Banished from the Council

    243. To Unknown, 3 February 1767

    244. To William Bollan, [early February 1767]

    245. From John Cushing, [10 February 1767]

    246. To Thomas Pownall, 12 February 1767

    247. From John Osborne, 12 February 1767

    248. To [John Pownall?], 14 February [1767]

    249. To Francis Bernard, 20 February 1767

    250. From Richard Jackson, 23 February 1767

    251. From John Osborne, [27 February 1767]

    252. To [Richard Jackson], [late February 1767]

    253. To Unknown, 3 March [1767]

    254. To Richard Jackson, 24 March 1767

    In May 1766, Thomas Hutchinson and other key government supporters failed to win re-election to the Council, a body on which Hutchinson had served continuously since 1749. After May 1766, although he no longer voted or participated in debate, Hutchinson continued to attend Council meetings as he believed was customary for the lieutenant governor. After he accompanied Governor Francis Bernard to Bernard’s speech opening the meeting of the General Court on 28 January, the House of Representatives objected to Hutchinson’s attendance at Council meetings. In their objection, the representatives described Hutchinson’s conduct as “a new and additional instance of ambition and lust of power.” The House inserted these words into its response to the governor’s address upon the motion of Joseph Hawley, the representative from Northampton, evidence that Hawley’s rancor at Hutchinson’s ruling against his clients in the case of the Berkshire rioters was still fresh. Hutchinson went to great lengths to demonstrate the historical precedents for the lieutenant governor’s presence at meetings of the Council, but ultimately he gave up the argument, not wishing to be the cause of further controversy between the governor and the General Court.

    243. To Unknown

    Boston 3. Feb. 1767

    Dear Sir, I shall send you under this cover the g’s short speech & the long answer to it from the house.1 From respect to the g. I went with him in his chariot to council at the opening the session & took my place next to him but as soon as he had made his speech withdrew. The opposition say that altho I do not vote or speak yet my being there has influence & therefore to prevent it they have treated me in this servile manner. The gov. says it will have a good effect & convince the ministry of the determination of these people to take the whole government into their hands.

    There have been but 5 L Governors before me since the charter & 4 of them sat constantly in council the 5. livd at C & would not have attended unless he had been paid for it if there had been no exception but it is said Mr. B who had much of the Bash.2 in him did not like him & would not suffer him to be there. The charter does not make the LG of the C. but it seems to suppose him to be present & he is expressly impowerd to swear the members of the H. I am unwilling to give up any Right which belongs to any place I hold lest my successor should be prejudiced & I am the more unwilling at a time when government wants support especially the C who are so dependent upon the H & some of them already threatened with being Removd the next election. No motion has been yet made Relative to the agency.3 They design to go on very leisurely having laid the plan of much business & by keeping back the grants which are made to the J & other officers & the chief of civil officers until they think it convenient they can force the g to continue their sitting when he would be glad to dismiss them.4

    We have many good men who often have in their mouths this expression where will these things end—and in their hearts wish the NE Wilkes the same fate with the Old but either there are not yet a majority of such people or they ^we^ have not courage to try our strength.5 I am loth to despair & sooner or later hope to see peace & good order Restored. I am with much esteem Sir Your most Obedient and most humble,

    AC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 26:265); unaddressed.

    244. To William Bollan

    [early February 1767]

    Dear Sir, I have had nothing worth communicating to you for some time past. The Ass. which is now sitting boasts that their members are the most loyal of any from the charter & that the same disposition prevails in the country in general. They employ an agent who gives them intelligence of evry thing he hears to be wrote to Engd. & I am suspected of having said some very unfavorable things.1 What they publish themselves they must expect will be transmitted. I shall inclose you a very curious message to the gov. which they suppose can give no just cause of offence.2 Not content with leaving me out of the c— they have come to a Resolution that I have no right by charter to be there & some of them urged that tho I neither voted nor spoke yet my meer sitting there had influence. The counc. have not the spirit to contradict them in any thing indeed the whole government is in their hands. They have again voted to dismiss Mr. J & I suppose they have Committees of their own or will have to write to their former agent & settle their account & they give out they will make no grant to their last agent.3 In short it looks as if they were desirous of making all the world their enemies & if they ruin the country some of the chief of the faction who are in a state of bankruptcy or insolvency will be at worst as well off as they are now.4 I am Sir Your Affectionate humble Servant,

    AC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 26:266); undated; at foot of letter, “Mr Bollan”; the letter is undated but appears in TH’s letterbook immediately after a letter dated 12 February and before a letter dated 14 February.

    245. From John Cushing

    [10 February 1767]

    Honorable and Dear Sir, I see by the long answer to the Govrs Speech which was very Short, and I Supposed Designedly so to prevent Remarks.1 They took a Large Circle to Bring you in and to amuse the People against your Election in may. I wish Philanthrop would set that Affair right That People might know how it was in the Begining & for many years. I believe he has done great Service to the Govr.2

    Young Otis who was of Rolands Class & Expelled has Great mind to be restor’d If possible, & go through The Colege, he is the only Son of his Father who has a Good Estate & the Lad has behaved well Ever Since he Came home & I believe would at Colege If he was Restored.3 Pray is there no Redemption and forgivness If Sought for with Confession & Tears. I wish a way might be found out that he might be in his own Class or Some other I dont know but hed Enter Anew rather than Fail.

    Who is this Artiliry Company at the Castle, whence Came they & what is the Occation of it?4 But in a hurry I must Conclude. Your most Obedient,

    Jn. Cushing

    RC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 25:159); undated; addressed, “To his Honbl. Lieut. Govr. Hutchinson In Boston”; endorsed, “Colo. Cushing Feb. 10 1767”; TH wrote on the envelope “Feb. 10. 1767” and then the following list: “Schisma d’Angleterra / Thucydides Italian / Lettere di Tasso / de Marins / Vita de Thomas Aquinas / St. Athanasius Origen /Polybius / Lettere [illegible] / Homini Illustri de [ManGierro] / Historia Genovosi.”

    246. To Thomas Pownall

    12 Feb. 1767.

    Dear Sir, Mr. B. thot he might avoid even the lest cavil for giving cause of altercation made a speech of a few words only to the 2 houses to open the session. But the H attackd him for recommending the support of the authority of government & having no further matter with him they fell upon me in their message for accompanying him to Council as being without precedent & not mentioned in the charter & shewing a lust of power. Evry LG since the charter except my immediate predecessor always sat in c tho’ not of the c the Records of which have been laid before them & many of them acknowledge they were ignorant of it but it is not possible for the same house which has committed a mistake to submit to a confession of it. They in the next place attackd the g for providing for 2 companies of artillery which came into the harbor in the Recess of the court & tell him “we cannot but express a very deep concern that an act of Parl should yet be in being which appears to us to be as Real a greivance as was that which so justly alarmed this continent. Your Excellency & the C by taking this step have unwarrantably & unconstitutionally subjected the people of this province to an expence without giving this house an opportunity of passing their judgment upon it.”1 There is no accounting for so rash a measure without supposing it to be the determind design of the promoters of it to keep the government in a state which it is said the chief of them has vowed he would do tho he perish in the attempt.2 Hitherto they can obtain a majority to every question about 1/4 of the H tho the major part is worthless & upon all other occasions in weight lamenting the fate of the country. I could wish there was any way to suppress 2 or 3 bad men. I should hope if their power was at an end the country in general would see the folly of exposing themselves to national Resentment. If the c exerted themselves it would strengthen the minority in the h but there is not the lest spirit left among them & I think it no small compliment made me when it was urged as a reason against my sitting in the c chamber that tho I had no vote nor inserted my self in any debate yet my being there would have influence.

    They have again voted to dismiss Mr J. & say there shall be no agent but the agent of the h and I fear the c will not dare to Refuse their concurrence to his pay altho they know nothing of what he is employd about. These are the beginnings & it is said they have a very extensive plan & intend a remonstrance against the gov. & many other extraordinary measures which since you desire it I will take the liberty to advise you of as they occur here. Sir Your obedient & obliged Servant,

    AC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 26:265–66); at foot of letter, “Gov. P.”

    247. From John Osborne

    Boston Feb. 12 1767

    Honorable and dear Sir, I set at home and observe the conduct with respect to our Publick affairs and realy Sir they give me vast uneasiness, that Im ready somtimes to come forth into print my self—never did I se such a time in this province and how & where things will end tis not easily to determine but I am not at a Loss to say things forebode nothing promising good to this Loyal people. I wish I could se that Loyalty, we proffess resolv’d into practice but i’ll stop—only to mention one thing for your consideration—it is only my own thoughts whether or no if your Honor should be back of the Ground, & if you quit your right of being in the council chamber when you please, you would not encur the Kings displeasure &c. Let it have its weight with you I could abundantly inlarge but must conclude as heretofore—with much sincerity & affection—your Loving Father,

    J. Osborne

    P.S. I cannot put up with such insolent treatment, to you, so easily, as ^I think^ you can.

    RC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 25:162–63); dateline appears at the bottom of the letter; at foot of letter, “His Honor Lieut. Govr.”

    248. To Unknown

    14 Feb [1767]

    Dear Sir, The g. tells me he shall write you at large by this vessel & transmit to you all papers speeches messages &c.1 some of them the most ^latter as^ ill judged & distracted ill timed that ever was as possible. What relates to me they should ^say I might^ have avoided if I had been less active in supporting the g. but I do not design to purchase my peace at his expence. I have not ^indeed^ gone lately to council because I thought I should do more hurt by increasing the flame in the house than I could do good meerly by being present among a set of men who are so [illegible] without spirit to leave any hope of a ^without voting or speaking^. You ^supposed something would come on the carpet relative to the colonies. What we are doing will not retard it. I dread, with you, any alterations of constitutions and I think the appointment of the council in the same manner with the councils of the royal governor would cause just at this time a terrible convulsion and I know of no scheme for a council less dependent upon a governor.^2 It seems as if we could neither bear our malady nor the cure of it. ^When the governor does not write you I will advise you of all occurrences. I am with very great esteem,^

    Dft (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 26:266–67); heavily revised with 35 to 40 lines of illegible crossed-out text; unaddressed; partially dated.

    249. To Francis Bernard

    Boston 20th. Feb 1767.

    Sir, I waited upon your Excellency to Council, the first Day of the Session of the General Court, to testify my Respect to your Person, and to do Honour to the Commission you sustain. I had frequently been present in Council since the last Election, and not one member of either House ever intimated to me, that he was in the least Degree dissatisfied with it. I supposed that there were several Parts of the Charter, which gave Countenance to it, and that there was no Part which rendered it improper. I knew that, immediately upon the arrival of the Charter, it was the Sense of the General Court, that the Lieutenant Governor had a Right to be present in Council. I thought that a contemporaneous Exposition, espeically when the persons who sollicited the Charter in England, and who were consulted in the framing every Part of it, were then in the Province, together with an unterrupted Practice for forty years immediately upon it were sufficient to justify me. I was not insensible that one, and but one, Lieutenant Governor, my immediate Predecessor, had not sat in Council, and I had heard that the Gentleman who was then Governor excluded him,1 but I heard at the Same Time, that this was looked upon as a mere Act of Power, admitting or excluding a Lieutenant Governor, whensoever the Governor thought proper, and I did not imagine that the Act or Opinion of a single Governor would ever be urged against the Opinion and Practice of the whole General Court, during the Administration of five preceeding Governors. Your Excellency had never signified to me that my Presence in Council was disagreable to you.

    I am extremely concerned that anything which relates to me should occasion a Difference in Sentiments between your Excellency and the House of Representatives, at a Time when every Man, of every Order ought to contribute all that is in his Power to the Restoration of Harmony and Tranquility, and, notwithstanding it is very grievous to me, that so respectable a Body have passed so heavy a Judgment upon my Conduct without giving me an Opportunity of justifying or excusing it, I shall endeavour to be patient under my misfortune, and I will avoid all Occasion of further Controversy with the present House of Representatives by wholly absenting myself from the Council Chamber, unless your Excellency shall give Direction for my Attendance there for any special Purpose.

    I am obliged to your Excellency for your Concern to vindicate my Character. I hope enough has been already done for that Purpose, but, if not, I had rather wait some future Opportunity of doing it, than be the Means of continuing the least Dispute in the General Court, presuming that this my Act will never be improved to the Prejudice of the future Claim of the Lieutenant Governor, much less to the Prejudice of the Right of the Governor, or of the Council, to admit a Lieutenant Governor to be present at that Board when they shall judge it proper. I am with very great Respect your Excellency’s most Obedient Servant,

    Tho. Hutchinson

    AC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 25:164–66); in an unknown hand; docketed, “A true Copy Att: Sam. Adams [Cle. Dom. Rep.].” SC (Massachusetts Historical Society, Mass. Papers, 1749–1768, Ms. N-2193); in an unknown hand. SC (Clements Library, Shelburne Papers, 63:67); in an unknown hand.

    250. From Richard Jackson

    Inner Temple 23 Feb 1767

    Dear Sir, I received the favour of your Letter of the 17th. Dec & sincerely wish to be able to contribute to your Views. I have delivered your Letter to Ld Shelburne & opened my Mind a little to his Lordship on the Subject of your Letter to me, without acquainting him I had received such a one.1 I was too soon interrupted to make any Progress in what I had to say. I only collected, (not that he informed me) no American Measures will be taken ‘till Ld Chatham comes to Town who is now on the Road from Bath.2 Lord Shelburne added that it was impossible for him to answer your Letter, which I told him, I believed you did not expect him to do.

    As for that part of your Letter that concerns myself I bear no illwill to the Assembly for the part they have acted.3 They can know nothing of me, & can therefore be influenced by no personal Dislike of me, it is myself I am only to blame for accepting the Office. The only Wish that I have is that I may not be the Source of Dissension between the Gov & the Representative of the Province. I have not given the Governor express Directions to resign the office for me, or even desired him to assent to the Vote, because I think I ought not to judge positively on a Subject that I cannot be competently acquainted with, but I shall request him by a Letter that will accompany this, not to embroil either himself or me, much less the publick Service of Government, for the sake of any Pecuniary Views in my favour.4 I truly accepted the Post to serve the Province & shall without any ill humour contribute so far as lies in my Power to the welfare [of]5 the Province hereafter without the Character of their Agent & possibly with more Success, because less suspected of Partiality. I am at present labouring the Penobscot Grants & the Violences of Commodore Paliser with the Administration.6 When the Event will be I know not, but be it when it will, I am so unlike Mr Mauduit, I shall neither Court ^nor reproach^ the Assembly by enumerating Services,7 you will excuse the incorrectness of what I write, it is under a severe fit of the Toothach. I am Dear Sir your obliged humble Servant,

    R Jackson

    I sent a Plot of the Line run between New Hampshire & the Province of Main to Mr Oliver by the Deep Bay.8

    RC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 25:167–68); unaddressed.

    251. From John Osborne

    Friday P.M. a clock

    [27 February 1767]1

    My Dear Lieutenant Governor, When my Son2 came home from out of the Galery, and brought tyding’s, I could not keep Silence but must tell you how my Pott boyld over with Joye, for the work of the forenoon; and the first thing that caim to my mind, was, the Gallows, built by Hamman, for poor Mordicai, hung Hamman ^there on^ himself.3 When I consider how much Inocence, peasibleness, good nature, Honesty, knowledge, Capacity, & Superiority, ^& usefulness^ and worth is Persicuted, it is enough to straight ^strike^ & confound, every good man ^ever^ dumb. My Son said when the second time was Voted before ever the Committee report of the House return’d, O—s came from the two dores, threw himself into his Chaire, with such Confusedness & Silence that My Son See what was the result ^before hand^. The disapointment both ways was no small disapointment. Well Let us se what a Soverain God, Can, and I believe is about to do; to cause the House of David, to grow, and Saul to fall, and ^if^ every good man would do as it is my practice, that on ^my^ bended knees, at the thron of Grace would begg of God, that as the River’s are carried into the Sea So he would be pleas’d, as he has the hearts of ^all^ men at his disposal to turn ’em into the right Channel as that which would be most for his Glory and the peoples weal &c. As I have oportunity to Se any of ’em & must & do openly atack ’em for I ask, no favor but good will. I Long sometimes to dibb my Pen to work but Gramar or Conection &c. &c. &c. would be atack’d yet I have ^Ventur’d^ to Send Somthing to Fleet’s for next monday’s paper, Sign’d ^a^ real ^good^ friend to support Government which doubtless you’ll Se4 & Let it go or fall as it will from your Honors, much affected Loving Father,

    Jn Osborne

    PS. I flatter my Self, this busness will open the Eyes of the Several Towns in time. Jona. Turner Jr. was here the other day, & told me that several extracks, &c. in the papers Last weeke, convinc’d many as 30 persons that wer on the other Side, of the question brought right.5

    RC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 25:511–514); at foot of letter, “His Honor Lieut Govr.”; partially dated with day and time written at the bottom of the letter before the postscript; manuscript is partially obscured by tape; endorsed, “J Osborn’s Letter.”

    252. To [Richard Jackson]

    [late February 1767]

    Dear Sir, I tell the demagogues that their treatment of me is of no consequence, their resentment against you is groundless ungrateful & will render them deservedly odious in all times & places so far as the knowledge or remembrance of it shall Reach.1 The poor country is misled & deserves pity but for the leaders I think no punishment would be too great. We are expecting from day to day news from England. It has been the manner of this people from the first to disregard danger at a distance but when very near impending to be very sensible & Repent. I wish we may have opportunity if any severe measures should be determined on, before they are executed to consider & Resolve whether we had better submit to what the Parl. shall Require of us or Refuse a compliance at all hazards. Possibly the eyes of the people may open & distinguish their friends from their enemies.2 I am with very great esteem Dear Sir Your Obliged &c.,

    AC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 26:268); unaddressed; undated; an unknown hand has penciled in at the top of the letter, “Mr Jackson I suppose”; the letter immediately after and on the same page in the letterbook is dated 3 March.

    253. To Unknown

    March 3d. [1767]

    I have just now received the Councils answer to the House.1 By the conclusion of it I have no doubt if I should go again to Council they would join with the House. This makes the LG more insignificant than ever and as it is uncertain what changes may happen I must ask it as a favor of you that if a new governor should be appointed you would in my behalf desire that I may resign my place of LG. It will be most unexceptionable to do it before I know who is appointed. Here is a gentleman who has been of the c. 14 or 15 years of very good estate & inoffensive character who is fond of honor & I fancy would give at least 1000£ sterling for the commission.2 I have never hinted a word to him of my inclination to resign. Could any use be made of this disposition to my advantage & without reflecting any dishonour. I shall never think any more of it until I have your sentiments upon it.

    Dft (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 26:268); unaddressed; marked “not sent”; partially dated.

    254. To Richard Jackson

    Boston 24. March 1767

    Dear Sir, The g has got rid of his assembly after 7 or 8 weeks sitting seeking for matter of contention & being able to find but little.1 The dispute about my sitting in council I hope has been of use and served for a diversion from matters of more moment & I question whether the movers of it will answer their end which was to render me obnoxious for a few days before the court was prorogued Mr. [blank space in MS] exerted himself to engage his friends in both Houses to vote for him to be a comissioner for settling the boundary of the Province with N York and altho I knew nothing of the election my friends were too many for him & obtained 55 votes for me against 44 for him & even a majority in the H of R.2 This has greatly mortified the party in the House court & people without doors have taken courage & express themselves with greater freedom than they have done against the licentiousness which has so much prevailed. Great prudence is necessary to improve every circumstance which may lessen & destroy the influence of a bad set of men and I do not design to desist from endeavouring it so long as there Remains the least hopes of effecting it. They voted, in the House 200£ as a salary to their agent Mr Deberdt & the council concurred it. I suppose the governor has not consented to it. Nothing will tend more to bring the whole government into the power of the H than allowing them a separate agent with such salary as they think proper nor will they consent to a province agent whilst they have one of their own.

    We have nothing from Eng. since the 1. of Jan. We expect every day important news.3 I am Dear Sir Your most obedient humble Servant,

    AC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 26:271); at head of letter, “Mr Jackson.”

    255. To Unknown

    Boston 27 Mar 1767

    Dear Sir, I have never met with any misfortune more sudden & unexpected than Major Hawleys violent prejudice & opposition. The Report you mention I do not know that either in publick or private I ever gave the least grounds for. I have as often as the subject led me to it expressed my self directly to the contrary. I look upon trials by juries as one of the ^most^ distinguishing excellencies of the English constitution. But when a general charge is made against me by a gentleman of so fair a character as Maj. Hawley has always maintained that I am of unconstitutional principles am ambitious & lustful of power and when he has repeatedly declared that he is loth to enter into particulars I should not wonder if the most extravagant things should be said of me in one part of the country & another.1

    I desire to forgive him & I never intend to Return evil for evil or to hurt his character in the least unless the vindication of my own character Renders it unavoidable. We are not always upon our guard & Resentment upon the first notice of fresh injuries may lead me to drop some expressions which I wish to avoid. I only desire my friends to suspend forming any judgment upon such ill Reports until they have better evidence than meerly the Reports themselves. I am obliged to you for your candour in this Respect.

    After the expectation of the house was raised & some of my friends ^as they^ have told me were Really afraid something criminal would be produced I am informed that all the particulars of this general charge was my taking the place of Chief Justice when I was Lieut. gov.2 It was not a place of my seeking & if he should prevail upon the people to think I ought not to continue in it I will Resign it for I do not desire any publick post any longer than I can give satisfaction. Indeed if all the gentlemen of the bar should think it allowable to persecute one of the Justices of the court as often as he differed from him in sentiments a man had better be employed in any menial office.

    I mention this because the trial of the Berkshire rioter[s] is generally supposed to have given rise to all the persecution I have lately suffered.

    I hope first or last I shall be able to convince Major Hawley he has been in an error. I am Sir Your very humble,

    AC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 26:271–72); unaddressed.

    256. From Israel Mauduit

    Clemens Lane 11 April 1767

    Sir, I am glad to find by your Letter of 31st. Dec. that your General Court has at length had the Grace to make a Just Compensation to the Sufferers in the late Riots. They did not do it too soon, for about the time of the arrival of the news, a disposition was rising here to make a strict inquiry, why it was so long delayd.

    What you mention of our Divisions has proved a great misfortune to both Countries: for I cant but consider their interests the same, & ^think that^ no one can Injure the one without hurting the other. We are now beginning to see our Error, and are uniting here in one opinion with regard to the supporting the honor of the Crown, & the Authority of the Legislature. The open disobedience of the Assembly at N York to the Act for quartering the Soldiers, has raisd a Spirit in parliament, which I have not seen before.1 All now agree that Government would be no more, if it sufferd any of its Subjects to dispute its supreme Authority. The Ld Chancellor some time ago said that that Colony was in a State of Delinquency,2 & Every Member of the Administration in both houses have in the strongest terms declared, that they would go as far as any men in maintenance of Kings rights. The first Ld of the Treasury & the Secretary of State Intimated in the house of Lords last week, that Lord Chatham with the Assistence of the Ld Chancellor & Ld President &c. is preparing a bill for this purpose, & a plan for carrying it into execution.3 The ready obedience of Pensylvania was mentiond to their honor, & a just distinction seems intended to be made between the different Provinces according to their different behaviour.4 I am sorry to find that your assembly has been bro’t to imitate those of New York.5 Those men surely must have very little regard to the Interest of the Province, who have been using every Art to mislead an honest well meaning people for their own factious purposes.

    Not that you have any ground of fear from the measures which are now taking. All passion Prejudice & Resentment has been most fully disclaimd; & the persons, who are to form & execute the Plan, are the very men whom your people have been t’ot to think your best friends, & are raising Statues to.6 Far from Injustice therfore, you have nothing to expect, but what shall be dictated by sentiments of the utmost moderation & Good will.

    I indeed, from my own frequent conversation with him, know that Mr Grenville, whose estimation & Authority in parliament is rising every day, has not the least Resentment against the Colonies; & am persuaded, that the plan would be formd by him with full as much Moderation, & probably with much better Judgment.7 But the strong Prejudices which are now prevailing in your Country, & have formerly in this, make it more desirable that this Business should be enterd on by him & Lord Cambden, than by any one Else.

    I have attended at the house of Lords all the three days on which the American affairs have been mentiond there. Much was said yesterday about Your tacking an act of Indemnity to that for the Compensation. Acts of Grace ^can^ originate only in the Crown8 Ld Shelbourn was amazed that his Letter could have given the least countenance to the passing of it.9 But Ld Mansfield excused the Governor.10 The Council will certainly declare that part Null & Void, but that need give no alarm, because somthing equivalent will be done here. The Intended Bill is to begin in the house of Commons. The Attention of that house has for some time been wholly engaged in the East India business.11 But they have resolvd on the 30th. Instant immediatly after the recess, to take the American papers into Consideration.

    Lord Mansfield made yesterday one of the finest speeches that I ever heard in parliament upon the folly & wickedness of your Incendiaries & the fatal Effects to the Colonies which the [disjunction] of them must necessarily produce. A Speech which carried conviction in the hearing but which I hope never to see verified by experience.12

    It gives me a Sensible pleasure to hear that you are compleating a 2d. Volume of your history I was affraid that your Papers had been so many of them destroyed, & all of them so much deranged, as to have discouraged You from proceeding. I am glad the work goes on; for the sake of the publick, & on Account of the Information which that will receiv from it, and shall for that reason wish to have the reading of it. But I rejoice in it also upon your own Account, as nothing gives a man a more serene & heart felt Joy, than imployments of this sort. Nor is it less a comfort to find, that, far from being broken down by Misfortune, you have a Strength of mind still to bear up, & rise superior to all the unkind treatment you have met with. Long may you injoy the same Serenity & happy disposition, & count me [among the]13 Number of your friends. I am Sir your most Obedient humble Servant,

    Israel Mauduit.

    RC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 25:177–79); dateline appears at the bottom of the letter; addressed, “To The Honble Thomas Hutchinson Esqr. at Boston New England”; endorsed, “Israel Mauduit 11 April 1767”; postmarked, “New York” with other markings for postage.

    257. To [Richard Jackson]

    Boston 2d. May 1767

    Dear Sir, I promised to give you a journal of the proceedings of the Gen court. After the gov’s answer to their message relative to my sitting in council or rather to my being present when the council is sitting the house made a reply which they carried by a small majority so evasive & inconclusive that it might have been easily answered & exposed but I saw that contention with them at this time upon this point could have no good consequence & therefore by a letter desired the gov. to insist no further upon it.1 This letter he laid before the house & in a short message desired the dispute might subside at present but this would not satisfy them & they sent a message to the board to desire they would consider how far this claim affected the constitution.2 The council had repeatedly declined any enquiry into precedents upon the recommendation of the governor to do it but upon this message of the house they have appointed a comittee to prepare an answer which be it what it may I shall give myself no further concern about the affair.3 The g has signed their vote to dismiss you from the agency. If they chuse another agent I suppose it will be Mr Debert.4 I do not think there has been an assembly since the first settlement of the country who have judged so ill of the true interest of the country as the present assembly. I see no prospect of a change for the better another year; the council upon the new election the last Wednesday in May, will probably be modelled more to their purpose if it can be than they now are.5

    The g hopes he shall have leave to make a visit to England.6 I am really of the mind that a short absence would be the means of removing the unreasonable prejudices against him & that his future administration would be rendered more easy & peaceable: I have never spoke so plain to you upon this subject because in appearance I am interested in it & I should not do it now if I did not know what I say to be agreeable to his own sentiments.

    I lament the loss of friends to the country. It is impossible that you should pursue our interest with the same zeal as if you had not been so ungenerously treated but I am sure you will not wholly forsake us. I have sent a 2d. volume of our history to the press. I have wished it had been printed before this session of the court. I have represented the conduct of some former assemblies ^not unlike to this^ and the consequences of it in so strong a light that I think it must have done service. As soon as it is finished I will take the liberty to send you a number of books. I am with very great esteem Sir Your obliged & most obedient Servant,

    Dft (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 26:267–68); unaddressed; marked “not sent.”

    258. From Lord Shelburne

    Whitehall June 1767

    Sir, I have the King’s Commands to acquaint you that in order to obtain the most perfect Information of the present State of His Colony of Massachusets Bay from Govr. Bernard in Person, His Majesty has been graciously pleased, in order that he may return to England for that Purpose, to grant him Twelve Months leave of Absence, and to appoint you to the Command of the Province during his Absence.1 His Majesty has the utmost Reliance upon your Prudence, Ability and Discretion in the Discharge of this important Trust, and doubts not but that you will recommend yourself to his Royal Favour by every possible Endeavour to allay the Jealousies and Animosities which have lately disturbed the good Order and Quiet of the Province; and by such a due Attention to the Prerogatives of the Crown and the legal and constitutional Rights of the People, as your Experience and Knowledge must enable you to pursue.

    Govr. Bernard is directed to make over to you at his Departure the Charge of the Government, and to deliver to you a Copy of His Instructions, with Copies of all Publick Letters and Papers which may be necessary for your Information in the Discharge of that important Trust.2

    SC (Clements Library, Shelburne Papers 85:130); at head of letter, “Lt. Govr. Hutchinson”; in an unknown hand; this letter was never sent (see note 1 below).