28. Sept. 1690.
53. Isa. 5. But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities (Doctr.) Our transgressions & our iniquities, were ye causes why Christ Jesus ye Son of God was wounded & bruised. By wounding & bruising, is meant peirsing, boring through, or making holes through as wth a peirser, or wearing wasting away, or grinding to pieces. The Person thus Wounded & Bruised was Christ Jesus ye Son of God. The Persons yt thus Wounded him, & Bruised him were Divels, Men: Yea God ye Father & Christ himselfe wo had all a hand in his Wounds & Bruises. We are yet upon ye (4th Qu:) Wt were Christs Wounds & Bruises? (Answ.) They may be referred (1) To his life (1) Before he was born in his Conception & Birth (2) After he was born: In his Private life: & in his Publick life (2) To his Death: wch we have spoken of (1) More generally (2) More particularly: as it carryed in it Wounds & bruises of a two-fold degree viz: (1) Of Inchoation. Spiritual. Corporal.
- 2. Of consummation, & Perfection. Now if our Lord Jesus in his inchoated or begun Death, under-went amazing & direful Wounds & bruises (as we have briefly shown you) why then how much more did he undergo such wn Death comes to be perfected & consummated: & wn divine justice fetcht its full blow upon him? This consummation of ye Death of Christ was in ye highest degree of ye Punishment appointed. Where we are to consider
- 1. The Death itself.
- 2. The continuance of it.
- 1). The Death itself: which also consisted of two kinds: viz
- 1. Spiritual Death.
- 2. Corporal Death.
- 1) Spiritual: which consisted of two Members: namely in matter of Loss: & in matter of sense
- 1. Then. The Consummation of Christs spiritual Death in matter of Loss, was yt dereliction or forsaking of ye Father, whereby Christ was deprived of all sense of consolation: as we find in those words 27. Matt. 46.—My God, My God, why hast thou forsaken me. This question doth not import or intend any ignorance in Christ of ye cause of his fathers dereliction: but to express ye deep dolor & bitter sense yt he had thereof. His ffathers dereliction was ye bitterest cup yt he ever tasted. This was ye Gall & wormwood &c. Oh it is a dreadful thing to be forsaken of God as we se in Saul. 1. Sam. 28.15. 16. But Christs desertion was not total, nor final, neither could it be so, nor was there need it should be, because justice was infinitely satisfyed wth yt measure yt it was. But it was to ye uttermost degree next unto total, so much as could be, or needed to be.
- 2. The consum̄ation of Christs Spiritual Death in matter of sense, was ye Malediction, or Curse, whereby he did endure the full sense of Gods judgment for ye sin of Man. So sais the Apostle: He was made a curse for us. 3. Gal. 13. i.e. he endured the cursed punishment due to man for sin: therefore he dyed a cursed Death viz ye Death of ye cross. We are cursed sinners, but to save us Christ underwent ye curse. He has born our sins & punishment due to them, ye wrath & curse of God. Nothing in this life did ever befall ye worst of man which befel Christ. 2. Cor. 5. ult. For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin &c. He made him to be sin for us For
- 1. He made him a sacrifice for our sins 8. Ro. 3 13. Heb. 11. 12. As we are made Righteousness because we are sanctifyed and justifyed by God, so Christ is made sin i.e. made a sacrifice & an expiation for sin, & so condemned
- 2. Or he is made sin. i.e. a sinner or very wicked person, ye very chief of sinners, not from himself, but from ye guilt of all our sins wch were imputed to him. Thus we read he was numbered wth ye transgressours. 53. Isa. ult.
- 2) Corporal. Now the consummation of Christs corporal, or bodily Death was in the breathing out of his Soul with greatest torment & pain of ye body. There is no other way of dying but by separation of Body and Soul 2. Jae. 25. And no doubt but Christ breathed out his soul with great pain if we consider ye sharp death by which his soul was separated from his body viz ye death of ye cross, a most shamefull death, & a death as painful as Shamefull He was nailed in ye hands & feet ye most sinewy & sensitive parts. 22. Ps. 14. 15. 16. Yea Christs strong crys like womens in their travel, argued strong pains 27. Matt. 46. 50. 2. Acts. 24. Bruising & wounding cannot but carry pains with them.
- (2) Now let us shortly take a view of ye continuance of Christs Death: wch is to be considered in respect of ye state of lowest humiliation, not in re[s]pect of ye punishment of affliction: for as to yt Christ tells us it was finished, 19. Joh. 30. What is finished? His sufferings were not yet all finished, for he had yet to dye. The great Sacrifice was not yet fully offered. The Lamb of God was not yet quite slain. But yet his chief suffering part was finished, & vindictive justice in a great part satisfyed. 17. Ch. 4. I have Glorifyed thee on earth: I have finished ye work yt thou gavest me to do. But now ye continuation of Christs Death in respect of ye state of lowest Humiliation was ye greatest part of 3 dayes. & 3. nights 12. Matt. 40. The Grave here is called the Heart of ye earth by an Hebrisme. For among ye Hebrews the middle part of a thing is called ye Heart, 15. Ex. 8. The Heart of the Sea. And we frequently say ye Heart of the Oak &c.
So much in great brevity for Christs sufferings: or wounds & Bruises in his life & Death. For should we speak particularly time would fail, and your patience would. But we may more profitably take a view of his particular sufferings, from sundry particular texts, wch treat distinctly of such & such a particular suffering.
- 5. Quest: Lastly. Why was Christ thus wounded & Bruised?
- Answ: For our sins & for our transgressions. So in our text. And so in our doctrine. And so 4. Ro. ult. Who was delivered for our offences. But more particularly there are two speciall causes of Christs wounds & Bruises, viz:
- 1. The Efficient causes.
- 2. The Final causes.
- (1) Then Let us consider ye Efficient causes. And yt is either principal, efficient, or instrumental, (1) Principal
- 1.) The chief prime & principal cause viz: God himself, 53. Isa. 6. —— The Lord hath laid upon him ye iniquity of us all. It was God ye Father wo put this cup into his Son Christ Jesus’s hands. 19. Joh. 11. Pilate could never have had power to crucify Christ Jesus unless it had been given him from above. 19. Joh. 11. Nor did God give up his Son to be betrayed from any rashness or unadvisedness, but from mature & eternal determination. 22. Luke. 22. Truly ye Son of man goeth as it was determined. 2. Acts. 23. & 4. ch. 27. 28.
- Obj: But you may say what moved God thus to do?
- Answ: God was moved thus to do partly from Internal Motions: & partly from External Motions
- 1. The Internal, or inward Motions yt moved God ye Father thus to wound & bruise his Son Christ Jesus was ye good will & pleasure of God. 53. Isa. 10. It pleased ye Lord to Bruise him, & put him to Grief. God was not forced thus to give up his Son: but was voluntary & free in it, &c approved or liked well in this bitter way to part with his Son: Yea it was his good will yt was the first mover in this case. ¶ Again ye goodness of God moved him thus to do. 2. Hebr. 9. We see Jesus wo was made a little lower than the Angels, for ye suffering of Death, crowned with Glory & Honor; yt he by ye grace of God should taste death for every man. By the Grace of God. i.e. by ye free, gracious and undeserved goodness of God. Not for Christs own sins: nor because of Gods anger to his Son: but because of Gods gracious love to us. 3. Joh. 16. For God so loved ye world, yt he gave his only beloved Son &c God saw wt good would come hereby to ye Sinful world, & therefore was moved hereto. 1. Joh. 4. 10. Herein is love &c.
- 2. The external or outward Motion, or moving cause, yt excited ye Blessed God, ye Father of our Lord Jesus, thus to wound &c Bruise his beloved Son was ye miserable condition yt poor fallen man was in. Text. He was wounded for our transgressions &c. The Prophet Jeremiah beholding ye Israelites in captivity, tells us that his eye affected his heart, 3. Lam. 51. Much more was it so here in ye case before us. God saw us all wallowing in our Blood and filth & his eye pitied us &c. 16. Ezek. 2 &c. 26. Acts. 18. God saw us as ye Samaritane Saw ye miserable travailer 10. Luke. 30 &c.