Conco. 9.}

    9. Novr. 1690

    1. 2) The next chief efficient cause of Christs wounds & Bruises, is a cause yt ariseth out of ye first cause before spoken of: viz. the free & voluntary obedience of Jesus Christ, 53. Isa. 7. He was oppressed & he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth, i.e. in way of dislike or resistance. Yea he was active in laying down his own pretious life. 10. John. 17. 18. Lo I come to do thy will. 10. Heb. 5 &c. Now ye Internal & External motions yt swayed Christ thus to do, were ye same as before mentioned moved God ye Father viz
    2. 1. His Infinite & free love to us. 15. Job. 12. 13. 14.
    3. 2. Our miserable case by ye fall. 53. Isa. 16.
    4. So much for ye Principal Efficient causes
    5. 2. The instrumental causes were partly animate, & partly inanimate creatures
    6. 1. Some of the instrumental causes of Christs Wounds & Bruises were Animate or Living Creatures. And they were Numerous viz The Divel. Judas. The Scribes, Pharisees, Priests, & Chief of the people. The People of the Jews & particularly they of Jerusalem. Herod. False-Witnesses. The Gentiles: & particularly Pilate, the Roman Souldiers, & among them yt bloody and cruel Souldier yt pierced Christs side as he hung upon the Cross, 19. Joh. 34. 35. 36. 37. We might speak particularly of all these, & turn you to severall scriptures for ye proof hereof: but we have touched upon these heretofore & therefore shall not insist here but hasten to a conclusion.
    7. 2. Some also of ye instrumental causes of Christs wounds and Bruises were inanimate, or lifeless Creatures. As ye cross upon which our Lord Jesus was hanged, & also the Nails by which he was fastened to the Cross And the spear he was wounded with. A word or two of these
    8. 1. The Cross: Our Lord Jesus was wounded & bruised by being hanged upon the Cross. 2. Philip. 8. He became obedient unto Death, even ye death of the Cross. That is, to his dying day (saith Beza64) Christ went through many a little death all his life long (as we have shown you) And at length he underwent yt cursed, wounding & bruising Death of the cross. Wch must needs be wounding if you consider
    9. 2. The Nails yt went through his hands & feet to fasten him to this cross. As may be gathered from. 20. Joh. 25. 27. & 22. Ps. 16. They pierced my hands & my feet. Some judge yt Christ was nailed to the cross as it lay along upon ye ground, & then ye Cross being lifted up by men wth Christ so fastened, one end of the cross was put into ye ground, & ye other hand elevated into ye air, & so Christ upon it was lifted up above the heads of ye Spectators. And if this were their proceedings in ye crucifying of Christ, by the shaking of his body nailed by his hands & feet, it must needs put him to grievous pain. However no doubt but Christ was lifted up, for this he had foretold & it was typifyed by ye brazen serpent. 21. Num. 7. 8. 9. 3. Joh. 14. As Moses lifted up ye Serpent in ye wilderness, even so must ye Son of man be lifted up. And in this painfull case our Lord Jesus hangs for ye space of about six hours, 15. Mark. 25.34.
    10. 3. Last: The spear yt went through ye Side of Christ Jesus. 19. Joh. 34. But one of the Souldiers pierced his side, & forthwith came there out blood & water. This could not but wound our Lord Jesus if it were before Christ were quite dead. And it is a very pretty, & true notion of Calvin upon this text. Possumus hinc Asseverare ex Latere Christi fluxisse nostra Sacramenta. We may safely conclude (sais he) yt our Sacraments issued out of Christs side.65

      So much for ye Efficient Causes, both principal & instrumental causes of Christs Wounds & Bruises. Now

    11. 2) Let us consider ye Final Causes of Christs Death, or Wounds & Bruises. And here two things are to be considered. viz
    12. 1. The Persons for whose sake he was thus Wounded & Bruised.
    13. 2. The Benefits yt by his Wounds & Bruises he has purchased for those persons.
    14. 1. Then let us consider the Persons, to find out them, for whose sake Christ was thus Wounded & Bruised.
    15. 1. Negatively. Christ was not thus wounded & Bruised for ye sake of Reprobates, to purchase salvation for them. Christ wn he was about to dye protests yt he did not pray for these 17 Joh. 9. Much less then would he lay down his life for them. And seing ye dying for this or that person is a testimony of the highest love & friendship. 15 Ch. 13. it cannot be yt Christ should give such a high testimony of his love to Reprobates to whom he bears no such love, but tells us he will utterly reject them at ye great day 7. Matt. 22. 23.
    16. 2. Affirmatively. Christ was thus wounded & bruised for us. Text. i.e. for us wo are part of ye Number of ye Elect: for us his Sheep: for us his friends, his people, his Sanctifyed ones: For us who by nature are corrupt, sinners, & far from God, yet now sanctifyed & brought nigh by ye blood of Jesus. So yt thô the wounds & Bruises of Christ by reason of ye dignity of the person be of infinite vallue: & so sufficient for all the whole world, yet it is efficient only for some.
    17. 2. Let us consider ye Benefits he hath purchased for these: And they are manifold. As.
    18. 1. To bear ye punishment due to our sins, & to answer & satisfy ye demands of divine justice for them, & so to make expiation & attonement for them. Text. 4. Rom. ult. Who was delivered for our offences. 1. Cor. 15. 3. Christ died for our sins, according to ye Scriptures. Hince Christ is said to dye unto Sin. 6. Ro. 10. The meaning is not yt he should forbear to sin (in wch sense Beleivers are said to be dead unto sin) but to destroy Sin. 1. Joh. 3. 8. For this purpose ye Son of God was manifested, yt he might destroy ye works of ye Devil. Had there been no Saviour, there had been no destruction of sin ye work of Satan, but we had perished therein. Hince also our iniquities are said to be imputed unto Christ. 53. Isa. 6. The Lord hath laid on him ye iniquity of us all. And yt he hath born our iniquities. 11. 12. v. & 9. Heb. ult. And that he hath paid a price to God for our Redemption. 20. Mat. 28.
    19. 2. To ratify & confirm ye covenant of grace. 9. Heb. 15. 16. And for this cause he is ye Mediatour of ye New Testament, yt by means of Death, for ye redemption of yt transgressions ye were under ye first testament, they wch are called might receive ye promise of eternal inheritance. For where a testament is, there must also of necessity be ye death of ye testatour. For a testament is of force after men are dead: otherwise it is of no strength at all whilest the testatour liveth. As after a man is dead, his last will &. testament (where there are no just exceptions against it) is inviolable & unalterable, even so ye indubitableness & unchangableness of Gods covenant, or Christs covenant, concerning ye Salvation of Beleivers is ratifyed & confirmed by ye Death of Christ Jesus. As sure as Christ did dye, so sure Beleivers shall live by the Death of Christ. You may as well deny that Christ ever dyed, as yt Beleivers shall by his Death be benefitted wth Eternal life. The one is as true as ye other: & both of them indisputable truths.
    20. 3. To bring us to God. i.e. to Reconcile us to God. 1. Pet. 3. 18. For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust yt he might bring us to God. We were (as ye Apost: tells us) as sheep going astray; but are now returned unto ye Shepherd and Byshop of our Souls. We were far off from God, & God from us, but we are brought nigh by ye Death of Jesus. 2. Eph. 13. We were enemies to God through wicked works, but are reconciled by the blood of Jesus.
    21. 4. To justify us before God, as may be gathered from 2. Gal. ult. If righteousness come by the law, then Christ is dead in vain. i.e. if a man could be justifyed by the works of ye Law, then Christs Death were useless: but no man can be justifyed by ye work of the Law, therefore Christs Death is of infinite vallue upon this Account. By ye Death of Christ forgiveness of sins is purchased 26. Matt. 28. This is my Blood of ye New-Testament, wch is shed for many for the remission of sin. And by ye Death of Christ we are redeemed from all iniquity. 2. Tit. 14. Wo gave himself for us yt he might redeem us from all iniquity.
    22. 5. To purge & sanctify his Church. 5. Eph. 25. 26. 27. Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved ye church, & gave himself for it. That he might Sanctify & cleanse it &c. The Lord will not have a foul & sluttish Church, & therefore he came not by blood only, but by water also, that clean water of his Spirit, whereby he washeth away ye swinish nature of his Saints, so yt they no more desire to wallow in ye Mire of sin &c. So yt being dead unto sin, they may live unto righteousness & unto the will of God. 1. Pet. 2. 24. & 4. 1. 2.
    23. 6. To purchase life eternal for all Beleivers. 3. Joh. 14. 15. And as Moses lifted up the Serpent in ye wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted up. That whosoever beleiveth in him should not perish, but have eternal life. And so yt all such may live together with him. 1. Thes. 5. 10. Who died for us, that whither we wake or sleep, we should live together with him. Hince Christ tells us yt he is gone to prepare a place for us, yt we may be where he is. 14. Job. 1. 2. 3.
    24. 7. To gather together into one all ye dispersed sons & daughters of God. 11. Joh. 51. 52. That Jesus should die for ye Nation: And not for ye Nation only, but yt also he should gather together in one the children of God, that were scattered abroad In one Spiritual, & mystical body, thô in place never so distant one from another. My Dove, my undefiled is but one. 6. Cant. 9. No such Oneness, & entireness any where else. Other societies may cleave together as ye Toes of clay in Nebuchadnezzars image, but not incorporate 2. Dan.
    25. 8. To leave us an Example of patient enduring all manner of afflictions yt may befall us. 1 Pet. 2. 20. 21.—Christ also suffered for us leaving us an example, yt ye should follow his steps. If (sais Christ) they have called ye Master of ye house Beelzebub, how much more shall they call them of his houshold? 10. Matt. 22. 23. 24. 25.
    26. 9. To teach us also even to lay down our very dear lives for the Brethren when occasion calls for it. 1. Joh. 3 16. Hereby perceive we ye love of God, because he laid down his life for us: & we ought to Lay down our lives for the Brethren. We should choose rather to dye in the field, or burn at a stake, than to be unservicable to ye Church. Thus Aquila & Priscilla laid down their necks for Paul. 16. Ro. 3. 4. i.e. they hazarded their lives for Paul: & so should we hazard our estates, our loss of friends, & life itself for ye welfare of one another. Our love to one another should come as near to ye likeness of Christs love to us, as can be. 5. Eph. 1. 2.—Walk in love, as Christ also hath loved us, & hath given himself for us &c.
    27. 10. Last: (to say no more) To Reign & rule over us both living & dying 14. Ro. 7. 8. 9.—To this end Christ both died, & rose, & revived, ye he might be Lord both of ye dead & living. Christ was Lord of all before his passion as his humane nature was united to ye divine nature. But
    28. 1. By his passion he purchased this dominion & Lordship as Mediator.
    29. 2. After Christs passion & Death this his Lordship was everywhere made known & proclaimed. Therefore after his Death & Resurrection sais Christ 28. Matt. 18. All power is given me in Heaven & earth: So much for ye Benefits by Christ’s death. We should now conclude ye text wth application But time forbids.