530 | To Charles Paxton

    Boston Jan 21 1767

    Dear Sr:

    I have received the Duplicate of Nov. 8:1 & knowing how valuable your writings are do not complain of its Shortness; which I should have done in any other Person from whom I wanted to hear so much as I did have done from you. The Original is not come to hand & therefore I suppose intercepted: you should let me know whom you send it by, if you find that it is lost. All the Ships expected here are come in.2

    The same Ship brought Advice of Judge Russels Death. It is every way a most unlucky Event;3 but especially in Regard to the Settlement of the Admiralty – Court, which was with so much Pains just brought to a Sollicitation. I hope you will take Care that the Papers Mr Russel carried with him as well relating to the Judges Office as the Advocates be taken into Consideration. I transmitted Copies of them with Recommendations of their Subject to the Secretary of State.4 You will do well to let your Friends who are in the Administration of the Revenue know how much the Support of the Court of Admiralty is their Concern, & how necessary it is to such Support, That my Official Superiority over that Court should be maintained. You know that it has heretofore preserved the very being of that Court; & you can well explain what bad Consequences the suffering any Person from hence to interfere with my Recommendations must have to the Court itself & in Consequence to the Revenue very hurtful Effects.

    Mr Auchmuty has applied to me to be appointed Judge of the Admiralty; I shall be very sorry to lose him as Advocate general: But there is so much due to him for his faithful Service of the King in Times of Difficulty & Danger at the Hazard of his Person & his Fortune, that I cant refuse any Thing he asks for in that Court where his Merit has been so signalised. I intend to appoint Mr Sewel to be Advocate general, he being by much the properest Person I can get for that Office; as he has Integrity Ability & Industry, three very good Qualifications for that or indeed any Office.5

    I wish you had seen Mr Russel before he died: I hope the Papers he was charged with are taken care of: All my Public & Private Letters were with him.6 In some of the former I have recommended that a Salary shou’d be appointed to the Judge of the Admiralty and another to the Advocate general; as I have done in several other Letters to different Ministers. I would not take the Liberty to name yse. Sums: but I wish you would make it to be understood, what trifling Sums would do ^for^ this Business Purpose; £300 pr Annum for the Judge & £100 for the Advocate would be sufficient. There is the utmost Justice for paying this out of the Revenue: as this is the Court in which all Matters of Revenue are tried. The Duties of this Province amount now to 7 or £8000 pr Annum, even whilst the Laws are set at Defiance: so that these Salaries would not now amount to 5 pr Cent & would probably in their Effects pay the Revenue tenfold. You know the Truth of this very well. I suppose it is not intended to give up the Laws of Trade: this would contribute well among other Things Means, to the Execution of them.

    The Faction has been very outrageous [of] late & your Distance has not protected you: but you have been abused in very good Company the Governor & Council. I have kept to my Resolution of not suffering myself to be drawn into a Controversy on any Account. But there has lately started up an Advocate for the Governor who writes every Week with great Approbation: He is not known; I have heard 6 different Persons named, but desire not to know who it is. He begins now to be joined with others. His business is easy being only to detect improbable absurd Lies, which would never have been published if it had been thought there would have been any Answer to them.7

    It is generally understood here that America is to be left to itself in Expectation that it will bring itself into Order by its own Means. I dont beleive this is depended upon; tho’ I can’t contradict it. Sure I am, that If there is such an Expectation it will be disappointed. The Regulation of America will soon become a serious Business, if it is not thought so now. The Politicians here endeavour to disguise the Attack of the Authority of Government by Personalities against the Governor. At New York where they dont use that Mask the Purpose is more apparent. And the Intention of both will soon be notorious if it is not now.

    I have heard that you write you shall be here in June next: I hope not, I rather desire you would stay through the next Winter. However at all Events dont think of leaving England ‘till all the Public Events of the Year are over. The Knowledge you have of this Part of America & the Credit you are in at home will make you very serviceable: & therefore I earnestly recommend to you not to hurry yourself away at a Time, when you may do important Service to your King & Country as well as to your Friends here

    I am, with true Regard &c

    Charles Paxton Esqr.

    L, LbC      BP, 6: 2-5.