Hopes of Reward

    262. From Richard Jackson, 15 July 1767

    263. To Richard Jackson, 18 July 1767

    264. To Samuel Touchett, 18 July 1767

    Thomas Hutchinson was led to believe, according to a resolution of Parliament, that he and others who suffered because of their loyalty to the Crown during the Stamp Act riots might expect some “additional mark of royal favour” beyond compensation for their losses. What form this compensation might take was uncertain. Hutchinson long hoped to succeed Francis Bernard as governor of Massachusetts in the event that Bernard was transferred to a more lucrative governorship elsewhere. Evidently, Lord Shelburne alluded to something along those lines, causing Hutchinson to refer to it in his correspondence with Richard Jackson as “Lord Shelburne’s plan.” Some of Hutchinson’s friends in England, however, proposed that Hutchinson be included in the new American Board of Customs, then being formed as part of Chancellor of the Exchequer Charles Townshend’s comprehensive reforms for American affairs. At just about the time Hutchinson became aware of this plan (an idea he did not favor), Jackson was writing from London to inform him that he had been left off the board. More likely was the possibility that Hutchinson might receive a salary out of the newly established civil list for North America in his capacity as either chief justice or lieutenant governor. Also, there still remained the possibility that if Bernard were granted a leave of absence (something he had previously requested), Hutchinson would become acting governor and thus entitled to half of Bernard’s salary while he was in England.

    262. From Richard Jackson

    Inner Temple 15 July 1767

    Dear Sir, It is impossible for me to express my Concern for the Disorder that had affected you when you wrote your Letter of the 2d. June. I assure you I flatter no man, (possibly I might have more weight in this Country if I did) but I sincerely believe that the Welfare of the Province where you live, and of all America depend greatly on your health. Even out of Business it cannot but be of Importance, as your extensive Knowlege & excellent Understanding must have a great Effect in preventing things from growing Worse where the Prospect is the most unpromising. But I hope there will be no Occasion for your quitting Business I know there are many of the most respectable Men in this Country who rely upon your Abilitys & Integrity, & who could not be more mortifyed than by the Loss of so valuable a Public Officer, where he is so much wanted. I know no man in this Country but that treats your Character with respect, & I do verily believe that if you have not found the Effect of that Respect it is not owing even to the common fault of Courts, but altogether to the wretched Situation of public Politicks, here.

    I know not who will be ministers 6 months hence I might have said 6 Days; Administration has been staggering 2 Months, there is a great probability of a Change if not a total Change in a few days.1 I am quite giddy with looking on, & heartily tired with the share I have had in attending upon great Men. I am disposed much to quit my [Seat?] in Parliament & spend 2 or 3 years in Italy. Until I see the Change I cannot determine.

    I think I [wrote?] to you I had endeavoured to serve the publick by getting you named among the new Commissioners of the Customs for America, I believe I did not succeed.2 But I hope that a salary annexed to your Office of Chief Justice may be more acceptable to you. When I last talked on this subject I found there was no disposition out of the Revenue last granted by Parlt to make a Provision for Judges but to confine it to other Officers of the Law & to the Officers of state, but either as Chief Justice or L Gov you will probably have a Salary out of it.3

    I should have told you that not only Ld Shelburn & Ld Clare but the Ld Chancellor are much your friends & wish to serve you.4 I have reason to believe the Project we wished to see carried into Execution might have taken place had nothing happened to make Government here less firm.

    I think it is not improbable that a new Change may bring in Ld Kinnoul; he has never been in London since I had your Book to present him, so that I have it yet by me.5 I should not have kept it so long with sending it to him, but that I was made to believe he would come to Crown Hill I thought it not worth while to transmit it, in any way that lay in my Power, as he has been ever since in Scotland.

    This reminds me that the few Books I had the pleasure of giving to your College were not in the Condition I wished them to have been in;6 I had not leisure to look over them & put them together till it was too late to bind any of them ^that wanted it^. They were ten [dozen] very short of the Number I proposed to have made them. I am Dear Sir with the greatest Esteem your most Obedient most humble Servant,

    R. Jackson

    RC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 25:186–88); at foot of letter, “Honble Thos Hutchinson Esq”; endorsed, “Mr Jackson 15 July 1767.”

    Charles Townshend. By John Dixon, after Sir Joshua Reynolds. Courtesy of the National Portrait Gallery, London.

    263. To Richard Jackson

    Boston 18 July 1767

    Dear Sir, Every letter you write me acquaints me with some fresh obligation I am under to you. Wether Ld Shelburns plan is carried into execution or not I have the fullest proof of your friendship in your endeavours to forward it.1 In conversation a few days since with the governor I find him less inclined to leave the Province than I expected.2 The expence of a voyage although his salary should be worth a thousand a year in his absence he says will not do. When he wrote for leave or rather to be sent for, he imagined he should have some allowance made him for the charges of his voyage which now he thinks there will be but little chance for.

    I never had any intimation from him of this sort before but really supposed he was as desirous of going to England as at first or I should have wrote any thing upon the subject for I really desire not to promote my own interest at his expence or in a way that is not perfectely agreeable to him. I do not think he is fully settled wether for or against the voyage if our affairs should be embroiled as they were two years ago probably he will desire it, if they should remain quiet I think he will not. In what manner the regulations, which we here are to be made before the parliament rises, will be received is uncertain.3 The heads of the sons of liberty have been raised and some very rash expressions have been dropped in sudden transports which they have either disowned or explained away when charged upon them probably from diffidence of strength enough in the party to support them. A few weeks will determine.

    I have taken the liberty to direct a small box to you by capt Lyde containing 16 books of the second part of my history which I pray you to deliver to the several persons in the list subjoined.4

    I thought it best to send them stitched in blue paper than to bind them in the clumsy manner they would have been done here, and they would not have been so fresh had I delayed until another ship for other people will send by this. If you think it not decent to present them in this manner please to order them to a book binder and direct them to wait upon Lane son & Fraser to whom I shall give advice to pay the charge. Your faithful humble,


    Duke of Grafton

    Marq of Rockingham

    Lord Dartmouth

    Lord Shelburne

    Lord Mansfield

    Lord Cambden

    Lord Clare

    Mr Charles Townsend

    Generall Conway

    Mr George Greenville

    late attorney general Mr York5

    The present Mr De Grey6

    Mr Samuel Touchett7

    Mr Cooper of the8

    Mr Benj Franklin

    Mr Jackson

    I have directed one in another package to Govr Pownall one to Mr Hollis & one to Mr Bollan. If I have omitted any person that I sent to before who you imagine will take exception be so good as to put me in mind of it & I leave it to you to alter any of the above list having wrote to none except Mr Touchett.

    AC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 26:280–81); in WSH’s hand with numerous spelling errors and copying mistakes that have been silently corrected. Contemporary printing: Boston Gazette, 11 December 1775 (first half of the letter only, ending at “I think he will not”).

    264. To Samuel Touchett

    Apparently, Hutchinson wrote out the first version of this letter intending it to be his letterbook copy and then decided to write a substantially different letter instead. Both versions are printed here.

    Version I: To [Samuel Touchett]1

    [18 July 1767]

    Sir, A Gentleman ^who is my friend^ wrote me from London ^on the [blank in MS] of [blank in MS]^ that when Mr Townshend mentioned in company his design to establish a board of revenue in America you were pleased to say it would be a good opportunity to make Mr H a compliment by appointing him to preside at that board.2 ^It was extremely generous in you to interest yourself in behalf of a stranger to whom it was impossible you should have been under the least obligation.^3

    I had no reason to expect so great a favor from a ^an honour to be done me by a^ gentleman to whom I supposed my self to be an intire stranger. My obligations are the greater ^which I take the first opportunity of acknowledging^ and I shall ever Retain a most grateful sense of this favour.

    When I saw the vote of the H. of C. Recommending to his Majestys favour those who had suffered for maintaining the authority of Parlt. in the colonies and considered ^it occurred to me^ that my sufferings had been equal perhaps to all the rest together I was not without hopes of some mark of royal favour, and perhaps but I was at a loss what mark of favour to expect.4 I have at present the post of Chief Justice perhaps more laborious than in any other colony and yet the emoluments very trifling at best 150£ sterl. & 30£ of that always sometimes deducted & when obtained always with opposition the whole depending upon the annual grant of the assembly but this is a post which enables me to do service in every part of the province by recommending such principles and such corresponding conduct as obstruct the measures of those imprudent men among us whose importance wholly depends upon keeping up their keeping up a spirit of opposition to the supreme authority of the British dominions.

    I have no Reason to suppose your kind intention succeeded; if it had I should have submitted it to the ministry whether the two places were compatible which I should have had some doubt of and I would have represented that if they were thought not to be, that I was of opinion I could be of much more importance to His Majesty the interest of His Majestys government in the post I now sustain and if they should think so also I would submit to forego three or four hundred a year profit for the sake of promoting this interest which perhaps never wanted support so much as now.

    My post of LG in no degree interferes with that of Ch. Just. ^which^ is a perfect blank whilst the Gov. is in the province in no degree &c. and in case of the Govr. a temporary absence of the gov. for such time the next justice presides.

    My greatest views therefore of favour from the ministry was that as Mr Bernard was very desirous of a visit to England he would have been indulged & that I should have been left commander in chief for a year or two & I flatter myself my natural interest is such that it would have been of service in composing the minds of the people & introducing a better spirit. But this, probably for sufficient reasons has not been approved of.

    Meerly from opposition to royal authority the assembly the 2 last elections have refused to chuse the LG & Sec. of the council altho both of us had been elected every year for near 20 years. At the same time when the great promoter of popular measures set himself up as a candidate for a commission to settle the boundary between the Province & NY my friends prevailed against him in my favour by a great majority.5

    Dft (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 26:277, 279); substantially revised; unaddressed; undated. Contemporary printing: Boston Gazette, 11 December 1775, incorrectly dated 2 June 1767.

    Version II: To Samuel Touchett

    18 July 1767

    Sir, A gentleman who is my friend wrote to me from London that upon Mr Townshends mentioning in company his design of establishing a board of Revenue at Boston you was pleased to say it would be a good opportunity of making Mr Hutchinson a compliment by appointing him to preside at that board. It was very generous in you to appear in behalf of a person who is an intire stranger to you and you have laid me under a very great obligation.

    When I saw the Resolves of the Lords & ^House of^ Commons recommending to His Majestys notice the sufferers in America I could not help considering myself as the principal but my expectations were not much Raised. The proverbial expression out of sight out of mind is no where more verified than in courts. Mr B soon after my misfortune applied for leave to go home and I was in hopes to have been left in command at least during his absence which would have been of pecuniary advantage to me and if I had gained any Reputation might have established me in the government if he had been otherwise provided for but it was not thought adviseable for him then to leave the province and I doubt whether he himself is fond of a voyage to England now at his own expence so that I see no prospect of Rising.1 Perhaps its best as it is. I have just finished a volume of the History of this province from the charter to the year 1750. I am told it will be of service in the present state of affairs. I send several of the books by this ship in a box directed to Mr Jackson & I pray your acceptance of one of them. I cannot help Repeatedly expressing my sense of the obligation I am under to you. I am Sir Your most Obedient Servant,

    AC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 26:275); in bottom left margin written vertically, the letter is addressed, “Samuel Touchette George street Westminister.” Contemporary printing: Boston Gazette, 11 December 1775.

    265. To [Thomas Pownall?]1

    Boston 18 July 1767

    Dear Sir, We have a very imperfect account of the resolves of the house of commons, the 13 of May but it alarms such as call themselves the sons of liberty and the resolves are said by them to be unconstitutional and to deprive the colonies of their just right.2 I wish we may have no more tumults. Some that were very forward in encouraging them two years ago say now that some other way must be found out to prevent the resolves. One of the cheif of them said in my hearing that their would be a combination to eat drink & wear nothing of any sort imported from great Britain and that it would be universal & include all ranks of people.3 This was spoke with great vehemence, which is some times a mark of impotence & despair. I made no answer. There is no reasoning with such people. We have been so long without any seizures for breaking of acts of trade that I dread the consequence of the first that shall be made for if a mob be raised upon any pretence whatsoever there is no guesing where nor upon whom they will vent themselves.

    I have delivered capt Lyde a packett directed to you, which I have desired him to leave at your house, being the second volume of my history of Massachusetts bay which I have carried down to the year 1750. I wish it may afford you any amusement.

    [If I]4 could have spared more time I should have made it more corre[ct.] Some gentlemen, the governor in particular to whom I had she[wn] the manuscript urged a speedy publication with a view to its doing [some] service. The facts I have vouched but some of the sentiments I expect will be attacked and that I shall be lashed by our sons of malevolence in the seditious news papers. I am

    AC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 26:281, 283); in WSH’s hand, with spelling errors and copying mistakes silently emended; unaddressed.

    266. From Peter Oliver

    Middlebro’ Aug. 3. 1767

    Dear Brother! I have often thought, & have been confirm’d in it by you, that it is the Part of a Friend to discover the Fault of another which is concealed from himself, & as I profess a Regard for you, I hold my self obliged to let you know of any Thing that appears to me amiss in your Conduct; for as your Character is publick I shall always do my Part to keep it unstained. I hope you will excuse my Freedom, as I assure you that it proceeds from the truest Sentiments of Friendship, but if you should throw out the lest Hint that it is disgustfull, I shall ever after forbear.

    What I refer to is a Piece of Imprudence you have lately been guilty of: excuse me that I mention it to you, but the sooner the better, & that is, your answering my Letters: you see how much Trouble you bring upon your self, in being forced to read mine, for I am determine to have the last Word, & the oftener you write to me, the more last Words you will have. Now I have told you Mind I will tell you some News, I heard from Boston yesterday that a Regiment was expected there from England;1 if so, I hope you will keep at Milton & then we shall have a Chance of seeing each other oftner. I want much to see this Days Papers, for Philanthrop hath raised my Expectations.2

    I also want much to have Time enough to fill up this Side, but I am in so great an Hurry that I am obliged to break off in Haste. By the Way I seem to gain upon it, my last Haste confined me to one Side of my Papers, now you have got almost three & I believe you will have them quite for I have got just Ink enough to hold out. I have spoke too soon, my Ink is spilt & I have but enough in my Pen to assure you that I am Affectionately yours,

    P. Oliver

    RC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 25:189–90); addressed, “To his Honour Thomas Hutchinson Esq. in Milton”; at foot of letter, “Thos. Hutchinson”; endorsed, “Aug. 3 1767.”

    267. From Thomas Pownall

    Westhorp near Marlow Bucks

    Aug 8. 67

    Dear Sir, I am ashamed that I have so many of your Letters to acknowledge. But the Distraction rather than the Importance of a Multiplicity of Business has so chopped in at the Times when I should have written that I really have alway lett go the Oportunity.

    I sitt down in a Coffee house to give you a hint if you have not heard of it from any other quarter. That upon the making out the Commission for Management of the Revenues you will be appointed first Commissioner—at least it stands so at present & I hope nothing will interfere with it. I have not been able to do any thing for Hollowell at present but beg to recommend him to your particular Patronage.1

    The Things I have asked for him are

    1. 1. That He may by an Order from the Board be allowed 30£ per Ann for his Clerk.
    2. 2. That a Regulation of the Fees in the Office upon the Plan of a Regulation here in England, may take place which will raise his share of Fees.
    3. 3. To gett his Name putt down for a Succession to the Board.

    I beg my respects to His Excellency my Old Freind—also to Mr. Oliver.2 I am Sir Your most Obedient Humble Servant,

    T. Pownall

    RC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 25:191–92); unaddressed; endorsed, “Westhorp 8 Aug 1767.”

    268. From William Bollan

    Henrietta Street, Aug. 11. 1767.

    Mr. Paxton has several times told me, that you and some other of my friends were of opinion that standing troops were necessary to support the authority of the government at Boston, and that he was authorized to inform me this was your and their opinion.1 I need not say that I hold in the greatest abomination such outrages that have taken place among you, and am sensible it is the duty of all charter or other subordinate governments to take due care and punish such proceedings, and that all governments must be supported by force when necessary; yet we must remember how often standing forces have introduced greater mischiefs than they relieved, and I am apprehensive that your distant situation, from the centre of all civil and military power, might in this case, sooner or later, subject you to peculiar difficulties.

    When Malcolm’s bad behaviour made a stir here, a minister who seemed inclined to make use of standing forces, supposing this might not be agreeable to me, I avoided giving an opinion, which then appeared needless and improper, but afterwards, when it was confidently said that preparations, were making to send a considerable number of standing troops in order to compel obedience, I endeavoured to prevent it, and in particular told a worthy gentleman, who though he does not stand very high in administration, has sometimes, I believe, considerable influence; that some of the principal merchants said, that they who should send over the standing troops reported would certainly be cursed to all posterity.2

    Printed in Remembrancer for the Year 1776, Part 2, p. 63; unaddressed. Other contemporary printings: Boston Gazette, 10 July 1775; Norwich Packet, 24 July 1775.

    269. To Richard Jackson

    Bost. 27. Aug. 1767

    Dear Sir, I did not intend to give you any further trouble with my correspondence until we had advice from Eng. of the issue of our affairs before the Parl. and I could be able to tell you the reception such advice met with in America but Col. Jarvis, the bearer of this letter, being very desirous of a pretence for waiting on you I could not refuse his request.1 I do not know his motives for going to Eng. after being so far advanced in life & having never seen it but I imagine that mercantile affairs are his inducement he having spent his life here in the business of a merchant without any concern in government. He has for many years had the command of a company of Cadits which is said to be an honour to the country & which behaved extremely well in the late times of tumult & confusion.2

    I dare not make any conjecture what the behavior of the people will be upon the taking place of the new regulations of which our accounts are as yet imperfect. I hope for the best & remember that the Common wealth is never to be [despaired of. I am with the most sincere esteem Sir Your faithful humble,]3

    AC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 26:282); at head of letter, “Mr Jackson.”

    270. From Richard Jackson

    Inner Temple 7 Sep 1767

    Dear Sir, I have your Letter of the 18th. July. I wish I could deserve the Acknowlegements you make me. Mr Paxton will acquaint you my Endeavours have not been wanting, as far as I think consistent with your Character or mine. But I neither know that I have done any thing for your Service nor that I ever shall be able to do so. I flatter myself however that your Character will obtain for you sometime or other, something that will be acceptable & will do Credit to those from whom it comes. I can assure you, that those in Ministry & those out of it speak of you, as you deserve & I need say no more. I have born your Testimony where I thought it might be of service but I cannot say that you ever wanted it. I hope the Parliamentary recommendation will have its weight in your Instance as early as in any.

    As for the Plan you call Ld Shelburnes plan I protest to you, I do not know that any such ever existed. I hope I have hardly ever spoke of it with more certainty. His Lsp seems fully sensible of your Merit & disposed to serve you as he is able, whether he will continue long enough in Office to do it I know not, but I have no doubt but that either he or his Successor will for their own Sakes do something that is proper. I have no doubts, but that you will have some Allottment out of what Parl has left to the Royal Distribution for the support of Civil Government in America, unless Mr Townshends Death has overturned this Measure, which I think it has not.1

    There was a strong Report at one Time that you were included in the Commission of Customs. I then doubted it. I find my Doubts well founded. I hope this will not be to your Disadvantage. I wish I could give you more explicit Information but Publick Business has been a long time at a stand & God only knows how soon a Change of Ministry may take place.2 Such a Change will give us new Ground to begin upon, but I think it cannot be bad ground for you.

    It gives me great Pleasure to find we have not lost the 2d. Part of your History.3 I expect it with Eagerness & shall dispose of the Copies as you directed, except that Mr Townshend being dead I shall give his to Mr Secy Pownall, who does not stand in your List ^unless Ld Barrington be appointed Chan of the Exch^4 & if a Change of Administration happens perhaps I may accomodate the list a little to it.5 I am Dear Sir with the most sincere Regard Your most Obedient & most humble Servant,

    R Jackson

    RC (Massachusetts Archives, SC1/series 45X, 25:193–95); endorsed, “Inner Temple Sep. 7. 1767 Mr Jackson.”