Abbreviations and Short Titles

    * * *


    Committee of the Whole House


    George Thatcher


    Jeremiah Hill


    Nathaniel Barrell


    New York City


    Silas Lee


    Sarah Savage Thatcher


    Thomas B. Wait

    manuscript types


    Autograph Letter (unsigned)


    Autograph Letter signed


    Autograph Note (unsigned)


    File Copy (retained by sender)


    File Copy draft


    Letter signed



    repositories, manuscripts, and manuscript collections

    Barrell Correspondence

    Coll. 2304, George Thacher Correspondence with Nathaniel Barrell, 1787-1800, MeHi


    Mellen Chamberlain Collection of Autographs, Boston Public Library


    Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

    Foster Family

    Foster Family Autograph Collection, 1621-1930, Special Collections, MHi


    MS1, George Thacher Papers, McArthur Public Library Archives and Special Collections, Biddeford


    Coll. 94, George Thacher Papers, MeHi


    George Thacher (1754-1824) Papers, MSS 313, Phillips Library, Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Massachusetts


    George M. Mitchell Department of Special Collections and Archives, Bowdoin College, Brunswick


    Maine Historical Society, Portland


    Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston


    New York Public Library


    Pennsylvania Historical Society, Philadelphia

    Thacher’s Tracts

    E173.T46, Special Collections, Doheny Memorial Library, University of Southern California, Los Angeles


    Thacher Family Papers, 1667-1867, Ms. N-1653, MHi

    Tyng Correspondence

    Dudley Atkins Tyng Correspondence with Judge George Thatcher, 1789-1815, Harvard Law School Library, Cambridge, Mass.

    Varnum Letter

    Joseph B. Varnum to GT, 30 Jan. 1815, War of 1812 Papers, William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

    Wait Letters

    Letters to George Thacher, 1789-1821, Ms. N-1710, MHi



    [Philadelphia (1796-1800)] Claypoole’s American Daily Advertiser


    [Boston] Columbian Centinel


    [Portland] Cumberland Gazette


    [Philadelphia] Dunlap’s American Daily Advertiser


    [Portland] Eastern Herald


    [Philadelphia] Federal Gazette


    [Philadelphia] General Advertiser


    [New York (1789-90); Philadelphia] Gazette of the United States


    [Philadelphia] Independent Gazetteer


    [Boston] Massachusetts Centinel


    [New York] New-York Daily Gazette


    [Philadelphia] Pennsylvania Gazette


    Adams Diary

    L.H. Butterfield, ed., The Adams Papers: Diary and Autobiography of John Adams (4 vols., New York, 1961)

    Adams Family

    L.H. Butterfield, et al., Adams Family Correspondence (13 vols. to date, Cambridge, Mass., 1963-present)

    Allen, “Early Lawyers”

    Frederic Allen, “The Early Lawyers of Lincoln and Kennebec Counties,” MHSC, 1st Ser., 6(1859):38-81

    Allen, Thacher Genealogy

    David W. Allen, Genealogy, and Biographical Sketches of the Descendants of Thomas & Anthony Thacher (Vineland, N.J., 1872)


    W.B. Allen, ed., Works of Fisher Ames, as published by Seth Ames (1854; reprint, 2 vols., Indianapolis, Ind., 1983)

    Anderson, Maine Families

    Joseph C. Anderson II, ed., Maine Families in 1790 (8 vols., Rockport, Me., 1998), vol. 8.

    Anderson, York County Wills

    Joseph C. Anderson II, ed., York County, Maine Will Abstracts, 1801-1858 (Camden, Me., 1997)

    Andrews, John Cotton Smith

    William W. Andrews, The Correspondence and Miscellanies of the Hon. John Cotton Smith (New York, 1847)

    Annals of Congress

    Debates and Proceedings in the Congress of the United States (42 vols., Washington, D.C., 1834-56)


    American State Papers (Financial, Foreign Relations, Miscellaneous, Naval Affairs) (38 vols., Washington, D.C., 1832-61)

    Atkins, Atkins Family

    Francis Higginson Atkins, Joseph Atkins: The Story of a Family (Las Vegas, N.M., 1891)

    Banks, Maine Becomes a State

    Ronald F. Banks, Maine Becomes a State: The Movement to Separate Maine from Massachusetts, 1785-1820 (Middletown, Conn., 1970)

    Banning, To the Hartford Convention

    Lance Banning, Jr., To the Hartford Convention: The Federalists and the Origins of Party Politics in Massachusetts, 1789-1815 (New York, 1970)


    Gerard W. Gawalt, ed., Justifying Jefferson: The Political Writings of John James Beckley (Washington, D.C., 1995)

    Bell, N.H. Bench

    Charles H. Bell, The Bench and Bar of New Hampshire (Boston, 1894)

    Belsham, Theophilus Lindsey

    Thomas Belsham, Memoirs of the Late Reverend Theophilus Lindsey, M.A. including a brief analysis of his works; together with anecdotes and letters of eminent persons, his friends and correspondents: also a general view of the progress of the Unitarian doctrine in England and America (London, 1812)

    Bemis, Jay’s Treaty

    Samuel Flagg Bemis, Jay’s Treaty: A Study in Commerce and Diplomacy (New Haven, Conn., 1962)

    Burnett, Continental Congress

    Edmund Cody Burnett, The Continental Congress (1941; reprint, New York, 1964)


    Henry Cabot Lodge, ed., Life and Letters of George Cabot (1878; reprint, New York, 1974)

    Clayton, York County

    W.W. Clayton, History of York County, Maine (Philadelphia, 1880)

    Cohen, “Harvard College”

    Sheldon S. Cohen, “Harvard College on the Eve of the American Revolution,” in Sibley’s Heir: A Volume in Memory of Clifford Kenyon Shipton (Boston, 1982), pp. 173-90

    Congressional Directories

    Perry M. Goldman and James S. Young, eds., The United States Congressional Directories, 1789-1840 (New York, 1973)


    William Parker Cutler and Julia Perkins Cutler, eds., Life, Journals and Correspondence of Rev. Manasseh Cutler (2 vols., Cincinnati, 1888)

    DeConde, Entangling Alliances

    Alexander deConde, Entangling Alliances: Politics and Diplomacy under George Washington (Durham, N.C., 1958)

    DeConde, Quasi-War

    Alexander DeConde, The Quasi-War (New York, 1966)


    Charlene B. Bickford, Kenneth R. Bowling, Helen E. Veit, and William C. diGiacomantonio, eds., The Documentary History of the First Federal Congress, 1789-1791 (22 vols., Washington, D.C., 1972-2017)


    Merril Jensen, Gordon DenBoer, Lucy T. Brown, and Robert A. Becker, eds., The Documentary History of the First Federal Elections, 1788-1790 (4 vols., Madison, Wis., 1976-90)


    Merrill Jensen, John Kaminski, Gaspare J. Saladino, and Richard Leffler, eds., The Documentary History of the Ratification of the Constitution (20 vols. to date, Madison, Wis., 1976-present)


    Maeva Marcus, James R. Perry, James M. Buchanan, et al., eds., The Documentary History of the Supreme Court of the United States, 1789-1800 (8 vols., New York, 1985-2007)

    “Diplomat’s Wife”

    Bradford Perkins, ed., “A Diplomat’s Wife in Philadelphia: Letters of Henrietta Liston, 1796-1800,” WMQ, v. 11, 4(Oct. 1954):592-632


    Elaine Forman Crane et al., eds., Diary of Elizabeth Drinker (3 vols., Boston, 1991)

    Dubin, Congressional Elections

    Michael J. Dubin, United States Congressional Elections, 1788-1997 (Jefferson, N.C., 1998)

    Elkins and McKitrick, Federalism

    Stanley Elkins and Eric McKitrick, The Age of Federalism (Oxford, 1993)

    Emerson, “The Second Church”

    J.D. Emerson, “The Second Church, Biddeford, Maine,” The Congregational Quarterly, New Series, v.11, 2[April 1869]:241-48.

    Faris, Old Churches

    John T. Faris, Old Churches and Meeting Houses in and around Philadelphia (Philadelphia, 1926)

    “Fenno Letters”

    John B. Hench, ed., “Letters of John Fenno and John Ward Fenno, 1779-1800—Part 2: 1792-1800,” Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society, v. 90, 1(1980):163-234

    Fischer, American Conservatism

    David Hackett Fischer, The Revolution of American Conservatism: The Federalist Party in the Era of Jeffersonian Democracy (New York, 1965)

    Folsom, Saco and Biddeford

    George Folsom, History of Saco and Biddeford (Saco, Me., 1830)

    Graham, Revolutionary in Exile

    Jenny Graham, Revolutionary in Exile: The Emigration of Joseph Priestley to America, 1794-1804, Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, New Series, v. 85, 2(1995):1-213

    Griffin, Maine Press

    Joseph Griffin, ed., History of the Press of Maine (Brunswick, Me., 1872)

    Harvard Graduates

    John Sibley, Clifford Shipton, Conrad E. Wright, and Edward Hanson, Biographical Sketches of Graduates of Harvard University (18 vols. to date, Cambridge, Mass., 1873-present)

    Hill, William Vans Murray

    Peter Hill, William Vans Murray, Federalist Diplomat: The Shaping of Peace with France, 1797-1801 (Syracuse, N.Y., 1971)

    Holbrook, Old Yarmouth

    Charles A. Holbrook, ed., History of Old Yarmouth (1884; reprint, Yarmouthport, Mass., 1975)

    Hünemörder, The Cincinnati

    Markus Hünemörder, The Society of the Cincinnati: Conspiracy and Distrust in Early America (New York, 2006)


    Journal of American History


    Worthington Ford, Gaillard Hunt, John C. Fitzpatrick, and Roscoe R. Hill, eds., Journals of the Continental Congress, 1774-1789 (34 vols., Washington, D.C., 1904-37)


    Journal of the Early Republic


    Charles R. King, ed., Life and Correspondence of Rufus King (6 vols., New York, 1894-1900)

    Kurtz, Adams Presidency

    Kurtz, Stephen G., The Presidency of John Adams: The collapse of Federalism, 1795-1800 (1957; reprint, New York, 1961)

    Kurtz, “French Mission of 1799-1800”

    Stephen G. Kurtz, “The French Mission of 1799-1800: Concluding Chapter in the Statecraft of John Adams, Political Science Quarterly, v. 80, 4(Dec. 1965):543-57


    Paul H. Smith, Ronald Gephart, Gerald W. Gawalt, Rosemary Fry Plakas, and Eugene R. Sheridan, eds., Letters of Delegates to Congress, 1774-1789 (26 vols., Washington, D.C., 1976-2000)

    McLellan and Lewis, Gorham

    Hugh D. McLellan and Katherine B. Lewis, History of Gorham, Maine (Portland, 1903)

    Maier, Ratification

    Pauline Maier, Ratification: The People Debate the Constitution, 1787-1788 (New York, 2010)

    Maling, Mellen Descendants

    N.P. Maling, Descendants of Simon Mellen, c. 1636-1694 (Seattle, Wash., 2012)

    Marsh, “Thomas Wait”

    Philip M. Marsh, “Maine’s First Newspaper Editor: Thomas Wait,” New England Quarterly, v. 28, 4(Dec. 1955):519-34


    Maine Historical Society Collections


    Massachusetts Historical Society Proceedings

    Morison, Harrison Gray Otis

    Samuel Eliot Morison, Harrison Gray Otis, 1765-1848: The Urbane Federalist (Boston, 1969)

    Morison, Three Centuries of Harvard

    Samuel Eliot Morison, Three Centuries of Harvard, 1636-1936 (Cambridge, Mass., 1946)


    “The Late Judge Thacher,” Boston Commercial Gazette, 15 April 1824


    Harold C. Syrett and Jacob E. Cooke, eds., The Papers of Alexander Hamilton (37 vols., New York, 1961-78)

    Park, Savage Descendants

    Lawrence Park, Major Thomas Savage of Boston and His Descendants (Boston, 1914)

    Parsons, Theophilus Parsons

    Theophilus Parsons, Jr., Memoir of Theophilus Parsons (Boston, 1849)

    Perley, Convention Debates

    Jeremiah Perley, ed., Debates, Resolutions, and other Proceedings, of the Convention of Delegates . . . for the purpose of forming a Constitution for the State of Maine (Portland, 1820)


    W.W. Abbot, Dorothy Twohig, Jack D. Warren, et al., eds., The Papers of George Washington: Presidential Series (15 vols. to date, Charlottesville, Va., 1987-present)


    Dorothy Twohig, ed., The Journal of the Proceedings of the President, 1793-1797 (Charlottesville, Va., 1981)


    William Hutchinson, William M.E. Rachal, Robert A. Rutland, et al., eds., The Papers of James Madison (17 vols., Chicago and Charlottesville, Va., 1962-91)

    “Priestley Letters”

    Charles Deane, ed., “Letters of Joseph Priestley,” MHSP, 2nd Ser., 3(1886-87):11-40


    Ruth Woodward and Wesley Frank Craven, eds., Princetonians, 1784-1790, A Biographical Dictionary (Princeton, N.J., 1991)


    Julian Boyd, Charles T. Cullen, John Catanzariti, et al., eds., The Papers of Thomas Jefferson (33 vols. to date, Princeton, N.J., 1950-present)

    Rosenfeld, Aurora

    Richard N. Rosenfeld, American Aurora (New York, 1997)

    Sadik, Portraits at Bowdoin College

    Marvin S. Sadik, Colonial and Federal Portraits at Bowdoin College (Brunswick, Me., 1966)

    Sayward, Sayward Family

    Charles A. Sayward, The Sayward Family (Ipswich, Mass., 1890)

    Schofield, Joseph Priestley

    Robert E. Schofield, The Enlightened Joseph Priestley: A Study of His Life and Work from 1773 to 1804 (University Park, Penn., 2004)

    Smith, New York

    Thomas E.V. Smith, The City of New York in the Year of Washington’s Inauguration 1789 (1889; reprint, Riverside, Conn., 1972)

    Spalding, Maine Physicians

    James S. Spalding, Maine Physicians of 1820 (Portland, 1928)

    Stinchcombe, XYZ Affair

    William Stinchcombe, The XYZ Affair (Westport, Conn., 1980)

    “Thatcher Papers”

    William F. Goodwin, ed., “The Thatcher Papers,” The Historical Magazine, 2nd Ser., v. 6, nos. 5-6(Nov.-Dec. 1869):259-73, 337-53

    Totten, Thacher-Thatcher

    John R. Totten, Thacher-Thatcher Genealogy (New York, 1910)

    Ulrich, Midwife’s Tale

    Laurel Thatcher Ulrich, A Midwife’s Tale (New York, 1990)

    Waterman, “Whitman’s Disappearance”

    Bryan Waterman, “Elizabeth Whitman’s Disappearance and her ‘Disappointment’,” WMQ, v. 66, 2(April 2009):325-64

    Willis, Lawyers of Maine

    William Willis, History of the Law, the Courts, and the Lawyers of Maine (Portland, Me., 1863)

    Willis, Portland

    William Willis, History of Portland, from its First Settlement, with Notices of the Neighbouring Towns (2 vols., Portland, Me., 1833)


    William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd Ser. (1944-present) unless otherwise noted

    Wright, Revolutionary Generation

    Conrad E. Wright, Revolutionary Generation: Harvard Men and the Consequences of Independence (Boston, 2005)

    Yale Graduates

    Franklin Dexter, Biographical Sketches of the Graduates of Yale College (6 vols., New York, 1885-1912)