ii. biographical gazetteer

    Adams, Abigail Smith (1744-1818); parson’s daughter from Weymouth, Mass.; married John Adams (1764); largely responsible for raising their four surviving adolescent children during John’s lengthy absences from home; joined him in France and England for four years in the later 1780s; returned together to their new permanent home in Quincy, Mass. (1788); helped establish the “Republican Court” at NYC, Philadelphia, and eventually as the first First Lady to occupy the White House in Washington, D.C. (1800-1801).

    Adams, John (1735-1826; Harvard, 1755); opened law practice in his native Braintree (part of present-day Quincy), Mass.; married Abigail Smith (1764); moved family and practice to Boston in 1768, and back to Braintree in 1774; leader in the movement resisting British colonial policy, as both politician and essayist; delegate to the Continental Congress (1774-1778); held diplomatic posts in France and The Netherlands (1778-85); primary drafter of the Massachusetts state constitution of 1780; helped negotiate and signed the Treaty of Paris, ending the war with Great Britain (1783); first U.S. ambassador to that country (1785-88); returned and settled in Quincy; first U.S. vice president (1789-1797); second president (1797-1801); retired to his farm in Quincy.

    Ames, Fisher (1758-1808; Harvard 1774); opened law practice in his native Dedham, Mass. (1781); like GT, attracted the attention of political leaders statewide by his newspaper essays; leading proponent of Constitution at state ratifying convention; state representative (1788); Federalist Representative to Congress (1789-97); retired from public office due to chronic poor health, but remained an influential voice among Federalists; married Frances Worthington (1764-1837) in 1792; seven children (DHFFC 14:614-18).

    Appleton, Jesse (1772-1819; Dartmouth, 1792); Congregational minister; served as second president of Bowdoin College from 1807 until his death.

    Barker, Jeremiah (1752-1834); native of Scituate, Mass.; never attended college but studied surgery in Cambridge; served as a surgeon during the Revolutionary War; practiced medicine in Barnstable, Mass. after the war; settled in Gorham, then Portland, and permanently back to Gorham in 1808 (Totten, Thacher-Thatcher, pp. 216-17).

    Barrell, Nathaniel (1732-1831); merchant of Portsmouth, N.H. prior to settling on a farm in York, Maine in 1765; fervent Antifederalist at the Massachusetts ratification convention; married Sarah Sayward in 1758; two of his brothers were brothers in law to Sen. John Langdon.

    Barrell, Sarah Sayward (1738-1805); daughter of Jonathan Sayward of York, Maine; married Nathaniel Barrell in 1758.

    Bass, Henry (1740-1813); married SST’s older sister Faith (1744-69) in 1767; clerked under his father in law Samuel Phillips Savage; became a Boston merchant and prominent figure in the revolutionary movement, including as participant in the Boston Tea Party; married second wife Sarah Baker in 1771 (Park, Savage Descendants, p. 25).

    Beckley, John (1757-1807); native of England; clerked to several official bodies in Virginia, including ratification convention; mayor of Richmond (1783-84, 1788-89); first Clerk of U.S. House of Representatives from 1789 until his death, except 1797-1801; political operative and campaign manager for Jeffersonian Republicans throughout mid-1790s.

    Bigelow, Anna Haven (“Nancy”) (b. 1784); eldest child of SST’s younger sister Lucy (1761-1834) and Amos Bigelow (1760-94); taken in by the Thatchers in early 1795; died ca. early 1800 and remembered in the Thatchers’ naming their next-born child Nancy Bigelow Thatcher (Park, Savage Descendants, p. 26).

    Blount, Thomas (1759-1812); merchant of Tarboro, N.C.; state representative (1788); Democratic-Republican Representative to Congress (1793-99, 1805-09, and 1811 until his death).

    Bourne, Shearjashub (1746-1806; Harvard, 1764); native of Sandwich, Cape Cod; settled in neighboring Barnstable and opened law practice (ca. 1767); GT, Daniel Davis, and Prentiss Mellen among many others, read law under him; appointment as justice of the peace (1773); engaged unsuccessfully in shipping trade to London (1775-77); overcame suspicions of loyalism to accept reappointment as justice of the peace (1780); state representative (1782-85, 1788-90); voted to ratify Constitution at state convention; Federalist Representative to Congress (1791-95); appointed chief justice of county Court of Common Pleas (1801); married Hannah Doane (1749-1839), Dr. Samuel Savage’s future sister in law, in 1767 (Harvard Graduates 16:20-23; Willis, Lawyers of Maine, p. 112).

    Burr, Aaron (1756-1836; Princeton, 1772); studied law before outbreak of Revolutionary War; rose to rank of lieutenant colonel in Continental Army (1775-79); admitted to bar (1782) and established practice in NYC (1783); state assemblyman (1784-85, 1798-99); state’s attorney general (1789-90); U.S. Senator (1791-97); vice president after his unsuccessful bid for the presidency (1801-07); mortally wounded Alexander Hamilton in duel (1804); arrested for treason, for fomenting secession movement in southwestern U.S., but acquitted (1807); escaped creditors by self-imposed exile to Europe (1808-12); returned to law practice in NYC.

    Cabot, George (1752-1823); an arch-Federalist merchant and industrialist of Beverly, Mass. before retiring from business and settling on an estate in Brookline, outside Boston (1794); U.S. Senator from 1791 until resigning in 1796.

    Cobb, Matthew (1757-1824); probably knew GT in his native Barnstable, Massachusetts; moved first to York and eventually to Biddeford (ca. 1780); known as “King Cobb” for his fleet of merchant ships; married first wife, Mary Hooper (1769-1785) in 1783; with second wife, Mehitable Bangs (1762-1835; m. 1786), moved to Portland in 1795; served three terms as selectman, town treasurer (1808-18), and representative to the General Court (1804-11) (“Elder Henry Cobb Family,” http://www.hcobbfamily.com/getperson.php?personID=I4198&tree=Tree1 [accessed Jan. 2017]).

    Cony, Daniel (1752-1842); native of Stoughton, Mass.; served as lieutenant in militia during Revolutionary War (1775-78); settled permanently as physician in Hallowell (now Augusta); state representative (1786-89) and senator (1790-91); held various local judicial posts; delegate to Maine’s constitutional convention of 1819-20 (DHFFE 1:745-46).

    Coxe, Tench (1755-1824); Philadelphia merchant and land speculator; overcame the taint of loyalism during the Revolutionary War to serve as Pennsylvania’s sole delegate to the Annapolis Convention (1786); delegate to Confederation Congress (1789); prominent essayist in political economy; became assistant secretary of the treasury (1790-92); appointed revenue commissioner (1792); his Jeffersonian leanings led to his removal by President Adams, although later administrations appointed him purveyor of public supplies (1803-12).

    Cutts, Richard (1771-1845; Harvard, 1790); studied law under GT, “but the bent of his mind was not fully determined,” and he abandoned his studies after a short period; followed in his father’s various business ventures in Saco; filled GT’s vacated seat in Congress as a Democratic-Republican (1801-13); became part of James Madison’s close family circle by marriage to Dolley’s sister Anna Payne in 1804 (Henry S. Burrage, “Richard Cutts,” MHSC, 2nd Ser., 8(1897):1-30).

    Dalton, Tristram (1738-1817; Harvard, 1755); a merchant and gentleman farmer from Newburyport, Mass.; state representative (1782-85); senator (1785-8); U.S. Senator to First Congress, drawing a two-year term (1789-91); defeated for reelection, he liquidated his estate and followed the federal government to Philadelphia; cashier of U.S. Mint (1792-94); settled in Washington, D.C. as a merchant (1794-1801) and federal district commissioner (1801-02); filled minor post in Philadelphia branch of Bank of United States (1802-13); returned to Massachusetts and served as surveyor of port of Boston until his death (DHFFC 14:606-11).

    Davis, Daniel (1762-1835); a native of Barnstable, Mass. where, despite their age difference, he become GT’s boyhood friend; studied law under Shearjashub Bourne around the same time as GT (in Davis’s case, without the benefit of a Harvard education); moved to Maine to practice (ca. 1782); success as a Portland lawyer led to his appointment as federal attorney for the Maine district from 1796 until his removal by the Jeffersonians in 1801; state Federalists revived for Davis the office of the Commonwealth’s solicitor general (1801-32), when he resided in Boston; married Rev. James Freeman’s sister Louisa in 1786 (Willis, Lawyers of Maine, p. 111-16; Frederick Freeman, Freeman Genealogy in Three Parts [Boston, 1875], p. 270).

    Deane, Samuel (1733-1814; Harvard, 1760); pastor of Portland’s First Parish (1764-95); in May 1791, chaired the local committee that reported to the town meeting on the advantages and disadvantages of statehood (Harvard Graduates 14:591-98)

    Dexter, Samuel (1761-1816; Harvard, 1781); lawyer of Lunenberg, Mass.; state representative (1788-90), Federalist Representative to Congress (1793-95); U.S. Senator (1799-1800); resigned to serve as secretary of the treasury and simultaneously, during the last months of the Adams administration, as secretary at war; known as “Ambi-Dexter” for a Federalist orientation sufficiently flexible for him to be retained briefly in Jefferson’s Treasury; proposed a pro-commercial coalition with like-minded Jeffersonians; Republican candidate in unsuccessful bid for governor (1814). During the campaign, TBW wrote GT that Dexter’s “heart is as cold as the forehead of Mount Blanc. . . . I have no more enmity to Mr. D. personally, than I have to Mount Etna, or to the Polar Circle—I wish, however, that the Commonwealth of Massachusetts may not be consumed, nor congealed, nor governed by Mr. Dexter” (Fischer, American Conservatism, p. 259; TBW to GT, 3 March 1814, Wait Letters).

    Emerson, Samuel (1765-1851; Harvard, 1785); native of Hollis, N.H.; settled permanently in Kennebunk (ca. 1790); enjoyed lucrative medical practice; married Olive (1768-1844), daughter of Nathaniel and Sarah Sayward Barrell, in 1791 (James S. Spalding, Maine Physicians of 1820 [Portland, 1928], pp. 6-8).

    Freeman, James (1759-1835; Harvard, 1777); hired in 1782 as reader of Boston’s Anglican “Stone Chapel” (King’s Chapel), left minister-less during Revolutionary War; the congregation accepted his alterations to their liturgy and, through their novel lay ordination, became first avowedly Unitarian church in America (1787); encouraged and promoted other Unitarian societies throughout the U.S.; retired to Newton, Mass. (1826).

    Freeman, Samuel (1743-1831); a merchant and practicing (but never barred) lawyer in his native Portland, which he served as postmaster (1775-1804); deacon of the First Parish (Congregational) (1781-ca. 1826); selectman (1788-1813, for all but one year); an early leader in the revolutionary movement; state representative (1775-79); register and then judge of county probate court (1775-1820); clerk of the Cumberland County Court of Common Pleas (1775-1820, for all but one year); first president of Maine Bank (1802); antiquarian and town historian (Willis, Portland, pp. 746-47; John A. Schultz, Legislators of the Massachusetts General Court, 1691-1780: A Biographical Dictionary [Boston, 1997], p. 225).

    George, Daniel (ca. 1759-1804); published almanacs in his native Newburyport, Mass.; continued publishing after settling permanently in Portland (ca. 1785); “He was a man of genius, was exceedingly deformed, so that he was moved from place to place in a small carriage drawn by a servant. He was a printer, but kept school in Portland and also a small book-store” (Willis, Portland, p. 598).

    Gerry, Elbridge (1744-1814; Harvard, 1762); prosperous merchant of Marblehead, Mass.; early opponent of British imperial policy; served in colonial legislature and provincial congress (1772-75); delegate to Continental Congress (1776-80, 1783-85); settled permanently in Cambridge upon retiring from mercantile business, although he continued to speculate in real estate and western lands; played active role in Federal Convention, but refused to sign the Constitution; continued his opposition throughout ratification process; Antifederalist Representative to Congress (1789-93); member of peace mission to France during XYZ Affair (1797-98); Democratic-Republican governor of Mass. (1810-11); vice president of U.S. from 1813 until his death; married Ann Thompson (1763-1849) in 1786; ten children (DHFFC 14:618-24).

    Giles, William Branch (1762-1830; Princeton, 1781); planter in Amelia County, Va.; practiced law in Petersburg, Va. at the time of his election as anti-Administration Representative to Congress (1790-98); member of state House of Delegates (1798-1800); returned to Congress as Democratic-Republican Representative (1801-03) and Senator (1804-15); resigned and returned to House of Delegates (1816-17, 1826-27); governor (1827-30) (DHFFC 14:895-98).

    Goodhue, Benjamin (1748-1814; Harvard, 1766); prosperous merchant of Philadelphia until permanently relocating his mercantile operations to his native Salem, Mass. (1776); state representative (1780-82), senator (1783, 1785-88); Federalist Representative to Congress (1789-96); U.S. Senator filling George Cabot’s vacated seat from 1796 until his resignation in 1800 (DHFFC 14:624-28).

    Gore, Christopher (1758-1827; Harvard, 1776); youngest son of successful Boston merchant; served in clerical position with Continental Army (1776-78); commenced lucrative law practice in Boston (1778), augmented by speculating profitably in government war-time securities and later investing in infrastructure (canals and bridges), textile manufacturing, and maritime insurance; voted to ratify Constitution at state convention; state representative (1788-89); federal attorney for Mass. district (1789-96); claims commissioner to Great Britain (1796-1803), during his good friend Rufus King’s tenure as ambassador, and briefly thereafter as chargé des affairs in London; returned to Boston (1804); state senator (1806-07); state representative (1808); governor (1809-10); U.S. Senator (1813-16); married Rebecca Payne (1759-1834) in 1785.

    Greele, Samuel (1783-1861; Harvard, 1802); New Hampshire native; studied divinity and preached for several years, although never ordained; at the time of his correspondence with GT, was preceptor of academy in Marblehead, Mass.; an early adherent to Unitarianism (George Hiram Greeley, Genealogy of the Greely-Greeley Family [Boston, 1905], p. 303)

    Griswold, Roger (1762-1812; Yale, 1780); practiced law in Norwich, Conn. (1783-94), and thereafter in his native town of Lyme, Conn.; Federalist Representative to Congress (1795-1805); justice of state supreme court in 1807; lieutenant governor (1809-11) and governor thereafter until his death.

    Hall, Stephen (1743-94; Harvard, 1765); failing to find a pulpit, returned to his alma mater as Tutor (1774-78), during part of GT’s time there; married Mary Cotton (1778) and took over father in law’s lucrative tanning business in Portland; served as Gen. Peleg Wadsworth’s personal secretary, with rank of major in the state militia (1780-83); state representative (1780-82); town selectman (1786); a leader of Maine’s separatist movement, he sometimes acted against Portland’s own instructions to oppose separation at statehood conventions (Harvard Graduates 16:165-69).

    Hamilton, Alexander (1757-1804); immigrant from West Indies; left course of studies at King’s College (present day Columbia) in 1776 to serve in Continental Army; rose to lieutenant colonel as George Washington’s aide-de-camp (until 1781); breveted colonel at war’s end; helped organize and joined Society of the Cincinnati; successful lawyer in NYC; delegate to Confederation Congress (1782-83, 1788-89), the Annapolis Convention, and the Federal Convention; leading proponent of Constitution as an author of the Federalist Papers and at state ratifying convention; first secretary of the treasury (1789-95), responsible for overseeing assumption of state war debts, first Bank of the U.S., establishment of revenue service and U.S. Mint; strong proponent of domestic manufactures; leader of anti-Adams “High Federalists”; major general of U.S. Army (1798-1800); killed in duel with Aaron Burr.

    Hancock, John (1737-93; Harvard, 1754); heir of Boston mercantile fortune; early leader of revolutionary movement; delegate to Continental Congress (1775-78; signed Declaration of Independence as its president, 1775-77); president of state convention, where he gave his last-minute support for ratification; governor (1780-85, 1787-93).

    Hasey, Benjamin (1771-1851; Harvard, 1790); studied law under GT; admitted to the bar (1794) and opened a practice in Topsham; never achieved a thriving practice; one contemporary noted he seldom argued more than one case in a year, but “that was done very well”—and for the same reasons that must have made him a good student: “his reading was extensive, both legal and miscellaneous. His memory was tenacious, his habits studious.” Besides Hasey’s perseverance as a student and strict adherence to Federalist principles, one other quality suggests a close affinity to his teacher: “change was distasteful to him,” noted his obituary. “Strongly conservative in his spirit,” Hasey remained a life-long bachelor who lived 38 years in the same boardinghouse (Allen, “Early Lawyers,” p. 55; George P. Sanger, ed., [Boston] Monthly Law Register 14[1852]:46-47).

    Hill, Jeremiah (1747-1820); native-born merchant of Biddeford; eldest son of local mill owner and provincial legislator; GT’s only close correspondent who could claim any serious military experience, serving as a captain at Bunker Hill (1775) and Saratoga (1777), and adjutant general of the ill-fated Penobscot Expedition (1779), before retiring at war’s end; joined the Society of the Cincinnati; longtime local officeholder and county magistrate; state representative (1787, 1788, 1809, 1812-14); federal collector of Biddeford and Saco (1789-1809); married Mary Emery of Biddeford in 1772 (Harvard Graduates 17:391-96; Folsom, Saco and Biddeford, pp. 239, 284, 306, 312).

    Hobby, John (1749-1802); native of Reading, Mass.; rose to captain in Continental Army (1777-84); settled as shopkeeper in Portland; U.S. marshal for Maine District (1793-98) (PGW:Presidential 7:199)

    Holmes, John (1773-1843; Brown, 1796); admitted to the bar (1799) and opened law practice in Alfred; state representative (1802, 1803, 1812) and senator (1813-14); Democratic-Republican Representative to Congress (1817-20); sat in Maine’s constitutional convention of 1819-20; actively promoted statehood in Congress; Maine’s first U.S. Senator (1820-27, 1829-33); U.S. attorney for Maine (1841-43).

    Hubbard, Dudley (1763-1816; Harvard, 1786); native of Ipswich, Mass.; studied law under Daniel Davis; commenced practice in Berwick (part of present-day South Berwick) in 1789; enjoyed highly lucrative practice, but lived beyond his means and died in poverty (Willis, Lawyers of Maine, pp. 144-46).

    Jay, John (1745-1829; Columbia, 1764); lawyer of NYC; opened law practice (1768); served in Continental Congress (1774-76) and briefly as chief justice of N.Y. (1777) before resigning to return to Congress as its president (1778-79); while minister plenipotentiary to Spain, helped negotiate and signed the Treaty of Paris (1783); returned to N.Y. and served as Confederation Congress’s secretary of foreign affairs (1784-89); wrote five of the 85 Federalist essays by “Publius,” with James Madison and Alexander Hamilton, supporting ratification of the Constitution (1787-88); appointed first Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1789), simultaneously serving as minister plenipotentiary for what became known as Jay’s Treaty with Great Britain (1794) before his resignation in 1795; governor of N.Y. (1795-1801); married Sarah Livingston (1756-1802) in 1774.

    Jefferson, Thomas (1743-1826; William and Mary, 1762); lawyer and planter of Albemarle County, Va.; commenced law practice (1767); sat in colonial House of Burgesses (1769-75), and Continental and Confederation Congresses (1775-76, 1783-84), where he drafted Declaration of Independence; served as governor of Virginia (1779-81) and member of state’s House of Delegates (1782) before becoming minister plenipotentiary to France (1784-89); upon returning to U.S., served as first secretary of state from 1789 until his resignation in 1793, as vice president under John Adams (1791-1801), and as president (1801-09) before retiring to his estate, “Monticello.”

    Johonnot, Samuel C. (1768-1806; Harvard, 1783); educated, partly under Benjamin Franklin’s care, in France; studied law under James Sullivan; admitted to the bar (1789); practiced in Portland, then Boston, before settling permanently in Damarara (part of present-day Guyana) about 1791 and becoming a successful merchant; recommended by GT to Secretary of State Jefferson for post of U.S. consul there, and appointed in 1793; “was full of wit, vivacity and satire, and an extremely pleasant companion” (GT to Thomas Jefferson, 23 Feb. 1793, TFP; Boston Public Library Bulletin, 4th Ser., v. 5, 2[April-June 1923]:99).

    Keating, Sarah Barrell (1759-1855); eldest of Nathaniel and Sarah Sayward Barrell’s eleven children; married (1778) Richard Keating, one of her grandfather’s clerks, and lived in York; widowed (1783); became Maine’s first novelist; married Gen. Abiel Wood (1804) and moved to Wiscasset; widowed again (1811); lived thereafter in Portland, NYC, and Kennebunk (Users Guide, Sally Sayward Barrell Keating Wood Collection, Maine Women Writers Collection, University of New England, Portland)

    King, Cyrus (1772-1817; Columbia, 1794); studied law under his older half-brother Rufus King, whom he accompanied as secretary during King’s diplomatic posting to London (1796-97); returned to resume law studies under Prentiss Mellen at Biddeford; opened law practice, Saco’s first (1797); Federalist Representative to Congress (1813-17); married Hannah Storer (1797); “As an advocate, he was unrivaled; his style of speaking was elevated and commanding” (Folsom, Saco and Biddeford, pp. 302-03).

    King, Rufus (1755-1827; Harvard, 1777); son of wealthy Loyalist businessman of Scarborough and older half-brother of Cyrus King; studied law under Theophilus Parsons; opened law practice in Newburyport, Mass. (1780); state representative (1784-86); delegate to Confederation Congress (1784-87), Federal Convention, and state convention, where he was leader of pro-ratification forces; moved permanently to NYC (1788); state assemblyman briefly before election as Federalist Senator to Congress (1789-96); minister to Great Britain (1796-1803); unsuccessful candidate for vice president (1804, 1808) and president (1816); returned to U.S. Senate (1813-25); again minister to Great Britain (1825-26); married Mary Alsop (1770-94) of NYC in 1786 (DHFFC 14:700-05).

    Knox, Henry (1750-1806); Boston bookseller; rose from colonel to major general in Continental Army and then U.S. Army (1775-85); principal organizer and first secretary general of Society of the Cincinnati; secretary at war under Confederation (1785-89) and federal government (1789-94); retired to estate in Thomaston, to oversee vast (500,000 acre) Waldo Patent, acquired in part through estate of his wife Lucy Flucker (1756-1824; m. 1774) and the rest independently, by 1793 (Alan Taylor, Liberty Men and Great Proprietors: The Revolutionary Settlement on the Maine Frontier, 1760-1820 [Chapel Hill, N.C., 1990], pp. 39-40).

    Lee, Silas (1760-1814; Harvard, 1784); studied law under GT, and assisted with his law practice during GT’s early years in Congress; moved permanently to Wiscasset (1789); state representative (1793, 1797-98); Federalist Representative to Congress from 1799 until resigning in 1801 to accept Jefferson’s appointment as U.S. attorney for the Maine district (1801-14); held local judicial posts; married the Thatchers’ favorite niece Temperance Hedge in 1790.

    Lee, Temperance “Tempy” Hedge (1769-1845); only daughter of GT’s oldest sister; orphaned in 1782; moved into Thatcher household in 1784; married Silas Lee in 1790; resided in Wiscasset.

    Lincoln, Benjamin (1733-1810); farmer of Hingham, Mass.; major general in Continental Army (1777-1781); member of Society of Cincinnati; secretary at war under Confederation government (1781-83); voted to ratify Constitution at state convention; lieutenant governor (1788-89); federal collector of ports of Boston and Charlestown (1789-1809) (DHROC 4:436).

    Lithgow, William, Jr. (1750-96); studied law under James Sullivan; entered Continental Army and rose from lieutenant to major before resigning as invalid (1776-78); commenced practice of law in Hallowell (part of present-day Augusta) before relocating back to his native Georgetown by 1790; major general in state militia from 1787; U.S. attorney for Maine District (1789-96) (Willis, Lawyers of Maine, pp. 105-06; Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors of the Revolutionary War [Boston, 1902], p. 865).

    Livermore, Samuel (1732-1803; Princeton, 1754); lawyer; held high judicial and legislative offices in N.H.’s colonial government; settled permanently on his large landholdings in Holderness, N.H., in 1775; state’s attorney general (1776-79); delegate to the Confederation Congress (1780-82, 1785-86); pro-ratification leader at the state convention (1788); Federalist Representative to Congress (1789-93); U.S. Senator (1793-1801).

    Long, Pierse (1739-89); merchant of Portsmouth, N.H.; delegate to Confederation Congress (1785-86); state senator (1788-89); voted to ratify Constitution at state convention (DHFFC 17:1835).

    Lyon, Matthew (1749-1833); Irish immigrant indentured in Conn. (1765); moved to Vt. (1774); rose to second lieutenant in militia and Continental Army units (1775-78); representative in legislature of Vermont Republic (known beyond Vermont as the “New Hampshire Grants”) for most of period 1779-93; businessman, manufacturer, and newspaper printer in Fair Haven, Vt.; Democratic-Republican Representative to Congress (1797-1801); convicted and imprisoned for newspaper writings under Sedition Act (1798-99); settled in Kentucky (1801); state representative (1802); returned as Representative to Congress (1803-11).

    Madison, James (1751-1836; Princeton, 1771); planter of Orange County, Va.; member, state’s House of Delegates (1776) and executive councillor (1778); delegate to Continental and Confederation Congresses (1780-83, 1787-88); delegate and major contributor to Federal Convention; prominent champion of ratification, as co-author of Federalist Papers and at state convention; Representative to Congress (1789-97), initially as Federalist leader, then leader of Jeffersonian Democratic-Republicans; state representative (1799); U.S. secretary of state (1801-09); fourth U.S. president (1809-17); retired to estate, “Montpelier.”

    Marshall, John (1755-1835); served in militia and Continental Army units, rising from lieutenant to captain (1775-80); studied law in Williamsburg, Va.; was admitted to the bar (1780), and practiced briefly in his native Fauquier Co., Va. before relocating permanently to Richmond (ca. 1786); member, state’s House of Delegates (1782-89, 1795-96); pro-ratification leader at state convention; member of peace mission to France during XYZ Affair (1797-98); Federalist Representative to Congress (1799-1800); secretary of state (1800-01); Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1801-35).

    Mellen, Prentiss (Prentice), (1764-1840; Harvard, 1784); studied law under Shearjashub Bourne while tutoring in Barnstable, Mass. (1784-85); opened law practice in N.H. (1788-92); married Sarah Hudson in June 1792 and the next month settled in Biddeford, where he held GT’s power of attorney; relocated to Portland in 1806; served on the Massachusetts Executive Council (1808-09); U.S. Senate (1816-18); first chief justice of Maine’s Supreme Judicial Court (1820-34) (GT to Jeremiah Hill, 21 Dec. 1797, TFP).

    Mifflin, Warner (1745-98); prosperous Quaker planter of Camden, Del.; freed his enslaved workers in 1774-75, after a religious conversion; principal lobbyist to Congress in antislavery campaigns of 1783, 1790, and 1792 (DHFFC 12:720n-21n).

    Nasson, Samuel (1745-1800); native of Portsmouth, N.H.; merchant in York; served in militia and Continental Army, rising to captain (1775-78); settled permanently in Sanford (1778); town selectman (1786-90, 1792-94, 1796-1800); state representative (1787-89); voted against ratifying Constitution at state convention (DHROC 4:436).

    Otis, Harrison Gray (1765-1848; Harvard, 1783); eldest child of Samuel Allyne Otis; practiced law in Boston from 1786; state representative (1796); succeeded his friend and political ally Christopher Gore as federal attorney for Mass. district (1796-97); Federalist Representative to Congress (1797-1801); appointed federal attorney again for Mass. District (1801); returned to state’s House of Representatives (1802-05) and Senate (1805-13, 1814-17, often as its president); delegate to the Hartford Convention (1814-15); Federalist U.S. Senator (1817-22); mayor of Boston (1829-32); married Sally Foster (1770-1838), of Boston, in 1790.

    Otis, Samuel Allyne (1740-1814; Harvard, 1759); native of Barnstable, Mass.; Boston merchant; state representative (1776, 1784-87; Speaker in 1784); delegate to Confederation Congress (1787-88); Secretary of U.S. Senate (1789-1814); father of Harrison Gray Otis.

    Parker, Isaac (1768-1830; Harvard, 1786); Boston native; practiced law in Castine; Federalist Representative in Fifth Congress (1797-99); declined to stand for reelection and was succeeded by Silas Lee; accepted appointment as federal marshal of Maine District (1799), and moved to Portland; lost the office under Jefferson; was appointed to Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court (1806) and settled in Boston; succeeded Samuel Sewall as Chief Justice (1814); Royal Professor of Law at Harvard (1815-27), and presiding officer of Massachusetts Constitutional Convention of 1820; married Rebecca Hall (1774-1847) in 1794; served on Court until his death. No less an authority than Justice Joseph Story called Parker Massachusetts’s own Lord Mansfield (John Palfrey, A Sermon . . . [Boston, 1830], p. 28).

    Parker, Josiah (1751-1810); prosperous planter of Isle of Wight County, Va.; rose to rank of colonel in Continental Army and militia units during Revolutionary War; joined Society of the Cincinnati; member, state’s House of Delegates (1780-81); appointed state revenue officer at Norfolk, Va. (1786); Federalist Representative to Congress (1789-1801) (DHFFC 14:923-27).

    Peirson (Pierson), George (1767-1837); native of Boston; merchant of Portland (Lizzie B. Pierson, ed., Pierson Genealogical Records [Albany, N.Y., 1878], p. 60).

    Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth (1746-1825); studied at Oxford and London’s Middle Temple; returned to his native Charleston, S.C., to practice law; colonial and provincial legislator; rose from captain to brevet brigadier general in Continental Army (1775-83); state representative (1778, 1780) and senator (1779); signed Constitution at Federal Convention, and voted to ratify it at state convention; his credentials as minister to France were rejected (1796); joined by John Marshall and Elbridge Gerry on peace mission to France, leading to XYZ Affair (1797-98); Federalist vice presidential nominee (1800), and presidential nominee (1804, 1808); older brother of Thomas Pinckney.

    Porter, Aaron (1752-1837); native of Boxford, Mass.; settled as physician in Biddeford (1773); moved practice to Portland (1810); married Paulina (1777), sister of Betsy, Rufus, and Cyrus King (Folsom, Saco and Biddeford, p. 271).

    Porter, Elizabeth “Betsy” Lydden King (1770-1817); Rufus King’s younger half-sister and the Thatchers’ favorite young companion and neighbor; married Dr. Benjamin Jones Porter of Biddeford (1791).

    Priestley, Joseph (1733-1804); philosopher, chemist, and dissenting British theologian; champion of French Revolution in England; a founder of Unitarianism in England and a principal promoter of it, following his immigration to Northumberland, Penn. (1794).

    Rawson, Jonathan (1759-94); native of Yarmouth, Mass.; served as aide de camp to Gen. John Sullivan during Revolutionary War; opened law practice in Nottingham, N.H. (1783); relocated permanently to neighboring Dover (1785) (Totten, Thacher-Thatcher, p. 251; John Scales, History of Strafford County, New Hampshire [Chicago, 1914], p. 36)

    Robbins, Edward Hutchinson (1758-1829; Harvard, 1775); lawyer in his native Milton, Massachusetts; delegate to the Massachusetts Constitutional Convention (1780); Speaker, state’s House of Representatives (1793-1802); lieutenant governor (1802-06); appointed judge of probate for Norfolk County (1811) (Collection Guide, Murray-Robbins Family Papers, MHi)

    Savage, Joseph (1756-1814); older brother of SST; native of Boston; lived with father Samuel Phillips Savage in Weston, Mass. until outbreak of Revolutionary War; rose to captain in artillery units of Continental Army (1775-83) and U.S. Army (1786-91); returned to Weston (1791-93); settled in Berwick; postmaster there (1796-1808) (Park, Savage Descendants, p. 39).

    Savage, Samuel (1748-1831; Harvard, 1766); oldest brother of SST; native of Boston; taught school in Lincoln and Weston, Mass., before studying medicine under Dr. Benjamin Church (a leader of Boston’s revolutionary movement until the discovery of his complicity with the British); relocated permanently, and established his practice, in Barnstable, Mass. (1772); appointed judge of Barnstable County Court of Common Pleas (1782); married Hope Doane (1756-1830), in 1777; ten children (Harvard Graduates 16:424-26; Park, Savage Descendants, pp. 35-36; Dorothy M. Schullian, “Dr. Samuel Savage: Medical Patriarch of Cape Cod,” Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences, v. 29, 1[Jan. 1974]:108-11).

    Savage, Samuel Phillips (1718-97); father of SST; prosperous Boston merchant; town selectman (1760-61); retired to farm in Weston, Mass. (1765), but remained active in revolutionary movement in Boston; moderated the crucial mass meeting that ended in the Boston Tea Party (1773); member of Provincial Congress (1774); president of state board of war (1777-83); invested heavily in public securities; judge of Middlesex County Court of Common Pleas (1782-97); married [1] SST’s mother, Sarah Tyler (1718-64), in 1742; [2] Bathsheba Johnston (1725-92) in 1767; and [3] Mary Meserve (Meservie) (d. 1810) in 1794 (Park, Savage Descendants, pp. 23-25).

    Savage, William (1750-1827); older brother of SST; native of Boston; settled permanently in Kingston, Jamaica, where he was prosperous merchant and local magistrate before retiring as coffee planter (1800); GT successfully recommended him to Secretary of State Timothy Pickering as U.S. agent there, on behalf of impressed seamen (1799)(Park, Savage Descendants, pp. 38-39; Timothy Pickering to John Adams, 29 June 1799, Founders Online, National Archives, last modified, Feb. 1, 2018, http://founders.archives.gov/documents/Adams/99-02-02-3683 [accessed Aug. 2015]).

    Sayward, Jonathan (1713-97); wealthy shipping merchant and one of York’s largest landowners; colonial legislator and judge of county Court of Common Pleas; an unrepentant opponent of the Revolution; daughter Sarah Sayward Barrell was his only child by his first wife Sarah Mitchell (d. 1775); married [2] Elizabeth Plummer (1764-1810) in 1779 (Sayward, Sayward Family, pp. 60-68; James H. Stark, The Loyalists of Massachusetts [Boston, 1910], pp. 343-44).

    Sedgwick, Theodore (1746-1813); native of W. Hartford, Conn.; expelled from Yale (awarded degree retroactively, to 1765); admitted to bar (1766); practiced in Great Barrington and Sheffield, Mass. before settling permanently in Stockbridge, Mass. in 1785; served briefly in Continental Army (1776-77); state representative (1780, 1782-83, 1787-88; as Speaker in 1788) and senator (1784-85); delegate to Confederation Congress (1785-86, 1788); leading advocate for Constitution at state ratifying convention; Federalist Representative to Congress (1789-95 and Speaker, 1799-1801); U.S. Senator (1795-99); judge on Supreme Judicial Court from 1802 until his death (DHFFC 14:635-42).

    Sewall, David (1735-1825; Harvard, 1755); studied law in Portsmouth, N.H.; returned permanently to his native York and commenced practice; held number of colonial judicial posts; despite suspicions of loyalism, he served on the provisional government’s Executive Council (1776-78) and on the state’s Supreme Judicial Court (1781-89); U.S. district judge for Maine (1789-1818); challenges over dual officeholding led to his being declared ineligible for state representative when elected in 1790 (Harvard Graduates 13:638-45).

    Sewall, Henry (1752-1845); native of York; rose from corporal to major in Continental Army (1775-83); member of Society of the Cincinnati; settled permanently in Hallowell (that part of present-day Augusta) in 1783 and became a prominent merchant; town selectman (1786-92); clerk of federal court for Maine district (1789-1818); major general of Maine militia by 1792 (DHFFC 17:1877; Emma H. Nason, Old Hallowell on the Kennebec [Hallowell, 1909], p. 33).

    Southgate, Robert (1741-1833); native of Scituate (now Brunswick); settled permanently in Scarborough (1771); practiced medicine until 1796, when he was appointed justice of York County Court of Common Pleas; in 1773 married Mary King (1757-1824), younger sister of Rufus, and older half-sister of Betsy and Cyrus King (Leonard B. Chapman, Monograph of the Southgate Family [Portland, Me., 1907], pp. 8-10; William H. Smith, “The King Family of Maine,” The Maine Historical and Genealogical Register 1[Portland, 1884]:8; James S. Spalding, Maine Physicians of 1820 [Portland, 1928], p. 28).

    Sullivan, James (1744-1808); native of Berwick; studied law under his brother, future N.H. Gov. John Sullivan; commenced practice in Georgetown (1767); resided in Biddeford (1768-78); served in colonial legislature and provincial congress (1774-76); judge of state Superior Court (1776-82); state representative for Biddeford (1776-77) and Groton (1778), where he resided (1778-82); settled permanently in Boston (1782), eventually becoming wealthiest lawyer in New England; in state politics, a solid champion of Gov. John Hancock; supported ratification of the Constitution (although defeated for election to state convention); state’s attorney general (1790-1807); governor (1807-08); historian and Democratic-Republican pamphleteer; second wife, widow Martha Simpson (m. 1786), was sister of N.H.’s Gov. John Langdon (Harvard Graduates 15:299-322; DHROC 4:1774n).

    Thacher, Elizabeth Haven Wardrobe (1799-1879); native of Portsmouth, N.H.; on 26 Sept. 1822 married Henry Thacher (separate entry, below) (Totten, Thacher-Thatcher, p. 414).

    Thacher, Thomas (1757-1807); GT’s youngest brother; went privateering during the Revolutionary War (perhaps with GT), but rose to sergeant in later wartime service in the state militia; colonel in the Barnstable County militia. In civilian life as well, he was “a man of great usefulness in his native town” of Yarmouth, Mass.—including as postmaster, justice of the peace, longtime schoolteacher, and selectman from 1789 until his death (Totten, Thacher-Thatcher, pp. 304-05; Allen, Thacher Genealogy, p. 52).

    Thatcher (Thacher), George Jr. (1790 or 1791-1857; Harvard, 1812); third child of GT and SST; born in Biddeford; prepared for Harvard by future brother in law Joseph Adams and at Gorham Academy; studied law under Cyrus King; practiced in Saco (1815-35) and Monroe (1835-41); federal collector at Belfast (1841-44); returned to Monroe (1844-53); settled in Westford, Mass. (1853), where he died; married [1] his first cousin Lucy Bigelow (1790-1842), daughter of SST’s younger sister Lucy Savage Bigelow, in 1818; six children; and [2] Lucy Miranda Bancroft (1798-1889) in 1847 (Totten, Thacher-Thatcher, pp. 411-13).

    Thatcher (Thacher), Henry Savage (1794-1866); fifth child of GT and SST; born in Biddeford; banker cashier in Saco (1825-49); also lived in Northfield, Mass., and Concord and Portsmouth, N.H.; on 26 Sept. 1822 married Elizabeth Haven Wardrobe (see separate entry, above); nine children (Totten, Thacher-Thatcher, pp. 414-15).

    Thatcher (Thacher), Samuel Phillips Savage (1785-1842); first-born of GT and SST; native of Yarmouth, Mass.; apprenticed to mercantile firm in Portland; studied law and commenced practice in Buxton (1817); failed at law and resettled as commission merchant in Saco (1832); moved to Mobile, Ala. for health reasons, where he died; in 1818 married his first cousin Jane Cooper De Metris Savage (1799-1873), daughter of his uncle Joseph Savage; six children (Totten, Thacher-Thatcher, pp. 409-10).

    Thatcher, Sarah Savage (1760-1843); of Boston and Weston, Mass.; married GT on 21 July 1784 and settled permanently in Biddeford, where they raised their ten children: [1] Samuel Phillips Savage (see separate entry, above); [2] Sarah “Sally” Bigelow (1787-1827), born in Biddeford, in 1810 married lawyer Joseph Adams (1779-1850; Harvard, 1805) with whom she had four children, lived in Saco and Portland, and died in Andover, N.H.; [3] George, Jr. (see separate entry, above); [4] Lucy Savage (1792-1820), born in Biddeford, in 1815 married Abner Sawyer, Jr. (1784-1829) with whom she had three children, and died in Saco; [5] Henry Savage (see separate entry, above); [6] Lewis (1796-1830), born in Biddeford, became a sea captain, married Mary Goodrich of NYC with whom he had four children, and died in Babylon, Long Island; [7] Anna or Anner Lewis (1797-1884), born in Saco, in 1821 married the son of her uncle Joseph Savage, sea captain Charles Tyler Savage (1797-1879), with whom she had two children, and lived in many places before settling permanently on a farm in Harvard, Mass.; [8] Josiah (1799-1836), a lifelong farmer of his native Biddeford, in 1820 married Jane Scammon (1802-97), with whom he had six children; [9] Nancy Bigelow (1801-80), born in Biddeford, died unmarried in the home of her sister Elizabeth Jones; [10] Elizabeth Jones (1806-80), born in Biddeford, in 1827 married merchant John Tarbox Balch (1799-1847), with whom she had five children, and lived in Newburyport, Mass. and NYC before settling permanently in Akron, Oh., by 1847. After George’s death, Sarah lived in Saco until at least 1832, and with her daughter Elizabeth and son in law John Tarbox Balch in NYC, where she dated her will in 1842. She must have moved back to Saco shortly thereafter—probably to live with son Henry, cashier of York Bank. She died there on 30 March 1844, and is buried near her husband (Totten, Thacher-Thatcher, pp. 409-19; Anderson, Maine Families, pp. 510-13).

    Titcomb, Benjamin, Jr. (1761-1848); printing apprentice in Newburyport, Mass., before joining Thomas B. Wait as joint publisher of his native Portland’s Falmouth Gazette (1785-86); began rival newspaper, Portland’s Gazette of Maine (Oct. 1790) to counter Wait’s partisan role in heated second federal election, and published until 1796; leader of Portland’s Baptist community from at least 1801; became pastor of the Baptist society in Brunswick (1804), where he resided until his death (Willis, Portland, pp. 596-98; Griffin, Maine Press, p. 34).

    Tucker, Joseph (1754-1812); a lifelong resident of York; rose to rank of lieutenant in Continental Army (1777-83); federal revenue collector for York district, and inspector of revenue for port of York (1793-1803) (DHFFC 8:99; PGW:Presidential 14:630-32).

    Tyng, Dudley Atkins (1760-1829; Harvard, 1781); a native and longtime resident of Newburyport, Mass.; studied law while serving as private tutor in Virginia; returned to Newburyport (1784); continued studying law under Theophilus Parsons, and commenced practice (1791); took on name of Tyng to inherit distant relation’s estate in Tyngsborough, Mass. (1791-95); federal collector of Newburyport (1795-1803); moved to Boston; Reporter of Decisions of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court (1805-22) (Atkins, Atkins Family, pp. 87-98).

    Varnum, Joseph B. (1751-1821); lifelong resident and farmer of Dracut, Mass.; colonel in state militia during Revolutionary War; state representative (1780-82, 1783-85) and senator (1785-95, 1817-21); voted to ratify Constitution at state convention; Democratic-Republican Representative to Congress (1795-1811; as Speaker, 1807-11); U.S. Senator (1811-17) (DHROC 6:1235n).

    Wadsworth, Peleg (1748-1829; Harvard, 1769); native of Duxbury, Mass., which he serve as state representative (1777); taught school and kept shop in neighboring Plymouth and Kingston; rose from captain to major in the Continental Army (1775-77), to adjutant general and brigadier in the state militia (1778), charged with the defense of Maine (1779-81); settled as merchant and land agent in Falmouth (1784); member of first board of selectmen of Portland, formerly part of Falmouth (1786); state senator (1792); Federalist Representative to Congress (1793-1807); retired to farm in Hiram (Harvard Graduates 17:291-303; Willis, Portland, pp. 556, 582).

    Wait, Thomas B. (1762-1830); native of Lynn (part of present day Saugus), Mass.; apprenticed with Boston’s Independent Chronicle; settled in Falmouth (in present day Portland), in 1785; printed Falmouth Gazette (1785-86), with Benjamin Titcomb, Jr.; sole proprietor of re-named Cumberland Gazette (1786-92), renamed Eastern Herald (1792-96); published [Hallowell] The Tocsin (1795-96); remained publisher and bookseller in Portland; moved to Boston (ca. 1806); continued publishing as T.B. Wait & Sons; published highly successful State Papers and Publick Documents of the United States (Boston, 1814-19); married Elizabeth Smith (1760-1845) in 1784; eight children (Philip M. Marsh, “Maine’s First Newspaper Editor: Thomas Wait,” New England Quarterly, v. 28, 4[Dec. 1955]:519-34; Griffin, Maine Press, pp. 35, 87, 273, 281).

    Washington, George (1732-99); prosperous planter, distiller, and land speculator of Fairfax County, Virginia; rose from colonial militia major to commanding colonel of full-time colonial army regiment (the “Virginia Regiment”) leading up to and during French and Indian War (1753-58); colonial legislator (1758-74); delegate to Continental Congress (1774, 1775); commander in chief of Continental Army (1775-83); president of Federal Convention; first U.S. president (1789-97); commander of U.S. Army during Quasi-War (1798-99); married Martha Dandridge Custis (1731-1802) in 1759.

    Wells, Nathaniel (1740-1816; Harvard, 1760); lifelong resident of Wells; schoolteacher and longtime local officeholder; state senator (1782-97); sat on the county Court of Common Pleas (1786-1811; as chief justice from 1799); voted to ratify Constitution at state convention; Federalist member of Massachusetts Executive Council (1794, 1800-01) and state representative (1802, 1804, 1812) (Harvard Graduates 14:672-73).

    Whitman, Ezekiel (1776-1866; Brown, 1795); born in East Bridgewater, Mass.; practiced law in New Gloucester and (after 1807) in Portland; Federalist Representative to Congress (1809-11, 1817-22); member of Massachusetts Executive Council (1815-16); delegate to Maine’s constitutional convention of 1819-20; resigned from Congress to serve as chief justice on the new state’s Court of Common Pleas (1822-41) before ending his public career as chief justice of its Supreme Judicial Court (1841-48); retired to his native town. Certain qualities suggest that Whitman and GT were cut from some of the same cloth, strengthening their friendship: in college, Whitman was described as “in many things eccentric, but never vicious: he had a mind of his own, . . . [and] never went to morning prayers if he felt sleepy. . . . His wit, too, and quickness of repartee, added to his agreeable qualities.” As a litigator, Whitman “presented the material points of the case with great clearness and force, without any rhetorical display, or any amplitude of language” (Willis, Lawyers of Maine, pp. 289-314).

    Widgery, William (ca. 1753-1822); migrated from England to Philadelphia; settled permanently in New Gloucester; practiced law; state representative (1787-94, 1797-98); leading Antifederalist at state ratifying convention; state senator (1795-96); town selectman (1789-90, 1794-95); served on Massachusetts Executive Council (1806-07); Republican Representative to Congress (1811-13) (DHROC 4:439).

    Wingate, Paine (1739-1838; Harvard, 1759); Congregational pastor in Hampton Falls, N.H. (1763-76); settled permanently on farm in Stratham, N.H.; delegate to Provincial Congress (1775) and Confederation Congress (1788); Federalist Senator (1789-93) and Representative (1793-95) to Congress; state representative (1795); justice of state superior court (1798-1809) (DHFFC 14:654-58).

    Woodman, John (1750-1828); native of Newburyport, Mass.; relocated permanently to Buxton (ca. 1757); owned small farm and lumber mill; sergeant in Continental Army (1777-79); served in number of town offices, including selectman (1780-1802, and intermittently 1804-14); state representative (1790-95, 1798-99) and senator (1802-8, 1811); justice of county Court of Common Pleas from 1807; Presidential Elector for Jefferson (1804) (Cyrus Woodman, The Woodmans of Buxton, Maine [Boston, 1874], pp. 96-105).