Great afflictions peculiar to Gods dear children
53. Isa. 5. But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities. (Doctr.) Our iniquities & our transgressions, were the causes why Christ Jesus ye Son of God was wounded and bruised. We have shown you (1) wt is meant by wounding & bruising (2) who was thus wounded & bruised? viz Christ Jesus (3) Who wounded and bruised him (4) What were his wounds & bruises (5) Last Why he was thus wounded & bruised. We have also now & then made some use and application. But I come now to conclude & shut up this doctrine with application. And to reflect upon ye generall heads that we have insisted upon, & draw uses from thence. We must begin wth ye
- Quest: What is meant by wounding & bruising?
We answered, one word signifies to pierce, or bore through, or maim or wound & yt to ye heart: the other word signifies to consume, wear away wast or grind to peices. Hince these uses follow, viz.
- 1. Use. Hince learn yt ye dearest of Gods children may be called to drink deepest of the most embittered cups of affliction. We have an instance before us in Christ Jesus ye dearly beloved Son of God. It pleased ye Father to bruise him & put him to grief, 53. Isa. 10. And also in eminent Job wo was bereaved of his cattle, sheep, camels, & oxen, his Servants, & all his Sons & daughters & all in one day, besides what he suffered afterwards in his person, body, & Soul. And also in Paul, who was beset with troubles. 2. Cor. 11. 23–28. God had one Son without sin, but no son wthout sorrow. Christ Jesus must first suffer, & then enter into Glory. So Beleivers herein (as in other things) must be like their Saviour. 14. Acts. 22. Afflictions indeed are common to all 5. Joh. 7. & 14. 1. 2. But especially they belong to the Saints, 3. Pro. 12. Whom ye Lord loveth, he correcteth &c They are not penal & wrathfull blows, but strokes issuing from parental love
- Qu: The question then will be: How may we know yt our bruises, wounds & afflictions are from divine Love?
- An: In one word by the fruits of them: By the dutifull carriage of the soul both to God & Man, in & after afflictions
- 1) By our dutiful carriage to God. As
- 1. When the Lord God is eyed & acknowledged in our afflictions. It is the character of a wicked person yt he will not see God in his afflictions. 26. Isa. 11. But the truly godly they eye ye hand of God & yt principally. As our Lord Jesus shall I not drink ye cup yt my Father hath given me 18. Joh. 11. So Joseph. 45. Gen. 5. God sent me hither. So David. 2. Sam. 16. 10. The Lord hath bid him curse David. So Job. 1. Ch. 22.66 The Lord gave & ye Lord hath taken away Sec. The Lords voice cryeth to ye city, & ye man of wisdom will see thy Name. 6. Mic. 9. So Moses endured as seeing him wo is invisible 11. Heb. 27. But this is not all.
- 2. When the Soul submitts to God, with an humble, quiet, & silent Spirit under afflictions. For this is yt God aims at in his bruisings of his people. It is not from any delight & pleasure that God takes in it: but for their benefit, that their proud & uncircumcised hearts be humbled. 26. Lev. 40. 41. 42. And he will effect this submission in his own children. As we see in David. 2. Sam. 15. 25. 26.—If he have no delight in me: behold here am I, let him do to me as seemeth good unto him. And Job wo after all his black Messages yet worshippeth ye Lord. 1. Job. 21. So 39. Ps. 9. I was dumb, I opened not my mouth because thou didst it. So our Lord Jesus, 53. Isa. 7. He was oppressed & he was afflicted yet he opened not his mouth. O therefore learn to bear ye yoke in thy youth & put thy mouth in ye dust if so be there may be hope. Why should a living man complain? or man for ye punishment of his sins? But wo unto him that by fretting & murmuring striveth & contendeth with his Maker &c. 45. La. 9. O murmur not least ye be destroyed. 1 Cor. 10. 10. But rather humble your selves under the mighty hand of God, & in due time he will exalt you. 1 Pet. 5. 6.
- 3. When ye Soul dos penitentially confess his sins, & justify God, in, & under afflictions. As they 9. Neh. 33. Thou art just in all yt is brought upon us: for thou hast done right, but we have done wickedly. And Job 7. Ch. 20. I have sinned, wt shall I do unto thee, O thou preserver of men? So ye Church. 59. Isa. 9–16. O if thou wouldst have thy soul delivered from ye pit, yea from yt pit of hell, thou must be sure bitterly to bewail thy sin. 33. Joe. 27. 28. But if thou goest on in thy sins, God will go on in his controversy till he hath broken thy hard heart, by true repentance, or by the showers of fire & brimstone. 2. Jer. 35.—I will plead with thee, because thou sayest, I have not sinned. It is not Gods usuall way to return to a professing people in mercy, after he has turned from them in wayes of judgment, till they acknowledge their offence & seek his face 5. Hos. ult. O therefore turn ye, turn ye, why will you die, O house of Israel &c And bear ye indignation of ye Lord, because ye have sinned against him.
- 4. When the Soul dos still hold fast, & cleave to God, & own ye Lord Jesus, Schis people & ordinances &c appointments in ye midst of all their troubles & sorrows. So did Job thô tempted by Satan in his wife to curse God. 2. Joh. 9. 10. And David. 119. Ps. 51. 757. 161. The proud have had me greatly in derision: yet have I not declined from thy Law. So Jer: thô threatened with Death, yet he faithfully goes on in his service of God. 26. Jer. 1–16. Blessed are they then yt can say with ye Church. 114. Ps. 17 &c. All this is come upon us; yet have we not forgotten thee, neither have we dealt falsly in thy covenant. Our heart is not turned back, neither have our steps declined from thy way &c. Oh remember if we suffer, we shall also reign with him: if we deny him, he also will deny us. Therefore fear none of those things yt you can suffer—only be faithful to ye death, & Christ will give thee a Crown of life 2. Rev. 10.
- 5. When the Soul is cheerful under afflictions, & if it suffer for Christs sake dos rejoyce therein. So ye Proph: Hab. 3. Ch. 17. 18. Although the fig-tree shall not blossom, neither shall fruit be in ye vine—yet I will rejoyce in the Lord, I will joy in ye God of my salvation. And wn it is for Christs sake there is joy. 5. Matt. 11. 12. Blessed are ye when men shall revile you & persecute you—Rejoyce & be exceeding glad—16. Joh. ult.—In ye world ye shall have tribulation: but be of good cheer—The Apostles departed from ye presence of ye counsell rejoycing—5. Acts. 40. 41. Paul & Silas Pray & sing praises in ye stocks & in ye prison. 16. Acts. 23. 24. 25. Bonds & afflictions abide me but none of these things move me—20. Chap. 23. 24. Wt mean ye to weep & to break mine heart—21. Chap. 12. 13 I take pleasure in infirmities, in reproaches, in necessities, in persecutions, in distresses for Christs sake 2. Cor. 12. 10. Oh blessed are they then yt can endure hardness as good Souldiers of Christ Jesus. That can take joyfully ye spoyling of their goods, their good estates, their good houses, their good names, & their good bodies, knowing yt in heaven that they have a better & enduring Substance. 10. Heb. 34. Wo can wth Moses choose rather to suffer affliction with ye people of God, than to enjoy ye pleasures of sin for a season. Esteeming ye reproaches of Christ greater Riches than ye treasures of this Egypt. 11. Ch. 25. 26.
- 6. When ye Soul in & under all its afflictions cryes to, & wrestles wth, ye Lord for help, support, & Salvation. As Jacob. 32. Gen. 8. 9. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. And David he cryes to God to turn ye counsel of Ahitophel into foolishness. And Hezek: wn he was sick unto death he turns his face to ye wall cryes unto God & weeps. 2. Reg. 20. 1. 2. 3. So Asa when invaded. 2. Chr. 14. 11. And Mannaseh wn in ye thorns & captivity 2 Chr. 33. 11. 12. When ye Mariners were in a tempest they cryed to their Gods, & raised up Jonah to call upon his God, if so be they might escape perishing. 1. Jon. 4. 5. 6. When Peter was in prison prayer was made for him without ceasing. When Paul was buffeted by Satan, he sought ye Lord thrice, yt is many times. 2. Cor. 12. 7. 8. Is any among you afflicted let him pray &c. 5. James. 13. 14. 15.
- 7. Last: When ye Soul after all dos beleivingly committ his case unto God & quietly waits for his salvation. He hath said I will never leave thee nor forsake thee. So yt we may boldly say, The Lord is my helper, and I will not fear wt man shall do unto me. 13. Heb. 5. 6. Because of Israels impatiency & unbelief, they were not suffered to enter into Canaan, Only their children, of whom they had said, They should be a prey, these did possess ye Land 1. Deut. 29–40. In ye great famine of Samaria, the great Lord wo would not believe ye plenty ye Prophet foretold, was told by the Prophet, he should see it, but not eat thereof: & so it came to pass. 2. Reg. 7. Blessed are they then ye do quietly wait upon God: The Lord will keep him in perfect peace, whose mind is stayed on him. 26. Isa. 3. Trust not in yourselves but in God wo delivers from death, & will deliver. 2. Cor. 1. 9. 10. Let them ye suffer according to ye will of God, committ ye keeping of their souls to him in well-doing as unto a faithful creatour. 1. Pet. 4. ult. When it it thus ye afflictions of such are from divine love.
- 2) By our dutifull carriage to men, thô our enemies & such as persecute & afflict us. As
- 1. When ye Soul is patient & quiet towards them, not studying revenge, or rendering evil for evil, but rather ready to forgive. As David who would not avenge himself on Saul, thô hunted by him for his life. 1. Sam. 24. 9–16. And so in Shimeis case. When Festus tells Paul he was Mad, Paul gives him a mild answer. 26. Acts. 24. 23. Remember we yt vengeance belongeth to God. 94. Ps. 1. And God forbids it us. 24. Pro. 29. 1. Pet. 3. 9.
- 2. When ye Soul dos not desire after, nor rejoyce in ye fall & calamities of enemies (i.e. private & personal enemies) Rejoyce not when thine enemie falleth &c. 24. Pro. 17. 18. 31. Job. 29. 30. Yet we are to rejoyce in ye Churchs deliverance as Moses & Epher.
- 3. When the Soul can, and dos, pray for its enemies 5. Matt. 44. &c.—do good to them yt hate you, & pray for them which despitefully use you, & persecute you. Miriam had spoken agst Moses: yet he prays for her. 12. Numb. 1. 2. 10. 13. So Stephen. 7. Acts. 59–60.
- 4. When ye Soul useth lawfull & honest means for ye avoiding of afflictions. Paul bear ye expence of ye Prayers of ye church of the Romans for his delivery from wicked men. 15. Ro. 30. 31. So Jacob wn threatened by Esau. Christ Jesus himself somtimes put himself out of wicked company. We are to be as doves for innocency & serpents for wisdom. 10. Matt. 16.
- 5. When ye Soul is industrious to avoid all just cause of offense: & suffers only for well-doing. 1. Pet. 4. 14.15. 16. So Paul. 24. Acts. 13. 14. 15. 16. When it is so our sufferings are but ye Supplements of ye Sufferings of Christ Jesus. 1. Col. 24. Yet all our troubles are but the chips, & slivers, as it were of the cross. When ye Jews offered our Saviour gall & vinegar, he trusted it, but would not drink. He let ye Rest for his Church, & they must pledge him, not to expiate sin, but for ye trial & exercise of their graces.