Appendix 1:

    [Statement Relative to the Effect upon Trade of the Imposition of Custom Duties]

    This brief fragment may have been Hutchinson’s first attempt to enter the polemical fray surrounding the Townshend Act and John Dickinson’s Letters from a Farmer. It was soon abandoned in favor of the “Draft Treatise” that follows as Appendix 2.


    The advantage proposed by encreasing the Revenue is fallacious and delusive. What you will gain one way you will lose and perhaps a great deal more in another way. Every branch of trade in every colony is formed so as finally to be subservient to the trade to Britain. Some inconsiderable bartering from one colony to another and an illicit trade with Holland by a few persons in some of the colonies must be excepted. All ^As are^ the profits from all these branches of trade so does the trade to Britain and the consumption of British manufacture increase. Let the income of the ^people of the^ colonies be increased by what means it may Britain feels the benefit of it. In some of our sea port towns an addition of wealth causes in some of the inhabitants an additional expence ^luxury^ in their tables as well as apparel, but look through the country in general and you will find that as ^tho^ a farmer increases his substance he eats and drinks as he did before his additional expence is in [illegible] Apparel for his wife and children. Taxes or duties which tend to lessen this income tend to lessen the consumption of your own manufactures. I appeal to your custom house books for the truth of my observation. During the last war there has been a great demand for all the produce of the country that was proper for the support of the Army. Every farmer made double profits from his estate. You will find that there never was so great an exportation in the same length of time before and you will find that when the profit to the farmer ceased the exportation immediately became less. It is a melancholy truth for the colonies that notwithstanding all the extraordinary profits from the estates of the inhabitants taking them collectively are not so wealthy now as when the war began. The more burden you lay upon them the [illegible] Now as the [illegible] the income of the inhabitants increases the importation of Goods from Britain so the laying heavy burdens which is in effect lessening the income in proportion will lessen the importation and in a much greater proportion than it ever increased for you will infallibly find the people will take another turn partly from necessity and partly from inclination. They and their families must be Cloathed. As they become poorer they will not only be unable to take off so many articles of english manufacture ^as they did before^ but a great part of the people will substitute their own manufactures in the stead of it I question whether for I assure you that a piece of cloth or stuff of homespun for men or womens wear altho’ it makes not so fair a shew and has not so good a gloss yet will afford double the wear of a piece of the same price imported from England; Besides at present is one great excuse of there is a general disposition to encourage such manufactures as least interfere with those of Britain. The Woollens is neither encouraged by the publick nor private persons and there was more homespun worn 100 years ago than there is now

    Dft (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 25:279–80).