Chapter 11

Of Mixt Body in Generall, and its Affections

HAVING Done with Cœlestiall bodyes, and terrestriall Simple, we come now to terrestriall mixt or natural bodyes of which in Generall, and Speciall.1

1. In General A Mixt is a natural body consisting of Elements (as matter) and the form of a mixt. Mixture is the Union of Elements altred (sayes Aristotle), [altered] not corrupted; for the Elements remain in the mixt bodyes but their Qualities are so broaken by the mutual reaction of contraries, and their matter so divided into minute parts, and Shuffled togather that they are not discernable apart in any mixt body. Union, or becoming one by virtue of one substantial form which comes over the Elementary matter so disposed and altered, and causes them so prepared to conspire in one mixt distinct from the Elements themselves, even as meal and Water mingled [become] dough distinct from them both.

Divided matter broaken Quality

Make Elements to Union comply

The Affections of a mixt as Such are Either Primary or Secondary. [37]

1. Primary Affection of mixt is temperament, a proportionable Union of the hot with the cold and the Dry with the moyst arising from due mixture of the Elements. This proportion of mixture may be considered either as Arithmetical or Geometrical.

1. Arithmetical, or Exact proportion is wherein all the Elements are Equall, and that either in Quantity, or Quality.

2. In Quantity, or bulck (as say 1 oz.) or by number of parts (say 5 of each) this cant be, or at least not long Subsist: for the Active fire in so great a proportion would soon consume the rest.

2. In Qualityes, Virtue or degrees of Efficacy, (as say of fire 1 oz., of water 1 oz., etc:) if this ware given in any body it would never corrupt, because the Equall Virtues could not overcome Each other to cause dissolution. Therefore the proportion of Mixture is in neither respect Arithmetical.

2. Geometrical, [rationall], or Just, in which the Elements Differ in bulck or virtue according as the Special nature of each mixt dos require. This Proportion of [mixture] is Physical, and here intended, and is either Simple, or compound.

1. Simple in which one Quality is predominant over others.

2. Compound in which two are predominant, this according to the various combinations of first Qualities [constitutes] the 4 Complexions: 1. Sanguine; hot, and Moyst, 2. Cholerick; hot, and Dry, 3. Phlegmetic; Cold, and Moyst, 4. Melancholy; Cold, and Dry.

N.B. Complexions are Cheifly handled in Medicine with their proper signs, and Inclinations to deseases, (of which Lemnius2) as they belong in Special to humane body: But in Analogy they are ascribed to many other things; as, in other animals, and Plants, both in respect [of] their own Vitall-action, and of their Use in [Physick], or Medicine: In times to the hours of the day, Seasons of the year; Periods of Mans life; yea in fossiles Earths, and minerals in respect to mans health, or their own contexture. But this Attribute of complexion is with difference sutable to each kind, So as the hot, and Moist in minerals comes far short of the same in Vegitables, and [in Vegitables] of the same in Animalls.

N.B. This Temperament or complexion of the body from the natural spirits (after mentioned in their place) dos fit and incline the Animal to certain peculiar kinds of Actions, therefore the temperament of the body joyned with the habits, and customs of the mind do make up that peculiar Spirit or Genius that belongs to every man.

N.B. The word complexion ascribed to the Colour of the face, is not Phylosophycal, but Rhetorical, and is the name of the thing signifyed given to that which is but a sign thereof.

Complexions 4 Gives Spirits to Animals,

B[y] Analogie to plants time minrals.

2. The Secondary Affections of a mixt body arising from temperament are 1. Gust, the patible of tast; 2. Savour of Smell, 3. Colour of Sight, thus (the Antients) and why not 4. Sound the Patable of hearing [too?] tis so (in part at least) for we Experience that diverse materials yea without respect to their figures; yet yeald sound in Great variety. I should rather than exclude this admitt some of the patibles of touch, for if hardness be caused by cold, (as is commonly said) then this and its opposite Softness do depend upon temperament.

As Secondary Affections to a Mixt

The Patibles of Senses are affixt.

N.B. All these Patibles are treated of in the powers which they move, and by which they are Patible, [or] perceived.

N.B. All this of temperament complexions, and their Consequents is by moderns Solved by the Matters Variety, in the Particles, Figure, Motion, or Rest, etc: but however the thing be solved the Use of it is the same.