4. June. 1693
1. Cor. 11. 24.
This is my Body, which is broken for you. In Christs instituting this holy ordinance of his Supper, as was before noted; Christ did somthing, & Christ said somthing (1) Christ did somthing. Christ took Bread, Blessed it, Broke it, Gave it to his Disciples. This has already been spoken unto (2) We are upon what Christ said (1) He commanded the use of it. TAKE, EAT. We spoke to this the last time. Now to proceed
- (2) We come to the next word he said; wch is a word of promise concerning the sealing of the benefits represented by this Sacrament in the words read. This is my Body, which is broken for you. In these words of Promise is declared what an Heavenly gift our Saviour would bestow upon them who rightly attend upon this Ordinance. The sense of the words is this. THIS i.e. this Bread blessed, broken &c in this holy banquet, is a Sacrament i.e. a signe & Seal, whereby I will declare, confirm & seal to you, my body now going to be crucifyed & broken, to appease my heavenly fathers anger, incensed by your iniquities, & to purchase for you the pardon of your sins, the gift of the holy Ghost, & after all life eternal. And so this Bread by virtue of the word of my promise, is a mean of your partaking by true faith of my crucifyed body, & all that good which I have merited by my humiliation & Suffering. That this is the true, genuine, & orthodox sense of the words of Christ, will appear if these five following questions be rightly explained.
- 1. What is the thing testifyed or promised in this holy Supper?
- 2. What is the testimony?
- 3. What is the anology, proportion, similitude, or likeness between the testimony & the thing testified?
- 4. What is the union between the testimony & the thing testifyed?
- 5. Last: How are the testimony & the thing testifyed to be received or accepted?
- 1. Quest: What is the thing testifyed or promised in this holy Supper?
- An: The thing testifyed or promised in this holy Supper is Christ the Mediatour himself, & so all the good promised in the covenant of grace. Or which is the same thing, it is the Sacrifice of the true & naturall body &. blood of Christ, once offered for our sins, & then carried up into Heaven; & all those benefits purchased by his death, by virtue of our union and com̄union with him by faith & the
- 1. holy spirit. We may prove this assertion thus (1) Christ himself teacheth us that his body, which he was about delivering up to death was in the Supper. This is my body i.e. That which signifies & represents my torn and crucifyed body. For Christ did not now break & give his own naturall body to his Disciples. Nor can we imagine that Christs natural body is multipresent, or omnipresent,
- 2. in many places, or in all places. And then (2) Christ confirms the New Covenant with the bloody death of his true body. Hince it is called blood of the new covenant. 26. Matth. 28. This is my Blood of the new testament, which
- 3. is shed for many for the remission of sins (3) Last: We are to seek that food only for our souls wch takes away the cause of eternal famine & thirst, & that is Sin. Now eternal famine & thirst is taken away by nothing else but the sacrifice of the body & blood of Christ. And therefore Christ himself is promised here.
- 2. Quest: What is the testimony in the Lords Super
- An: The Testimony is both audible & visible.
- 1. Audible consisting of a word of præcept & a word of promise. And this word of promise is the principal Testimony. This is my body broken for you. This Cup is the new Testament in my Blood. And without this word of promise the Supper would be no Sacrament. And here Christ promiseth that he would become a sacrifice for us.
- 2. There is a visible Testimony: wch is partly the Element of bread & wine. Bread signifying his Body, & Wine his Blood: And partly in the sacramental actions as braking, giving, receiving, & eating the bread &c
- 3. Quest: What is the analogy, proportion, similitude, or likeness in this ordinance between the Testimony & the thing testifyed.
- 1. An: As Bread & wine have great virtue in them to nourish the body: So the body & blood of Christ to nourish the Soul. Bread strengthens, wine clears the body, so here occ. 6. Joh. 35.
- 2. An: As in this ordinance the bread is broken, & the wine poured out, so on the cross Christs body was broken & wounded, & his Blood was poured out for us.
- 4. Quest: Wt is the union betwixt the testimony, & the thing testifyed, or the signe, & the thing Signifyed thereby?
- An: It is not a corporal, nor is it an imaginary union, but it is that spiritual relation, by virtue whereof the things signifyed are really communicated to them wo rightly use the signs.
- 5. Quest: Last: How are the Testimony, & the thing testifyed: or the signe, & the things signifyed in the Lords Supper to be received
- An: The Signes are to be received with the Members of our body. We are to take in our hands, & Eat with our mouth: but the thing testifyed is to be received as clothed with a promise. It is by virtue of the promise, that we partake of Christ repræsented by the signes. Had Christ com̄ anded us to eat bread without this promise, we might have been partakers of bread, but not of his body & death.
- 1. Use. Hince see the error of the Papists, wo being deluded wth their Transubstantiation deny that Bread should be shown at this ordinance. This their error Paul refuteth. 1. Cor. 10. 16. Besides it is contrary to the nature of a Sacrament to be without an external symbol. Whence also should we learn that Christ is the bread of our Souls, if true bread were not set before our eyes, but a wafer, an empty Spectre.
- 2. Use. It serves to Confute the error of the Papists in their doctrine of Transubstantiation; as if the Bread & wine were changed into the body & blood of Christ: which doctrine carries the following absurdities along with it
- 1. Then Christs body (wch is now glorious) might be subject to corruption. For a corruptible body cannot feed upon food but wt is corruptible. 6. Joh. 27.
- 2. Then a Finite body might be in Heaven & Earth. & many places at once contrary to nature.
- 3. It is contrary to sense, we see, feel, taste, bread & wine &c.
- 4. Then the worst of men might Eat & drink Christs body & blood as well as a true Beleiver
And many other like absurdities flow herefrom.
- 3. Use. Last here is matter of great consolation to poor undone Sinners. So here is a sacrifice to expiate our transgressions.
- 1. Oh how necessary is bread to sustain life: oh how how sweet & gratefull to an hungry man: why so Christ is to the needy Soul. 6. Joh. 32. 33. And when there is bread there is enough; there is no starving: why so Christ is enough. He that had Christ cannot want. Esau may have much, but Jacob has all. 33. Gen. 11. 1. Cor. 3. 22.
- 2. Lo here Christ dos Seal his love to us in this Ordinance: The bread in our hands, is a Seal of our interest in all that it represents. This is my body q.d. as sure as I put bread in your hands &c.
- 3. Lo here the wonderfull & ineffable love of Christ in suffering his body to be broken for us. No greater love can be than this. 15. Joh. 13. He was broken. And oh how many
- 1. wayes was he broken (1) He was broken with grief, 3.
- 2. Mark. 5. 53. Isa. 4. (2) Christs body was broken with
- 3. wounds. 53. Isa. 5. 16. (3) He was broken with Shame &
- 4. reproach. 22. Ps. 6. 7. 13. Heb. 12. 13. And (4) Last: His body was broken from his Soul. Now why was all this? Why that we who had broken the first covenant, wo had broken all bounds & bonds, should not be broken for ever, but at last, thrô his death & merits, have a standing before God, spotless & blameless. 2. Eph. 13 14. 15. 16. 6. Joh. 51. 55. 56. 2. Col. 13 14.
- 4. Use. Oh then how blame-worthy are all they that pass by this Ordinance, wherein a Broken Saviour is represented.
- 1. As (1) Those wo slight this great expression of Christs Love. Here is love expressed to the life. 15. Joh. 13. Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends. And here you are invited to behold this wonderfull love. This is my body broken for you. But oh how many slight it, never think of it, have no desires after it, but turn their backs upon it, as not worthy to be taken notice of. 22. Matth. 5. They made light of it. Even as Lots Sons made light of their godly Fathers counsell. 19.
- 2. Gen. 14. Again (2) Those wo complement away this great expression of Christs love. They would come, but they are not fit, they are not worthy, & the like. Why are you lost, are you undone &c. Why then sais Christ come, my body is broken for you, Take Eat &c
- 5. Use. Last: Exhortation in two words
- 1. Exhort: To all to come to this Banquet: Oh broken, & undone Sinners, come to a Broken Saviour. To a Redeemer, wo was broken for sinners. The Lord offers himself to all. Here is suitable & sufficient provision made, all things are ready, come away sais Christ. 22. Matth. 4. Let all needy ones come. 9. Pro. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 7. Joh. 37.
- 2. Exhort: To those who do come
- 1. Make preparation for participation wth a broken Saviour: Oh come we with broken hearts, broken for sin, & broken off from sin. For us his body was broken 53. Isa. 5. And oh how should our hearts be broken, at the view of a broken Saviour, broken by us, & broken for us. 12. Zech. 10. Now a broken Spirit, a broken heart is eminently seasonable; & no sacrifice without it will be acceptable to God. 50. Ps. 17.
- 2. We should act Faith at this Ordinance, when with our bodily hands we take bread, we should with the hand of Faith take the broken body of Christ represented thereby. Now we should say as Thomas, my Lord & my God. 20. John. 28.
- 3. Last: We should live afterwards as those wo have had communion with a broken Saviour. We should mortify our lusts, & we should be crucifyed to the world. 4. Eph. 20. &c. Christ has emptied himself for us. 2. Cor. 8. 9. We should deny all for Christ. And now we should for ever live to Christ, who has dyed for us. 20. Acts. 24. & 21.13.