The 6[th] Chapter

Concerning the agreements and articles between

them, and such merchants & others as adventured

monies; with other things, falling out about

making their provisions.

Upon the receipt of these things by one of their messengers, they had a solemn meeting, and a day of humiliation to seek the Lord for his direction; And their pastor took this text, 1 Sam. 23:3, 4, “And David’s men said unto him, See, we be afraid here in Judah, how much more if we come to Keilah against the host of the Philistines? Then David asked counsel of the Lord again,” &c.1 From which text he taught many things very aptly, and befitting their present occasion, and condition, strength[en]ing them against their fears, and perplexities, and Encouraging them in their resolutions.2 [27]

After which they concluded both what number, and what persons should prepare themselves to go with the first; for all that were willing to have gone, could not get ready, for their other affairs in so short a time; neither if all could have been ready, had there been means, to have transported them all together. Those that stayed being the greater number, required the pastor to stay with them, and indeed for other reasons, he could not then well go, and so it was the ^more easily^ yielded unto. The other then desired the Elder Mr. Brewster to go with them, which was also Condescended unto. It was also agreed on by mutual consent, and covenant that those that went should be an absolute church of themselves, as well as those that stayed;3 seeing in such a dangerous voyage, and a removal to such a distance, it might come to pass, they should (for the body of them) never meet again in this world. Yet with this proviso, that as any of the rest came over to them, or of the other returned upon occasion; they should be reputed as members without any further dismission, or testimonial. It was also promised to those that went first, by the body of the rest; That If the Lord gave them life, & means, & opportunity, they would come to them, as soon as they could.

About this time whilst they ^were^ perplexed with the proceedings of the Virginia Company, & the Ill news from thence about Mr. Blackwell, & his company; and making Enquiry about the Hiring, & buying of shipping for their voyage; some Dutchmen made them fair offers about going with them.4 Also one Mr. Thomas Weston a merchant of London came to Leiden about the same time (who was well acquainted with some of them, and a furtherer of them in their former proceedings), having much conference with Mr. Robinson & other of the chief of them; persuaded them to go on ^(as it seems)^ & not to meddle with the Dutch, or too much to depend on the Virginia Company; for if that failed, If they came to resolution; he, and his such merchants as were his friends (together with their own means), would set them forth; and they should make ready, and neither fear want of shipping, nor money; for what they wanted should be provided. And (not so much for himself) as for the satisfying of such friends as he should procure to adventure in this business, they were to draw such articles, of agreement, and make such propositions, as might the better Induce his friends to venture. Upon which (after the former Conclusion) articles were drawn, & agreed unto, and were shown unto him, and approved by him. And afterwards by their messenger (Mr. John Carver), sent into England, who together with Robert Cushman were to receive the monies & make provision, both for shipping, & ^other^ things for the voyage, with this charge, not to exceed their Commission, but to proceed according to the former articles. Also some were chosen to do the like, for such things, as were to be prepared there; so those that were to go, prepared themselves with all speed, and sold off their estates and (such as were able) put in their monies into the common stock; which was disposed by those appointed, for the making of general provisions. About this time also they had heard, both by Mr. Weston, and others, that sundry Honourable Lords had obtained a large grant from the King;5 for the more northerly parts of that country, derived out of the Virginia patent; and wholly secluded from their Government; and to be called by another name, viz. New England.6 Unto which Mr. Weston, and the chief of them, began to Incline it was [28] best for them to go, as for other reasons, so chiefly for the hope of present profit to be made by the fishing that was found in that country.

But as in all businesses the acting part is most difficult, especially where the work of many agents must concur; so was it found in this. For some of those that should have gone in England, fell off & would not go;7 other merchants, & friends that had offered their to adventure their monies withdrew, and pretended many excuses. Some disliking they went not to Guiana; others again would adventure nothing, except they went to Virginia.8 Some again (and those that were most relied on), fell in utter dislike with Virginia, and would do nothing if they went thither. In the mids of these distractions, they of Leiden, who had put off their estates, and laid out their monies were brought into a great strait fearing what Issue these things would come to, but at length the generality was swayed to this latter opinion.

But now another difficulty arose, for Mr. Weston, and some other that were for ^this^ course, either for their better ^advantage^ or rather for the drawing on of others, as they pretended; would have some of those Conditions altered that were first agreed on at Leiden. To which the 2 agents sent from Leiden9 (or at at least one of them, who is most charged with it) did consent; seeing else that all was like to be dashed; & the opportunity lost, and that they which had put off their Estates, and paid in their monies wher ^were^ in hazard to be undone.10 They presumed to conclude with the merchants on those terms, in some things contrary to their order, & commission; and without giving them notice of the same. ^Yea It was concealed lest it should make any furder delay.^ Which was the cause afterward of much trouble & contention.

It will be meet I here Insert

these conditions; which are

as followeth.

Anno 1620, July 1.

1. The adventurers, & planters11 do agree, that every person that goeth being aged 16 years, & upward; be rated at £10, and ten pounds to be accounted a single share.

2. That he that goeth in person, and furnisheth himself out with £10 either in money, or other provisions; be accounted as having £20 in stock, and in the division shall receive double share.

3. That persons transported, & the adventurers shall continue their Joint stock, & partnership together, the space of 7 years (except some unexpected Impediment, do cause the whole company to agree otherwise) during which time, all profits, & benefits, that are got by trade, traffic, trucking, working, fishing, or any other means of any person, or persons; remain still in the common stock until the division.

4. That at their coming there, they choose out such a number of fit persons, as may furnish their ships & boats for fishing upon the sea; Employing the rest in their several faculties upon the land, as building houses, tilling, & planting the ground, & making such commodities as shall be most useful for the Colony.

5. That at the end of the 7 years, the Capital & profits; viz. the houses, lands, goods and chattels; be equally divided betwixt the adventurers, and planters; which done, every man shall be free, from other of them of any debt, or detriment concerning this adventure. [29]

6. Whosoever cometh to the Colony hereafter or putteth any into the stock, shall at the end of the 7 years, be allowed proportionably to the time of his so doing.

7. He that shall carry his wife, & children, or servants shall be allowed for every person now aged 16 years, & upward, a single share in the division, or if he provide them necessaries a double share, or if they be between 10 year old and 16 then 2 of them to be reckoned for a person, both in transportation and division.

8. That such children as now go, & are under the age of ten years, have no other share in the division, but 50 acres of unmanured land.

9. That such persons as die before the 7 years be expired, their Executors to have their part or share, at the division, proportionably to the time of their life in the Colony.

10. That all such persons as are of this colony, are to have their meat, drink, apparel, and all provisions out of the common stock & goods of the said colony.

The chief & principal differences between these, & the former conditions, stood in these 2 points; that the houses, & lands Improved, especially gardens, & home lots should remain undivided wholly to the planters at the 7 years’ end. 2ly, they should have had 2 days in a week for their own private Employment, for the more comfort of themselves, and their families; especially such as had families. But because letters, are by some wise men counted the best parts of history; I shall shew their grievances hereabout by their own letters, in which the passages of things will be more truly discerned.

A letter of Mr. Robinson’s

to John Carver, June

14, 1620, New Style.12

My dear friend, & brother, whom with yours I always remember in my best affection; and whose welfare I shall never cease to commend ^to^ God by my best & most earnest prayers. You do thoroughly understand by our general letters the Estate of things here, which Indeed is very pitiful; especially by want of shipping, and not seeing means likely, much less certain of having it provided. Though withal there be great want of money, & means to do needful things. Mr. Pickering13 you know before this, will not defray a penny here; though Robert Cushman, presumed of I know not how many 100 pounds from him, & I know not whom; yet it seems strange that we should be put to him to receive, both his & his partners’ adventure, and yet Mr. Weston writ unto him, that in regard of it, he hath drawn upon him a £100 more. But there is in this some mystery, as indeed It seems there is in the whole course. Besides whereas diverse are to pay in some parts of their monies yet behind, they refuse to do it; till they see shipping provided, or a course taken for it. Neither do I think is there a man here would pay anything, if he had again his money in his purse. You know right well we depended on Mr. Weston alone, and upon such means, as he would procure for this common business; and when we had in hand another course with the Dutchmen, broke it off at his motion, and upon the conditions by him shortly after propounded. He did this in his love I know, but things appear not answerable from him hitherto. That he should have first have put in his monies, is thought by many to have been but fit; but that I can well excuse, he being a merchant, and having use of it to his benefit, whereas others, if it had been in their hands would have consumed it. [30] But that he should not but have had ^either^ shipping ready before this time, or at least certain means, and course, and the same known to us for it; or have taken other order otherwise, cannot in my conscience be excused. I have heard, that when he hath been moved in the business; he hath put it off from himself, and referred it to you others; and would come to George Morton,14 & enquire news of him about ^things^ as if he had scarce been some accessory unto it. Whether he hath failed of some helps from others, which he expected; and so be not well able to go through with things; or whether he hath feared lest you should be ready too soon, & so increase the charge of shipping above that is meet; or whether he have thought by withholding, to put us upon straits, thinking that thereby Mr. Brewer,15 and Mr. Pickering would be drawn by Importunity to do more; or what other mystery ^is in it^ we know not; but sure we are that things are not answerable to such an occasion. Mr. Weston makes himself merry with our endeavors about buying a ship, but we have done nothing in this but with good reason (as I am persuaded), nor yet that I know in anything else; save in those two, the one, that we Employed Robert Cushman, who is known (though a good man, & of special abilities in his kind, yet) most unfit to deal for other men by reason of his singularity, and too great Indifferency for any conditions, and for (to speak truly) that we have had nothing from him but terms, & presumptions. The other, that we have so much relied (by Implicit faith, as it were) upon generalities, without seeing the particular course, & means, for so weighty an affair set down unto us. For shipping Mr. Weston (it should seem) is set upon hiring, which yet I wish he may presently effect; but I see little ^here of^ help from hence if so it be; of Mr. Brewer you know what to Expect; I do not think Mr. Pickering will Engage, except in the case course of buying, in former letters specified. About the conditions, you have our reasons for our Judgements of what is agreed. And let this specially be borne in mind, that the greatest part of the Colony is like to be Employed Constantly, not upon dressing their particular land, & building houses; but upon fishing, trading, &c. So as the land, & house will be but a trifle for advantage to the adventurers, and yet the division of it, a great discouragement to the planters; who would with singular care make it comfortable, with borrowed hours from their sleep. The same consideration of common Employment constantly by the most, is a good reason not to have the 2 days in a week denied the few planters for private use, which yet is subordinate to common good. Consider also how much unfit, that you & your likes; must serve a new prenticeship of 7 years, and not a day’s freedom from task. Send me word what persons are to go, who of useful faculties, & how many, & particularly of everything, I know you want not a mind. I am sorry you have not been at London all this while, but the provisions could not want you. Time will suffer me to write no more; fare you, & ours well always in the Lord, in whom I rest,

Yours to use,

John Robinson

Another Letter from sundry of them

at the same time. [31]

To their loving friends John Carver

and Robert Cushman, these, &c.

Good brethren, after salutations, &c. We received diverse letters, at the coming of Mr. Nash, & our pilot;16 which is a great encouragement unto us; and for whom we hope after-times will minister occasion of praising God; and indeed had you not sent him, many would have been ready to faint, and go back, partly in respect of the new Conditions, which have been taken up by you (which all men are against); and partly in regard of our own Inability to do any one of those many weighty businesses you refer to us here. For the former whereof, whereas Robert Cushman desires reasons for our dislike, promising thereupon to alter the same, or else saying we should think he hath no brains; we desire him to exercise them therein, referring him to our pastor’s former reasons, and them to the censure of the godly wise. But our desires are, that you will not entangle yourselves, and us, in any such unreasonable courses as those are, viz. that the merchants should have the half of men’s houses, and lands, at the dividend; and that persons should be deprived of the 2 days in a week agreed upon, yea every moment of time for their own particular; by reason whereof we cannot conceive why any should carry servants, for their own help, and comfort; for that we can require no more of them, than all men one of another. This we have only by relation from Mr. Nash, & not from any writing of your own, & therefore hope you have not proceeded far in so great a thing without us. But requiring you not to exceed the bounds of your commission, which was to proceed upon the things, or conditions agreed upon, and expressed in writing (at your going away over about it), we leave it; not without marveling, that yourself (as you write) knowing how small a thing troubleth our consultations, and how few, as you fear understand the business aright, should trouble us with such matters, as these are, &c.

Salute Mr. Weston from us, in whom we hope we are not deceived; we pray you make known our estate unto him, and if you think good shew him our letters; at least tell him (that under God) we much rely upon him, & put our confidence in him; and as yourselves well know, that if he had not been an adventurer with us, we had not taken it in hand, presuming that if he had not seen means to accomplish it, he would not have begun it; so we hope in our extremity he will so far help us as our expectation be no way made frustrate concerning him. Since therefore good brethren we have plainly opened the state of things with us in this matter, you will, &c. Thus beseeching the Almighty, who is all-sufficient to raise us out of all ^this^ depth of difficulties, to assist us herein; raising such means by his providence, and fatherly care for us, his poor children, & servants, as we may with comfort behold the hand of our God, for good towards us in this our business; which we undertake in his name, & fear. We take leave, & remain,

June 10, Anno 1620, New Style.

Your perplexed, yet hopeful brethren,

S[amuel] F[uller]

E[dward] W[inslow]

W[illiam] B[radford]

I[saac] A[llerton]17

Brethren, I understand by letters, & passages that have come to me, that thereA letter of Robert Cushman’s to them. is18 great discontents, & dislikes of my proceedings amongst you; sorry I am to hear it, yet content to bear it, as not doubting but that partly by writing, and more principally by word when we shall come together, I shall satisfy any reasonable man. I have been [32] persuaded by some, especially this bearer, to come and clear things unto you; but as things now stand, I cannot be absent one day, except I should hazard all the voyage. Neither Conceive I any great need good would come of it. Take then (brethren) this as a step to give you content. First for your dislike of the alteration of one clause in the Conditions, If you conceive it right, there can be no blame Lie on me at all. For the articles first brought over by John Carver, were never seen of any of the adventurers here, except Mr. Weston, neither did any of them like them because of that clause; nor Mr. Weston himself, after he had well considered it. But as at the first there was £500 withdrawn by Sir George Farrar and his brother,19 upon that dislike; so all the rest would have withdrawn (Mr. Weston excepted), If we had not altered that clause. Now whilst we at Leiden conclude upon points, as we did, we reckoned without our host, which was not my fault. Besides I shewed you by a letter the Equity of that condition, & our Inconveniences; which might be set against all Mr. Rob[inson’s]20 Inconveniences; that without the alteration of that clause, we could neither have means to get thither, nor supply whereby to subsist when we were there. Yet notwithstanding all those reasons, which were not mine, but other men’s wiser than myself, without answer to any one of them; here cometh over many querimonies, and complaints against me, of lording it over my brethren, and making conditions, fitter for thieves & bondslaves, than honest men, and that of my own head I did what I list.21 And at last a paper of reasons, framed against that clause in the conditions; which as they were delivered me open, so my answer is open to you all. And first as they are no other but Inconveniences, such as a man might ^frame^ 20 as great on the other side, and yet prove, nor disprove nothing by them; so they  1. miss, & mistake both the very ground of the article, and nature of the project. For, first it is said, that if there had been no division of houses, & lands, it had been better for the poor. True, and ^that^ showeth the unequality of the condition; we should ^more^ respect him, that ventureth, both his money, and his person; than him that ventureth but his person only.

2. Consider whereabout we are; not giving alms, but furnishing a storehouse, no one shall be poorer than another for 7 ^years^, and if any be rich, none can be poor. At the least we must not in such business, cry “Poor, poor; mercy, mercy”; Charity hath its life in wracks,22 not in ventures; you are by this most, in a hopeful pity of making; therefore complain not before you have need.

3. This will hinder the building of good, and fair houses, contrary to the advice of politics. A[nswer]. So we would have it; our purpose is to build for the present, such houses, as if need be, we may with little grief set afire, and run away by the light. Our riches shall not be in pomp, but in strength; If God send us riches, we will Employ them to provide more men, ships, munition, &c. You may see it amongst the best politics, that a commonweal is readier to ebb, than to flow, when once fine houses, and gay clothes come up.

4. The Government may prevent excess in building. A[nswer]. But if it be on all men beforehand resolved on, to build mean houses, the Governor’s labour is spared.

5. All men are not of one condition. A[nswer]. If by condition, you mean wealth, you are mistaken; If you mean by condition qualities, then I say he that is not content his neighbour shall have as good a house, fare, means, &c., as himself is not of a good quality. 2ly, such retired persons, as have an eye only to themselves; are fitter to come where catching is, than closing; and are fitter to live alone, than in any society, either Civil, or religious.

6. It will be of little value, scarce worth £5. A[nswer]. True, it may be not worth half £5. [33] If then so small a thing will content them, why strive we thus about ^it^, and give them occasion to suspect us to be worldly, & covetous. I will not say what I have heard since these Complaints came first over.

7. Our friends with us that adventure, mind not their own profit, as did the old adventurers. A[nswer]. Then they are better than we; who for a little matter of profit are ready to draw back; and it is more apparent. Brethren, look to it, that make profit your main end; repent of this, else go not lest you be like a Jonas to Tarshish.23 2nd, though some of them mind not their profit, yet others do mind it; and why not, as well as we; ventures are made by all sorts of men, and we must labour to give them all content, if we can.

8. It will break the course of community, as may be showed by many reasons. A[nswer]. That is but said, and I say again it will best foster communion, as may be showed by many reasons.

9. Great profit is like to be made by trucking, fishing, &c. A[nswer]. As it is better for them, so for us, for half is ours, besides our living still upon it; and if such profit in that way ^come^, our labour shall be the less on the land, and our houses, and lands, must, & will be of less value.

10. Our hazard is greater than theirs. A[nswer]. True, but do they put us upon it; do they urge, or egg us? hath not the motion, & resolution been always in ourselves; do they ^any^ more than in seeing us resolute if we had means, help us to means upon Equal terms, & conditions; if we will not go, they are content to keep their monies. Thus I have pointed at a way to loose those knots; which I hope you will consider seriously, and let me have no more stir about them.

Now furder I hear a noise of slavish Conditions by me made; but surely this is all that I have altered, and reasons I have sent you; If you mean it of the 2 days in a week for particular [employment], as some Insinuate; you are deceived, you may have 3 days in a week for me if you will; And when I have spoken to the adventurers of times of working, they have said they hope we are men of discretion, and conscience, and so fit to be trusted ourselves with that. But Indeed the ground of our proceedings at Leiden was mistaken, and so here is nothing but tottering every day, &c.

As24 for them of Amsterdam, I had thought they would as soon for have gone to Rome as with us; for our liberty is to them as rat’s bane; and their rigour ^as bad^ to us, as the Spanish Inquisition;25 If any practise of mine discourage them, let them ^yet^ draw back; I will undertake they shall have their money again presently paid here. Or if the company think me to be the Jonas, let them cast me off before we go, I shall be content to stay with good will, having but the clothes on my back; only let us have quietness, and no more of these clamors; full little did I expect these things which now are Come to pass, &c. Yours, R. Cushman.

But whether this letter of his ever came to their hands at Leiden,

I well know not; I rather think it was stayed by Mr. Carver

& kept by him, for giving offence. But this which follows ^was^ there

received. Both which I thought pertinent to recite.

Salutations, &c.26 I recieved your letter yesterday, by John Turner,27 withAnother of his to the foresaid, June 11, 1620. another the same day from Amsterdam by Mr. W.,28 savouring of the place whence it came. ^And^ Indeed the many discouragements I find here, together with the demurs, and retirings there; had made me to say, I would give up my accounts to John Carver, & at his coming acquaint him fully with all courses, and so leave it quite, with only the poor clothes on my back. But gathering up myself, by further Consideration [34] I resolved yet to make one trial more, And to acquaint Mr. Weston with the fainted state of our business; and though he hath been much discontented at some things amongst us of late; which hath made him often say, that save for his promise, he would not meddle at all with the business any more, yet considering how far we were plunged into matters, & how it stood both on our credits, & undoing; at the last he gathered up himself a little more, & coming to me 2 hours after, he told me he would not yet leave it. And so advising together, we resolved to hire a ship, and have took liking of one till Monday, about 60 last,29 for a greater we cannot get, except it be too great; but a fine ship it is.30 And seeing our near friends there, are so strait-laced, we hope to assure her without troubling them any further; and if the ship fall too small, it fitteth well that such as stumble at straws already, may rest them there a while lest worse blocks come in the way, ere 7 years be ended. If you had beaten31 this business so thoroughly, a month ago; and writ to us as now you do, we could thus have done much more Conveniently. But it is, as it is; I hope our friends there, if they be quitted of the ship hire, will be induced to venture the more. All that I now require is that salt; and nets, may there be bought, and for all the rest we will here provide it; yet if that will not be, let them but stand for it a month, or two, and we will take order to pay it all. Let Mr. Reynolds32 tarry there, and bring the ship to Southampton. We have hired another pilot here, one Mr. Clarke,33 who went last year to Virginia with a ship of kine: you shall hear distinctly by John Turner, who I think shall come hence on Tuesday night; I had thought to have come with him, to have answered to my complaints; but I shall learn to pass little for their Censures; and if I had more mind to go, & dispute, & expostulate with them, than I have care of this weighty business; I were like them who live by Clamours, & Jangling. But neither my mind, nor my body, is at liberty to do much, for I am fettered with business; and had rather study to be quiet, than to make answer to their exceptions; If men be set on it, let them beat the air;34 I hope such as are my sincere friends, will not think but I can give some reason of my actions. But of your mistaking about the matter, & other things tending to this business, I shall next more Inform you more distinctly; meanspace entreat our friends, not to be too busy in answering matters, before they know them. If I do such things as I cannot give reasons for, it is like you have set afoot about your business, and so turn the reproof to yourselves, & send another, and let me come again to my Combs.35 But setting aside my natural Infirmities, I refuse not to have my cause Judged, both of God, & all indifferent men; and when we come together I shall give account of my actions here. The Lord who Judgeth Justly without respect of persons, see into the Equity of my Case; and give us quiet, peaceable, and patient minds, in all these turmoils, and sanctify unto us all crosses whatsoever. And so I take my leave of you all, in all love, & affection.

June 11, 1620.}

I hope we shall get all here ready in 14 days

Your poor brother,

Robert Cushman.

Besides these things, there fell out a difference amongst those 3 that received [35] The monies, & made the provisions in England; for besides these two formerly mentioned sent from Leiden for this End, viz. Mr. Carver, & Robert Cushman, there was one chosen in England, to be Joined with them to make the provisions for the voyage; his name was Mr. Martin,36 he came from Billerica in Essex, from which parts came sundry others to go with them, as also from London & other places; and therefore It was thought meet & convenient by them in Holland that these strangers that were to go with them, should appoint one thus to be Joined with them, not so much for any great need of their help, as to avoid all Suspicion, or Jealousy of any partiality; and Indeed their care for giving offence, both in this & other things afterward, turned to great Inconvenience unto them, as in the sequel will appear; but however It shewed their equal, & honest minds. The provisions were for the most part, made at Southampton contrary to Mr. Weston’s, & Robert Cushman’s mind (whose Counsels did most concur in all things). A touch of which things I shall give in a letter of his to Mr. Carver, and more will appear afterward.

To his loving friend Mr. John Carver,

these, &c.37

Loving friend, I have received from you some letters, full of affection & complaints; and what it is you would have of me I know not; for your crying out “Negligence, negligence, negligence”; I marvel why so negligent a man was used in the business. Yet know you, that all that I have power to do here, shall not be one hour behind I warrant you. You have reference to Mr. Weston to help us with money, more than his adventure; when he protesteth but for his promise, he would not have done anything. He saith we take a heady course, and is offended, that our provisions are made so far off; as also that he was not made acquainted with our quantity of things; and saith that in now being in 3 places so far remote; we will with going up & down, and wrangling, & expostulating, pass over the summer before we will go. And to speak the truth there is fallen already amongst us a flat schism; and we are readier to go to dispute, than to set forward a voyage. I have received from Leiden since you went, 3 or 4 letters directed to you, though they only concern me; I will not trouble you with them. I always feared the event of the Amsterdamers striking in with us; I trow you must excommunicate me, or else you must go without any ^their^ Company, or we shall want no quarreling; but let them pass. We have reckoned it should seem without our host; and counting upon a 150 persons, there cannot be found above £1200 & odd monies of all the ventures you can reckon, besides some cloth, stockings, & shoes which are not counted, so we shall come short at least 3 or £400. I would have had something shortened at first, of beer, & other provisions, in hope of other adventures; & now we could have both in Amsterdam & Kent ^have^ beer Enough to serve our turn, but now we cannot accept it without prejudice. You fear we have begun to build & shall not be able to make an end;38 Indeed our courses, were never established by Counsel, you may therefore Justly fear their standing. Yea there was a [36] schism amongst ^us^ 3 at the first;39 you wrote40 to Mr. Martin, to prevent the making of the provisions in Kent; which he did, and set down his resolution, how much he would have of everything, without respect to any counsel, or exception. Surely he that is in a society, & yet regards not counsel, may better be a king, than consort. To be short, if there be not some other disposition settled unto than yet is; we that should be partners of humility, and peace, shall be examples of Jangling, & Insulting. Yet your money which you there must have, we will get provided for you Instantly; £500 you say will serve; for the rest which here, & in Holland is to be used we may go scratch for it. For Mr. *Crabe41 of whom you write, he hath promised to go with us, yet I tell you I* He was a minister. shall not be without fear till I see him shipped, for he is much opposed, yet hope he will not fail. Think the best of all, and bear with patience what Is wanting, and the Lord guide us all.

London, June 10, Anno 1620}

Your loving friend,

Robert Cushman

I have been the larger in these things; and so shall crave leave in some like passages following (though in other things I ^shall^ labour to be more contract), that their children may see with what difficulties their fathers wrastled in going through these things, in their first beginnings; and how God brought them along notwithstanding all their weaknesses, & Infirmities. As also that some use may be made hereof in after-times by others; In such-like weighty Employments; and herewith I will end this chapter.