6. Aug. 1693
1 Cor. 11. 25.
After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped &c.
We are treating of the institution of the Lords Supper, which consists of two parts. The first part treats of the Eucharistical, or sacramental bread, which we have spoken of. Now
- II. Secondly, we come to the Second part which treats of the Eucharistical, or sacramental, or holy wine. In this part also four things are to be noted, as we observed in the former part.
- 1. Who is the author? Answ: Jesus Christ as is plain from the context, he ordained wine, as another part of this holy banquet. This part has the same Author with the former
- 2. When was it appointed? Answ: As before the Same night in which he was betrayed: The same night he took Bread, the same night he took Wine. Text. When he had Supped i.e. after they had eaten the passover; then he took bread; & quickly after the bread was distributed & eaten (unless our Lord did preach some sermon in the interim) he took the cup. 26. Matth. 26. 27. 14. Mark. 22. 23 22. Luke. 19.
- 3. After what manner did Christ institute the Cup? Answ: After the Same manner that he did the bread as is intimated in the Text. After the Same manner also he took the Cup. He did somthing, & he said somthing in his instituting the first part, & so he did in his instituting this latter part.
- 1. He did somthing in his instituting of bread; & so he did
- 1. in his instituting of Wine (1) He took the Bread & so seperated it from common use. Why so here Christ took
- 2. the Cup, thereby seperating it from com̄on use (2) He took the Bread & gave thanks, or Blessed it, thereby appointing it to be a Sacrament of Spiritual food. Why so here Christ took the cup, & gave thanks, or blessed it, thereby appointing it to be a Sacrament of Spiritual drink.
- 3. (3) Christ broke the Bread, thereby signifying the breaking of his body. Why so here Christ poured out the Wine, thereby signifying the effusion of his Sacred & pretious
- 4. Blood (4) Last: Christ gave the Bread to his disciples, thereby signifying his body broken for them. Why so here Christ gave the Cup to his Disciples, thereby signifying that his Blood was shed for them. Thus as Christ did somthing in his appointing of Bread: So he did somthing in his appointing of the Cup
- 2. Christ said somthing also in his instituting of the Bread. He said, Take; Eat; This do in Remembrance of me. Why so in Christs instituting of the Cup, he said somthing also. He said, Take, Drink; This do in Remembrance of me.
Thus we see after what manner Christ instituted the Cup: & as in our text: After the same manner also he took the Cup: After the same manner that he took the Bread; after the same manner also he took the cup. Namely
- 1. He took the cup in his hand from the Table, thereby teaching us that his own pretious Blood was offered in sacrifice for us. 14 Mark. 21. 1. Pet. 1. 19.
- 2. He gave thanks to God his Father, that he so loved us, as to make him a man & so to give him Blood, by the effusion of which he might wash us from our sins 1 Rev 5: & he appointed the wine contained in the Cup, by his own word to become a Sacrament of his Blood, & so made it to become a cup of Blessing. 1. Cor. 10. 16.
- 3. He gave the Wine in the Cup to his Disciples, thereby shewing that it was he himself who poured out his Blood, & that both for them, & for all his Elect; & that he himself bestowed upon them this great Gift.
Now here we may enquire.
- 1. Qu: What is intended here by the Cup?
- An: By the Cup, in this place, we are to understand the Wine, by a Metonymie of the thing containing, for the thing contained. For not the Cup is a Sacrament, but that wch is to be drunk out of the Cup: Even as not the Table, or the Platter, but the Bread in the Platter, on the Table, is a Sacrament of Christs Body. So not the Cup, but the wine contained in it, is a Sacrament of Christs Blood.
- 2. Qu: Why is not Christ contented in this holy ordinance with the institution of holy Bread; but he adds moreover
- 1 An: Blessed Wine? (1. An.) Christ would hereby teach us, that he would fully nourish & feed us unto eternal life, & so appointed two kinds of Sustenance, the one for our hunger, & the other for our thirst. And you know nourishment requires both that which is Solid, & that which is
- 2 An: liquid. (2 An.) Even as Christ made use of the most noble kind of Food, viz: Bread; so also he made use of the most noble kind of Drinks, viz Wine: as most likely representing that drink of which this was a sacrament. 6. Joh. 54. 55. 56.—My Flesh is meat indeed, & my Blood is drink indeed. Even as Wine is the principal drink that is given to Mortall man, being profitable not only to moderate thirst, but also to strengthen the heart, & to revive the drooping Spirits, yea also is very medicinal, so that being rightly used, by purging the Blood, & strengthening the Spirits, it prevents many diseases: So also the Blood of Christ is of most singular use: as that by wch alone the thirst of righteousness & absolution (which is the thirst in the consciences of those who being pricked to the heart, are as it were fired by the poison of sin) can be alayed & quenched. Nothing but this Blood, which flowed from the veins of Christs holy body, offered to faith in the preaching of the word, & especially represented in the visible Wine in the Lords Supper can do this. 18. Pro. 14. 6. Joh. 4. Moreover the heart of man troubled, & amazed with Fear of Gods wrath, & divine judgments, is by this Blood made glad & revived, in as much as now he can look upon God as appeased thrô the merits of his Son. This is the Blood by which all the wounds of our sinfull Souls can only be healed. 8. Jer. 22. 1. Joh. 29. Thus we see there is an analogy or similitude between the Blood of Christ, & the Wine in the Sacrament, by which it is represented. Yea moreover there is somthing else hereby represented, namely the communion of Members with Christ, & one with another. For even as wine flows from the Vine, in which it is digested & perfected, & as wine is made from many grapes pressed together: Even so we, being many, are one with Christ, & in Christ are one with one another: as the Apostle teacheth us. 1. Cor. 10. 16. 17. And so the Wine dos not only testify the analogy between the wine & the blood of Christ, but also minds us of our
- 3 An: mystical union with Christ, & with one another (3. An.) Last: Christ would so set the mystery of his Passion before our eyes, as that we might fasten our minds longer upon it, in the celebration of this holy banquet, & that we should not presently wander in our thoughts from receiving of the Bread, to other things. No, no after the Bread broken (representing the broken Body of Christ) is eaten; here is somthing else to stay our meditation, viz: the Blood of our Lord Jesus, represented by the Wine. q.d. Behold my torn, rent, broken body, represented in the broken bread, one peice severed from another. Nay behold farther, my shed blood, as well as my torn Body. Remember my Death, at this Sacrament: Yea, & remember it was a bloody Death. Not only did I dye for you, but I did bleed for you, yea & bleed to Death for you. I have laid down my life for you my Sheep: Yea & last my Blood, as well as my life for you. A man may dye, & not bleed; a man may bleed & not dye; but I must both dye, & bleed; & bleed & dye, to Redeem you; & so I have done, sais Christ. 16. Matt. 21. 18. Mark. 31. 24. Luke. 26. And both these are represented by the broken bread, & poured out wine.
- 1. Use. Hince then the Papists are arraigned of Sacriledge in their robbing the common People of the Cup. They will allow them the Bread, that is, such bread as they use viz: Wafers, but they deny them the Cup; whereas you see, Our Lord sais Drink ye all of it. 26. Matth. 27. As well as Eat, ye all of it. Well then the Papists are guilty of breaking Christs Testament, & chang his institution from what he left it. And so they come under a curse in that they preach another Gosple than wt was preached by Christ or his Apostles. 1. Gal. 8. We say of them, as 24. Isa. 18.
- 2. Use. See here also the error of the Russians (a kind of Mongrill-Christians) in that thô they communicate in both kinds; yet they do not com̄unicate in each kind a part, & seperate: For their way is to mingle both the Bread, & Wine together in a cup, & so to distribute both together in a Spoon: And they are guilty of error in their service. 1. Chr. 15. 13.
- 3. Use. May be of Exhortation in a word or two (1) Exhort: Oh then let us rest in Christ alone; & say if we have Christ we have all things. For he alone is the meat & drink for our poor Souls. Riches will not feed us, the world will not profit us one day. 10 Pro. 2. &. 11. 4. 1. Zeph. 18. But now Jesus Christ his Blood is drink indeed. 6. Job. 54. 55. 56. Here is meat that perisheth not. 6. John.
- 2. 29. (2) Exhort: To all Beleivers to come to this holy Banquet
- 1. Mot: From the full provision that is here made. Come for all things are ready. 22. Matth. 4. Here is Bread to srengthen you; & here is wine to comfort you. And of all Wines none better than this. This is indeed the best Wine, thô we may compare it to other Wine, in severall
- 1. things (1) No drink more sweet than the Wine, that comes from the vine: So the Blood of Christ coming from the Vine Christ is the most sweet drink a Soul can partake
- 2. of. 15. Joh. 1. 7. (2) Wine allays the thirst, so the blood of Christ allays yea takes away the thirst of the Soul. It takes away thirst after self-righteousness, 3. Philip. And it take
- 3. away thirst after the world, 73. Ps. 25. (3) Wine clears the heart 104. Ps. 25. So the blood of Christ, the promises of
- 4. God thrô Christ are most rich cordials. 94. Ps 19. (4) Wine warms the chill body, & makes it more nimble, active, & expeditious to do business; so the blood of Christ received by Faith quickens the Soul to all good motions; & makes us more nimble & agile in Gods service. As we see in Paul. 2. Cor. 11. 22. &c.
- 2. Mot: From the lively representation of the death of Christ, set before us in this Ordinance. The Bread representing his broken body; & the wine his poured out Blood, as has been touched. Do you beleive Christ dyd for you, did bleed for you? Was crucifyed for you? Gave his Body to be torn to peices for you, & his precious Blood to be poured out for you? And would you be affected for such horrible Sufferings of Love? Would you not have your heart pierced for the sins by which you have wounded your Saviour? Come hither then, & see him as in the most lively picture set forth as crucifyed before your eyes. 3. Gal. 1. Oh how lively is the death of Christ set forth in the doctrine of Christ crucifyed & in ye administration of the Lords Supper that lively picture of Christ in the cross. Oh if you would mourn for the wounds you have given the best of friends! Come & See him whom you have pierced. 12. Zech. 10. To see a Dear friend torn, wounded, & the blood streaming down his face & body, will much affect the heart: But much more when those wounds we see, & that streaming blood, we behold, accuseth us as the vile actors. To see such a one gasht, & gored, thô it were done by some other hands will affect our hearts, if they be not harder than the stones, & more flinty than the Rocks. But much more, when our consciences tell us, that our cruel hands have made those wounds, & the bloody instuments by which our dearest friend was gored, were of our own forging. Therefore let not any that would be affected with the passions of a Saviour content himself with a Reading, or a hearing of the bloody story: But come ye hither, & behold the thing in this Lively representation. I may say to you as Herod to the Jews. 19. Joh. 5. Behold the man. Behold the man your Saviour, if ever you be saved. Behold the Man, who gave his body to be broken for you, & his Blood to be poured out for you. Behold the man wounded for transgressions, & bruised for iniquities, but not for his own, but for yours, 53 Isa. 5. Behold thou godless & rebellious sinner, who by thy sins are every day, & all the day long, piercing the blessed Saviour of Mankind, I say behold this pierced man; & pierce him no longer, sin no more: Stand it out against his Love to sinners testifyed by his death for them, not one day more. Now behold him, & accept him; it may be you may never have an offer of viewing & beholding of him any more. And therefore, I would advise such as have any desires to be affected wth the bloody death & wounds of a Saviour (tho they do not partake) yet to stay, & behold him. I have known God has made the very sight of this Ordinance beneficial to some, And why may it not be so to thee? And no question, as all are to read, & hear the story of Christs passion, so doubtless sober, & holily disposed persons may stay & behold it with their eyes. Yea & herein they may do God such acceptable Service, as that by the sight of the eye God may so affect their hearts, as that they may come nearer, & not be able to rest in a beholding afar off, but come near & behold; yea behold, & Take, & Eat, & Drink too. Oh Remember the Devils cannot behold this, but with terror & malice: But thou mayest Behold with comfort & profit. Again; Behold thou Petty-fidian thou small-faith, thou weak, thou staggering Beleiver, who knowest not how to Beleive that God should dye, & that man should conquer death, & rise from the Grave, I say, Behold this truth set forth in visible representations before thine eyes, for the confirmation of thy Faith. Open your eyes & behold Christs wounds; Reach hither your hands, & thrust it into his side; feel his very Blood: & be not faithless But Beleiving. As Christ sometimes said to unbeleiving Thomas. 20. John. 27. 28. 29.
But so much for those words, After the same manner also he took the Cup, I shall add no more now. The next thing is to consider what Christ said when he took the Cup viz: This Cup is the New-Testament in my Blood &c of which (if God please) hereafter.