More Trouble within the Customs Establishment

    466. From Israel Williams, 20 November 1769

    467. To Benjamin Pickman, 22 November [1769]

    468. To Samuel Hood, 25 November 1769

    469. To Israel Williams, 25 November 1769

    470. To Sir Francis Bernard, 27 November 1769

    471. To John Pownall, 28 November 1769

    472. To Sir Francis Bernard, 30 November 1769

    John Temple was so long at variance with the majority of the commissioners on the American Board of Customs that he knew he would eventually need to defend his conduct in England. But the arrival there of Sir Francis Bernard, another bitter enemy, made the need for such a defense all the more urgent. The animosity between the two men dated back to the so-called Temple-Bernard Affair in 1764, when Temple, in his role as surveyor general, accused Bernard of collusion with James Cockle, the corrupt comptroller of customs at Salem. Just as Temple was about to depart for England in late 1769, a deposition implicating Bernard made by Sampson Toovey, a tidewaiter at Salem (recently deceased), resurfaced.

    466. From Israel Williams

    Hatfd 20th. Novr 1769

    Sir, By my Son, who has been waiting for Some time the arrival of some Goods, I intended to write to your Honour, but they failing I have been prevented.1

    I seldom read the Publick Papers, especially the Infamous Gazet, which I Suppose you intended, by the Chronicle and therefore am unacquainted with the Cant and abuse you referr to,2 ---- have lately Seen one containing Some abusive reflections upon Father and Sons, on their complyance, with the unreasonable and despotick measures of the Merchants;3 am Sorry your and their Safety necessitated them to Assent and yeild to Such unreasonable impositions. I trust Sir you will not value yourself upon the applause of the multitude, nor live on the breath of the People (that contingent Judge of good and Evil) which rather attends the vain than the virtuous: But having with integrity according to your ability, in the various Stations divine Providence places you, dischargd your Duty to God and his People, rest Satisfyed, leaving all to him who Judges righteously; and will fully reward your sufferings and services.

    Majr Hawley I am told has reconcild himself to the Superior Court, whether with a Saving of their honor, I cant tell; a young Gentleman told me they met half way. What turn he will take in publick matters is perfectly uncertain, as unstable as Water; if by his former treatment and Character of your honor a Judgment is to be made, there is no Trust and dependance upon him.4

    Your honors being at the head of Government gives pleasure and Satisfaction to this part of the Province, I do not know nor have I heard of the least uneasiness manifested by one Individual, the Source and center of discontent is near to you.5

    My coming to Court is very uncertain, I grow more and more infirm; as Years increase with bodily weakness, every mole is a mountain, however did you Sir want my advice, or were I capable to Assist you at this critical day I Shoud as chearfully now as at any time, attempt, a Journey;6 But what can be done for a Sinking Country; Tho the Commonwealth as you have over and again observ’d to me is not to be despaird of, yet as the times are, and as the present temper of the People in general is, under the Influence of a few mad demagogues, who can do any good or prevent their running into extreems; We Seem to be on the Eve of Rebellion, not only in the Colonys but at home; Wish the Parliament may have wisdom to Settle all disputes and differences well. The revenue Act we are told will be repealed. It would have been better it had never been made. The consequence will be fatal to Government, and all Submission and dependance in the Colonys at an end. Firmness and perseverance might prevent many ill Effects. Time woud convince the People, of their Error, and of the folly and madness as well as fraud and deceit of their leaders.

    We are near a Crisis. I forbear to write my Thoughts and fears. That Providence which has apparently in times past, been the Guardian of New England, will not I hope now Cast us off, and leave us finally to ruin our Selves, or to be a prey to others.

    If your honor can communicate any thing lightsome and Joyous to a gloomy mind I depend, however unworthy you will.

    Wishing you direction from the fountain of Wisdom, I am as always Sir Your most faithful friend and Obedient Servant,

    Israel Williams

    RC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 25:341–42); at foot of letter, “Honble Lt. Govr Hutchinson”; addressed, “To the honble Thomas Hutchinson Esq Lieutenant Governor &c Boston”; endorsed, “Colo Williams Hatfield 20 Nov 1769.”

    467. To Benjamin Pickman

    22 Nov [1769]

    Dear Sir, Tooveys deposition which has been printed in the Engl. papers Magazines Registers &c. is expressed in such terms that I cant well see how he could make oath to them.1 He says “part of which wine fruit &c. the said James Cockle used to share with Gov. Bernard.” He then adds “and I further declare that I use to be the negotiator of this business & receive the wine fruit &c. & dispose of them agreeable to Mr Cockles orders.” By all this one would suppose there was a bargain made by the Gov & Cockle about the share or proportion each should be intitled to of this bribery & corruption whereas in fact as the G declares he never had any thing from Cockle but a few Lemons jarrs of olives & capers in the whole time he was Collector & which were sent him as a compliment for the civilities shewn Cockle at the G house & the Castle which he would make his home whenever he came to Boston except that once he sent up a quarter cask of Lisb. wine which the G the first time he saw him ^told him^ he would pay him for being more than was reasonable for him to make a compliment of. Cockle said it was no more than he had sent Mr at the same time.2 How it was finally settled I do not remember. I send you the account the G gave me whose veracity in 9 years acquaintance I had no reason to scruple. Now I have no doubt Toovey intended no more than that he used to negotiate between Cockle & the Ship masters. If he knew any thing of any presents from Cockle to the Gov. yet he could never safely swear that Cockle & the G. used to share these bribes and that he negotiated between them.

    Is Toovey to be found? Will he explain what he meant. Or is it not possible that the printed deposition may vary from the written one to which you gave Toovey his oath.3

    I shall be obliged to you for your sentiments in this affair & to point out any way wherein I may be instrumental of making the whole truth appear. I am with great regard Sir Your most obedient humble Servant,

    AC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 26:407–08); partially dated; at head of letter, “Colo Pickman at Salem.”

    468. To Samuel Hood

    Boston 25 Nov. 1769

    My Dear Sir, Your obliging letter of the 17 I received this moment.1 You very justly observe that affairs here cannot be worse & therefore we may hope that they will soon mend. I think sometimes that if the Council only would stand by me the authority of government might be supported without any external aid. I reason with them without quarrelling. I know that would do no good. It would only confirm them in those principles in which I differ from them. By this means I have their aid in all matters which have not an immediate Relation to the dispute with Parlt and really cause that dispute to be less mischievously influential than otherwise it would be. We verify the Sea proverb that after a Storm comes a calm. We have been very quiet since the mob. The scurrilities in the news paper have brought many to be friendly who were not so before. I begin to be loth they should put a stop to them.

    Our last advices from London are as old as about the 10 of Octo. My last Letters from Gov. Bernard are the 19 Sep. He writes me that it was certain Parlt. would not sit till after Christmas. No business would be done in Colonial Affairs until Ld Hils. return from Irel. He was expected before the middle of Octo.2

    Mr Whately writes me this the 18 Sept. ^as in his Letter to^3The only political &c. is like to be permanent.”4

    I cannot find that there is any room to expect a total change of Administration. If I was to guess it would be that Parl was put off that there might be more time for some sort of coalition and to make a broader bottom. But I am in no secret. I know American affairs never required an early Session more than they now do.

    Mr T. has obtained leave from the Treas. to go to England.5 I would not envy him if he could change his place at the Board of Customs here to a place at the Board in Engd.

    I heartily wish you & your Lady every comfort of body & mind in your cold climate & have the honour to be most sincerely Dear Sir Your faithful humble Servant,

    AC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 26:408); at head of letter, “Commodore Hood.”

    469. To Israel Williams

    Boston 25 Novemb 1769

    My Dear Sir, Several of the House assure me that if you and several others who gave little or no attendance the last Session will attend the next Session you may do your Country great service.1 It will be a great service if we can only pursue the immediate interest of the province in its interior police and leave what has been already done with respect to Great Britain to have its operation. To go farther than we have gone already I think you may prevent; to recall any part of it, though, between you and I, I think it was going a great deal too far, I beleive is impracticable. Perhaps the Session may end before we know what will be done in Parliament for it will not meet till after Christmass. I write this upon a presumption Court will meet at the time to which it stands prorogued.2 I have two Letters from Gov. Bernard. Nothing is intimated of any orders to the contrary but then it must be considered that Ld. Hillsborough was in Ireland and no part of the proceedings of the General Court had come under the consideration of the ministry.

    It is most certain that the Governor’s reception was beyond his own expectation. The remonstrance of the House against him was presented soon after his arrival. He says in his Letter to me that he could not have draughted any thing him self more favourable to him.3 Our politicians will certainly ruin us, if they have not done it already, I mean if you and the other friends of the Country do not exert your selves to prevent them. Mr Strong & Mr Bliss you will put in mind of their duty.4 If I hear any thing, between this & the sitting of the Court, of importance I will give you notice. I am sincerely Your faithful friend & servant,

    Tho Hutchinson

    RC (Massachusetts Historical Society, Israel Williams Papers); at foot of letter, “Col. Williams”; endorsed, “25th. Novr. 1769.”

    470. To Sir Francis Bernard

    Boston 27. Nov. 1769

    No. 20

    My Dear Sir, Since I wrote you the 20 Instant I have received your favour No. 2 of the 19 September. The combinations here do not seem to be are not so much regarded in England as I expected.1 They strike me as a most certain evidence of the lost authority of government.2 Since the advices which you had then received our insolence and contempt of Parliament have rose higher of which I have from time to time been faithful in giving intelligence.3

    The remonstrance of the House I knew would be of service to you.4 Undress it and let the facts appear naked and you are5 ^not^ accused of doing anything of which it would not have been culpable in you to have left undone.

    A day or two ago the Speaker opened a Letter which he received by the last Ship from Mr Deberdt and began to read it in company.6 Deberdt says that if the Speaker will furnish him with evidence of any damages which the Province has sustained by your acts of oppression he will bring an Action against you now you are in England. He was going on but Adams, who sat by told him that he believed it must be a private letter and then he stopped.7

    If I have no Instructions8 to the contrary before the time to which the General Court stands prorogued,9 I shall endeavour to confine the business of the Session to the interior affairs of the Province10 and if an attempt should be made to fill up the Council we shall have trouble enough with them.

    Otis seems to be nearer to a frenzy than ever before.11 His behaviour in the Superior Court has been very extravagant. I have attended only the first day of the Court. Doctor Gardner met him a few days ago and desired him to appear in an Action in which he was a party.12 He replied he was in a bad state of health—believed he had but a little while to live—must quit business—his constitution was gone—and concluded thus I have done more mischief to my Country than can ever be repaired.13 I meant well but am now convinced I was mistaken. Cursed be the day I was born. Judge Oliver had this from Gardner’s own mouth and it is now publick.14 Its probable15 that the desultory wretch when he finds it like to hurt his interest will be more wicked than ever in order to recover his character.

    I begin to fear that your expectations and mine of being relieved by Parliament were not well founded. The distemper of the people in England will be sufficient16 to take up most of the attention of the next Session and but little will be turned to the people in America who will be every day confirming themselves17 more and more in their principles of Independence to which they are encouraged by their18 correspondents in England. Mr Wilkes, it is said, assures them that Parliament must comply. One of his packets came directed to William Palfrey who is a Clerk to Mr Hancock and I know this same Palfrey gave Mr Eliot who is now in London a Letter of recommendation to M. Wilks.19

    Mr Temple has taken his passage in Hall who talks of sailing in a fortnight. A gentleman asked me to lend a sum of money 500£ sterl. or any larger sum and told me it was for Mr B—n who he thought could not want it for any other purpose than to supply Mr Temple.20 I hear T— says now no man is more in favour of governmt. than he is. We used to say A man is known by his Company. One of his last exploits is putting himself at the head of a subscription for a Concert, from which the other four Comissioners and all the Officers of the Navy and Army are excluded. I have never seen him but once since you sailed and then we happed to be at a funeral together and once I saw him at a distance as I passed in my chariot.21 Erving Bowdoin Pitts and several of our very good Deacons have subscribed to this Concert.22 I wish it may bring them to like Church Musick.

    Lady Bernard is in a better state of health than she has been for some23 months. I have just now received a letter from her to be forwarded to you, which I shall send under this cover as also another from Doctor Perkins.24 I am with the greatest regard Sir Your most faithful humble servant,

    Tho Hutchinson

    RC (Houghton Library, Sparks 4, 12:157–60); at foot of letter, “Sir Francis Bernard Bart.”; endorsed, “Lt Govr. Hutchinson Nov 27 1769 R Jan 23 1770.” Dft (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 26:409–10); substantially revised; unaddressed but this numbered letter falls within the sequence of TH’s letters with Bernard; partially dated (TH left a blank space between “Boston” and “Nov.”).

    471. To John Pownall

    28 Nov 1769

    Sir, Nothing having occurred since I last did myself the honour of writing to My Lord Hillsboro which deserves his Lordships notice I forbear troubling him by this Vessel.1

    The province in general is in a quiet state the T. of B excepted & the ferment in the minds of the people there is kept up by the combination of those who call themselves Merchants & I think it will not subside until we have advice of what is done or like to be done in parlt. I have the honour to be Sir Your most obedient humble Servant,

    AC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 26:410); at foot of letter, “J Pownall Esq.”

    472. To Sir Francis Bernard

    Boston 30 Nov. 1769

    No 21

    My dear Sir, After I wrote you what I heard about Tooveys deposition I thought it best to know from Pickman himself how that affair was managed and accordingly wrote to him & desired his answer.1 Altho it is not probable that the deposition has been altered as Pickman at first supposd yet it appears plainly to have been a cooked up business and prior to Cockles suspension & sworn to in terms very different from Tooveys explanation at the time of it. Pickman was very incautious in suffering a man to swear to words which conveyed ideas so different from the sense he him self ^professed to^2 put upon them. I am sorry Toovey is dead for tho he would must have been a very indifferent fellow I have no doubt I could have brought him to discover the whole iniquity.

    However I think the account Pickman gives must remove all impressions to your disadvantage for which purpose I have procured & now forward it3 being upon every occasion Your most faithful humble servant,

    Dec. l. I have met with a copy of the Letter wrote by the Merchants of Boston to the Merchants of Salem which I thought of sufficient importance to send to My Lord Hillsboro.4 I have likewise informed his Lordship what Sewall tells me to day that the Grand Jury have agreed to present the Gov. Gen Gage Commodore Hood & the 4 Comissioners for slandering the Town of Boston. He told them he would not draw the bills. They persist not withstanding. He then advised them to send to Dana to do it & he supposes they have done it.5 Dec. 4. Upon receiving a letter from Mr Hely Hutchinson of Dublin with a particular account of the several branches of our family among whom he mentions Mr Soame Jennings Lady it gives me a pretence for making myself known to him & I must pray you to do me the favour to deliver a letter I send under this cover.6

    Added to Sr Fr B Last Letter Dec. 4.

    The Vessel bound to Hull tarrying until the 6 in the evning LG Hutchinson has opportunity of acquainting Sr Fran Bernard with the arrival of the Octo Mail & acknowledging his kind letter of the 4 of that month. The inclosed were sent immediately to Lady Bernard at Roxb. By a Vessel bound to London in a few days the LG intends to write again. He has just obtained a copy of the famous indictment against Sr Fr B & sends it under cover with this to Mr Sec Pownall. There are like Bills against Gen Gage the 5 Comissioners Mr Harrison & Mr Hallowell.7 The Court it is hoped will do evry thing which regularly they can do to discountenance such a wanton proceeding in a Grand Jury under oath. They have put Mr T. in with the rest the Letters being signed by him & he may exculpate himself, according to the marginal note upon trial.8 They left out Com. Hood after having agreed to present him. The reason given out of doors is their fears of having their Seamen impressed.

    They would find no bill against Temple for the assault upon Flucker though laid before them by the Att Gen & the fact sworn to by 5 or 6 Witnesses.9 Every slight affront from an Officer or Soldier they have presented.

    AC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 26:410, 414); at foot of letter, “Sr Fr B—.”

    473. To Lord Hillsborough

    Boston 1. December 1769

    No 11

    My Lord, Since I last did my self the honour of writing to your Lordship I have been furnished with the copy of a letter wrote, by the merchants of this town, to the merchants of Salem inviting them to accede to the new agreement for nonimportation. As the whole plan is opened in this letter, in such a manner as to leave no room to doubt of the real sentiments of the confederates, I should not be faithful to my trust if I neglected transmitting it to your Lordship. There is no room to question its genuineness it having been copied from the original, to oblige a friend, by one of the merchants to whom it was directed, without his knowing for what use it was intended.

    The Attorney General informs me that the Grand Jury now sitting have applied to him to prepare Bills against the Governor General Gage and Commodore Hood together with all the Commissioners of the Customs except Mr Temple1 for slandering the Inhabitants of the Town of Boston in the Letters wrote to the Ministry and published in the House of Commons &ca. This seems to be a new species of offence and the Atty. General declined preparing the Bills and signified his mind that they judged very ill in the proceeding but they persisted in making the presentment and he then advised them to apply to other Council to reduce their presentment into form.2 This would be too minute an occurrant, perhaps, at any other time to communicate to your Lordship but in the present state of affairs I imagine it will not be thought improper.

    The Assembly stands prorogued to the second Wednesday in the next month.3 It is expected that I should then meet them to do business.4 If I have no particular Instructions from your Lordship I shall make it my endeavour to confine the business of the Session to the interior affairs of the Province and to avoid controversial matters as much as may be.5

    We are in a very calm state at present thro’ the Province in general. In this town there are discontents from the confederacy of the merchants but by far the greater part of the Inhabitants approve of them it. I have the honour to be with the greatest respect My Lord Your Lordship’s most humble and most obedient Servant,

    Tho Hutchinson

    December 5. The Merchants of the Town have received Letters from the corresponding Merchants in Pensilvania & New York signifying their noncon-currence with the proposal for an agreement to import no Goods until all the Revenue Acts are repealed which Letters were communicated yesterday at a meeting called for that and other purposes, and it is agreed that the last subscription be deemed a nullity but that the first be strictly adhered to.6 At the same meeting it was determined to commence Actions against the Officers of the Custom house & the Naval Officer unless they would engage to confine themselves to the fees stated by the Province Law. The Deputy Comptroller has furnished me with a copy of the notice given him which I shall inclose to your Lordship.

    RC (National Archives UK, CO 5/759, ff. 1–2); at foot of letter, “The Right Honorable the Earl of Hillsborough”; docketed, “Boston 1st. Decr. 1769. Lieut. Govr. Hutchinson (No. 11) Rx 25 Jany 1770.” DupRC (National Archives UK, CO 5/894, ff. 28–29); marked, “Duplicate”; at foot of letter, “The Right Honorable the Earl of Hillsborough;” docketed, “Massachusets. Duplicates of two Letters No. 11 & 12 from Lt. Govr. Hutchinson to the Earl of Hillsborouogh, dated 1 & 11 of Decr. 1769, relative to the proceedings of the Merchants with respect to the non-importation of Goods from Great Britain; & to Bills found by the Grand Jury of the County of Suffolk against Sr. Francis Bernard, Genl. Gage & the officers of the Customs for slandering His Majesty’s good Subjects in the Colonies.” AC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 26:411); unaddressed. SC (National Archives UK, CO 5/768, ff. 52–54); at head of letter, “Lieut. Govr. Hutchinson Boston 1st. Decr. 1769 (No. 11.) Rx 25 Jany. 1770.”; in an unknown hand. SC (Houghton Library, Sparks 10, 3:58); at head of letter, “Govr. Hutchinson to Lord Hillsboro”; endorsed “Hutchinson to Hillsboro 1 Dec. 1769.” Enclosures to RC: Copy of a letter from the Merchants at Boston to the Merchants at Salem, 10 November 1769 (National Archives UK, CO 5/768, ff. 54–57), printed below; Copy of a letter from William Molineaux to Deputy Comptroller of Customs Robert Hallowell, 5 December 1769 (National Archives UK, CO 5/759, ff. 5–6 and National Archives UK, CO 5/768, ff. 57–58).

    Enclosure: Copy of a Letter from the Merchants at Boston to the Merchants at Salem

    Boston 10th Nov. 1769.

    Gentlemen, The Merchants of this Town have lately had a Meeting and opened a Subscription to an Agreement not to import any Goods (some few Articles excepted) from Great Britain untill all the Revenue Acts are repealed, a Copy of which we now inclose you. This Agreement hath already been signed and agreed to by all the Importers in Town, except twelve Persons, and it is hoped they will finally be prevailed upon to accede to the same.7 In this Agreement the Merchants mean to comprehend the Acts of the 4th. and 6th. of George the Third, imposing Duties on Wines, Molasses, & Sugars, and which contain many grievous unreasonable Burdens upon Trade, & are of far the most exceptionable Acts.8 These Acts at first View will evidently appear to be made for the express Purpose of raising a Revenue in America, and therefore merit the same Opposition and consequently ought to be comprehended in the Agreement as much as the Act imposing Duties upon Paper, Painters’ Colours, Glass, and Teas, otherwise we shall miss our Aim in this Agreement, which is to prevent the Parliament taxing us hereafter without our Consent, we shall have made a Sacrifice to no purpose; in short, unless the Repeal of the Sugar Act is the Object of our Agreement, we shall, in effect, concede to the Establishment of a Precedent, for which Posterity will never thank us, perhaps they will have reason to curse us. We are arrived at a very important Crisis. Now or never is the Time to make a noble and resolute Stand in Defence of our invaded Rights and Priviledges, and for the obtaining the Redress of all our Grievances. It is agreed on all hands, that the Non-importation of Goods is the most likely means to obtain this Redress. Whenever these Agreements are broken, it will be very difficult if not impossible to renew them. The Ministry are all aware of this, doubtless have proposed their partial Repeal as a Measure well adapted to bring about the Event. It is said they are confident we shall not be able to enter into such another Agreement, and therefore promise themselves they shall be able to continue the Duty upon Wines, Sugar, & Molasses, and so without much Difficulty pursue their Plan for raising a Revenue in America; whereas if we now strictly adhere to our Agreements and so enlarge them as to stop all Importation till the whole of the Revenue Acts are repealed, we have a fair Prospect, considering the Situation of Affairs at Home at this time, to obtain all the Relief we desire. We must therefore, from these Considerations, earnestly desire you would procure a Meeting of the Merchants with you, and prevail upon them to concur with us in this important & necessary Measure. We are with respect &c. Thos. Cushing, John Hancock, Edwd. Payne, Willm. Phillips, John Barrett, Isaac Smith, Jon. Mason, Joseph Waldo, Ebenezer Storer9

    SC (National Archives UK, CO 5/768, ff. 54–57); in an unknown hand; docketed, “Copy of a letter from the Merchants at Boston to the Merchants at Salem, 10 November 1769.”

    474. To Soame Jenyns1

    Boston 4 Dec 1769

    Sir, Mr Hely Hutchinson of Dublin after giving me the genealogy of his Lady who is descended from Richard Hutchinson Eq formerly of Boston add This RH gave to one of his sons a considerable Estate in Norfolk now in the possession of a female descendant Mrs. Ord a Lady of excellent character one of her daughters married Mr Gray his daughter married Mr Soame Jennings who undoubtedly must be known to you. I have not the honour to be known to Mr Jennings. Permit me Sir on this occasion to make my self known to you & to express my sense of the honour of being of the same family with your Lady. This Richard H. who Mr Hely H. supposes to be Mrs Jennings Grandfather was brother to W. Hutch. my first male ancestor in New England. Sam. another brother came over with them. I find by my Grandfather’s minutes that their mother also was here & died at York in the Province of Main about the year 1640. Richard returned to England was employed by the Colony as their Agent & was considered as their patron many years before & several years after the Restoration. His son Edward who I take it had also been in New England went to Ireland about the year 1666 & laid the foundation of an Estate there which Mr Hely H now possesses. Sam died in Boston a Bachelor & a very old man about the year 1670.2 Wm. inlisted under Sir H Vane who was Gov. of the Colony & kindle both a political & religious flame and they were both obliged to remove.3 Sir H went to England & my Ancestor to Rhd Island where he was there Gov. at the beginning of that Colony about the year 1640 and soon after died. His eldest son Edwd. married a daughter of Mr Hamby of Ipswich in Engd a family then of considerable repute. He came back to New Engd. had the command of the first regiment of horse in the Colony & lost his life in the defence of his Country in an Indian war in 1675.4 His eldest son Elisha was of the Council many years so was his eldest son Thomas & they make the only instance of a father & son who were members of the C at the same time.5 The last was my father & until the present generation we have no family in the Country which for so long a time together has preserved a more unblemished character. This little piece of private History will I fear appear very trivial but to your Lady it may afford some amusement. The family having been very prolific there are now in N Engd. more than 500 of the descendants of her Grandfathers brother of none of whom I dare say she ever heard one word before.

    I shall send this Letter under Sir Fr Bernards cover and desire the favor of him to deliver it to you.6 I lived 9 years with him in perfect harmony & a witness of his fidelity in the service of his Royal Master. Since his departure the Administration of Government has been altogether upon the defensive & must continue so until the determination of Parlt is known respecting the Colonies. I have had nothing more in view than to obviate & defeat any attempts to disturb the peace & to avoid evry thing which may tend to irritate as far as can consist with the appearance of Government for it must be acknowledged the spirit & vigour are lost in this and the other colonies. Hitherto I have succeeded & I shall continue to act upon the same plan until I receive Instructions from His Majestys Ministers for any other or more general regulation of my conduct. I have the honour to be with great respect Your Most obedient humble Servant,

    AC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 26:412); at foot of letter, “Soame Jennings Eq.”