A Quarrel with the Governor

    379. From Sir Francis Bernard, 19 June 1769

    380. From Sir Francis Bernard, 21 June 1769

    381. From Andrew Oliver, 22 June 1769

    If Thomas Hutchinson had reservations about Francis Bernard’s conduct, he was careful to keep them to himself, but rumors reached Bernard during his last weeks in Massachusetts that Hutchinson believed the governor had mishandled his final session of the legislature by insisting on the payment of his salary before the House proceeded to other business. The report prompted Bernard to suspect Hutchinson of attempting to curry favor with the General Court by demonstrating how different his conduct might be once he became acting governor.

    379. From Sir Francis Bernard1

    Jamaica Farm June 19 1769

    Sir, I have been desirous of acting in Concert with you in the Business of this Session: but since it cannot be done I must do as well as I can. I was endeavouring that a Union of Sentiments & Coalition of Interests between us two should appear at this time, as I think it necessary to his Majesty’s Service that there should not only be but appear to be a perfect good Understanding between us in our Ideas of the Exigences of this Government: if the contrary should hereafter be made apparent by your Disavowal of the Measures which I have thought fit to pursue, it must weaken your Administration, as well as reflect upon mine. I was therefore willing to consult you in every Step I took in this Session.

    As to the Salary Act I have hitherto understood that you quite agreed with me in Opinion that it was proper to insist upon its being passed in Conformity to the Instructions. I have wrote so to My Lord Hillsborough: I must now let him know that you have changed your Opinion; & therefore I must change my Intention: I had your Intrest full as much ^well^ as my own in the proposing this Method but the Service of the King more than either. And if you think that a Contrast of your Administration with mine will be for the best, I shall sincerely wish you Success in it.2

    I shall write to you by the Portsmouth Carrier if there shall be any thing occur to require it: if you receive no Letter from me you must conclude there is no Occasion for one. I wish you a good Journey & shall be glad to see you at the earliest day of your Return. I am Sr. &c,3

    SC (Houghton Library, Sparks 4, 7:228–29); in Thomas Bernard’s hand; at foot of letter, “The Honble the Lt. Govr.”; in an unknown hand.

    380. From Sir Francis Bernard1

    Jamaica Farm June 21 1769

    Sr., A Letter containing such important Matters as yours of the 19th2 sent by a Servant who is to wait for an Answer may easily receive so hasty a one, as to be liable to be misunderstood: this has been the Case with my Letter. And now I cannot undertake to explain myself by a Letter which is to go by so uncertain a Conveyance as this. All I can say at present is that the Contrast was not mentioned as supposed to be purposely designed but as probably consequential to a Want of Communication.3 However I shall endeavour to steer this Business, which I can consider of great Importance, in such a Manner as to prevent such Effects. I am &c.,

    SC (Houghton Library, Sparks 4, 7:229); in Thomas Bernard’s hand; at foot of letter, “Lieut Governor”; in an unknown hand.

    381. From Andrew Oliver

    Boston 22d. June 1769

    Honoured & dear Sir, Your Letter with one inclosed for the Governor was brought to my House at one oclock last Monday:1 my Son Billy seeing thro’ the cover the direction to the Governor and hapning to see him in Town inform’d him of it,2 whereupon the Gov opened the Cover, took his own and sealed up the other inclosures in presence of my Son, who delivered the same to me on my return from Cambridge in the Evening. I waited on the Governor yesterday morning and explaind the mistake to him, and as the matter had fallen out thus unfortunately, I thought it best to shew him what you had wrote me, as it might tend to prevent a jealousy of any combination ^together^ against him, which your manner of writing to me must, I apprehend, effectually do.

    I have waited in Town till past ten oclock this morning in expectation of receiving from the Governor his Answer to your Letter which he told me he would send, as I thought, the last Evening, together with your Letter to him, that I might take a copy of it: it is not yet come to hand, he seemd to explain away the sense you put upon his Expression of contrasting your Administration with his;3 but after all, he seem’d to think you should insist upon a Grant of the whole Salary, altho’ you should not think proper to insist upon it as the first thing done in the Session: He will doubtless explain himself fully to you on the Subject.

    I yesterday carried a Message from him to the House pointing out the business of the Session, lest they should assign as a reason of their Inactivity, his silence.4 The House yesterday agreed to a protest against the Troops being in the province, & setting forth the necessity they were under to proceed upon business notwithstanding: They were debating in the Afternoon whether they should make an Answer to his Speech delivered 3 weeks ago, but I have not heard how they have determined. They are now proceeding upon Business but I imagine it must soon stop, for I believe they are determined to make no Grant to the Governor. ^I am honoured & dear Sir Your affectionate Brother and Servant,

    And Oliver

    No News from England^5

    Sir, As I had no opportunity to forward this Letter in the morning, I have opened it this Evening to let you know that I found upon my return from Cambridge a Letter for you from the Gov. which comes under cover herewith together with a Vote for adjourning York Court which is the only one the Gov. has as yet consented to:6 I sent him at the same time an Establishment for Castle William and Fort Pownall, but have not seen him, nor can I tell you its Fate. The two Houses have agreed to day to publish Mr Bollans Letter, and the proceedings of the Council both last year & the present,7 which are all the matters passed on to day that I can recollect, except a Vote of compliment from the House to the Board for their Attention to the public Interest. I am Yours as within,

    And Oliver

    RC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 25:331–32); addressed, “To the honle Thomas Hutchinson Esq Lieut. Governor &c At Ipswich”; endorsed, “Mr Secretary Oliver Jun 22d 1769.”

    382. To William Bollan

    Boston 16 July 1769

    Dear Sir, You know a Mass Assembly values it self upon being at the Head of all Colonial measures. The present Assembly has not only out done the Assemblies of all the other Colonies upon the Continent but also all preceding Assemblies of this province. The Resolves except those which relate immediately to their own Affairs & which are illiberal & grossly affronting to the G. & to Genl Gage were copied from the Virg Resolves1 but the Air & Language of an Answer to a Message of the Gov. requiring money for Barrack hire utensils &c. have more of rudeness & insolence & discover greater contempt of the King Parl & Nation than any thing which has yet appeared in America2. Sevral of these proceedings were provoking eno to have Justified a proragation or dissolution but there was a Tax bill & Supply bill absolutely necessary to be passed & I must have soon called another Assembly or met this or the proceedings would have been in contempt but the minute these were passed he dismissed them.3

    When they had the Agency under consideration, I am told O the father professed to be in your interest4 the son swore you should not be chose it is said he was very wroth that he was not chose himself. A party not so large as I expected after the negative were for Bowdoin5 another for Gov Pownall & another for Deberdt of which last notwithstanding all the pretences in the year past the Speaker was zealous.6 There was a time appointed for the choice & the C moved the H to come upon it but they declined & chose to go on corresponding with Deberdt.7 The Council resolved to consider you as their Agent. All this is irregular.8 I wish we may get into order in the course of the year. I think they who pretend most to be friends to the Liberties & Rights of the Colonies are putting it out of the power of their real friends to do them service.

    The Rippon waits for the Gov who expects to imbark before this month is out so that he may be looked for in Lond in a very short time after the arrival of this ship. I am Your affectionate

    AC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 26:355–56); at head of letter, “Mr Bollan.”

    383. To Unknown

    Boston 17 July 1769

    Dear Sir, I thank you for your last favour of 27 May by James.1 Your disorder seems to abate and you will be able to turn your attention to us. The late Resolves of Virginia & of this Colony are sawcey & contemptuous & proceed from an opinion prevailing more & more that the Nation is in a panick from an apprehended danger of losing the Colonies & that it may be brought to just such terms as the colonies please. Our Merchants are forced by the Incendiaries to combine against importation in order to distress your Manufacturers & raise Tumults throughout the Kingdom. Some complain that they shall be ruined & they know they are made to subserve to sinister views but the spirit is kept up by such of the Merchants as have been unfortunate & are in decaying distressed circumstances & out of discontent & envy wish to see every body else so & by such as have vast quantities of goods on hand which they could not have sold in many years if they had not prevented farther importation but now sell at an advanced price.2 They have a fresh set of Resolves in this days paper occasioned by the News of the intention of the Ministry to propose to P. the repealing the late Act so far as it relates to paper Glass &c. which they say is far from being satisfactory to them & unless all the revenue Acts are repealed they will import no more goods &c. and they threaten all who do import or refuse to join with them.3 It is surprizing that in England you do not own such proceedings as very criminal instead thereof some of your Merchants advise to persevere. A Letter published to day Mr Cushing the Speaker is said received from Mr Deberdt.4

    Sir Francis Bernard has often in conversation with me expressed his esteem for you & I know he will with pleasure give you the most circumstantial account of men and things which makes me omit many things I should otherwise mention to you. He has been the object of envy here & other bad affections & possibly may be so from some in England but if there should be any slurr cast upon his administration I am sure it will [be w]ithout grounds that England will suffer by it & that [such persons] as are friends to England will triumph. I am with the most sincere regard,

    AC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 26:359); unaddressed.