17. Aug: 1690
53. Isa. 5. But he was wounded for our transgressions he was bruised for our iniquities. (Doctr.) Our transgressions, & our iniquities, were ye causes, why Christ Jesus ye son of God, was wounded & bruised. We are yet upon ye 4th quest: (4) Wt were Christs wounds & bruises? (An:) They may be refered to his Life; & to his Death. We have spoke of ye former: & are speaking to ye latter, ye Death of Christ, wch was a Death of wounds & Bruises. And if his life was indeed, a life of wounds & bruises, & yt as our surety & Mediatour, no marvail if his Death was a Death of wounds & bruises. We have spoken of Christs death (1) More generally (2) More particularly ye Death of our Lord Jesus carried in it wounds & bruises of a twofold degree viz: of Inchoation & Perfection (1) Of Inchoation wch consisted of two kinds viz Spiritual & Corporal (1) Spiritual. We proceed now
- (2. Corporal. Our Lord Jesus in his begun or inchoated death underwent Corporal, or bodily Wounds & Bruises. We have sinned in soul & body, & must have suffered in soul & body, & therefore our Lord Jesus, our Mediatour, suffered in soul & Body: as we are now to show you. Here we may consider an internali, & an external, bodily suffering.
- 1. An internal, or inward, bodily suffering, which consisted of a natural mortality, & weakness, which Since ye ffall, are natural, ordinary, & penal concommitants, or com-
- 1. panions of the humane nature (1) Christ was mortal as man, or else he had never dyed. To dye, & yet to be immortal is a contradiction. 4. Acts. 10. Christ whom ye crucifyed—Now how came he to be crucifyed? Why through weakness. 2. Cor. ult. 4. He was crucifyed thrô weakness, i.e. through weakness according to ye weak & passable flesh. Now oh what a wound & bruise, or an abasement was this to Jesus Christ yt he should assume frail & weak flesh? That ye Immortal God, should become a Mortal Man? Yea yt ye Eternal God, should become a worm. For such a thing is Man he is a Worm. 25. Job. ult. Man yt is a worm: & the Son of Man which is a worm. Yea Christ himselfe somtimes did cry out in his sorrows & abasements yt he was a worm. 22. Ps. 6. But I am a worm, & no man &c. A worm is a mean & contemptible creature, so is man in his fallen condition: & for ye sake of such weak & contemptible creatures as men are Christ himself became a worm. &c. And then
- 2. Christ was not only Mortal, & capable of dying, wn ye time came, but he was also weak while he lived: He was not weakened by any sickness yt we read of: but yet his humane body was capable of sickness: & ye Apostle tells us. 4. Heb. 15.—yt he was in all things afflicted as we are yet without sin. Christ experienced all ye Evils of this life wch are common to mankind, as hunger, thirst, sorrow &c; but yet not those wch arise from special & accidental causes, as Fevers, Leprousies, Diseases &c wch oftentimes proceed from Riotousness, & Intemperance. Its said. 4. Joh. 6. yt he was wearyed wth his journey. And. 4. Matt. 2. yt he was an hungered. And yt he was a thirst, & it may be when he asked ye Samaritane woman for water being wearyed wth his travels 4. Joh. 6. 7. But undoubtedly then. 19. Ch. 28. 29. & 69. Ps. 21.
- 2. There is an external, or outward, bodily Suffering, wch Christ subjected to in his begun, or inchoated, corporal, or bodily, Death: & yt both in matter of Loss, &in matter of sense.
- 1. In matter of Loss: He was rejected of his own people; counted worse than a Murtherer: forsaken by his most intimate Disciples: Denyed & betrayed by all sorts of Men, especially by the chief ones, & those wo had ye chief repute for being wise. He was called a Madman, a Deceiver, a Blasphemer, a Devil or one having a Divel &c
- 2. In matter of sense: As
- 1. Our Lord Jesus was most shamefully apprehended. He was apprehended as a most villanous thief & Robber. 26. Matt. 47. Judas & a great multitude wth swords & staves 55. v. Are ye come out as against a thief. He was greedily & maliciously pursued after. They came by night wn all should have been quiet. 18. Joh. 3.
- 2. Our Lord Jesus was violently bound & carryed away. And this was partly from their cruelty, & partly for their Security. They often had a mind to seize him, but he withdrew & escaped. But now at length having taken him, in wrath, & for security, they bind & fetter him. 18. Joh. 12.
- 3. Our Lord Jesus was most injuriously dealt with in their Courts, their Corrupt Courts of Judicature, both Ecclesiastical, & Political. Not to inlarge here but a word or two.
- 1. Our Lord Jesus was most injuriously dealt with in their Ecclesiastical Courts. And that
- 1. In that when they brought him upon Tryal instead of charging him with ought they do put him upon Interrogatories, and particularly examine him concerning his Disciples & Doctrine. About his Disciples it may be in way of sum, & about his Doctrine to intangle him wth sedition &c. 18. Joh. 19.
- 2. In yt they suborned false witness against him. They did so agst Stephen. 6. Acts. 11. And so they did by our Lord Jesus. 26. Matt. 59. 60.—they sought false witness agst Jesus to put him to death. They were indeed to sift & examine ye witnesses, & to punish them if they were false, as they thought to do to ye accused person. But lo their injustice they sought out false witness &c
- 2. Our Lord Jesus was most injuriously dealt wth in their Civil or Political Court.
- Qu: But some may say, why do ye Jews carry him thither for judgment, seing they themselves had tryed him & also condemned already in their own Court?
- 1. An: Because the Jews were now under ye Roman Yoke & had not power to put any man to Death, at least not to Crucify, wch was not in use among the Jews but ye Romans.
- 2. An: Because God had so determined, yt thô the Jews should condemn Christ, yet ye Gentiles should crucify him. 20. Matt. 18. 19.
- 3. An: Last: Christ being unjustly condemned by ye Jews, would also be Arraigned before the Roman Governour, that his Sufferings begun by the Jews, might be consummated by ye Gentiles, yt as both were concluded under sin, so both might be made partakers of ye benefits of his death. Jews & Gentiles were guilty of ye Death of Christ, & Christ dyed for the good of Both, yt whosoever beleiveth in him whither Jew or Gentile &c.
Now I shall mention but some of ye injuries he met wth here
- 1. He was led bound to ye Roman Governour. 27. Matth. 1.2. Bound he had been before this, but it may be they loosed him again, to allure and tempt him by fairer means to belye himself: & finding yt failing they bind him again: or else they bind him now with hands behind him, as they use to deal wth Malefactors.
- 2. There He is set as a Prisoner at ye Bar. 27. Matt. 11. And Jesus stood before ye Governour. i.e. as a Guilty person. Oh! wt a sight was here? To se Divinity stand at ye Bar of Humanity. The Innocent, The Lamb of God before ye Heathen. The Judge of ye whole world before an Heathen Judge &c?
- 3. There he is Belyed and yt urgently & vehemently by persons of great pretended sanctity, viz: Chief Priests and Elders. 27. Matt. 12. they accuse him: And yu may se with what. 23. Luke. 14.
- 1. They charge him with Heresie. 23. Luke. 2. We found this fellow Perverting ye Nation, i.e. turning from ye true Faith as did Elymas the Sorcerer, 13. Acts. 8. And as false teachers who are called Wolves do. 20. Acts. 29. 30.
- 2. They charge him with Sedition, forbidding to give Tribute to Cæsar. 23 Luke. 2. This was to make him hateful to Pilate Cæsar’s deputy and Governour in Jerusalem.
- 3. Last: They charge him with Treason: Saying he Himself is Christ a King 23. Luke. 2. q.d. He denyes Cæsar to be ye Jews King for he himself (as he sais) is King of ye Jews. And therefore no marvail if he denys Tribute to Cæsar. These were ye Bloody accusations charged upon him, but every one false, as I might show you, would time permit. But it appears by Pilâtes answer for ye Prisoner at the Bar. 4. v. I find no fault in this man: And therefore he willingly remitted Christ to Herod, an other Governour 5. 6. 7. verses, where Christ also suffered grievous things from Herod & his Men of war: And then again was sent back to Pilate by whom he was Scourged & crucifyed. But time will not suffer to particularize in these famous passions. So much in short for ye first thing Christs Inchoated or begun Death: both Spiritual (spoken of the last time, & corporal now briefly (& very briefly) touched.
- 1. Use. From Christs Bodily Sufferings. Here we may se wt a suitable Saviour we have. We were wounded & bruised in Soul & Body & our Saviour to free us from those wounds, those deadly wounds & bruises has undergon them himselfe for us. He was Rich, but for our sakes he became poor &c. 2. Cor. 8. 9.
- 2. Use. More particularly in a word or two.
- 1. From the Mortality of Christ: Oh! se here ye Love of our Lord, he became Mortal that we might become Immortal. It is Christ Jesus who hath brought life & Immortality to light, as the Apostle tells us 2. Tim. 1. 10. Forasmuch as ye children are partakers of Flesh & Blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same &c. 2. Heb. 14.
- 2. From ye weakness of Christ. He was weary, thirsty, sorrowful, &c And this may consolate such of Christs disciples as are in the like case. Christ knows your case, & he knows how to pitty you & to succour you. 2. Hebr: ult. In yt he hath suffered he is able to succour them yt are tempted. He has compassion from his own experience of misery. 5. Heb. 2. He can have compassion on ye Ignorant, & those yt are out of ye way etc
- (3) From Christ[s] external inchoated Bodily sufferings both in matters of Loss & matters of sense. But of them hereafter