance of the Council upon the House for their Election, yet I also saw an inconvenience from a Council dependant upon the Crown & liable to be suspended by a Governor and, in hopes that the Council would throw off their bias and act with that freedom which their predecessors had done for forty or fifty years together. I have never advised a change in this part, nor do I remember to have done it in any other part of the Charter the most immaterial. This must appear from my Letters to the Secretary of State, and if your Lordship shall condescend to answer the Letter from the two Houses I pray that you would be pleased to let them know that I have not endeavoured that they should be deprived of any of their privileges nor exaggerated any of their irregularities. This may be of service to Government and may tend to remove the prejudices of the people and cause them to see from what source the opposition to me springs and I must submit to your Lordship whether it may not be proper for your Letter to come under cover to the Governor and not to be made public until it is opened in the Assembly. The Council have resolved that a Letter wrote the 10th. August to a Gentleman in the opposition, excited Administration to send Troops here which caused confusion & bloodshed3 and yet all the Troops which were sent arrived the latter end of September and the beginning of October the same year so that Orders must have been given before the letter went from hence and besides, there is not one word in the letter intimating the necessity or propriety of sending Troops. The people notwithstanding, such is their disposition to believe every thing unfavorable of a Governor, suppose, without examining that all these Resolves must be well founded, and thus they answer their professed purpose viz to make the Governor odious to the people without any evidence of the least unfavorable intention towards them.

    This Affair has, I think, been the means of their not reviving a question upon the Supremacy of Parliament and of the other business going through without difficulty. The dispute about taxing the Commissioners &ca. has been avoided. I should not have declined my Assent to a Bill for a new Tax in the usual form but there was no necessity for it. I have given my assent to a vote for the payment of Mr. Debert’s Representatives. The grants to Mr Bollan and Doctor Franklin were revived but my Instructions would not permit me to sign them.4 I have the honour to be My Lord Your Lordship’s most humble & most obedient Servant,

    RC (National Archives UK, CO 5/762, ff. 352–53); at foot of letter, “Right Honble. the Earl of Dartmouth”; docketed, “Boston 2d. July 1773 Govr. Hutchinson (No. 23) Rx. August. 26. 1773.” DupRC (National Archives UK, CO 5/895, ff. 82–83); at head of letter, “[Dup]licate”; at food of letter, “[Right Hon]ble the Earl of Dartmouth”; docketed, “Massachusets. Duplicate of a Letter No. 23 from Govr. Hutchinson to the Earl of Dartmouth, dated July 2. 1773, vindicating himself from the aspersions contained in the votes of the last Assembly; and relating to his giving his consent to the vote for the payment of Mr. DeBerdt’s representatives. P.p. 37. Read Decr: 20. 1773”; in an unknown hand. SC (National Archives UK, CO 5/768, ff. 357–60); docketed, “Boston 2d. July 1773. Governor Hutchinson. (No. 23. Rx Augt 26.)”; at end of letter, “Inclosure. Massachusetts Gazette.” SC (Houghton Library, Sparks 10, 4:41); at end of letter, “P.p. 37. Read 20 Decr. 1773.”; docketed, “Govr. Hutchinson To Lord Dartmouth 2 July 1773.” SC (Houghton Library, Sparks 43, 1:170); docketed, “Thos: Hutchinson to the Earl of Dartmouth”; excerpt of paragraphs two and three only. Enclosure to RC: Boston Weekly News-Letter, 8 July 1773, pp. 1–2 (National Archives UK, CO 5/762, ff. 354–55).

    1119. To Lord Hillsborough

    [2 July 1773]

    [. . . .] Years but a private correspondence, & that most scandalously perverted, before I came to the chair is urged for my removal & even this I defy them to shew to contain in it any misrepresentation or exaggeration or any thing exceptionable except the inaccuracies proceeding from inattention to writings intended to last but a few days. The complaint therefore from the face of it must appear to be frivolous & vexatious & grossly affrontive to the King. They have however my Lord, answered their purpose by prejudicing the people against me to that degree as to destroy that confidence which remained & to render it more impracticable for me than ever to promote his majestys service. Before my removal I humbly hope, however, I shall be honorably acquitted & that I shall not be left wholly without employment & support in advanced life, for my private fortune is not sufficient unless I sink below the moderate living I had always been used to before I came to the chair. I have besides my youngest son in England entirely unprovided for.1 If I am wholly neglected I shall after infinite difficulties which much greater emoluments wou’d be no inducement to me again to encounter, be left in much worse circumstances than if I had continued in the state I was in when by your Lordships favor I was advanced to the Government. These difficulties have worn my constitution & I shou’d not be able to go thro’ the same again without wholly destroying it whereas an easy employment tho’ less lucrative might repair it & continue it firm for many Years. Permit me to add my Lord, that it will discourage his Majesties Servants from any exertions in his Service if the perverseness of a party can effect their removal & be the means of their being left wholly destitute. I have mentioned my case to my Ld Dartmouth & I hope for his Lordships favorable attention ot it. I humbly thank your Lordship for the honor done me by your last letter, of Janr. 1st. which I shou’d have acknowledged sooner if I had not been affraid of unnecessary Intrusion. I am &c,

    AC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 27:506); at foot of letter, “Right Honble. Earl of Hilsboro.”; in TH Jr.’s hand.

    1120. To John Pownall

    Massachuset’s Bay 3d. July 1773.

    Dear Sir, The Papers which I inclosed to the Secretary of State a few days ago will shew to what length the Council as well as the House have gone, the former more extravagant than the latter. It is immaterial to Both whether their Resolves are true or not. They carry Weight with them among the People, which is all they aim at, & this is all effected by half a dozen or half a Score, who having been negatived shew their Resentment, or who hope to serve themselves or Friends by my Removal, and they have certainly managed this Affair with very great Art, as well as by sticking at no Falsehood, ever so glaring, to gain their Cause. I think it would be giving up Government entirely to comply with their Request for the no Reasons which they have assigned, & yet what they desire I fear will be necessary in a short time as every Attempt by me to support Government will meet with much greater Opposition than it ever has done, or than it will do from any body else. The Lieutenant Governor may remain, The Resentment is against me, tho’ they bring his name in. This Plot I have no doubt originated in England, and that a Correspondence has been kept up ever since Mr. Whately’s Death. The Leaders here give out that they take no Step without Advice or Direction from England. I have withstood them as long as I could but I am now left with out any Support in the Province. It was not in the power of Human Wisdom to guard against this last Villany. To have the Cabinets of the Dead plundered, and so infamous an Act countenanced & encouraged by a legislative Body, is without precedent.

    I have represented my Case to My Lord Dartmouth. I hope I shall not be left destitute to be insulted & triumphed over. I fall in the Cause of Government, and whenever it shall be thought proper to supersede me, I hope for some Appointment not dishonorary, tho’ it may have less pecuniary Emolument affixed to it.

    The Injury done me must strike you the stronger, because you know how tender I have been of their Constitution, avoiding everything which might tend to take away their Charter, or any Rights they hold by it, & if I have ever wished they should think themselves in danger of losing them it has been that they might be induced to alter their Conduct and in this way preserve them. It might do great Service if this, in a proper way, could be made known to them. I am &c.,

    SC (National Archives UK, CO 5/246, ff. 30–31); docketed, “Govr. Hutchinson to J. P. Rx 26. Augt. 1773.” AC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 27:507–08); at head of letter, “Liverpool”; in TH Jr.’s hand.