857 | To Thomas Hutchinson

    No 40

    Hampstead, Augst. 20. 1770

    Dear Sir,

    My Concern for Lady Bernards coming over is greatly increased by the unaccountable delay of Lord Dunmore, who after keeping the Tweed in constant waiting for 3 Months has this last Week been seen about the Town & at Places of Diversion as if he had no thoughts of embarking as yet. My Hopes are now that Lady B has got another ship: for the Tweed may arrive too late to return this Winter.1 For this Purpose I got Mr Hallowell to speak to Commre Gambier2 on behalf of Lady Bernard, being disappointed of seeing him myself. Mr Gambier said that when he got to Boston he would wait on Lady Bernard and offer her any Assistance in his Power; & that he should immediately after his Arrival order home the Glascow, & Lady B might have a Passage in her. I hope it has been so ordered: for I see no Prospect of the Tweeds getting to Boston in any reasonable time. If Lady B should go in the Glascow or another ship be so good as to give Notice of it to Captn Collier3 at his Arrival at New York. Also favor us with your Interposition with Commodore Gambier, if necessary.

    I saw Lord North last Thursday4 & had a long Conference with him. I shewed him 2 of your Letters & some other papers: he has a very clear Idea of your Situation. He declared at Court that day to a friend of yours that you would be Governor & Mr Oliver Lieut Governor; he said to me that he hoped you had agreed to it: I told him I understood you had. he is very earnest in rewarding the friends of Government: Brigr Ruggles is appointed one of the surveyors of Woods with a Salary of 300 pds a Year; I am authorised by Mr Cooper to acquaint him with it, which I beg you will do with my Congratulations, if I should not have time to write myself.5

    It has been long determined to supersede Mr Temple. I was preparing a Petition to the King to desire that an Order might be made for an Enquiry into Mr Temple’s Charge against me. But being informed that he had done his own Business with Government, I stopt my Hand that it might not be said that his Censure was occasioned by me.6 Tho I don’t care what he thinks upon the Occasion, I would have his Friends know, with some of whom I have been upon friendly terms, that seeing how this Business would go I kept myself clear of it. Nevertheless I intend when his Business is over to find an Opportunity to vindicate myself from his Calumnies; if it should be thought in any ways necessary.

    I hope that the Reformation of the King your Government will be done not by breaking the Charter (tho your People have afforded Means enough for that, if it was desired) but by amending it by the Authority of Parliament, who will declare themselves by such Act not bound by any Act of a King alone, so as to be precluded from making Provision for the Administration of Justice & the Support of Law & maintenance of Government thro’ out His Majestys Dominions. This is the right & constitutional Way of proceeding with subordinate Governments, over whom the Parliament of Great Britain is the sovereign Power, or the Empire of Great Britain is not a Body. The Manner of doing this Business requires great Judgement; and Administration will be obliged to the Friends of Government for Informations upon this subject. The Desire at present seems to be to do all that is quite necessary & no more: large Schemes, which the Subject Matter will afford, had better be deferred to quieter times.7

    The last Packet from New York brought large Orders for Goods; so great, the Merchants say, that it will take all the stock that is ready. And if the like Orders come from Philadelphia, which are daily expected, it will be sometime before all Demands are answered, & Goods must rise in Value. The Accounts from New York shew that the Merchants there by exerting themselves with spirit have got the better of the Mob as your Merchants might have done long ago, if they had not been influenced by extreme Pusillanamity. The Combination against importing from Great Britain being defeated by itself will afford a useful Lesson, that if so unnatural & absurd a Plan could be really carried into Execution, it must bring general Ruin upon America, before Great Britain begins to feel it.

    I am &c.

    The Honble Govr Hutchinson

    L, LbC      BP, 8: 118–120.

    Lady Amelia Bernard, c. 1741. Possibly by Richard Phillips (1681–1741). By permission of Robert Spencer Bernard. Photograph by Charles Crisp, A.B.I.P.P.